General information

Catalpa (Catalpa)

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Catalpa is a genus of ornamental trees and shrubs that are included in the Bignoniaceae family. For many, this plant was an exotic wonder a decade ago, but today it is actively grown in many regions of southern Russia, in Ukraine in Belarus. The natural environment for representatives of the genus Catalpa - Asia.

The greatest distribution of plants is found in China, Japan and India. It grows in the wild and is cultivated in all Asian countries in America.

Basically, the catalpa is grown for decorative purposes, but it is also used in traditional medicine, it is used to obtain precious wood, which is used in the manufacture of luxury furniture and has a very high cost. In addition, the seeds of plants used in industry in Asian countries for technical oil.

What does catalpa look like

All varieties included in the genus Catalpa have similar characteristics. In our latitudes, most often, catalpa is grown egg-shaped, one of the most resistant to frost species. In addition, this type is most suitable for therapeutic purposes. Consider the main botanical characteristics of the plant.

  • The most common types of catalpa in our latitudes (beautiful and ovoid) are medium-growth trees, reaching a maximum height of 6 meters. However, other species growing in the natural range can reach a height of up to 20 meters.
  • Bark - light gray, brown.
  • The root system is branched, expands horizontally and goes down to 2 meters in mature plants.
  • The leaves are large - up to 30 cm in length and width, ovate or heart-shaped. Juicy green shade, on long petioles.
  • Catalpa bloom occurs in May-June, depending on the climatic conditions of growth. Flowers - large bells, slightly swollen, gathered in inflorescences-panicles, white, cream, with yellowish and reddish strokes on the surface. The flowers are collected in buds-inflorescences.
  • Fruits - long, thin pods with small oval seeds. At the very beginning - light green, and when mature, acquire a grayish-brown shade.

Catalpa is very attractive during the flowering season, exudes a pleasant aroma that is impossible not to notice. For effective propagation by seeds, several trees should be planted next to them to be pollinated. The people call the catalpa "the tree of happiness", "the elephant tree", "the magnificent catalpa".

Healing properties of catalpa

Today, catalpa is used only in folk medicine - it is not included in the category of pharmacopoeial plants in Russia and nearby countries. In some countries, it is considered as a potentially medicinal plant, they even produce drugs, but the scale recognition of the tree as a curative is still far away.

The fact is that its composition has not been fully studied, so today only people's observations and experience can be used as knowledge. So, consider what healing properties catalpa has.

  • Catalpa is one of the best plants for problem skin, boils, ulcers, ulcers, and other problems. In Korea, the plant extract is used in the manufacture of highly effective cosmetic, therapeutic agents. It has anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, regenerating properties.
  • The plant has a beneficial effect on the digestive system, as it has the ability to irritate the receptors responsible for the production of enzymes and gastric juice.
  • Due to hepatoprotective action protects the liver.
  • Catalpa has antitussive and expectorant properties; it is used to treat bronchitis and lung diseases of a non-allergic nature.
  • The plant extract is used for the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus - regulates sugar levels and normalizes the activity of the endocrine system.
  • Catalpa is used as a multivitamin raw material to strengthen the body, increase the effectiveness of immunity. For such purposes, the foliage of plants is used - it can be used not only for people, but also in veterinary practice.
  • Catalpa is used as an antihelminthic.
  • Flowers and leaves have a strong diuretic effect.

Attention! The roots, as well as the aerial parts of the plant, contain alkaloids and gums, the effect of which has not been studied to date. There is an assumption that they are toxic to humans and, in large doses, can lead to irreversible changes in the body. In no case do not exceed the dosage.

Contraindications

Catalpa is toxic, so it is by no means used to treat a sensitive category of people. To agree on the use of plants for medicinal purposes is necessary, first of all, with a doctor, and it is also advisable to consult with an experienced herbalist. Consider also a list of categorical and temporary contraindications.

  • Pregnancy at all stages.
  • Breast-feeding.
  • Children's age up to 14 years.
  • Diseases and tumors of the adrenal glands.
  • Heart failure.
  • Increased blood clotting.
  • Individual intolerance.

