Even children know about the beneficial properties of pumpkin. Porridge, casseroles, pies, mashed potatoes - these are just some of the dishes that are prepared from its fragrant pulp. Health-conscious people include a pumpkin in their daily diet. Summer residents are trying to highlight a secluded corner in the garden for a wonderful plant, and with the onset of winter they are trying to find ways to store pumpkins for a long time. If you have a rich harvest, carefully read our recommendations - they will help to preserve the beneficial properties of the fruit.
How to harvest pumpkins correctly
Collect the pumpkin before the first frost starts: the frozen fruit will rot much faster. If it is raining outside, set aside collection until the end of the weather. When you remove the fruit from the bush, treat it very carefully, as if collecting eggs. Tear off the pumpkin with the stem, try not to damage the peel. Sorted collected fruits by maturity and size. Damaged set aside - they should be used for cooking in the first place. Rotted areas can be cut, seeds - remove and dry. The rest of the remaining after removing the rot, wrap cling film, put in the refrigerator and within a few days, process the juice or mashed potatoes.
Store the pumpkin in a dark dry place.
First weeks of storage
Do not leave the harvest in the street for a long time. If the weather is warm and dry, the pumpkin can be dried in the sun for 2-3 days. On wet and rainy days, without delay, bring the fruit into the room and place it in a dark place: in the hallway, storage room, in the closet, under the bed. Do not wash the surface of the gourd, carefully wipe the rest of the earth with a dry cloth. Indoors, the fruit will lie for 2-4 weeks, after which its skin will acquire a characteristic hardness and become matte, the peduncle will dry out. When such changes begin, you can use the fruit for cooking or put it for long-term storage. It is not recommended to store pumpkin at room temperature for more than 1.5 months.
Long storage of pumpkins in the basement
In order for the fruit to wait for the onset of spring, ensure the storage temperature is within + 8 ... + 15 ºC. Protect the pumpkin from light: the sun's rays give the pulp bitterness. The ideal place is a dry cellar or basement. Cover the shelves with a layer of straw or regular newsprint, lay the pumpkins a short distance apart. Correct position - stem up. Such simple actions will help to keep the pumpkin fresh until spring. But do not forget to periodically make an inspection and, if necessary, remove rotten fruit.
Storing pumpkins in the apartment
How to store pumpkin in the winter in a city apartment? Before the onset of frost, the fruit may be on the loggia or glassed-in balcony. Pumpkins should not lie in bulk - spread them out carefully, avoiding contact. Do not put the fruit on each other, it is better to arrange them in a single layer. The distance between them should be 5-10 cm. You can use wooden boxes, cardboard boxes, wicker baskets as a container. Pay attention to the choice of covering material - let it be clean, natural, breathable. Cotton fabric will work well - it “breathes” and reliably protects the fruit from the sun's rays. On cold days, cover the boxes with an old fur coat or a quilt. Cover the bottom of the boxes with paper and check that the packaging is not raw. When the thermometer drops below zero, the fruits will have to be brought into the apartment, for example, in the pantry or other dark place. Do not place pumpkins near radiators.
How to store cut pumpkin?
Not every family can eat a whole pumpkin in one day. In this regard, the question arises of storing the cut fruit. There are two options: in the freezer or refrigerator.
Before freezing, peel the pumpkin, remove the stem, pith and seeds. Leave only the elastic orange flesh, cut it into portions of arbitrary shape, arrange in individual plastic bags or food plastic containers. Slices frozen in this way can be obtained at any time and used as a natural semi-finished product for cooking. In the freezer the pumpkin can lie for up to a year without losing its beneficial properties.
If you plan to cook a cut pumpkin in the next few days, do not freeze it. After wrapping the cut area with cling film or foil, put the fruit in the refrigerator in the vegetable compartment. A pumpkin treated in this way can be stored for 2-3 months.
Storing Pumpkin Dried
In dried form, you can store pumpkin at home for up to a year. To prepare for drying, peel the fruit, blot with a dry cloth, remove the soft core and seeds. Cut the pumpkin into pieces up to 1 cm thick, spread them on a baking sheet and send to the oven. While drying, open the oven door slightly so that excess moisture evaporates. At 60 ºC, the process lasts 6 hours, at 80 ºC - 2 hours. After this time, cool the dried product in a dry place and put it in a cloth bag or glass jar.
