If you are a frequent visitor to specialty stores for gardeners, then pay attention to small briquettes or tablets of coconut substrate. The production technology of coconut was developed in the 80s of the last century. He gained wide popularity among amateur growers as a substance for growing indoor plants relatively recently.
What is coconut substrate
The raw material for the production of the substrate is the peel of coconuts. It undergoes technological processing, as a result of which it:
- sorted by size
At the exit they get chips, long fibers, coconut peat - these are fractions of different size and density. Discs, briquettes, mats, roll mulch, tree trunks are formed from the fines fraction. In the room floriculture use discs and briquettes. Mats produced for greenhouses, they are designed for growing vegetables, herbs, strawberries, mushrooms in greenhouses.
How to use coconut substrate in briquettes or tablets
Buying a coconut briquette, you get a multifunctional material. Application is various:
- coconut substrate can completely replace the earth,
- additive in soil to increase its capacity,
- material for better rooting cuttings,
- for breeding plants seedling method.
Brief instructions will help to properly prepare coconut in briquettes for further use. From a briquette of a small size (0.5–1 kg) you will get from 5 to 10 liters of wet coconut chips.
Stages of cooking:
- Prepare a large container (basin, bucket)
- pour enough warm water,
- lower the briquette into the water
- briquette for 2 hours will absorb all the water and increase in size, water can be topped up,
- knead cocoa-ground with hands until a homogeneous, friable substance is obtained.
The ready-to-use coconut substrate is used in its pure form for growing seedlings or combining it in the required proportions with flower soil, humus, perlite. Possible re-use of cocogrunk. To restore the beneficial properties, it is necessary to fill it with any EM-preparation and keep it in the wet state for at least a month.
Coconut tablets are used for germinating seeds. They can be sold in the shell, you do not need to delete it. Tablets must be rinsed under running water. The germination capacity should be high, 6–7 times higher than the dry tablet.
Before sowing the seeds, the tablets are placed on the bottom of the tank and filled with warm tap water, about 40 ml are spent for one piece of water. After swelling, seeds are planted in a coconut substrate. The container is sealed with a transparent material.
Main differences from ordinary soil
Pest larvae can live in the soil, insect eggs can survive, spores of various fungi multiply. The acidity of the soil changes during operation. The structure of the soil mixture deteriorates over time, even when using EM drugs.
All these disadvantages are inherent in the soil. Kokogrunt, unlike ordinary soil, has no such problems. Below are all the positive qualities that serve as a good argument in his favor.
Advantages and disadvantages
The absence of chemical impurities is the main advantage of coconut peat, its composition is pure organic product. Florists using it have several advantages:
- Chip as a sponge absorbs moisture, holds it for a long time.
- There is no moisture on the surface of the coconut fiber; therefore, there is no favorable environment for the reproduction of fungi.
- Kokogrunt has the most acceptable pH level for most of the indoor plants (5.7–6.5).
- The micro-and macronutrients (potassium, phosphorus) necessary for plants are present in the tissues of coconut fiber, it is able to accumulate them.
- The long period of decomposition of organic fiber ensures its long-term use for 5 years.
- Fiber provides the roots with the desired degree of aeration and drainage.
- Kokogrunt has no smell, which increases comfort when using it.
- The fiber is pleasant to the touch, it is easy to mix it with the soil to obtain a uniform consistency.
- The content of cellulose and ligine in chips facilitates the reproduction of beneficial bacteria (trichoderm).
- There are no harmful microorganisms, adults, larvae and eggs of pests.
Do not hush up the flaws. On the market you can find a poor-quality product from an unscrupulous manufacturer that uses sea water to process the shell.
For what plants is suitable coconut substrate
For lovers of astrophytum, cacti, aloe, and other succulents, the coconut substrate is useful as a loosening additive to the main soil. Those who grow matted plants can only use it to fill flower pots. In the coconut substrate rooted cuttings of many fastidious plants:
This list goes on, as coconut chips are ideal for almost all moisture-loving flowers from the tropics.
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Those who have already tried the coconut substrate on their plants, the reviews are only positive:
I successfully use coconut chip briquettes. I prepare on its basis a soil mixture for ficuses and decorative leafy plants. I take 1 part of usual soil for indoor flowers, 1 part of chips, add perlite. The mixture turns out to be airy, my plants like it, everything looks great. I water rarely, but plentifully. Thanks to perlite, moisture is distributed evenly throughout the soil volume and lasts for a long time.
