Bellarosa - potato variety (Solanum tuberosum) of early ripening. Received by the staff of the German plant-breeding enterprise Europlant Pflanzenzucht GmbH (Lüneburg). It was entered into the state register of Russia in 2006, into the register of Ukraine - in 2004. Zoned in four regions of the Russian Federation: North-West (Vologda, Kaliningrad, Kostroma, Leningrad, Novgorod, Pskov, Tver and Yaroslavl regions), Volgo-Vyatka (Kirov , Sverdlovsk and Nizhny Novgorod Oblasts, Mari El Republics, Udmurt and Chuvash, Perm Territories), Central Black Earth (Belgorod, Voronezh, Kursk, Lipetsk, Oryol and Tambov Regions) and Ural (Republic of Bashkortostan, Kurgan, Orenburg and Chelyabinsk Region).
The ripening period is 50 - 70 days. However, the first digging can be carried out already on the 45th day of the appearance of full shoots. In warm regions in one season you can get two harvests. Bellarosa bushes can be burrowed without damage to plants.
Plants are upright, tall (70 - 75 cm), intermediate type. The leaves are green in color, large, closed. The edge of the sheet plate is slightly wavy. Corolla red-purple color, medium size. Due to the fact that Bellarosa gives an early harvest, flowering by the time of digging is weak or absent. Therefore, if your potatoes do not bloom, do not worry - this is normal for this variety.
Tubers are leveled, oval-rounded, large and medium size. The eyes are shallow, the depth is medium or superficial. The peel is red, slightly rough. The flesh is light yellow, slightly dry. The mass of a commercial tuber is 120 - 210 grams, individual specimens reach 800 to 1000 grams. The average number of tubers in the nest - 8 - 10 pieces.
The yield of marketable tubers is 169 - 326 kg / ha, which is 26 - 63 kg / ha higher than the standard variety Nevsky. The yield on the 45th day after full sprouting (the first digging) is 143 - 277 centners per hectare, which is 34-155 centners per hectare higher than the standard Zhukovsky early, on the 55th day (the second digging) 170-388 c / ha, which is 56 - 231 c / ha higher than the standard. The maximum yield is 385 centners per hectare, which is 231 centners per hectare higher than the standard Zhukovsky Early (data for the Tambov Region).
A grade of table appointment, with high flavoring properties (becomes more tasty after storage). Great for frying, cooking chips and french fries. Cooked tubers are crumbly, but do not fall apart during cooking. Darkening after boiling insignificant. Starch content is 12 - 16%. Bellarosa is stored very well in comparison with other early varieties, right up to May.
This potato is characterized by high resistance to the causative agent of potato cancer, golden potato cyst nematode, leaf curl virus, scab and blackleg. It is also resistant to drought, high temperatures, damage and germination of tubers. Resistance to brown spot and late blight is average.
About Bellaroze there are only good reviews. This is not surprising, because this variety has almost no flaws. It is easy to grow, it is unpretentious to the quality of the soil and the amount of moisture, and the care of such potatoes is very simple. You need to follow only a few rules to get a good harvest of tasty potatoes.
Variety potato Bellaroz - description and characteristics (with photo)
The variety of German selection is cultivated not so long ago, but it is already popular with farmers because of the opportunity to get a harvest in the early stages. Since 2006, entered into the State Register and recommended for the Central Black Earth region. It is grown on the territory of our country almost everywhere. The species is early maturing, young tubers are suitable for food in 45 days after germination, the period of full maturation is 60 days. This allows summer residents to quickly see the results of their work, and send the farmers early vegetables for sale and make a profit.
Bellarosa potato varieties are popular with farmers
Agrarians note the productivity of Bellarosa, a good storage capacity of root crops, which is unusual for most early varieties, and excellent taste.
Bush 75 cm tall with powerful shoots and large green leaves, slightly wavy at the edges. Blooms purple flowers.
Root crops are oval-rounded, with a rough skin of a reddish hue. Tuber weight - 117–207 g (there may be giants up to 800 g). The flesh of root vegetables is light yellow, tasty. Contains a small amount of starch - 12.6–15.7%. Bellarosa potatoes make very tasty pancakes, stews, soups, but it is especially good boiled, crumbly.
Flowers in the potato Bellarosa red-purple
For early harvest potatoes are germinated. 3 weeks before planting, it is placed in a thin layer in boxes and put on the light at + 15 ° C for pecking eyes. At the same time carry out culling damaged and diseased tubers.
High yields can be achieved only by following a number of rules.
