The best way to decorate the local area will be the planting of a godetion, which for several months will delight with magnificent pink, burgundy, lilac and red flowers. For the boiling riot of colors during the flowering period, the goddess was called the flower of passion. Attractive and bright flower can often be found in flowerbeds and in containers.
Godetia is a beautiful annual of the family of the females. The flower got its name from the botanist name Gode, who studied and classified the plant. The place of origin of the year is California. After distribution, it adorns the gardens and parks of European countries, North and South America. Revealed and classified about 20 species of flower. Godetia received the Latin name Godetia.
Almost all types of bush and in shape resemble an elongated pyramid. Smooth or branched stems up to 60 cm long sometimes creep along the ground. The arrangement of lanceolate leaves on the stem is regular.
The flowers are bell-shaped or cupped in shape. Opened in any weather buds exude a pleasant, vanilla flavor.
Godetia flowers can be:
- Simple - the most common form
- Monochromatic or variegated
The flowering of a longevity lasts from July to September. With good care and warm weather stretches until October. Flowering ends with the appearance of seed boxes. A month after the appearance, they will completely ripen, which can be replaced by a dark color. Now you can collect the seeds. They are slightly dried and stored until next year. The harvested seeds of a germination do not lose their germination for 3-4 years.
Types of hidition
- Large-flowered. A bush with a height of 25-40 cm is covered with bright pink, crimson, scarlet, burgundy flowers with pubescence located on the tip of young shoots. Their size reaches 10 cm.
- Pleasant. Tall variety was bred in 1814. Grows 60 cm in height.
- Terry. It is a small bushes, studded with delicate flowers. The size of the buds with double petals of 6-7 cm. It is characterized by abundant color and endurance.
Breeders bred cultivar varieties, presented in the photo of flowers, a variety of shapes, flowers and bushiness, which allows you to create elegant flowerbeds and curb planting a fascinating aesthetic appeal.
Among the most attractive varieties worth noting:
- Brilliant with red terry inflorescences dotted with white spots.
- The monarch is distinguished by early and lush flowering, as well as short stature. Dwarf variety up to 20 cm high is often used to decorate balconies and in pot culture. Compact bush endures cold.
- The bride with white buds in the form of azaleas.
- Rembrandt has terry, gorgeous pink flowers with a carmine mark in the center.
- Meteor different early flowering. Its red buds are slightly fleecy.
- Orange Room has a branchy shrub up to 45 cm high. It is covered with orange-red buds 5 cm in diameter during the flowering period.
- Sybil Sherwood is a compact and frost-resistant shrub. Semi-double flowers painted in salmon tone.
Care for a year
Godetia is not demanding to care, for which it is popular with gardeners.
For planting, the yearlings take away a sunny, loamy area, saturated with humus. Dry and clay soils are not suitable for the flower. Soils with neutral acidity are recommended. Alkaline soils are diluted with peat or urea.
In the shaded areas of the willows of the penumbra, the flowering rate decreases and the buds grow small.
Hodsite land fertilized by making compost, wood ash and nitrophoska in the ratio of 5 kg / 300 g / 2 tbsp. and dig up. You can limit the introduction of only charcoal in a bucket of 1 square meter.
The flower does not like drought and moisture stagnation. For the organization of proper watering is better to use a drip irrigation system.
It is recommended to periodically spray the plant to support delicate leaves. The procedure is carried out after sunset to avoid burns. Especially spraying necessary potted and balcony plants.
Godetia shrubs have abundant flowering, the duration of flowering of one bud is only 3 days. The process can be controlled by plucking the excess ovary to form a bookmark of new buds. With the onset of drought or prolonged rains, flowering becomes less active.
Recommendations for growing hidition
- For the active growth of a hod, it is recommended to plant white clay in the soil when planting.
- Abundant watering is needed only on dry days. At other times, excess moisture will lead to diseases of the plant.
- The flower loves loose soil and lack of weeds.
- Feeding is carried out 2-3 times a month throughout the season with organic matter and mineral fertilizers containing a low percentage of nitrogen. Suitable "Agricola", "Ideal", a solution of nitrophoska.
- The absence of drying and the removal of flowering buds prolongs the flowering period.
- Tall species need to organize the support of the pegs.
For reproduction using seeds that are previously kept in a warm, pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. The procedure helps to increase disease resistance.
Seeds are sown immediately in open ground or grown seedlings. For ease of planting, the seeds are mixed with fine sand or loose substrate. Depth of seeding is 0.5-1 cm.
It is recommended to carry out autumn sowing and sprinkle the seeds with a small layer of soil. Time is chosen in late autumn, so that the seeds are saturated with moisture, but did not have time to germinate. Autumn planting gives abundant and earlier flowering.
When spring sowing flower bed is better to cover the film. Shoots can be expected in 7-10 days.