Growing seedlings of flowers has become much easier after I caught the pills from coconut chips. I buy them a lot of different sizes. I use pills not only for growing flowers, I also prefer to sow the seeds of vegetables in them. Previously, it was necessary to spend time preparing the ground: warm up, spill manganese solution. Now the pills are laid out in containers, poured with water and everything, after 30 minutes, you can spread the seeds.
I read on the forums a lot of complaints about coconut briquettes. I disagree with them. A bad result happens if you buy a product from a bad manufacturer. I was lucky, I buy quality coconut, I grow seedlings of lobelia, petunias. I grow vegetable seedlings, mixing with ordinary ground 1: 1.
How to use a coconut substrate for seedlings and houseplants in detail on the video:
- Soak the coconut substrate.
- Sterilize (steam) the nutrient soil and spill it with Fitosporin-M.
- Connect the coconut substrate and soil, 1: 1 ratio.
- Mixture fill the container or box for seedlings.
- Sow the seeds.
- Cover the teplichka with a lid or film, moisten and air crops.
- After the development of these leaves, spread out the seedlings in the same soil.
Coconut substrate for indoor plants
Coconut tablets are an excellent tool for rooting cuttings of plants that are prone to rot. According to flower growers reviews, the best results are obtained if you plant cuttings of moody plants in a coconut. It is possible to root Pelargonium, Fuchsia, Rose, Hibiscus, Coleus, Saintpaulia, Abutilon, Begonia, Azalea, Akalife and Bougainvillea and other tropical moisture-loving tropical flowers in a cocogrunk without loss.
Plants that easily rot rot into the coconut substrate without problems
- It is necessary to soak the pill, make a recess in it.
- Put there prepared stalk.
- Substrate gently tamp around cuttings.
- Cover over with foil or plastic cap (glass or half bottle) to keep it moist.
Tuberous flowers: dahlias, begonias, gloriosa and others - it is good to store and then germinate in a coconut substrate.
Coconut fiber can be used as storage for tuber flowers.
Houseplants that do not tolerate the drying out of the soil respond well to the addition of a coconut substrate to the soil. To make its useful qualities fully manifest, it is necessary to add at least 30% of the total mass of the mixture. Coconut fiber contributes not only to retain moisture, but also perfectly passes oxygen. The loose structure helps the development of the root system, thanks to which the above-ground part grows more actively: there is more greenery, flowering is more abundant, and there is no such disease as chlorosis. Coconut fiber, free from fungal microflora, does not allow the soil to sour, which means that putrefactive diseases do not practically affect plants.
Plants planted in coconut do not practically suffer from rot and chlorosis.
When making up the soil mix, keep in mind that smaller coconut chips (peat) dry more slowly. A large fraction of the fiber gives up moisture faster.
Mulching and other uses
Recycled or fresh coconut substrate is an effective mulching agent. This mulch can be used in pots with indoor plants and garden beds. The fiber retains moisture for a long time and protects the surface of the earth from overheating.
Modern coconut materials are very convenient to use for mulching.
Adding coconut substrate to heavy clay soil improves its quality. The earth becomes more friable, the acidity decreases, and the number of pests decreases.
Coconut mulch is not only useful, but also gives the flowerbed a decorative look.
Growers noticed that the coconut substrate creates a kind of protection around the roots of the plants. In the heat, it saves from overheating, and in cold weather - from hypothermia. In addition, thanks to him the roots are always hydrated. Therefore, coconut fiber is often placed in the lower layers of a high bed, on which early vegetables are grown.
In dry form, the coconut substrate can be stored for decades. It has no limitations on shelf life.
Coconut substrate does not lose its properties with repeated use
You can save and soaked coconut soil. If it remains unused, it must be dried and sent to storage. Any convenient room will suit: a pantry, a garage, a balcony (the substrate is not afraid of either low temperature or heat). To keep the quality high, keep the coconut fiber better in a container with openings for free access to air. But this is optional. A well-dried substrate will remain in the usual plastic bag.