- Potatoes should be planted at the site not earlier than mid-April: by this time, the earth should warm up well (up to +12 0 С). Planting time may vary depending on the growing region and weather conditions. With the threat of return frosts, early shoots are covered with foil.
- For seed material selected tubers of medium size, regular shape, without signs of disease, with a large number of eyes.
- It is possible to accelerate the emergence of sprouts by spraying with a solution of ash (400 g / 4 l, to insist day) in the second week of germination.
- Before planting, the tubers are disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour, then powdered with ashes — such preventive measures are necessary to prevent diseases.
- Planting potatoes, you should try not to damage the sprouts - this can lead to a slower pace of development of the plant.
Root crops are oval-round with reddish skin
- Agrarians advise to observe crop rotation: do not plant root crops for 2–3 years in a row on one plot, as well as after decay. It is preferable to allocate plots for potatoes after growing oats, peas, onions, zucchini, cucumbers.
- Bellarosa grows well on any soil, except heavy clay.
- The depth of the planting holes should be 8–10 cm, the soil is heated, loose.
- When planting it is necessary to take into account the size of future tubers, and they are quite large, so leave an interval of 40 cm between plants, 90 cm between rows. With more frequent planting, tubers are formed of medium size.
To get a large potato, plant it sparsely.
After the emergence of the first shoots spend hilling potatoes
On a note. Bellarosa potatoes may not bloom, which is explained by the early terms of crop formation: the plant simply does not have time to bloom. However, this does not affect the yield. In extreme heat (above + 25 ° C), the bush can shed its flowers and buds.
How to increase yield
Farmers with experience in the cultivation of Bellaroza’s potato are advised to take into account a number of factors contributing to higher yields.
When planting, 700 g of humus and 5 tablespoons of ash or 15 g of nitrophoska are introduced into the well. You can add onion husks to scare the wireworm.
Furrows recommend locating from north to south. In this case, the rows are uniformly illuminated first at sunrise, then at noon, and then from the west. The warming up of the ground at the bushes is uniform.
Potato fences are placed from north to south so that plants receive as much light and heat as possible.
The roots will develop and potato tubers will form only when the soil warms up to + 7 ° С. As the temperature rises to + 22 ° С, they begin to grow more intensively. However, in heat more than + 25 ° C or small frosts, the growth of tubers is delayed.
On the fertilized soil, the yield of the bush will be greater. Before the first hilling under the plant make 1 tsp of ammonium nitrate and 1.5 cups of humus. Very good feed infusion of mullein (1:10). During the budding period, the plant needs potassium - 100 g of ash or 10 g of potassium sulfate is enough. After ottsvetaniya to accelerate the growth of tubers make a bush under 2 tbsp. spoons of superphosphate and 200 g of mullein per 10 liters. Bellarosa especially needs magnesium, which has a great effect on tuberization. The lack of this element leads to a decrease in disease resistance. Magnesium sulphate is added to neutral and slightly acidic soils, and dolomite flour (50 g / m2) to acidic soils.
Potato beds and aisles can be mulched sawdust, hay. Mulch layer of 5-10 cm well retains heat and moisture, is an obstacle to the spread of weeds. As a mulching material, you can use black agrofibre, which cover the soil under the bushes.
When the stalks of the bush begin to fall and wither, the harvest comes to readiness. Two weeks before the roots are harvested, remove all tops from the site.
2 weeks before picking root vegetables, remove all tops.
Review of potato varieties - video
The main feature of Bellaroza is its high yield, so the advice to those who earn on potatoes - if you have not tried, plant and be happy with the harvest. There are people who praise this variety for taste, but no matter how much I tried it in fried and boiled form - the usual variety with a yellow middle. Perfect for chips, ordinary frying. When boiling potatoes do not fall apart, good for making mashed potatoes. Bellarosa has excellent yields - as a rule, all tubers are large, so for sale it is grade No. 1. I heard a lot of rumors that this is a genetic variety, etc., but I think it’s just rumors and nothing more, just a successfully bred variety. Phytophthora this variety is striking, therefore it is necessary to apply fungicides. The beetle also does not refuse it, it is necessary to process insecticides. One, many complain that Bellaroza is not very well preserved in winter and decays, but it's like someone. Otherwise, it is a good and proven grade.
A good variety, if properly planted, there will be large potatoes. I had 750 grams. There were bushes, under which there were up to 25-30 pieces. Starting from 200 to 650 grams, but these rarely came across mainly two bushes - one bucket of potatoes. As early too great. There is a lot of carotene in it and its beetle does not eat too much. To be large, plant less often, smaller - thicker, and will be different.
