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The use of sodium humate for feeding horticultural crops

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Sodium HUMATE is an organic and mineral fertilizer and an excellent plant growth stimulant. It consists of a complex of compounds of humic and fulvic acids with phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium and microelements, which are necessary for the nutrition of berry, vegetable, house and flower crops.

Sodium HUMATE when applied provides:

  1. Increase in plants of biologically active components.
  2. The best germination and survival rate in the processing of seeds and roots before planting.
  3. The accumulation of vegetables and fruits of nutrients and vitamins.
  4. Increased yields and accelerated ripening.
  5. Reduced accumulation of toxic substances in plants.

Sodium HUMATE: application

When soaking seeds before planting, make a solution. At 0.5 g of dry product take 1 liter of water. The seeds poured with such a mixture are left to swell.

For tillage, sodium humate is evenly spread on the surface before digging or loosening at a rate of 50 g per 10 m².

Spraying the plants and watering the soil is produced with an aqueous solution, the concentration of which is 1 g of dry concentrate per 10 liters of water. It is necessary to cultivate the soil and plantings per 5 l per 1 m².

Vegetables and flowers grown from seeds are watered when planted, sprouted and 14 days after the last watering.

Plants planted in a rassadny way, watered when planting, with the appearance of color with an interval of 2 weeks.

Berry bushes and strawberries are processed in three stages: when the first leaves appear, and then after 14 days.

Houseplants are watered in the spring during the growth period 3 times with an interval of 14 days.

Autumn processing is carried out with an intensive irrigation solution: sodium humate - 3 g, water - 10 l. At the same time, all the fruit and berry plantations are watered for a better “care in the winter”, and when planting new ones - for a better engraftment.

To protect plants from the appearance of viral and fungal diseases, increasing their frost resistance, sodium humate is used. The manual contains detailed recommendations on the use of this drug. This growth stimulator is compatible with mineral fertilizers and with all types of biological and chemical substances necessary for plant protection.

In stores this substance is sold in different forms. Sometimes it can be found in powder form, which dissolves well in water, but most often in solutions with different concentrations.

The best is the humate, which is made from peat. All drugs are diluted according to the instructions. Solutions are prepared shortly before their use. It is necessary to strictly observe the dosage specified in the instructions, otherwise you can lose the positive effect of the drug.

When preparing a solution of sodium HUMATE, precautions should be taken. Processing plants should be done using personal protective equipment. Keep this tool is necessary in a place inaccessible to children and animals. If the solution comes into contact with the skin of the body and eyes, rinse these areas thoroughly with water. In case of poisoning with sodium humate, the stomach should be washed with several glasses of water.

Humic acids in plant life

Organic fertilizer with a mineral complex has a positive effect on vegetable, berry crops, and houseplants at all stages of the growing season. The microelements in its composition stimulate the growth of shoots, reduce the likelihood of inflorescence falling, increase resistance to stress factors in dry weather and in the season of excessive precipitation.

Sodium humate promotes effective fruiting, improves the taste and commodity qualities of fruits, it is non-toxic and non-mutagenic.

Drug description

Beginning gardeners do not know what sodium humate is and how to use it properly. This natural fertilizer consists of sodium and potassium salts of humic acids (fulvic acids and humic acids), which are formed in the soil due to the decomposition of the fiber of plant organisms.

To obtain humic acids using peat, lake or brown coal. They are removed by alkali, after which the impurities are cleaned and neutralized. Next is the process of preparing dry or liquid organic fertilizer. According to the description of the drug is a natural stimulant for the rapid growth of garden and home crops, including flowers, berry bushes.

Chemical composition

The main active component of sodium humate are sodium salts of humic acids. These are quite complex substances of organic origin, which are characterized by the presence in their composition of more than twenty kinds of amino acids, carbohydrates, proteins and some tannins. In addition, acids are a source of fat, wax and lignin.

Potassium humate

This is an organic variety of top dressing that is actively used for growing plants. Fertilizer is used in the preparation of seed material for laying in the ground, for processing potato tubers, cuttings of garden plantings, and indoor plants. Due to the powerful stimulating properties of the substance accelerates the survival rate of seedlings and the emergence of fast shoots.

On sale you can buy potassium humate in its pure form or enriched with additional microelements in chelate form and amino acids.