Coconut Substrate Reviews
I add to succulents, some of them have a lot, for example, the gardener loves him and grows well in him. And I mix it with flowering plants, in coconuts there is a substance, such as growth hormone, and so, it is in the coconut substrate. Then there are no pathogens in it, it loosens the soil, it is well wetted and dries.
Conducted an experiment - and rinsed and not rinsed - did not notice any differences in growth and flowering. Saintpaulia and Gloxinium rooted in pure coconut substrate - the exact same result, regardless of whether the coconut was washed or not. Observations are already four years old. Now coconut is not mine.
ZOREN * KA
Year 3, I transferred all plants to coconut (except for orchids, of course, bark only suits them) I noticed that watering is less necessary and fertilized, by the way, too. I water everything with a shower from a hot tap (2 years) Without any sedimentation of water. no bukarasy, rooting - it is wonderful and faster. I just wanted to share how I do it. I never soak the briquette (transplanting it better to dry ground occurs, it also splits the broken root) Knife breaks plastic and kneads it with your hands if you need a lot, put it in wet rag briquette bag ku (for the night for example) and it crumbles easily while remaining dry. There are many nutrients in it but they are released slowly (which is very important during transplantation).
I put my spatiphilums in him. Dk they so grew. Monsters straight steel. And they released five huge flowers. We have coconut sold in the form of washers. Fill with water and get a lot very similar to the ground.
I make ALL mixes on the basis of coconut! Practically for all your plants. I have been looking for just such a component for physical properties for a long time! I like to add it even due to the fact that with it the soil does not cake with time, it does not compress.
Chips will suit some orchids in a mixture of pine bark, for example, such a composition would be good for orchids of the oncidium group, especially with very thin roots: milionia and miltoniopsis, cambria, brassades, brasia. Coconut substrate is often added to the soil in plants. who do not like the drying of the substrate: for example, I add the coconut substrate to the eschinantus, maranth, some aroid.
I terribly liked cuttings in a coconut. Virtually no loss, rooted quickly and well. But sow. Not! It goes well, but because the coconut is completely empty substrate, the seedlings do not develop after germination. I tried to fertilize, all the same, those that rose in the soil at the same time with these and without fertilizers, develop much better.
I bought coconut peat from different manufacturers, and 4 l each, like yours, and 7, and 9 even. For adeniums, peat is just soaked with hot water and used with perlite. For other plants (on the recommendation of one breeder of violets), coconut is soaked in a bucket of hot water so that it is like porridge for 3 hours or more, then I just filter this slush through a nylon stocking. Everything can be enjoyed. This companion made measurements of the presence of chlorine and salts in the coconut after such a procedure and concluded that such washing was sufficient. By the way, he has been growing collectible flowers for several years using such coconut peat. Therefore, I do not see the need to spend time and spend long manipulations on boiling and washing the coconut in several waters.
The cuttings of Rowley's gardener are well rooted in my coco-soil. I also planted some kind of bush, I also liked it. Ficus rooted well. I added coco-soil when planting violets - it also turned out well. Violets do not complain. For orchids - it is too moisture-absorbing substance.
Coconut substrates have a slightly alkaline reaction (although they say on the packaging that it is neutral): mocking :. Coconut substrate is not empty at all, it contains many macronutrients (especially calcium, which is not suitable for everyone). Therefore, the seeds can rise well and together (as they have reserves of vitamins and hormones in their seeds), and then they begin to feed on coconut elements and the environment does not suit them, so they start to bend. Therefore, it is necessary to look at what kind of soil is needed and mix coconut soil with at least peat (peat, as a rule, has an acidic environment).
It is enough to add 10–15% perlite to the coconut substrate - and the problem of excessive moisture will be solved. Perlite is a good regulator of soil moisture. I rooted the cuttings, mainly in the mixture of coconut substrate + perlite.
I have big grows in it perfectly. I do not rinse coconut, soak and soot plants into it. This year there is the science of the gloxinia leaves. Everything grows and takes root perfectly.
