Do not often see pigeon droppings as fertilizer and how to apply it, not all gardeners and gardeners know, nevertheless, it is an effective fertilizer for garden, garden and indoor plants, but what is its composition, how to prepare a solution for watering cucumbers and other crops than this substrate of birds is useful, read on ...
Pigeon droppings - in the photo
Useful in the garden and garden pigeon droppings - composition of top dressing
Being engaged in breeding pigeons, the owners of this bird often do not know that pigeon droppings can be used as fertilizer, how to apply it, and what useful properties this bird's vital activity has.
Using pigeon dung, the composition of which includes a variety of micro-and macroelements necessary for plants, summer residents are able to effectively feed vegetables and other crops, while making the minimum amount of costs.
The benefits of pigeon droppings are several times greater, the effect of horse or cow dung, because it contains 4 times more nitrogen, 8 times more phosphorus, and it is much easier to use this tool. In addition to these elements, pigeon excrement contains substances necessary for plants, such as zinc, copper, iron and manganese.
The advantage of using pigeon's litter as feed is also in the fact that it refers to organic fertilizers, which means it does not contain chemicals that could accumulate in the treated plants and then harm human health and pets.
Pigeon droppings as fertilizer - how to apply, features of use
The concentration of elements in the composition of pigeon droppings is stronger than in many organic feedings, therefore it is impossible to apply this fertilizer in its natural form - processing is required.
If you use raw pigeon droppings, the damage to the plants is quite serious, - it will burn the root system of the culture, as a result it will die.
Waste pigeon waste decomposes in the soil for quite a long time, which will inevitably lead to rotting of the roots and the aerial parts of the plant — such crops as tomatoes and garden strawberries are sensitive to this property of pigeon droppings.
Regardless of which pigeon droppings recipe you chose, there are certain rules for applying this organic top dressing:
- Choosing a liquid form of application of litter, dilute it to obtain a uniform consistency and uniform color, but in no case do not pour sediment on plants from the bottom of the tank, the formation of which is inevitable,
- It is much easier to use dry litter of pigeons, but in this case care should be taken to choose the correct concentration of top dressing so as not to burn the treated plants.
Recipes, how to breed pigeon droppings for watering
There are several options for how to fertilize pigeon droppings garden and garden crops, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages, as well as the principle of action. The most popular forms of litter use as top dressing include:
- Heat-dried pigeon droppings,
- Litter solution in water,
- Pigeon litter compost,
- Vacuum dried manure.
The most popular and most safe for plants plant preparation of pigeon droppings is its thermal drying, because in this case, under the influence of high temperatures, the substance will lose all of its dangerous qualities, peculiar to it in its raw form.
The dried weight of the litter should have a white color without impurities, - in this form it is distributed over the area to be fed, and then dig the soil 10-15 cm.
If this organic fertilizer is applied to already finished ridges or furrows, it should be thoroughly mixed with the top layer of earth.
Dry pigeon droppings as fertilizer - how to use it, you now know - are applied in spring or autumn in the proportion of 50 g of dry product per 1 m2 of dug up land.
Potato seedlings at the initial stage requires a large amount of nitrogen. Pigeon droppings are used in three ways:
- Poured one third of water droppings and insist 3 - 4 days. Then diluted each liter of solution in 20 liters of water. Watering the garden after planting tubers 0.5 liters per well.
- A well-dried substance is ground and added to the well before planting.
- 50 g dry fertilizer pigeon droppings scatter per 1 square meter plot and dig up. This method can be applied in the fall, so that organic matter can decompose and turn into humus.
After a set of green mass watering with an organic solution, it is desirable to stop, so that the potato consumed energy for the growth of tubers. The effect of nutrients in pigeon droppings can be compared with mineral supplements, because they work quickly, especially in liquid form.
To bushes tomatoes quickly increased greens, they are recommended nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer, which is what pigeon droppings are rich in as fertilizer - they cook it like chicken. For watering dry matter insist in a bucket, then dilute 1/20. For seedlings, it is important that the concentration was not high.
Pour the solution until flowering. Next, the tomatoes can add a solution of ash or potash fertilizer for tying and pouring fruit. If you continue to water the bushes with nitric substances, the greens will grow well, but the fruit will not be tied.