Benefits of using the drug

Among the positive characteristics of natural fertilizers are:

  • increase in yields by almost 30%,
  • strengthening of underground and above-ground parts of plantations,
  • beneficial effect after application
  • stimulation of photosynthesis and metabolism
  • speeding up the fruiting process,
  • increasing the resistance of plant organisms to negative environmental factors,
  • replenishment of nutrients in the soil.

In addition, sodium humate contains in its composition environmentally friendly components that are completely harmless to human health and do not accumulate in the planted crops.

Release form

In specialized outlets, sodium humate is presented in the form of a liquid, powder, and a prompter.

The most popular form of fertilizer among gardeners. Peat is used for its production, from which nutrients are extracted. Liquid top dressing has a rich dark color. The fluid is easy to use and has a high degree of efficiency.

Concentrate before use must be diluted in containers with cold water. To process the soil, it is enough to take 0.1-0.2% of the total amount of natural resources. For spraying plants use 0.01% of the total fertilizer.

The liquid type of top dressing can be combined with nitrogen and organic compounds.

This form of sodium humate is used as an immunostimulating organic agent that promotes the rapid growth of vegetative organs and the ripening of fruits. Fertilizer is diluted in strict accordance with the instructions attached to the preparation. Thus, seed treatment is carried out with a working solution prepared at the rate of 1 tsp. drug per liter of water. For tillage in the fall, a liquid of 1 tbsp is applied. l funds and 10 liters of water.

Top dressing strengthens the root system of plants and their aboveground parts. It activates beneficial microorganisms that are in the ground, which increases the productivity indicators of plants grown in the household plots. The mineral complex effectively removes heavy metals from the soil. After processing, the land does not lose its quality characteristics, it becomes more fertile and enriched with nutrients.

This universal organomineral composition is known for its positive effects on plant organisms. It is made twice a month:

  1. The first dressing is made from March to September.
  2. From October to February it is enough to use fertilizer once a month.

The tool is obtained when extracting trace elements from humic sapropel, which is a sediment in freshwater. This is quite accessible material.

It is recommended to prepare the working solution before placing it in the beds. If you use fertilizer after prolonged storage (in a diluted state), the effect may be reversed - negative. Treatment of seed material should be done exclusively with fresh working solution.

Scope of application

The drug is based on natural ingredients used for:

  • increase the concentration of humus in the soil,
  • prevent the accumulation of harmful chemicals in the ground,
  • activation of beneficial microflora,
  • better and quicker rooting of young seedlings,
  • reduce the use of agrochemicals,
  • shorten the ripening of fruits,
  • increase the nutritional and energy value of the crop,
  • extension of the shelf life of fruits without loss of taste and commodity qualities.

Sodium HUMATE fertilizer can be used to feed plant organisms both in spring and autumn. Horticultural crops, including roses, have a strong root system after spraying them with an organomineral complex.

Tillage

After the application of sodium humate on the garden plot, the qualitative characteristics of the land significantly improve and it is detoxified. For these purposes, it is enough to scatter fertilizer at the rate of 50 g of the drug per 10 square meters. m square. It is more convenient to do this after pre-mixing with sand. Upon completion of the procedure, the soil must be loosened using a hoe or a rake.

Another good option for tillage is to scatter a mixture of sodium humate, ash and sand over the snow (spring). Such agropriem will allow to prepare the territory for the planting season.

After the snow melts, you need to cover this bed with a covering material and the earth will be ready for planting crops.

Preseeding preparation

For seed treatment, you need to prepare a working solution at the rate of 0.5 g (1/3 tsp) of the preparation and one liter of water. In a container with diluted fertilizer, seeds are dipped and left for two days, for cucumbers and flowers, this period is reduced to one day. After that, they should be dried, and can be laid in the ground.

Fertilizers for irrigation

In most cases, sodium humate is used at the beginning of the growing season, with an interval of 10-14 days. The optimal rate for a single plant is 0.5 liters of solution, then it is brought to one liter. To seedlings quickly got accustomed, it is recommended to feed immediately after planting or after 2-3 days. The second feeding should be carried out during the budding period, and the third - during flowering.