If the above recommendations do not suit you, try salting the pumpkin for the winter. This method can be used for damaged fruits, on the surface of which there are small defects. Do not confuse mechanical damage with signs of rot: rotted fruit can not be salted. Recommended salting proportions: 1.5 kg of salt per 5 kg of pumpkin pulp. The fruit must be prepared the same way as before freezing: clean, remove the seeds, cut into small pieces. Next, you should prepare the brine: 0.75 kg of salt dissolved in a small amount of warm boiled water. Put pumpkin pieces in a sterilized jar, cover with brine and sprinkle the remaining salt on top. Roll up the can and store in a cool dark place (storage room, basement, cellar). Salted pumpkin will not make a sweet dessert - this is the only drawback of the method.
Storing pumpkins will not be a big hassle if you follow our recommendations clearly. Feel free to stock up on the fruits of the new crop and enjoy vitamins and pleasant taste all year round. We will be happy if the article is useful to you. Be healthy and enjoy your meal!
The fact that the pumpkin can be stored in the cellar or basement is known to all. But how to store a pumpkin at home? What if you don't have any outbuildings?
The key to successful storage of pumpkins in the winter is timely and technologically correct harvest. Depending on what the summer was like, the time of harvesting can vary considerably.
And it is worth keeping a few essential rules.:
- It is necessary to keep the stalk intact, to prevent its separation from the fetus.
To do this, carefully lift the pumpkin to loosen the tension of the tops, and cut the fruit with a stem length not less than four centimeters. It is very important that the pumpkins stored are dry.
In this case, they are insured against damage by rot and mold, which, quickly spreading, are capable of destroying the entire grown crop in a short time, in just three to four weeks.
If you take care of the cleanliness and dryness of your precious crop in advance, then pumpkins can be beautifully stored until the onset of the calendar spring.
Optimum storage conditions for pumpkins
How to store a pumpkin in the apartment? For the successful storage of the harvest pumpkin Three mandatory conditions should be strictly observed.:
- maintaining a stable temperature,
- eliminating the possibility of direct sunlight
- avoid contact of fruits with each other.
The range of temperatures favorable for storing pumpkins is quite wide. Excess of both values leads to rapid deterioration of fruits..
Not only temperature fluctuations, but also a change in air humidity have an extremely negative effect on the safety of fruits.
In general, the form
What are the optimal storage conditions for pumpkins in the winter at home? Under the conditions of a city apartment, the choice of the two most successful ways of storing fruits in general is presented.
The first option involves storing pumpkins at home in the winter on glazed balcony or loggia subject to the following conditions:
- the temperature in the room does not fall below plus two degrees,
- pumpkins should be covered with an opaque breathable material, excluding the penetration of sunlight,
- If pumpkins are stored without additional containers (boxes, baskets, boxes, etc.), it is necessary to ensure their isolation from the cement floor, linoleum, plastic,
- it is advisable to put plywood, boards, thick cloth, at least newspapers, under pumpkins,
- in case of severe frosts, pumpkins should be warmed, covering the top with additional warm material (blanket, insulation, etc.).
Not everyone has a prepared loggia or balcony, but a equally reliable way to keep pumpkins for a long time is to store them directly in the apartment in places with the lowest air temperature, that is, on the floor, ensuring the insulation of the fruits from each other and lack of sunlight.
Both options for storing pumpkins for the winter at home have their advantages and disadvantages, as well as the risks associated with damage to the crop. When storing on a loggia or balcony, it is important to ensure that rot and mildew do not occur and spread due to high humidity.
In room conditions, on the contrary, it is necessary to prevent draining of fruits, more often produce airing, with strong dryness of the air, it is advisable to use humidifiers.
Often pumpkins are of such large size that it is impossible to consume everything at once. In this case, it is important to follow some rules that will keep the pumpkin in the refrigerator without loss in product quality and its benefits.
How to keep a pumpkin cut? The rules are simple:
- Wash and cut the pumpkin as you need for cooking.
- Extract the seeds with pulverized pulp from the whole (!) Pumpkin.
- That part of the product that you do not plan to immediately use to peel is not necessary, so the pumpkin will better retain its juiciness.
- Wrap the unpurified part of a pumpkin in cling film or foil, or fold it into an airtight container and put it in a fridge on any shelf.