I often buy this particular potato. The real taste of homemade potatoes, very satisfying! The skin is pale pink when the potatoes are young, peeled perfectly, very quickly. Scratch with a knife and ready. When the old, it is also easy to clean. This potato is round, sometimes slightly elongated. Mashed potatoes are delicious, non-watery, easily whipped. Now more. If you are going to plant potatoes, then choose this one. We have a small garden, there is a terrible land. But! This variety grows on any land, except heavy clay, does not get sick practically. Does not need abundant watering and tolerates heat and drought. He has enough natural rainfall, but he gives a great harvest. Early variety. It always looks beautiful, well kept, small eyes, easy to clean from the ground, almost always retains its appearance. When harvesting about 90% of good potatoes. Bellarosa mainly fell in love with Ukraine, Moldova and Russia. The variety does not require special care, before germination it is necessary to loosen the soil. They planted it many times, but even though we have most of the clay, and not the land, the harvest is still excellent. Therefore, the variety is excellent in all respects! Try it! And very tasty, many virtues. And it will be stored for a long time, without losing the view!
Bellaroza is a favorite variety of many summer residents and farmers, it is notable for its fast ripening and excellent taste, as well as undemanding to the quality and acidity of the soil, drought-resistant, and has good immunity to disease.
Description of potato varieties Bellaroza
Early potato Bellarosa was bred in Germany. German selection is aimed at the quality of tubers and high yields without the use of genetic engineering. Therefore, to date, German potato varieties are credible.
The variety of Bellarosa is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation and is recommended for cultivation in the Central Chernozem region. It grows well in temperate zones. Widely distributed in Russia, Ukraine and Moldova. The variety of ultra early ripening, the first digging is done in 45–50 days. Full maturity occurs 60 days after planting.
Tubers of Bellarosa on oval, with rough pink skin and light yellow flesh
Characteristics of the variety
Tubers Bellarozy oval-rounded, with a rough pink skin and small eyes. The flesh is light yellow, excellent taste. The weight of each tuber is 120–210 grams. Perfect for sales. The average starch content is from 13 to 16%. The harvest on the 45th day after full germination (the first digging) is 143–277 centners per hectare, on the 55th day (the second digging) 170–385 centners per hectare.
Because of the pink color of tubers, Bellarozu is popularly called “Cherry”.
Potatoes need a sunny plot with loose soil. It is better to plant it after legumes, cabbage, cucumbers. In order for the yield to be high and the soil to be fertile, it is necessary to alternate crops, that is, to observe crop rotation. After harvesting potatoes, plant mustard or rye in its place before winter. These are excellent siderata for soil. They will enrich it and make it more loose.
To enrich the soil, it is necessary to observe crop rotation: plant mustard or rye after harvesting potatoes
2-3 weeks before planting, potatoes are taken out of storage and laid out on a flat surface in a single layer in a bright room at a temperature of +15 ° C. So there will be an awakening of the eyes, the shoots will be friendly and strong. Allow pre-treatment growth stimulants, especially in regions with cold summer.
Potatoes are planted in different regions at different times, but most often in early May, when the soil warms up at a depth of 10 cm to +9 ° C. The prepared planting material is planted to a depth of 8–10 cm in one of the ways:
- smooth - digging holes on a flat surface,
- trench - planting potatoes in dug trenches,
- ridge - the formation of ridges 15 cm high and laying tubers in them.
Since up to 10 rather large tubers are formed in one bush of Bellarosa, the recommended planting pattern is 90x40 cm. With more frequent planting bushes will interfere with each other and block the light. The formation of tubers will slow down, which will affect the overall yield of the crop.
No less important is the hilling of bushes. When seedlings appear, they are covered with earth. So they will be protected from sudden cold snaps. Further, with an interval in 2 weeks, repeated earthing up is required. Feeding the stem with earth, you stimulate the formation of new stolons, which increases the yield. Hilling bushes do carefully, trying not to damage the roots. It is better to work in the morning or in the evening, if the day is sunny, or choose a cool overcast day. If the soil is dry, it needs to be moistened beforehand.
Fertilizers for potatoes
Any potato needs at least three supplements: during the formation of buds, before and after flowering. They increase the immunity of plants and help to get a high yield. Most often used for dressing diluted mullein and wood ash. This fertilizer saturates the soil with phosphates, magnesium and potassium. When planting it is made in each well of 5 tablespoons. A solution of ash (1 kg per bucket of water) plants are fed during the growing season. To prevent late blight during wet periods, it exfoliates foliage and stems.
Top dressing bring after rains.