To start growing seedlings in the middle of March. Seeds are placed in containers with a light substrate and provide regular soil moisture. Shoots will appear by the end of 3 weeks. Gentle seedlings placed in a lighted place without drafts. After the appearance of 2 full leaves dive in separate pots. Two weeks later, seedlings are fed fertilizer "Ideal". Plants should be ventilated daily, avoiding exposure to cold air.
Before transplanting to an open bed, the seedlings are hardened for 2 weeks. The plot is pre-heated under the film. Godetia is resistant to small frosts, therefore, landing on a flower bed can be carried out with the onset of May, when it will be cloudy and high humidity. Plants are ready for transplanting when they are 6 cm tall.
Plants are planted at intervals of not less than 20 cm at the site so that during the flowering period the bushes do not overshadow each other and there is no stagnation of moisture. Tall varieties have farther apart. First year seedlings are fed every 2 weeks. When transplanting can not disturb the earth com, because the flower is sensitive to transplants and will hurt.
Disease and pest damage
Godetia may be affected:
- Root rot from excess moisture. Infected bushes are removed and burned. The remaining plants are treated with a special tool.
- Powdery mildew, to combat which damaged leaves are removed, and the plant is sprayed with a fungicide.
- Perinosporoz is possible in the case of neighborhood with melon crops. Negatively affects flowering and condition of the plant. It is cured with the help of fungicide.
- Rust appears brown spots on the leaves.
- The most common yearliness is inhabited by aphids and fleas, which are disposed of with the help of insecticidal preparations.
Godetia in the flowerbed
Thanks to the long flowering and variegated color, the goddess has become a garden decoration. It is planted in flower beds, mixborders and working.
Godetion is used in single and group planting, combining delicate and bright colors. The best companions are Rudbeckia and Clarkia, the bright colors of which make the flowerbed attractive.
Godetia has not only aesthetic appeal, but also healing properties. It is known that in ancient times the smell of vanilla was used to heal ailments. If you pick a small bouquet and put it in a vase of water with citric acid, the headache will soon cease to bother you.
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The content of the article
- Proper fit and care of the year
- Godetia: planting, care, disease, variety
- How to choose and plant dracaena
Godetia refers to annual plants. It is ideal for growing in flower beds, as well as for creating bouquets. With the right care, a godetia grows to 60 cm. The size of its flowers reaches 5-8 cm in diameter, depending on the type and variety. They can be white, pink, lilac and red. Blossom, as a rule, the age begins together and it happens from the end of June to the middle of September. These flowers look especially beautiful when most of the plants are blooming at the same time. In addition to growing in the open field on the site, the age of planting on the balcony. It can also be cut to create superb bouquets.
How to plant a seedling seedlingDespite the fact that life is unpretentious to care and landing, still should pay attention to planting seed plants.
This instruction will help you to grow the seed from the seeds correctly and care for it after planting in open ground.
Optimal time for sowing seeds
Sowing the seeds of some crops is very expensive, but this does not apply to the age.
Most often used rassadny method. Sowing is carried out in late April - early May in open ground. The flowering of the Godetia starts in July. The height of the plant is not large, and beautiful buds of various delicate shades will delight your eye every day during the flowering period.
Soil: composition and fertilizer
The best land for the year will be loamy soil. If you decide to grow a plant in an apartment, then it is important to remember about the drainage. Landing in the ground does not take much time, but remember that the plant does not like alkaline soil. It is best to use slightly acidic or neutral soils.
If you decide to grow the plant in containers, then the substrate can be made with your own hands. To do this, take peat, river sand and garden soil, which must be washed with boiling water before mixing.
Care of germinationCare of young shoots does not represent special complexity for the beginning florist. Basically, when growing cages from seeds, a seedling method is used.
After 20 days, shoots appear. Boxes with them should be moved to a sunny place without drafts, as cold air can lead to the death of the plant.
After the appearance of two sheets should dive plant in separate pots. It is best not to shake the soil from the roots. After two weeks, young plants are fertilized with complex fertilizers “Ideal for flowers”. Water the plant should be moderate.
Planting of seedlings on the flower bed
Before planting a hibernation on a flower bed, it is necessary to harden the seedlings for two weeks. Sow a seedlings seedlings preferably after spring frosts.It is best to do this in late May or early June. The distance between the plants should be 25 cm. It is also possible to seat the years in protected ground, but the mixture of soil should also include peat and sod land.
The transfer to the flower bed is held on an overcast day. Young plants are transferred with a small lump of earth. Three months after transplantation, the plant will bloom.
Dates and choice of place for landing
To make you happy for you with beautiful flowers, the landing takes place in mid-April. If the weather is cold, then transfer it to the beginning of May.
It is best to plant a seed bed in seeds of loins without sand. You can also make dressings that will make the soil useful for future plants. You can use mineral fertilizers with humus and wood ash.
Soil preparation for plantingPreparing the ground for planting a godder is one of the important steps to the elegant bloom of a flower. First of all, the place where you are going to plant the plant should be sunny. It must be remembered that direct sunlight can cause plant disease. After planting it is necessary to pritenyat plants.
Immediately before transplanting the soil, properly loosen and water.