In this form sliced pumpkin can be stored for up to ten days.
Sometimes it is required to immediately trim a pumpkin for several dishes, but they will be prepared alternately (for example, for juice, salad, soup, mashed potatoes, for stewing or baking). How to keep a pumpkin cut at home?
In this case, the whole pumpkin should be washed, peeled, freed from seeds, cut into pieces, sealed and put in the refrigerator on the top shelf. How long can you keep an already cleaned pumpkin?
So she will keep her original qualities for two or three days. and can be successfully used for any dishes except juice.
How to store a pumpkin at home is more or less clear, but what if your indicated methods do not suit you? It's time to remember the freeze.
To freeze the pumpkin for the winter, you need:
This pumpkin retains all the beneficial properties and it can be used just as fresh, except for the preparation of juice.
In addition to freezing the pumpkin can also be dried and dried.
Extracted from pumpkin seeds should not be thrown away, as they contain a lot of vitamins. Put them in a plastic container and place them on the battery for natural drying. After a couple of days, pumpkin seeds are ready to eat. You can fry them if you wish, but remember that some useful qualities are lost.
Pumpkin is one of the most useful products of our gardening. It is unpretentious both in cultivation, and in storage in house conditions. Compliance with simple rules will allow you to enjoy its taste until spring. And, of course, read about how to use a pumpkin to make Halloween decorations.
To save a pumpkin for a long time you need to comply with three basic conditions:
- stable temperature
- lack of sunlight
- exclusion of fruit contact.
Critical temperature limit for the storage of vegetables + 2 ° C and below.
The upper permissible temperature limit is + 20ºС. Therefore, the apartment is an ideal and always accessible place to save pumpkins - this is a household refrigerator.
How and how much to store pumpkin in the refrigerator
Of course, a pumpkin of impressive size can not be comfortably placed simply on the shelf of a refrigerator, especially if a rich harvest is gathered. In this case, you can fold the vegetables on the glazed loggia. But if the pumpkin is already cut, it can be stored fresh in the fridge without being damaged for quality.
For proper storage, the pumpkin should be washed and seeds removed from it. They are completely removed along with the pulverized pulp. Pumpkin cut into pieces, convenient for storage.
Those parts that will not be used for food in the near future are not peeled, so the pumpkin will retain its freshness longer.
Then the pieces of vegetable are wrapped in cling film or foil. You can also fold the pumpkin in sealed food containers. In this form, keep the cut and peeled vegetable for two weeks on the bottom shelf in the refrigerator or in the container for vegetables.
Can I store vegetables in the freezer
It is permissible to store the pumpkin not only in fresh form in the refrigerator, but also subject it to freezing. So the vegetable will not lose its properties throughout the year. The optimum temperature for storage is 18ºС.
If a pumpkin is torn off on its plot, then it should lie down for three to four days before freezing.
To lay the pumpkin in the freezer, it must be washed, cut, remove the seeds and near-pulp. Pumpkin should definitely be peeled. Then the fruit is cut into small pieces, which are laid out in bags. You should not put all the chopped pumpkin in one, it is more practical to divide it into portions, which are necessary for cooking.
You can also store grated pumpkin in the freezer, which is very convenient for making mashed potatoes or soups.
Drying time in the oven - 5-6 hours. Periodically, you need to turn on the oven to maintain a constant temperature, but not to allow it to rise to 80 degrees, otherwise the pumpkin will not dry, but will be baked.
Modern electric ovens allow you to maintain a low-temperature mode of 50-60 degrees. In such ovens, you can dry the vegetables at night and not worry about anything.
Dried chunks are stored by placing thick paper or baking parchment in a dark, dry place.
Also, in the absence of storage space, it will not be superfluous to make a different preservation of pumpkin: juices, mashed potatoes, candied fruits, salads, jam. Personally, I roll up a lot of such delicacies: pumpkin caviar, pumpkin compote, and be sure to pickle this bright orange vegetable.
Seeds are harvested, washed and dried. Use as a delicacy or decoration of salads, pies. In addition, it is a very useful product for both men and women.
Storage Rules in the Cellar or Basement
An ideal place to store crops will be a dry, ventilated, non-freezing basement even in extreme cold.
Only newcomers to country issues can doubt this method and think about whether it is possible to store a pumpkin in a cellar.