The working solution is prepared from 10 liters of warm water and 1 tbsp. l organic composition. It is recommended to first dilute the humate in water, the temperature of which is +50 degrees, and then add the remaining volume of liquid. Liquid fertilizer is stored for a month, the place in which it is located should be dark and cool.

Instructions for use

Top dressing of green, bulbous and root crops with sodium humate is made 3-4 times during the whole vegetation period, but not earlier than 7-14 days before harvesting. For these purposes, it is recommended to use liquid fertilizer. For cucumbers and solanaceous, watering is carried out at the root with a working solution of 0.05% at the rate of 2 liters per 1 square meter. m. Extra-root dressing is carried out once in 14 days, taking into account 3 liters of diluted humate per 1 square meter. m

The introduction of humic acids for feeding pumpkin, cabbage, beet, pepper, carrot is made with a nutrient solution, as for cucumbers.

Spraying of fruit and berry crops with humate is carried out:

  • until the leaves bloom, when flower buds are laid,
  • at the budding stage,
  • after flowering,
  • upon completion of the formation of ovaries.

According to the instructions for use, irrigation should be carried out 4 times per season.

In order to properly dilute sodium humate in the desired concentration, you must first pour 1 tsp. drug on a sheet of paper in the cell and stretch in line. Using a needle, divide this amount into 5-6 parts, which will allow you to get a weight of 0.5-0.6 g each.

Compatibility with other means

HUMATE is effectively used together with pesticides, which will significantly increase the protective forces of plant organisms to the main diseases.

It is not recommended to use organic fertilizer simultaneously with nitrogen compounds, since this component is already present in its composition. Excess nitrogen adversely affects the health of plantations.

In order to avoid the formation of an insoluble precipitate, this complex of nutrients is not combined with phosphorous compounds.

What are “humates”?

Humic acids (another name for humates) are produced from peat, lake sludge, brown coal. Most often used peat. Humic acids are extracted from it by alkali. Then comes the cleaning of impurities, neutralization and preparation of dry or liquid organic fertilizer.

Due to the high content of macro-, micronutrients, vitamins, many gardeners consider them a first-class fertilizer. In addition, humates are a natural stimulant for the rapid growth of garden and home crops.

Getting into the soil, these substances activate the activity of the soil microflora. As a result, an improvement in the soil structure and its qualitative characteristics is observed.

Beneficial features

Humates have a positive effect on the growth and development of garden crops, as well as on the structure and qualitative composition of the soil:

  • Normalize cell metabolism, accelerate the production of proteins.
  • Simplify the survival rate of seedlings in the open field, contribute to the development of a powerful root system.
  • Increase the immunity of garden crops, allow them to more easily withstand adverse growing conditions: droughts, scorching sun, prolonged rain, hail, frost.
  • Suitable for soils of any type, reduce the level of heavy metals in the soil.
  • Allow to save on other fertilizers, increase the effect of herbicides, insecticides.
  • Do not harm the environment, allow you to grow organic fruit.

Sodium HUMATE: description and composition

Sodium HUMATE is a salt of humic acid. In ancient Egypt, this substance was used as a means to fertilize the earth. Then this process took place almost completely without human intervention. The Nile River, overflowing from its banks, flooded the nearby soil, and after the water flow, it was covered with a layer of fertile silt.

To date, brown coal, paper and alcohol production wastes are used to produce sodium humate. Also, sodium humate as a fertilizer is produced in an organic way. It is a waste product of Californian worms, although ordinary earthworms are also capable of producing this substance.

The formation of sodium HUMATE is fairly simple: invertebrates absorb various organic wastes, which, after being processed in the intestine, are converted into fertilizer.

The original consistency of sodium humate is a black powder that can be dissolved in water. But liquid sodium humate also happens. It should be said that humic acids in dry form are poorly absorbed due to their low solubility. Therefore, using a plant growth stimulator such as sodium humate, it is desirable to give preference to its use in the liquid state.

Speaking about the composition of sodium humate, it is necessary to isolate the main active ingredient - sodium salts of humic acids. Acids are complex substances of organic origin. They contain more than twenty amino acids, carbohydrates, proteins and several tannins. In addition, acids are a source of wax, fat and lignin. All this is the remnants of rotting organic matter.