A side effect of the use of catalpa, even in the absence of contraindications and compliance with the rules of dosing - nausea, dizziness, drowsiness. There is a side effect is not always and not at all. However, it is important to know what to do in such situations. It is desirable for the time being to refuse to take herbal remedies, flush the stomach and consult a doctor if the condition worsens.

Collecting and harvesting

The leaves and flowers of the plant are collected for medicinal purposes, sometimes bark is used - it contains tannins, resins and essential oils. The blooming period in Asia is at the beginning of May, and in the regions in late spring it can be late and begin around the end of May or the beginning of June. Rules for collection and procurement, see below.

  • Bark - used in dry and fresh form, it is used to make decoctions for medicinal purposes. The bark can be mined throughout the season, but the best time is from May to August. During this period, the bark is the most useful, and the plant will have time to recover from such an intervention before winter. Bark is harvested only from mature trees that are more than 5 years old.
  • Flowers are harvested in season - from late May to mid-June. They are dried in a room that is well ventilated and does not contain strong odors. Flowers must be crushed and stored in an airtight container.
  • The leaves contain the maximum concentration of valuable substances from the beginning to the middle of summer. At this time they are cut, dried, and then crumbled and also stored in an airtight container.

Plant roots are not used due to high toxicity. It is not recommended to even work with them without tight gloves. Plant material is usable for 1 year from the date of collection.

Growing up

It is possible to grow catalpa not in all regions of Russia, only in the middle belt and the southern part, where there are not so severe winters and a warm enough summer for vegetation. To plant a plant you must first prepare well for this. So, consider the basic rules for growing catalpa.

  • The site for catalpa is sunny, preferably not blown by strong winds.
  • The soil is neutral, slightly alkaline. Slaked lime or ash is used to equalize the acidity. In no case is there a swampy soil - there should be no stagnant moisture, otherwise the plant will die.
  • In case of poor soil drainage, it is necessary to add drainage during digging.
  • An important caveat - if you want to multiply the plant in the future seed method, plant 2 catalpes next to you for pollination.
  • Catalpa can be grown from seeds - they are soaked and planted in boxes with a ground mix in February. Watered, covered with glass. After the emergence of seedlings to care, as for ordinary seedlings, and in May transplanted into open ground.
  • Cuttings rooted in May, planted in boxes of peat-sand mixture, watered 2 times a week.
  • It is not difficult to care for catalpa during the whole season - you need to water the tree at the root abundantly once a week, feed it before starting flowering and after finishing it with mineral mixtures.
  • Sanitary pruning and the formation of the crown produced in the spring.
  • For the winter, tree trunks cover up so that the tree does not die.

Pests rarely affect the plant. The main enemy of the tree is excessive moisture, stagnant water in the roots. This leads to the development of fungal diseases and putrid process. Unfortunately, saving a diseased tree in such cases is almost impossible.

Important! You should not grow catalpa in the garden, if you have people in your family with asthma, a tendency to allergic reactions! This plant is the strongest allergen, so continuous contact with it can seriously undermine the health of a sensitive person.

Catalpa for worms

An alcoholic infusion, or an aqueous infusion of catalpa leaves, is used as an antihelminthic. Dry raw materials are taken in the ratio of 1: 1 with alcohol, and fresh leaves need 3 4 to 1 4 alcohol. Fill the bottle with raw materials, pour in alcohol and allow to stand for 2 weeks, occasionally stirring up (2-3 times a week).

The finished tincture is drunk for 2-3 days, 5 ml 2 times a day. After 10 days you need to repeat the same course. During the period of treatment with catalpa can not use other drugs.

Catalpa for skin treatment

Dry leaves and flowers of catalpa are combined in equal parts, brewed with boiling water - for 1 liter 2 tablespoons of raw materials. Infuse the liquid should be at least 2 hours, then strain and use for washing the skin, compresses, wiping.