In what form to use - dry or liquid
In dry form, organic matter is usually introduced in the fall to allow soil bacteria and earthworms to process it. If autumn fertilization of the site was not carried out, then in the spring it is better to use liquid solutions for irrigation - less risk that the root system will suffer.
Pigeon droppings in compost
On average, one pigeon per month gives 2-3 kg of litter. If the birds live in the attic, you can regularly collect the raw materials and put them in a dry place, then use them to make compost. The procedure is long - sometimes you have to wait up to 2 years organic matter to become a nutrient fertilizer.
But this is for those people who do not know how to quickly prepare the compost from the litter. Actually composting can be done for 3 - 4 months and use it already this season.
To build a compost pile, you need to knock down a wooden box so that there are gaps between the boards 5 cm wide This is needed for ventilation and oxygen supply. Recycle organics will be aerobic microorganisms. They consume a large amount of nitrogenous substances, so bird droppings come in handy.
Lay the compost pile in layers. In addition to litter, there may be dry leaves, straw, peat, branches, newspaper or toilet paper, green grass or weeds. Nitrogen components should not exceed ¼ of the total number of components, otherwise the compost will start to rot.
To quickly get fertilizer, you need to shed each layer of biological solution purchased in the store. The most famous of this series Baikal EM-1. Dilute it according to the instructions and make the compost heap. To substances quickly rotting them regularly shovel.
Prepare liquid compost faster. To do this, in a large barrel lay litter, ash and green grass - about a third of the tank. All this is flooded with water and infused until it ceases to roam. Next, the liquid diluted: 1 liter of tincture in a bucket of water. In liquid form, nutrients are better absorbed by the roots and there is no danger that bird droppings will burn the plants.
How to collect and store litter
It is better to collect litter from poultry to reduce the risk of ornithosis. It is caused by a special type of chlamydia that is transmitted to humans. People with weakened immunity should be very careful with birds in their area.
With the disease, symptoms of fever, pneumonia and serous meningitis are observed. The disease is transmitted through dust and inhalation of contaminated air in a room with birds.
Store fertilizer in different ways:
- mixed with sawdust,
- dried and put into rag or paper bags,
- sprinkle with peat or straw, leaving to rot in the air,
- burn to get ash - with this method, the main nutrient is lost - nitrogen.
To increase the value of fertilizer mineral components are added to it - superphosphate, potassium sulfate.
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Composition and use
Only leguminous plants are able to consume nitrogen directly from the atmosphere, while others need nitrogen directly contained in the soil. If the soil is not fed by fertilizers with a nitrogen content, then its share will gradually decrease. Nitrogen is the main building substance for plants. But this element is easily washed away by precipitation. This leads to a drop in the level of the crop, slower growth of plants, they become more susceptible to various diseases.
It is possible to increase its amount in the soil by adding bird droppings. It is preferable to use pigeon. The mass fraction of nitrogen suitable for plants depends on the diet of birds.
Dry excrements usually contain it at 1.75%. Moreover, if short-term legumes are included in the nutrition of pigeons, the level of nitrogen in guano will be higher. In addition, manure contains potassium and phosphorus salts, which plants, iron, manganese, zinc, cobalt and copper also need. The composition of this fertilizer has such a large variety that it is suitable for use as a top dressing of vegetable crops, garden and even indoor plants.
There are several ways you can use pigeon droppings in your garden as fertilizer. If top dressing using pigeon excrement is correct, then the plants will be able to absorb at least half of the nutrients, including nitrogen.
Litter feeds tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, potatoes and other crops. It is recommended to make it in the spring, during the period of gaining strength in plants. But this should be done very carefully so as not to harm the plants. The advantages of this fertilizer over the others can be its disadvantages. It can not be used in its natural form due to the saturation of the chemical composition and force of exposure.
Guano can be used for dressing both dry and dissolved in water. In a dry form it is spread by an identical layer on a site, generally in the fall, mixing with the soil. In liquid form, the efficiency and speed of which is higher, contribute in the spring and summer periods.