How to dilute sodium humate, instructions for use for plants

Sodium humate used for tomatoes or other plants is best absorbed by them through the roots. To facilitate this process it is necessary to prepare a special solution for irrigation. To prepare it you need to take one tablespoon of humate, which is then dissolved in a ten-liter bucket of water. It is also necessary to mention that before applying the sodium humate the plant must be gradually accustomed to such a fertilizer. So, after plant transplantation, during the adaptation period, it is recommended to pour 0.5 liters of solution into the soil. Then, during the period when the buds are formed and bloom, the dosage of the drug must be brought to one liter.

For seed treatment

Sodium humate for seed treatment is applied in a proportion of 0.5 grams per liter of water. In order to accurately measure half a gram of a substance, you can use a regular teaspoon. The volume of a standard teaspoon is 3 grams. Based on this, a half gram is 1/3 tsp. It is better to stock up on a large amount of substance, for this you need to dilute 1 gram of humate in two liters of water. To prepare such a composition, you can take a regular plastic bottle, and then, if necessary, take a seed treatment solution from it. Sodium humate becomes liquid, and the instructions for using such a fertilizer sodium humate are quite simple: the seeds are soaked in the prepared solution for two days (cucumber seeds and flowers - for a day). После этого останется только хорошо их просушить.

Для поливов

Зачастую раствор гумат натрия используется на начальном периоде вегетации, интервал применения составляет 10-14 дней. В начале доза на одно растение составляет 0,5 литров, после этого она доводится до одного литра. It is recommended to water the planted seedlings with humate immediately after planting or a few days later. The second watering is carried out during the budding period, and the third - during flowering.

To prepare the solution you need to take one tablespoon of sodium humate and dissolve it in 10 liters of warm water. It is better to take a small amount of water with a temperature of about + 50˚С. A humate is poured into it and thoroughly stirred. Later the remaining volume of fluid is added. Sodium HUMATE Liquid has a limited lifespan, which is one month. All this time it should be stored in a dark, cool place.

As a fertilizer

In this case, the concentration of the substance should be somewhat less. First of all, sodium humate is used for foliar feeding, that is, for spraying. This method has the advantage, because in this case leaf plates are wetted, and all the useful substances are absorbed on the surface of the sheet, and actively enter the plant.

This significantly reduces the consumption of the solution, because you do not need to carry buckets around the garden. Especially convenient to use sodium humate for spraying tomatoes. Preparation of the solution for spraying involves dilution of three grams of humate in 10 liters of water.

Soil treatment with sodium humate

Sodium HUMATE solution allows to improve the quality of the soil, as well as its detoxification. To do this, scatter 50 grams of humate over an area of ​​10 square meters. For the convenience of distribution of a substance in a given area, it can be pre-mixed with sand. After processing, the soil should be loosened with a hoe or rake. Also, if you mix sodium HUMATE with ash and sand, and then scatter this powder over the snow in early spring, you will prepare the garden bed for the next sowing. The snow will begin to melt much faster, and you will only have to cover this place with a film and the soil will be ready for planting.

Benefits of using Sodium HUMATE for growing plants

The use of sodium humate for growing plants has a number of advantages:

  • Reducing the dose of mineral fertilizers. The use of sodium humate in accordance with the instructions for use can reduce the dose of mineral fertilizers to 25%.
  • Yield increase. The timely and correct use of humate increases the yield by 10–30%, depending on the crop.
  • Significant reduction in stress after pesticide treatment. With the combined use of humate and various pesticides, "chemical stress" for plants becomes minimal.
  • Improving the properties of the soil. Sodium humate allows to enrich the soil with useful substances, and will also stimulate the development of the fauna and microflora of the soil. Also, the biological processes of humus formation become more balanced.
  • The development of a strong root system. Timely seed treatment will stimulate the uniform development of the plant root system. In turn, plants better absorb mineral micro-and macronutrients.
  • Strengthening drought-and frost resistance. Laboratory and field experiments have shown that sodium humate acts as an adaptogen, that is, it strengthens the plant's immune system, while increasing its resistance to various adverse conditions.
Quite often, novice gardeners are not aware of sodium humate fertilizer, what it is and how to use it. At the same time, humate is an indispensable component for both a small vegetable garden and a huge field. Take advantage of this fertilizer, and you are guaranteed to be satisfied with the final result.

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