No less effective for the skin decoction of the seeds of the plant. It is necessary to clean them from the pods, pour cold water overnight, and in the morning boil for 10-15 minutes. After the broth cools down, it is stored in a refrigerator, and allowed to warm up indoors to room temperature before use. Use on the same principle - wiping, washing, compresses.

Cough catalpa

Attacks of dry cough are treated with flowers of catalpa, but only under the condition that it is not provoked by an allergic reaction. The color of the catalpa, fresh or dry, brewed at the rate of 1 teaspoon per cup of boiling water, divide the infusion into 3 doses. Honey, cocoa butter are added to the medicinal product, they are drunk in the form of heat.

Treatment of the digestive system with catalpa

For the entire digestive system is useful the use of drugs prepared from catalpa. Consider the features of the application.

  • Alcohol tincture helps with gastritis with low acidity, enzyme deficiency. Drink a teaspoon before meals, the course of up to 10 days. Repeat every six months.
  • Liver cleansing and recovery - an infusion of flowers, 20 ml, 5 times a day. Duration no longer than 2 weeks.
  • With flatulence, enzyme deficiency a decoction of bark - a tablespoon of 400 ml, boil for 20 minutes. Drink 50 ml 2-3 times a day.

Catalpa Diuretic Tea

Substances that stimulate the excretion of excess fluid from the body, mainly located in the leaves of the tree. It is easy to prepare tea from them - pour 1 teaspoon of raw materials into the teapot, brew and filter before use, 50 ml, dilute with boiling water and drink. Take 3-4 times a day.

Diabetes catalpa

From diabetes use tea from catalpa, a decoction of seeds and bark. Drink after meals, after about 30-40 minutes. Helps restore blood sugar levels, eliminate unpleasant symptoms.

  • Broth recipe - 500 ml of water, 2 tablespoons of raw materials (a mixture of crushed bark and seeds).
  • Boil all 5-7 minutes.
  • Dosage - 20 ml for 1 reception.
  • It is possible to be treated not longer than 3 weeks.

Catalpa today has ceased to be an exotic rarity in our latitudes - it is grown in gardens, summer cottages, in city parks. This plant is perfectly adapted to the climatic conditions and is becoming more common.

In addition, more and more people use catalpa for treatment. Consider feedback on treatment with catalpa.

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In medicine

Plants of the genus Catalpa are not pharmacopoeial and are not listed in the Register of Medicinal Products of the Russian Federation. However, in a number of studies it has been established that some plant species have wound-healing and analgesic properties, and are capable of exerting an antibacterial effect.

Contraindications and side effects

The use of plants from the genus Catalpa for medical purposes should be coordinated with your doctor. Plants are contraindicated for pregnant, lactating and children.

In crop production

Plants of the genus Catalpa are very popular as ornamental. This is facilitated not only by the magnificent fragrant flowers of catalpa, collected in lush paniculate inflorescences, and large heart-shaped leaves, which fall only in late cold autumn, almost without turning yellow, but also spectacular long fruit-pods, hanging in the favorable climate from the plant almost all winter and giving he has a very original look. It is because of the pods that some types of catalpas got the ridiculous popular name “macaroni” or, if the fruits are thicker, “cigar” trees.

In other areas

In search of various natural remedies, cosmetologists also paid attention to catalpa. Plant extracts include creams, emulsions, gels and serums designed to care for inflamed and tired skin.

The seeds of the plant contain fatty oil, rich in isomers of eleostearic acid. In the light, this oil dries quickly and hardens. For industrial purposes, Bignonia catalpa oil is used; it can be part of varnishes and paints.

In other areas

Trees of the genus Catalpa are known for their light, light and soft wood, well resisting rotting. Wood catalpa is perfect for carving and shipbuilding. Especially popular among musicians are guitars made from catalpas. The wood of one of their types of catalpa, namely, the Haitian catalpa (Catalpa Longissima) is known as the "Antillean oak".