I also bought a coconut briquette, the choice fell on a grow-up, but it turned out to be coarse-fibered. While I planted gloxinia, I have seedlings and children, I made a purchase of purchased soil + coconut + vermiculite, coconut somewhere 1/4 - 1/3 part and passed the kids there, they were without adding coconut, it became immediately easier with watering, it became wetted more evenly and not as fast as it dries;
Coconut substrate is a relatively new product for sustainable and efficient farming and floriculture. This material has almost no flaws, and many advantages. Therefore kokogrunt already received high praise from professionals. It is often used in greenhouse production and vegetable farms. And gardeners and amateur growers are just discovering for themselves the beneficial properties of coconut fiber. And those who have tested it, made sure that the coconut substrate is very pleasant to the plants.
Substrate and tablets for plants: description and composition
The coconut substrate consists of 70% coconut fiber, and 30% coconut chips. The process of preparing a ready-made product takes about one and a half years. To begin with, the rind is crushed, then fermented, dried and pressed under pressure. There are several types of the finished product: in the form of tablets, briquettes, mats.
- The coconut substrate in briquettes looks like a brick and when soaked in water for several hours gives about 7-8 liters of ready-made soil for use.
- Таблетки изготавливаются разного диаметра и размещены в мелкоячеистой сетке, чтобы избежать рассыпания продукта.
- Субстрат выпускается в виде матов, которые при заливании водой увеличиваются в размерах до 12 см.
Since the substrate has a neutral reaction, it can be mixed with the soil, which does not damage its acidity. One of the positive properties of this product is that it does not crumble. It contains quite a lot of air, it allows young roots of plants to grow rapidly. Young saplings grow and develop better in the coconut substrate, but as soon as they gain strength, it will be better to plant them in the soil, where there are more useful minerals for development.
How do coconut fibers affect plant development
Coconut soil has a beneficial effect on the development of plants. Here is his main advantages:
- Coco-soil maintains optimum soil acidity (pH 5.0-6.5), which contributes to the growth and development of any plants, even the most capricious.
- Provides good conditions for growing high quality seedlings with healthy roots.
- Gives access fluid with nutrients in the root system, and also creates an excellent air exchange.
- The substrate is convenient and easy to use. Unlike peat substrates, coconut ones do not become limp when overwetted and do not form a crust.
- If it is necessary to transplant, it is enough to simply transplant the sapling together with the container, without removing it from the substrate. This guarantees that the root system will not be damaged and the plant will take root 100%.
For outdoor crops
The substrate is also used for the cultivation of vegetable crops in open soil. Let's talk about coconut chips, its benefits and harms in the garden.
For planting, make grooves in the ground, where they spread the seeds and sprinkle with all the coconut fiber. From this, the seeds sprout faster, warm up well and have enough moisture. Also, a crust does not appear above the soil, which allows the seedlings to breathe. Such a substrate would be ideal for adding to heavy clay soil.
Thanks to coconut fiber, seedlings sprout a couple of weeks faster than when planted in regular soil. This makes it possible to get more healthy and strong seedlings, and hence the harvest. There is practically no harm from coconut chips. But if it is used in contaminated soil, it will spread the disease to all plants and spoil the crop.
For decorative crops
Coco-soil is also suitable for the cultivation of ornamental crops (shrubs and perennial flowers), it is ideal as a baking powder of the soil. Perhaps its use as mulch. In this biomaterial there are no harmful organisms, it allows you to forget about the struggle for the purity of the soil and all sorts of diseases. Coconut substrate is biologically active, which contributes to its colonization with useful microflora and protection of your ornamental crops from pathogenic microorganisms.
Advantages of the substance
The advantages of using coco-soil are obvious:
- This is a 100% organic product.
- It absorbs and retains moisture, giving the liquid 8 times more than its mass.
- Minerals that dissolve in water, firmly held inside the substrate and gradually moisten the root system, which allows not to fill the plant, and therefore not to spoil it. Also, soil compaction does not appear.
- Due to the looseness retains oxygen.
- Does not slyozhivatsya, keeps its volume.
- Since the coconut substrate remains dry on top, this prevents the development of a fungal infection.
- Lack of weeds and diseases.
- It has a neutral acidity (pH 5.0-6.5), ideal for most plants.
- It contains potassium and phosphorus, which is necessary for young seedlings and plants.
- Coco-soil possesses excellent heat-conducting properties.
- Economical, because it decomposes slowly, so that it can be used up to 5 years.
- Easy to recycle and recycle.