General information

All about varieties and methods of growing alstroemeria

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Spectacular grade "Lemon". A large flower of bright lemon color with a slight tinge of greenish.

Alstroemeria flower variety "Virginia" with white large flowers, located on large strong stems. It blooms from June to November. The height of the bush to 70cm. This alstroemeria grows well in partial shade and in a sunny place.

The variety "Orange Queen" is very common among gardeners. Blossoms in apricot flowers with burgundy specks on the petals and dark spots on the opposite petals. The height of the bush reaches 70cm.

Plant description

Alstroemeria or how else it is called in Russia Alstroemeria is an aboriginal of Chile and Peru, where it can be found in the form of a weed on the roadsides, and in Europe it appeared in the eighteenth century. The Incas considered it a flower of the gods and endowed with magical properties. In our time, it has become a symbol of prosperity, good luck, wealth and friendship. The flower is used not only for cutting, but also when creating garden beds and greenhouses.

The flower has the following features:

  • the plant is only a perennial,
  • the root system of a flower is represented by a rhizome having a spindle-shaped form and strongly branched with a high content of starch in its composition,
  • stems erect and flexible,
  • in height the plant can grow up to one and a half meters,
  • the plant forms two types of shoots: vegetative (can be recognized by the presence of large leaves at the top of the shoot) and reproductive (from this shoot small leaves with a uniform arrangement along the stalk),
  • leaves can also surprise a novice gardener, during growth they turn 180 degrees - this is the so-called resupination,
  • foliage of a bright green flower
  • flowers small (5 cm in diameter) size. Superficially resemble a lily, in science this property is called zygomorphic,
  • Flowers are collected in large and rare umbrellas. In each of them from 10 to 30 inflorescences,
  • the beginning of flowering is about the end of May, the beginning of June,
  • flowers can be of different shades - red, pink or yellow, the most common shades. In some varieties of plants, flowers may be striped or dotted,
  • beautifully pollinated by insects
  • Nowadays, Alstroemeria is most often grown for sale. This is done in greenhouses and on an industrial scale,
  • the fruit is a seed box, when ripe, scatters its contents around the flower.

Outwardly, it resembles a lily or a daylily, which gave gardeners a reason to give the plant the following nicknames - “Peruvian lily,” “Inca lily.”

Types and varieties

To date, several dozens of plant varieties have been bred; among themselves, they are distinguished by stalk height, flower color and growing features. But breeders are not standing still and are trying to bring all new varieties. At the moment they are trying to bring more frost-resistant varieties.

  • golden.In nature, this species can be found in the Chilean highlands. It is quite high and can reach a height of one and a half meters. Flowers correspond to the name and have a color from golden yellow to bright orange hue. But most gardeners prefer this type of Peruvian lily not because of the beauty of flowers, but because it is relatively cold-resistant and can withstand frosts down to minus 12. Which makes it suitable for cultivation in mid-latitudes,

  • Brazilian.View from Brazil, refers to tall (some plants can reach 2 meters). A distinctive feature is the spear-shaped petals. The flowers have a red or bronze color,
  • Alstroemeria nano.The plant is originally from Peru. It is distinguished by its small growth - the height of the stems is only 10 cm. The flowers are golden in color with small black specks,
  • bloody flowered.In the wild form is found throughout Peru and Chile. A distinctive feature - rapid growth and fleshy rhizome. Gardeners appreciate this kind of lush flowering - the plant can please its owner once and a half dozen flowers with a bright red tint,
  • Alstroemeria psittacina. Originally from Argentina. The peculiarity is the flowers of unusual color - they are bright orange with a green border around the edges of the petal.

These are the most popular types. And now we list the popular varieties and hybrids of this plant:

  • "Alicia". A distinctive feature of the variety - flowers with two-tone color - white and pink,
  • "Virginia" - the average height of the plant is 80 cm. The flowers are large white and wavy edges. It grows well in light shading,
  • "Beauty". Treats tall (to 170 cm). The flowers are lilac, but sometimes they may have a purple tint,
  • "Harmony". Another tall variety - an average height of 160 cm. Can please a gardener with two flowering plants in one season - in April and September. Flowers have a bronze tint with black strokes on the petals,
  • Canaria also applies to tall (up to 150 cm and above). Also blooms twice per season - in March and in September. Flowers bright canary shade with small dots on the leaf,

This small list reflects only the most popular types and varieties of alstroemeria. In fact, there are many more (more than 200), but not all of them are suitable for growing in our latitudes.