Classification

The genus Catalpa (lat. Catalpa) has about 11 different species and is included in the family Bignoniace (lat. Bignoniaceae). The most famous plant species are Bignonia catalpa, it’s also the southern catalpa (Latin Catalpa bignonioides), the catalpa is magnificent, it’s also a beautiful catalpa or the northern catalpa (Latin Catalpa speciosa) and oval catalpa, it’s also ovoid catalpa, yellow catalpa and catalpa Chinese (lat. Catalpa ovata).

Botanical description

Plants of the genus Catalpa are often deciduous or, under favorable conditions, evergreen trees, growing in length up to 20 meters and having a bulky irregular crown formed by long fragile branches and large leaves, up to 12 meters in diameter. Trees of the genus Catalpa have a short, thick trunk about a meter in diameter, covered with gray or brown bark and fibrous roots. Large tubular flowers of catalpa, often white, are collected to broad panicles. The fruit is a thin pod from 20 to 50 centimeters long. Another characteristic feature of plants from the genus Catalpa is nectar-bearing leaves. They secrete nectar from tiny glands located in the sinuses of the primary veins. In contrast to the nectar secreted by the flowers of catalpa, which has a pleasant, apple-like aroma, the leaves of catalpa smell very unpleasant when rubbed.

Bignonia catalpa has a light brown bark with a reddish tinge, cracking into small scales and a spherical crown with age. The entire broadly ovate leaves reach 15 cm in width and 20 cm in length and adhere to the thick petioles. White flowers up to 4 cm in diameter, five-lobed - two blades above and three below. In the corolla of the flower are yellow stripes and purple-brown spots. Flowers catalpa collected in broad pan-pyramid panicles of 20-40 pieces, reaching 25 cm in length. Light brown, narrow and long bicuspid fruits contain small winged catalpa seeds with a fringe of whitish hairs at the edges. The catalpa has a beautiful tent-like crown, the flowers are smaller and there are fewer in their panicles, up to 30 pieces, the fruits are already. In winter, they resemble thin brown icicles. Катальпа китайская ниже других видов и отличается бледно-желтым оттенком цветов, широкоовальными листьями и более короткими стручками.

Распространение

Родиной растений из рода Катальпа является Северная Америка, Восточная Азия и Карибский бассейн. Trees prefer temperate and subtropical climate, light and wet soils. Bignonia catalpa grows in the southeastern United States, some specimens can be found throughout the country, as well as in southern Canada. Oval catalpa grows in temperate Chinese provinces such as Henan, Hebei, Sichuan, Anhui and the like. For catalpas, the magnificent homeland is the Midwest USA. All three species are cultivated in Europe and Russia.

Preparation of raw materials

For medicinal purposes, apply the bark, leaves and pods of catalpa bignonevidnoy, catalpa of China and catalpa magnificent. The bark is removed from the chopped off branches of growing trees at least 5 years old or from the trunks of felled catalps prepared for further processing into wood. The leaves are harvested before the flowering period of the trees, the pods - after ripening. The harvesting period depends on the climatic zone in which the plant grows.

Chemical composition

The chemical composition of plants from the genus Catalpa is little studied. The bark of catalpa contains resins, tannins (tannins). Monoterpenic glycosides were found in the leaves. Catalpa seeds contain up to 30% of an oil rich in eleostearic acid. The bark and fruits of the plant are rich in glycosides, catalpine and catalposid.

Pharmacological properties

The therapeutic effect of plants from the genus Catalpa is little studied. Scientists confirm that the bark of the plant has an astringent effect due to the content of tannins in it, the anthelmintic properties are associated with bitter glycosides, one of them, iridoid catalposid, also has a diuretic effect, has a positive effect on digestion. The anti-bronchial action of the leaves of various types of catalpa is explained by the presence of catalpine glycoside in them. The wound healing and antibacterial action of the bark, fruits and leaves of catalpa is explained by the presence of phytoncides in the plant.