In the room you need to put shelves, lay the shelves with dry quality straw and put fruit stalks up at some distance from each other.
Periodically, they should be rotated on the spot, inspect pumpkins and straw under them for the appearance of rot, mold, pests.
Fruits with traces of damage are not subject to further storage and are recycled.
If the pumpkin remains intact, only damaged areas are removed from the peel, then the cut points are closed with a bactericidal plaster and taken into the house. This fruit can be stored at room temperature for up to a week.
All these rules apply to the storage of mature zucchini, however, their useful life is slightly less.
Storage of sliced pumpkin
If the pumpkin was not fully used, it can be kept as fresh as it was just cut, until the next application.
If the pumpkin is not peeled and will be stored in a large piece:
- place the cut tightly tightened with cling film,
- put the product in the fridge. So it can be stored for up to 3 weeks.
Если использовать ее по истечении этого срока, то верхний слой мякоти рекомендуется тонко счистить.
Очищенную и нарезанную на кусочки хранят по-другому:
- need to lightly smear the slices with vegetable oil using a cooking brush,
- wrap cling film or foil.
The film allows you to save the product up to 2 weeks, and the foil - subject to periodic replacement - up to a month.
It is not recommended to keep the cut pumpkin in the refrigerator longer, it is better to freeze it.
When to clean the pumpkin and how to store?
Well preserved only correctly and in time harvested pumpkin.
Harvest time - end of September-beginning of October, before the start of morning frosts.
- To pick up the fruit you need in dry sunny weather.
- They should be cut so as to keep the whole dry firm stalk (without it, the pumpkin will begin to deteriorate rapidly).
- Cut pumpkins should be placed in a well-ventilated place.
- Intact fruits are taken from the dried fruits - they remain for storage, the rest are processed.
- Small scratches on the peel can be sealed with a bactericidal plaster and left for winter storage of a pumpkin, it should be used before others.
- Ideal storage conditions: a dry, ventilated, darkened room with an air temperature in the range of 5-15 degrees. Some varieties are well kept in warm rooms of city apartments or houses. Do not organize storage in hot, damp or freezing areas.
- Under the fruit, you need to lay a bed made of straw or similar materials, spread them up stalks at a distance from each other. Dumping them in bulk is unacceptable because of the lack of fresh air, some fruits will deteriorate and cause damage to others.
- Harvest is necessary from time to time to inspect. When traces of damage or spoilage are found, the orange vegetable is taken away, the damaged areas are removed and processed.
The timing and quality of storage of pumpkins also depends on the variety. On the secrets and features of varieties can be found in this video:
How to store a pumpkin correctly | Where, how much and at what temperature to keep the pumpkin in the apartment| Where, how much and at what temperature to keep the pumpkin in the apartment
Pumpkin is a wonderful vegetable, rich in vitamins and minerals, and also excellent for baby and diet food.
Regular consumption of pumpkin dishes relieves irritability, relieves fatigue, improves mood.
The presence of a unique vitamin T in pumpkin, which is rarely found in other vegetables, promotes fat burning and stimulates the metabolism, which helps to lose those extra pounds.
The unique properties of pumpkin make it an indispensable product for diseases of the blood, liver, kidneys. Valuable properties of pumpkin seeds, which are not only rich in useful trace elements, but also able to fight intestinal parasites, have long been known.
Properly organized diet should include a pumpkin all year round.
But immediately there are questions about how, how much, where and at what temperature to store this sunny vegetable in winter in order to get maximum of valuable substances and not to lose its taste, and whether it is possible to store a cut pumpkin.
How to store pumpkin in the refrigerator
There would be nothing easier than to keep a pumpkin in the refrigerator, if not for its size. Therefore, to save a larger amount of product you can store the pumpkin in the freezer.
This method will help save not only space in the refrigerator, but also time for cooking pumpkin dishes, since they freeze it completely peeled and peeled.
Before storing the pumpkin in the freezer, cut into pieces or grated pulp is packed into special freezing trays or plastic bags, removing excess air, and tightly closed. In the freezer, these pumpkin semi-finished products can be stored for 10-12 months.
When to clean the pumpkin from the garden?