Protection against diseases and pests
Bellarose potato is resistant to almost all diseases - scab, bacterial decay, nematode, late blight, potato cancer, spotting. However, with prolonged rains of phytophthora still affects this variety.
The following nuances should be considered:
- Bellarosa can be affected by the Colorado potato beetle. To protect against this insect, there are many chemicals, but the best method so far is to collect the larvae, egg-laying and beetles by hand,
- potato tubers damage wireworms, eating numerous passages. To fight the pest, they slice vegetable pieces on pegs and bury such bait to a depth of 10 cm. After a day, the traps must be pulled out and destroyed. Only after that you can start planting potatoes
- since the variety matures early, it often does not even have time to get late blight. But in regions with a wet summer you need to carry out prevention. An effective way is to apply potassium phosphate fertilizers. To this end, the plant, when it rises to 30 cm, is treated with copper sulphate with an interval of 10 days (2 grams of vitriol per 10 liters of water), Bordeaux liquid, fungicides.
Getting two yields per season
Bellaroza is an early potato variety, which makes it possible to harvest twice a season in a warm region. Planted in early May, the potatoes are dug in late June, and planted in July again. The second harvest is obtained in September.
You can use another method. Shrubs with good, healthy tops taken out of the ground and carefully removed ripe tubers. Then the plants are again returned to the ground, a little more deep, and watered. In the early days, the tops are sick and fade, but quickly recover and re-yield.
Reviews of Bellarose among gardeners positive. Negative not found. There are nuances of late blight and storage, but it depends on potato care and compliance with all agricultural processes.The widespread prevalence of Bellarosa in all regions suggests that this is a variety of successful breeding.
The main feature of Bellaroza is its high yield, so advice to those who earn on potatoes - if you have not tried, plant and be happy with the harvest. There are people who praise this variety for taste, but how much I have not tried it in fried and boiled form - the usual variety of yellow middle. Perfect for chips, ordinary frying. When boiling potatoes do not fall apart, good for making mashed potatoes. Bellarosa has excellent yields - as a rule, all tubers are large, so for sale it is grade No. 1. I heard a lot of rumors that this is a genetic variety, etc., but I think it’s just rumors and nothing more, just a successfully bred variety. Phytophthora this variety is striking, therefore it is necessary to apply fungicides. The beetle also does not refuse it, it is necessary to process insecticides. The only thing is that many complain that Bellarosa is not very well preserved in the winter and is rotting, but it's like someone else. Otherwise, it is a good and proven grade.
It is unpretentious, drought-resistant, tubers grow large in size with minimal physical labor and even on poor unprepared soil. The potato itself is delicious and does not melt in puree. The peel is thin, easily removed when cleaning. I do not understand why they write about phytophtora on this variety. Taking into account the fact that the variety is super early and from the moment of planting (say, in early May) to harvest (early July) only two months pass, then the phytophthora and Colorado beetles have no place to roam. By this time, it is time to dig up potatoes or at least cut the tops. If desired, you can shoot two crops in the summer. In my practice of growing early and superearly varieties of potato, Bellarose is the best.
The real taste of homemade potatoes, very satisfying! The skin is pale pink when the potatoes are young, peeled perfectly, very quickly. Scratch with a knife and ready. When the old, it is also easy to clean. This potato is round, sometimes slightly elongated. Puree is a delicious, not watery, easily whipped. Now more. If you are going to plant potatoes, then choose this one. We have a small garden, there is a terrible land. But! This variety grows on any land, except heavy clay, does not get sick practically. Does not need abundant watering and tolerates heat and drought. He has enough natural rainfall, but he gives a great harvest. Early variety. It always looks beautiful, well kept, small eyes, easy to clean from the ground, almost always retains its appearance. When harvesting, about 90% of good potatoes. Bellarosa mainly fell in love with Ukraine, Moldova and Russia. It does not require special care, loosening the soil is necessary before germination. They planted it many times, but even though we have most of the clay, and not the land, the harvest is still excellent. Therefore, the variety is excellent in all respects! Try it! And very tasty, many virtues. And it will be stored for a long time, without losing the view!
A good variety, if properly planted, there will be large potatoes. I had 750 grams. There were bushes, under which there were up to 25-30 pieces, ranging from 200 to 650 grams, but these rarely came across. Basically two bushes one bucket of potatoes. As early too great. There is a lot of carotene in it and its beetle does not eat too much. To be large, plant less often, smaller - thicker, and will be different.
Mityai Bukhankin Oracle (59382)
Bellarosa potatoes - a variety with an attractive appearance and excellent taste characteristics. Grow it under the force of everyone, even a novice gardener.