Growing up

There are two ways of growing alstroemeria: using seeds and dividing a tuber. Consider each of them in more detail.

First of all, prepare the soil mixture, for this take two parts of leaf and one part of sod land. As a baking powder, sand of a large fraction, peat or wood ash is used, the latter also acidifies the substrate a little.

Everything is thoroughly mixed and disinfected. To do this, the soil can be frozen or treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The container for dishes must have holes for drainage. A layer of claydite is poured down, soil on it. Seeds are somewhat pressed into the soil and sprinkled with a thin layer of substrate on top. After that, the container is packed in film and sent for a month to the “vegetable” section of the refrigerator for stratification.

Do not forget to remove the container from the refrigerator twice a day, open the film and remove the condensate. If necessary, the soil in the container can be moistened. A month later, the package with the container is removed from the refrigerator finally and placed in a bright place, where the temperature will be 20-25 degrees.

Regularly, the film opens and the crops are ventilated. If necessary, moisten the ground. If the day is short, then it is recommended to artificially lengthen it to 12 hours a day. The first shoots will appear in a period of 10 to 30 days. After and the appearance of the film from the container is removed. As soon as 2-4 true leaves appear, the plant will swoop in separate cups. As the root system develops, the plant is transplanted into a larger container.

When growing seedlings from seeds, flowering occurs in 2-3 years.

From parts of a tuber

In an adult plant, a tuber has numerous growth points. Such a plant, after it has blossomed, is dug out and its root is divided into several pieces. And each piece should have at least 5 points of growth.

The division of the tuber produced with a sharp knife, slices immediately sprinkled with powdered charcoal. The roots can be seated, bloom such a plant, will be next year.

Planting in open ground

Seedlings are planted in the ground at the end of May, when the danger of frost disappears. Holes with a depth of not more than 25 cm are dug. A distance of about 30 cm is left between two holes. A layer of 10 cm of prepared compost is put on the bottom. Drop the plant in the hole and sprinkle with earth.

We mulch everything from above, the sprout is not completely asleep. Then the landing zone is watered, and the water must be poured so much that it reaches the bottom of the hole.

Under no circumstances should the root overheat above 22 degrees. This temperature causes the death of the root.

Greenhouse breeding

As mentioned above, such cultivation is practiced for sale, and therefore, is carried out on an industrial scale:

  1. Preparing the soil, for this we mix peat, sand, deciduous soil and humus in equal parts,
  2. We keep a constant temperature in the greenhouse: during the growth of foliage - during the day 15, at night - 13 degrees. During flowering, the temperature rises to 20 degrees. If you use a greenhouse on an ongoing basis for growing alstroemeria, then in the winter, the temperature in it should not fall below 10,
  3. Well, we provide the right care. It is best to water in the drip way, loosen the earth as needed, feed up twice a month. In winter, we install additional lighting. Read more about the organization of the drip irrigation system here.

The flower is quite capricious and requires special care. But the result is worth it.

  • no overmoistening of the soil - otherwise the root system of the plant will simply die, and then the whole bush,
  • necessarily loosening the soil,
  • Mandatory dressing, it is best to do this before the appearance of buds using mineral dressings with a high content of potassium,
  • but the nitrogen should be smaller
  • it can also be fed with organic fertilizer, then it should only be completely rotted and used in small quantities.

Diseases and pests

Despite the fact that the plant is quite resistant to all diseases and pests, there are still a number of diseases and pests from which it can fully protect itself.

  • in case of strong moisture, the plant can be affected by gray mold. In order to prevent death in this case, the flower is treated with a solution of foundationol,

  • The main pests are slugs, caterpillars, spider mites and leaf-eating beetles. Against them, use karbofos or other similar means. More information on how to get the plot slugs read here.

For more details on growing alstroemeria, see the video.

Site preparation and soil

Alstroemeria loves the sun, but you can plant it in partial shade. Plants do not tolerate temperatures above 30 ° C - they can get sick and refuse to bloom.

The soil should be well drained, light and fertile. Before planting, you can make peat, leaf humus and sand on the bed.

Alstroemeria landing time is spring. When will the winter dormancy, the plants are planted in flower beds in the garden. Landing time depends on the region and weather.

All types of alstroemeria carry small negative temperatures, so the tubers in the open ground can be planted as early as April. They are planted in seedlings even earlier - in the beginning or in the middle of March.

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