If conditions allow, it is better to leave the crop on the site as long as possible. Pumpkin should be collected in dry and sunny weather. It can be torn off only after it has reached the desired ripeness: the whips have dried up, the stem is firm and prickly, and the color is even and saturated.
If you have to harvest in cloudy weather, the pumpkins have to dry indoors for fifteen days. When the weather is sunny, you can take them outside. This is necessary so that no rot appears.
If frost is expected, then at night it is necessary to cover the harvest with a film or other material that can protect from the cold. Tightening with cleaning is not worth it, as the frozen vegetable will not lie for a long time. In the affected areas, it will begin to rot and deteriorate. Such a product can only be used for processing or for preservation.
When preparing a pumpkin for storage, you need to check that its surface is flat and smooth, without cracks or damage. Carefully handle the peduncle so as not to break it. The more whole the pumpkin is, the better it will be.
How to choose a pumpkin?
One of the most useful foods is pumpkin. Storage at home does not cause much difficulty, it is enough to know the main nuances. It is considered that the most delicious pumpkins are those that have a round shape and medium size. A vegetable that weighs between 3–5 kilograms will be less fibrous and sweeter.
The flesh quality product is firm and elastic. The color should be bright and saturated. It is important that the pumpkin is well done, otherwise it will be tasteless. It is possible to determine the degree of its ripening on the tail: it should turn off from the parent stem and be dry and dark.
How to prepare a vegetable?
Before you store the cut pumpkin, you need to properly handle it. First of all, rinse thoroughly. Better to do it under running water. Then you can cut off the bottom and top with a sharp knife and cut the pumpkin in half. Seeds should be removed with a spoon. Regardless of whether the product is stored entirely or not, you need to peel it.
Winter pumpkin varieties are stored much better than summer ones. But you should not put them in the fridge. Vegetable should be put in a dark and cool place where there is no high humidity, so that fungi do not breed. This may be a kitchen, pantry, basement or warmed balcony. In the refrigerator, the product is about three days.
If there are shelves in the room, they should be lined with straw. Pumpkin should be laid stem up so that the vegetables do not come into contact with each other.
Pumpkin storage conditions should be as close to room temperature as possible, but temperature indicators can be reduced to 5 degrees Celsius. If the floor is cold, it is worth making it with straw or hay. As the frosts increase, the layer can be increased. Vegetables need to periodically inspect. When the first symptoms of decay appear on them, the product is better placed on the edge.
Thinking about how to keep a pumpkin in an apartment, many housewives choose the easiest and most proven method - freezing. You can pre-cut the product into slices, slices or strips, and then pack it in plastic wrap or fold it into an airtight container. Damaged pieces should be put on the edge and used first.
The easiest answer to the question of how to store a cut pumpkin is to freeze it. But then after defrosting it is necessary to cook it all, repeated freezing will lead to the loss of valuable components and the deterioration of taste.
Storage in the cellar
Many houses have cellars, so people prefer to leave vegetables for the winter there. But in order for the product to lie well, the cellar must be dry and disinfected. For convenience, you can equip it with racks. Reflecting on how to store a pumpkin, you need to remember that vegetables should not touch each other, and the rack must be warmed.
Is it possible to store a pumpkin outside?
In rural areas, people often put a vegetable in a haystack. From above it is covered with a film so that the moisture does not cause rot.
If the winter is consistently cold, you can store a pumpkin on the street under a canopy. In its frozen form, it will retain all the taste and beneficial properties. But in this case it is worthwhile to fear a thaw, since the product will rot. This pumpkin is used for feeding pets.
Storage in the apartment
Being in search of an answer to the question: “How to store a pumpkin in an apartment?”, You should not forget about loggias and storerooms. Vegetables can be laid out directly on the floor, but not in close proximity to each other, otherwise rot will start, which quickly damages all pumpkins. If the room is cold, you can cover them with warm material.
Thinking about how to keep a pumpkin in an apartment, many housewives prefer salting as a result. Fruits must first be prepared: peel and remove seeds.
Small pieces must be placed in sterilized jars and pour cold water until full coverage. Sprinkle with salt on top.
Banks should be tightly closed with a lid and stored in a dark place.