Use in traditional medicine

Plants of the genus Catalpa have found use in traditional medicine. The bark of catalpa trees, whose beneficial properties make its decoctions a good gastric remedy, also has anthelmintic action. Broth bark can be used for washing rotting wounds, tongue and fistulas. Catalpa bark extract is used in complex treatment of oncological diseases, in case of bronchial diseases, including bronchitis and pulmonary emphysema. The leaves of catalpa are used in the treatment of carbuncles, scabs, strum, abscesses, their eyes are washed with a decoction when the cornea is clouded. Traditional healers suggest using catalp pods for herpes, acne and furunculosis. As compresses, this infusion is considered an effective remedy for hemorrhoids and prostatitis. They drink it with diabetes.

History reference

Plants of the genus Catalpa - relict. Their fossil remains were discovered during excavations in the bed of the Yellowstone River in the rocks of the Miocene era.

The genus name is obliged not to the Native American katoba (Catawba), as it is written in some sources, but to the Muskogee tribe, who decided that the leaves and long beans remind them “winged heads” - kutuhlpa. The official name of the family was assigned to Linna in 1753. It originally sounded like Bignonia catalpa.

The Indians believed that the number of blooming fragrant flowers was equal to the number of girls who should be born in the tribe, while the long hanging fruits reminded them of the boys' pigtails. In India, trees from the genus Catalpa are considered a joke of Buddha, who decided to combine elephant ears (huge leaves) and monkey tails (long and thin pods) in one plant.

Bignoniform catalpa was brought to England from North America at the beginning of the 18th century, from where it came to Russia a few years later. The beautiful catalpa was brought to Europe at the beginning of the 19th century, and from there, after the First World War, to Russia. The oval oval catalpa was brought from Japan to Europe in the middle of the 19th century; it came to Russia later than all other representatives of the species.

Plant description

Catalpa is ranked among the genus of the Bignoniev family. Its representatives grow in Japan, China, North America, India. It is a deciduous green tree with a rounded crown with a height of not more than 20-30 m.

The catalpa has rather large leaves, and the fruits are filled with seeds and remain on it throughout the cold period. From mid-June you can see fragrant flowers of white or cream color on the branches.

Useful qualities

The unique properties of the tree due to its useful composition. The bark, fruits, leaves and seeds contain:

  • tannins (tannins),
  • tar,
  • monoterpenic glycosides,
  • catalposide,
  • phytoncides.

The plant of the genus Catalpa has the following properties:

  • anthelmintic,
  • diuretic,
  • antibacterial,
  • wound healing.

Despite the fact that the pharmacological properties of the culture are poorly understood, it is actively used in traditional medicine. Broth and extract from the bark treat ulcers, rotting wounds, bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema. The leaves of the tree have been applied in the treatment of eye diseases, carbuncles, abscesses.

Infusion of the fruit of catalpa is used to eliminate herpes, furunculosis, acne. It is also used as a compress against hemorrhoids and prostatitis, and is taken orally with diabetes.

Catalpa is used to prevent avitaminosis in pets and often give them plant foliage. Herders claim that their animals are less ill. Culture is a good bearer and is valued in the paint industry. A drying oil is made from its seeds.

It is not recommended to use the root of the plant in order to avoid sad consequences. Catalpa roots are believed to have toxic properties. Before using the fruit, leaves or bark of the tree, you should consult with your doctor in order not to aggravate the situation.

Ideas for landing catalpa


In gardens, the tree looks good both as a single specimen and in the foreground in a group with other woody plants, including:

Summer residents who want to transform their plot or garden can use one of the following ideas on landing a catalpa:

  1. Planting trees in groups along paths and borders look impressive.
  2. Ornamental shrubs will become excellent catalpa neighbors.
  3. A small pruning of the crown will allow to form it in the form of an original ball. This is how a garden looks elite and stylish, especially if lawn grass grows around trees.
  4. If the site does not have enough space, it is necessary to plant compact varieties of plants (Catalpa Nana, Catalpa ordinary). Large trees are suitable for large-area gardens and are used in central positions alone (hybrid catalpa, magnificent catalpa).
  5. Decorative culture in a recreation area, near an artificial reservoir, in the territory of a house adjoining site perfectly looks.