The use of dry litter is the most convenient and fast type of its processing. Drying fertilizer in two ways.: in a natural way under the sun or in a warm place, or with the help of special stoves that will make it faster and save more nutrients. Dry pigeon guano is used as an effective fertilizer for garden trees. The size of the tree determines how much fertilizer it needs. The medium-sized tree needs about 3-4 kg of litter per season.
To prepare a solution or mix with other fertilizers - the fastest, but not the safest way to use it. Failure to respect the exact proportions may harm the plants or the solution will be ineffective. Therefore, for the solution is best to use pre-dried guano.
To increase the nutritional value of top dressing will help add phosphate mixtures or wood ash. The readiness of the solution is indicated by the absence of gas bubbles emitted to the surface of the liquid. Content will be divided into two parts: the thick and the saturated liquid.
Pigeon droppings compost should be stored as a heap. It is laid alternately with straw, sawdust and peat. This will increase the nutritional value of the compost. For the preparation of this fertilizer will take about two months, so the preparatory points should be addressed in advance.
The compost is applied in the fall during the period of digging or plowing the plots at a rate of 2 kg per square meter.
Preparing fertilizer with pigeon droppings in one of the three ways described, it is necessary to ensure its safety until the moment of application.For storage, only fertilizer that has been processed is suitable, as fresh litter will lose its usefulness very quickly. For a long period it is better to harvest it in the form of compost.
Signs of oversupply, or How to do no harm
It is very important for gardeners to know how and when to do bait in order to use pigeon droppings without harming the plants.
The excess fertilizer is manifested in the following signs:
- the appearance of white bloom on the soil,
- wilting leaves
- slower growth in the summer
- dry leaf tips.
Fresh pigeon dung is a harmful substance for humans, as it includes the eggs of parasites. All actions must be carried out strictly following safety procedures. You can wear a work suit with rubber gloves. Guano in dry form is also unsafe. Its microorganisms can cause serious health problems. For protection, it is desirable to use a respirator or mask.
Reasonable use of pigeon manure is one of the prerequisites for the successful cultivation of plants. Your garden will thank for taking care of a quality crop for more than one year in a row. Use these recommendations, and success is guaranteed!
Chemical composition of fertilizer and its role in the care of plants
The nutrient set in pigeon droppings is the same as in other poultry wastes, which include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and trace elements. But, compared to other birds, for example, with chickens, pigeon droppings contain 4 times more nitrogen and 8 times more phosphorus.
By their rapid impact on the soil, they can be compared with mineral fertilizers. But, fresh, it is caustic substance, dangerous to plants. The ancient Khazars considered him poisonous. In modern regions, where litter is distributed by birds uncontrollably, in large volumes, the phenomenon is equated to environmental damage.
In order not to harm your garden and garden, fertilizers should be applied correctly and in due time.
Subtleties of use on the plot
In the care of garden and garden crops the same scheme is used as for chicken manure (learn → application of chicken manure as dressing + reviews). Fertilizer contribute:
- In the soil in a dry form,
- As a seasoned infusion,
- In compost for nutrient enrichment ⊕ how to make a compost pile using pigeon droppings.
Read more about each method.
How to fertilize the soil with dry pigeon droppings
Fresh products of bird life is a liquid substance. Collecting it in large quantities at one time is virtually impossible. Therefore, it is accumulated. If it is put in an open container, there is a rapid evaporation of moisture and oxidation of the substance. Litter contains a large amount of ammonia compounds, which quickly combine with air. At the same time, fertilizer loses toxicity and becomes safe for plants.
Better to do it in the open sun. Such training brings deuce benefits:
- First, aggressive nitrogen is neutralized,
- Secondly, dangerous pathogens die in the sun, in particular the helminth larvae, harmful to humans. They can be transmitted when working with fertilizers.
Important!When working with pigeon droppings, be sure to use personal protective equipment.
After drying, fertilizer is applied to the soil. Even after entering the soil, droppings quickly lose nitrogen. In this regard, it is not recommended to bring under the autumn digging. During the winter, the useful element dissolves and goes to the lower layers after the snow melts. It is better to use fertilizer in the spring shortly before planting garden crops.