How to store a whole pumpkin
A whole pumpkin can be stored in a city apartment for quite a long time, up to 5 months. Thanks to its tough crust, the pumpkin saves all taste and healthy properties with almost no losses. Store the whole pumpkin better in a dry and cool room - it can be a glazed balcony, storage room, cellar, basement or a simple dark closet. For storage you need to remove only absolutely whole pumpkins without damage and cuts. If the fruit was harvested in the rain, it should be wiped beforehand with a cloth and dried. When storing multiple pumpkins, do not put them close to each other. If one starts to rot, it can infect the next one if it touches. In this case, it is necessary to revise pumpkins once every couple weeks for damage and rotting. Pumpkin with spoiled sides should be immediately removed or consumed.
How to store sliced pumpkin in the fridge
First, the pumpkin should be completely clean. For convenience, the pumpkin is cut into pieces and a thick crust is cut off with a sharp knife. In order not to hurt your fingers, it is better to use a special knife for cleaning vegetables, it is safer. After removing the peel, you need to remove the core and remove the seeds. The most convenient way to do this is with a spoon. Then you need to cut the pumpkin in small pieces and place in an airtight container. Place the container with the pumpkin in the refrigerator. In this form, the pumpkin will be stored for about two weeks. If you want to save the fruit for a longer period, you need a freeze.
How to store pumpkin in the freezer
The most optimal and useful way to store fresh vegetables and fruits is freezing. Despite the fact that many fruits after defrosting lose their structure, become watery and soft, all the beneficial properties in them are fully preserved. The same is true of the pumpkin.
To freeze the pumpkin, you must first clean the peel and core. Then cut the fruit into small pieces or grate, depending on what you are going to cook from the berries afterwards. Freeze the pumpkin should be portioned, so as not to do it again. Divide the fruit into portions that you will need for a single cooking. Store frozen pumpkin can be very long - up to six months.
Thaw the pumpkin gradually. Just shift the vegetable from the freezer to one of the shelves of the refrigerator and leave for a few hours. During this time, the sweet orange flesh is completely thawed and will be ready to eat. You can speed up the defrosting process by putting a pumpkin on the kitchen table. If you need a pumpkin here and now, you can defrost it in the microwave, but this method kills all the vitamins that the noble melon crop is ready to give you.
How to dry a pumpkin
Another way to preserve pumpkins is to dry the sweet pulp. As a result, you get sweet pieces of pumpkin, similar to dried fruit. This method of storage also saves most of the vitamins of this fruit.
- First, the fruit must be prepared. As in the previous methods, we clean the pumpkin from the skin and bones, cut into small slices.
- Dip pumpkin slices for 30 seconds in boiling water. So we soften the fruit a little and make it even more delicious.
- Remove the pumpkin slices with a skimmer and allow excess water to drain. When the pumpkin cools and dries, place the pumpkin pieces on a baking sheet, pre-lining it with baking paper. This is done so that the pieces are not stuck. The fire in the oven should be minimal, not more than 150 degrees. Long drying at relatively low temperatures allows you to store more vitamins in the fruit.
- When the pumpkin slices are completely dry, they can be removed from the oven. The field of how dried pumpkin cools, pour it into a canvas bag.
- Dried-dried pumpkin can be stored for about three months in a dark, cool and well-ventilated place. Regularly look at the bag with the pumpkin to prevent insects from getting there.
Dried-dried pumpkin is not only useful, but also very tasty - many children love this uncomplicated product.
What to cook pumpkin
Pumpkin is able to diversify boring culinary dishes. From it prepare a lot of delicious and interesting dishes.
- The most popular use of pumpkin is porridge. Sweet rice porridge with pumpkin is a classic that you can’t replace with anything.
- Pumpkin is perfectly used as a filling for the dough. Some Central Asian nations cook manti and puff samsa with pumpkin. Stuffing for such dishes is prepared as follows - finely chopped pumpkin mixed with onions, beef or mutton fat, a little salt and pepper are added.
- And what are the potato pancakes with pumpkin! Pumpkin, along with raw potatoes, is rubbed on a grater, salt, pepper, chicken egg and some flour are added to the mass. From the prepared mass you need to make pancakes and fry them on both sides. It is difficult to refuse such a snack!
Recipes with pumpkin are very diverse and versatile - from it is prepared the first and second courses, desserts and even compotes.
Pumpkin is a storehouse of vitamins that can improve the work of any organism. Do not neglect these large orange fruits. Having learned to keep a pumpkin, you can enjoy its unusual taste all year round.