In order for the plant to adorn the garden with its appearance, it is necessary to properly care for it. Therefore, it is important not to forget to spray the tree with special compositions, water it abundantly, cover it for the winter and monitor the general condition of the soil, which should be quite loose. Otherwise, it is not too demanding to care. Thanks to this, gardeners are happy to plant a catalpa and create a wonderful green mood in their garden.

Description and composition of catalpa

Catalpa is a deciduous tree of the same genus of the Bignoniev family, including 11 plant species. In nature, it grows to 30 meters in height, in cultural cultivation it usually reaches 15-20 meters. The krone is wide, spreading, tent forms. Large flowers (2.5-3 cm in diameter) of white, pink, yellow, peach, lilac flowers with bright veins and spots, look like flowers of orchids, are assembled into erect brushes (like chestnut candles). The relic blooms in June and lasts until August (about a month), the inflorescences are up to 25 cm long, each containing from 20 to 50 flowers.

The tree is a good honey plant. The growth rate reaches 1 meter per year. Bloom relic begins at the age of 5 years. An interesting feature of summer chestnut leaves is to secrete nectar from small glands located in their sinuses. Fruits - a pod growing in length up to half a meter. The pods contain small winged seeds that can hang on the branches throughout the winter.

The tree was officially named Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Used in the paint industry, traditional medicine, homeopathy. There is no information about the inclusion in the pharmacopoeia of the world.

The composition of summer chestnut includes:

  • polysaccharides of various groups,
  • essential oils (including aromatic),
  • fatty oils (up to 30%) in seeds,
  • tannins with astringent properties
  • organic carboxylic acids
  • glycosides - leaves contain monoterpenic compounds, catalposide has diuretic properties, there are bitter glycosides in the bark,
  • vegetable pulp,
  • complex of minerals, their salts,
  • a set of vitamins
  • lipids,
  • ashy substances.

The most common species is ovoid, beautiful,

Beneficial features

The chemical composition determines the healing properties of catalpa.

  • Volatile volatile production have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, bactericidal properties.
  • Bitter glycosides have a powerful antihistamine effect against various parasitic fauna.
  • Glycosides have an astringent effect on slags, toxins and harmful intestinal microflora, stopping diarrhea.

  • Derivatives of catalpol (iridoids) release natural hormone derivatives that give rise to an increase in the hormone testosterone and its derivatives, which have anabolic properties and increase muscle mass gain.
  • Bioactive substances of plants have an anticarcinogenic effect, inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
  • Complex carboxylic acids, glycosides and phytoncides help in the treatment of bronchitis, bronchial asthma.
  • It has a multivitamin ability, strengthens the body, improves the immune system.
  • Tincture of the pods lowers blood sugar.

They produce elite furniture from the wood of the Antillean type; in Asia, varnishes and technical oil are made from seeds. As an ingredient in medicinal recipes, bark, leaves, and pods of species are used: bignoneiform, Chinese, magnificent.

Biological description

Catalpa (Catalpa) - deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs, reaching a height of 25 meters in natural conditions and about 10 as decorative. These plants botany refers to family Bignoniyevyh. They have the unusual shape of thick leaves (broadly ovate or heart-shaped), which form a very dense massive dome. The foliage never turns yellow, even in the autumn season. The bark of the tree is thick, cracked and has a gray-brown tint.

This is a hermaphroditic plant. In the warm season, the representatives of the genus will surely delight with delicate pale pink or peach flowers. They have the shape of a bell and a bright pleasant aroma. The inflorescences are very large - up to 2.5 centimeters. In Europe, flowering continues for two months - June-July: it is very similar to the popular chestnut, but more abundant. Some people compare these flowers with delicate orchids. Catalpa gives fruit after pollination. This is a magical honey plant.

The genus includes 13 species, the most popular of them are Catalpa syringaefolia and Catalpa longissima.