Work carried out according to agricultural technology:
- Preparation begins when the average daily air temperature reaches +12 - + 15 degrees, and the soil warms up to +10 0.
- In the framework of traditional farming, the soil is dug up to a depth of 20–25 cm (for shovels on a bayonet).
- Dry litter is spread evenly over the whole area and leveled with a rake.
- Planting a garden is carried out not earlier than 2 weeks after preparation, but no later than a month.
Proponents of an organic gardening method are of the opinion that digging is harmful to the soil. This kills the beneficial microflora, which forms the humus. Поэтому, перед внесением удобрения, землю не переворачивают, а разрыхляют на глубину 10 см, при помощи плоскореза Фокина. После этого птичий помет вносят так же, как и при традиционном способе.
Приготовление и применение настоя
- Свежий куриный помет помещают в металлическую или полиэтиленовую емкость.
- Water ratio is 1:15, that is, 1 part of fertilizer and 15 parts of water.
- Placed in the open sun and kept without covering, at least 15 days.
- Daily infusion mix thoroughly.
- When it comes to conditioning, it is filtered before use.
- For feeding garden crops contribute after watering, at the rate of 0.5 - 1 l per plant, depending on its size.
Also, the infusion can be prepared from dry matter. Then the proportion will be 1: 4. Two weeks later, the slush is diluted 1:50 and watering the garden. In this case, do not need to filter.
Cucumbers and other melons
When nursing growing crops of cucumbers, zucchini, squash, pumpkin and melons, an infusion of pigeon droppings is used 1:10.
The first feeding is carried out after the full survival of the seedlings (or seedlings), but always before flowering. The criterion by which the term for feeding is determined is 2 to 3 pairs of young leaves.
When working it is important to observe the following rule:
- Infusion can not be poured directly on the stems of plants, otherwise the immature culture can get burned.
- Fertilizers are applied in the aisle, after abundant watering. Care must be taken to ensure that the solution of pigeon droppings does not fall on the leaves. If this happens, you should immediately wash it off with plenty of water.
The next session is carried out after flowering until the appearance of greenberries. It can be canceled if the culture develops normally. The recommendation applies to all melons.
Tomatoes and other nightshade
When planting seedlings used compost with pigeon droppings at the rate of - 1 cup per planting hole. The fertilizer is thoroughly mixed with the soil and only after that the seedlings are placed in the well.
If young plants take root slowly or undergo adverse weather conditions, you can conduct another feeding.
For the intensive growth of stems and leaves apply infusion pigeon droppings. For dressing tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, peppers, the rate of introduction of 0.5 liters per plant.
The recharge period for potatoes comes when the stems reach 8 to 10 cm in height.
For planting cabbage in the open field for each square meter it is advised to make the following nutrient mixture:
- Dead manure - 5-6 kg.
- Dry pigeon droppings - 300 g, or compost in which it is contained - 0.5 kg.
The fertilizer is uniformly mixed with the soil to a depth of 10-15 cm. Planting is carried out in 12-15 days.
Cabbage is responsive to making pigeon droppings because it includes the large amount of nitrogen needed to grow the leaf mass of the crop. Beets, carrotsThinning carrots and beets can be avoided if the sowing is done using a cardboard egg box. The markup will allow you to arrange the seeds at a sufficient distance. Then the consumption of pigeon feeding will be less.
Cultures actively start to grow after feeding, which is carried out after thinning of the seedlings.
For the formation of root crops you need a lot of phosphorus, which is much more in pigeon droppings than in other poultry waste.
The seedlings are fed with fertilizer in the aisle at the rate of 2 liters of infusion per 1 m / n.
Since root crops need potassium, and relatively little in their pigeon's litter, the beets and carrots must be fertilized additionally, especially during the ripening period.
Serious mistakes gardeners in using pigeon droppings
- Cook too concentrated infusion and do not withstand its due dates.
Improper preparation does not deprive the litter of aggressiveness. The introduction of such a tool can burn the plants.
- Apply pigeon infusion in the second half of the summer for tomatoes.
A large amount of nitrogen contained in the top dressing, provokes the growth of green mass to the detriment of fruit ripening. Starting in July, this feeding is canceled.