Recipes of traditional medicine

The people called catalpa "tree-doctor", and this is deservedly so. It is a good ingredient that deserves application in a multitude of recipes of traditional medicine:

  1. Healing decoction of catalpa is easy to prepare. It will help get rid of skin diseases. It is necessary to take the bark and leaves of the tree, fill the pan with them by a third. Then we fill everything with clean water and set it on fire. It is necessary to boil the drug for 10 minutes and allow it to cool. Strain the liquid with sterile gauze. Take a decoction is one glass twice a day, if desired, with one teaspoon of honey. For best effect, you can wipe the affected skin with this medicine.
  2. Tincture from the seeds of the tree of happiness is good for problems with metabolism. For its preparation, it is necessary to soak the grains in warm water in a ratio of 1: 2 for 5-7 days. At this time, keep the mixture in a cold dark place. It is recommended to drink one tablespoon before meals 3-4 times a day. The course of treatment may not exceed two weeks.
  3. The solution for washing the wounds of the tree of happiness will be useful to everyone. To make it, you just need to chop the leaves of the tree into small pieces, pour boiling water and let them stand for a day. Universal antiseptic ready!

Application in cosmetology

As already indicated earlier, the tree of happiness has a great effect on the skin. This property is used by modern cosmetology. In this regard, catalpa is an incredibly promising plant. Fatty acid composition of triacylglycerols of macaroni tree oil moisturizes the skin, evens out its color, and in a mixture with other cosmetological substances cleans well. Flowers of the plant give a magical aroma, so some cosmetics of famous brands smell exactly catalpa. This oil can be found in the composition of many means of the fashion industry.

Preparation of medical raw materials

The method and time of harvesting raw materials for home use depends on what part of the tree you need. Bark can be collected all year round. Some traditional healers cut it in advance and dry it. There are even legends that the bark of a tree should be collected on the day of the angel of the person whom it will then heal. Other people prefer to tear the ingredient from the tree as needed.

The leaves are the same story, but if you want to add them to tea, be sure to wash and dry. Otherwise, they will not brew properly. In addition, the tree is mostly deciduous, so for the winter this ingredient, respectively, should be reserved for the summer. After complete drying, keep the foliage in a cloth bag in a dry place. So she can "breathe" and will not spoil.

Catalpa flowers be sure to dry before use. They are best collected at the end of June, spread out on a paper towel in the sun. So in a few days they will be ready. We keep inflorescences in the same way as foliage.

An important point: the bark, leaves and flowers must be intact by insects, diseases or fungi. Be careful not to get poisoned.

Wood use

Catalpa wood very strong and resistant to moisture. That is why it is used for the manufacture of bath furniture, as well as products for external use: gazebos, swings, benches. Thanks to tightly woven cellulose fibers, catalpa products will serve a rather long period. In addition, the color of the trees is quite versatile - brown-gray. It will perfectly fit into any interior, and in the country style it can become the basis for the design of a room.

The wood is so beautiful that it does not require painting - it is enough to varnish it. The plant is suitable for wood carving art. Experienced masters have long praised him, and their admirers admire. Of course, the impressive size of the trunk and the hardness of the tree make it possible to make any masterpiece of it.

Catalpa furniture is a very relevant and sought-after product, but unfortunately expensive. Many people who know that this is not just a plant, but a real tree of happiness, do not spare money. After all, who would not wish to settle joy and good fortune into their home with beautiful, practical, comfortable, durable and high-quality furniture!

Catalpa Frost

Catalpa - cold-resistant culture. In hot climates, catalpa can withstand up to - 35 degrees. But this property is formed gradually. In seedlings that are grown from seed in the first year of life, wood does not have time to ripen and they freeze slightly. Gradually, the growth of shoots and their aging begins to adapt to the cold climate and frosting stops.

The main reason for this may not be the winter itself, but a short and cold summer. And in order for the tree to adapt to this climate, the best grow him from seeds. Experts do not recommend planting seedlings under the greenhouse shelter, because there are summer temperatures that distinguish the length of the growing season from the conditions of the open field. And catalpa In young age adapts to greenhouse climate temperatures. This leads to the death of the plant when cold temperatures occur.

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