If the soil is depleted, it is mixed with wood ash, humus and minerals. After planting seeds sprinkle them with peat or fluffy ground. The flower bed is watered so that the ground is moist.
Proper landing pattern
Sowing of seeds is carried out in the ground at 0.7 cm in depth. The distance between the grooves should be at least 25 cm. Sprouts should be thinned if they are too thick.
There is another way: plants after growing need to dive in pots and put on your balcony. Plants dive with a clod of earth when they are stronger. Peat pots, where your new yearlings will grow, are put in partial shade and stay there until May.Seedlings can be obtained with the help of seed seeds, which are planted in late March or early April in moist soil. At the same time young seedlings are under glass.
After the seeds germinate, the glass is removed and air sprouts.
Since Godetia is used in landscape design, it should be mentioned plants with which the flower is in perfect harmony. Godetia looks great on the background of the lawn and with their relatives. Low-growing plants are grown on the balconies or near the curb.
High yearlings land exactly on the flower bed. Around it, you can plant cineraria or Byzantine stachises - low and deciduous plants. If you want to decorate your flower bed only with flowers, then we advise you to combine the anniversary with one-colored flowers, such as ageratum or lobelia.
How to care for the year in the process of growing
Godetia seeds need to be watered and fed regularly with mineral fertilizers. Hidetia need to be watered with warm water, as cold worsens germination. When the first sprouts appear, weed the ground, removing the weeds. Top dressings are made once a week to maintain good seedling status.It is also possible to plant a crop in the ground in the form of a formed seedling. Thus, carpets are made of flowers of different colors and shades. It is better to use only the large-flowered tree. It requires less maintenance.
Then the plant can be transplanted into a pot and put at home. Every ten days fertilize the soil with a liquid fertilizer. This will accelerate growth. You can also use a special fertilizer for flower seedlings.
Many florists can not give an answer, whether it is necessary to pin a year, and this is the answer. If you do not want the plant to grow in length, then they should definitely pinch.
After the plants are strong enough and grow, they are planted in the ground at a distance of 25 cm from each other.
How to extend the flowering year
Godetia blooms only once a year. And in order for the plant to please you with abundant flowering, you need to follow a few rules.
- Godetia does not require high air temperature. For plants suitable normal air humidity, that is 55-60%.
- Godetia feels great at an average temperature that does not exceed 23 ° C. Increased temperature may cause the leaves of the godetia to turn yellow and wither.
- Light frost tolerates the plant easily.
- Proper watering should be moderate. In dry weather, the plant can be watered additionally, but in rainy summer it may suffer from dampness.
Her flowering is beautiful. The sizes of flowers reach 7 cm in diameter. They are collected in beautiful and abundant inflorescences. Colors can be different: pink, white, lilac, crimson.
When to collect and how to store the seeds of the year
Godetia well propagated by seeds. To get high-quality planting material, you need time to collect and properly store the seeds. They ripen within a month after the end of flowering. At this time, the boxes darken and need to be cut.After that, the boxes are dried under a small canopy so that they do not fall into direct sunlight. However, they must be well ventilated. The temperature for drying should be 30-35 ° C.
After the boxes are dry, place them in a canvas bag and knead it in your hands. This will help to separate the seeds from the box. Then you should pour the mixture on a saucer and blow off the remaining chaff. This should be done carefully, so as not to lose the seeds.
They are stored in a paper bag at a temperature of 20 ° C. If there are several varieties of hedetii, do not forget to sign the bag with the name of the variety.
Paper bags can be made independently, as it will save you time and money. Packages are placed in a seedling box, and when it comes time to plant seeds for seedlings, they will be at your fingertips.
Seeds of yearlings stored about four years. Seeding can be carried out in spring.
How to deal with diseases and pests
Like all plants, a genus suffers from parasites and diseases. This is mainly due to improper care. The main enemies of the plant are rust and perinospora.
Пероноспороз (ложная мучнистая роса)Вызвано это заболевание грибками нескольких видов. Выявить пероноспорозочень просто: листья и побеги растения желтеют, а затем начинают гнить. Листья заворачиваются, а на их поверхности появляются желтые пятна. Затем они буреют, а крона опадает. Sick hedetia can infect other indoor plants.
Downy mildew slows the growth of the flower itself, leading to rotting of the whole plant.
Perinosporosis occurs at the end of spring, as it rains very often at this time. As soon as you notice that the leaves begin to turn yellow, you need to examine all the flowers. If this is really downy mildew, then treatment of the plant should be initiated.
For this you can use the following popular method. Mix 10 drops of 5% iodine, a liter of skimmed milk per 9 liters of water. Spray with a solution of the ground part of the plant.
RustIf small pads of various shapes or sizes appeared on the leaves of the hedetium, then it is rust. Rusty-colored powder is poured from them. Danger of rust that causes the death of the leaves. Winter hardiness decreases, and the disease leads to the death of the plant.
To get rid of rust, you can use a drug that contains sulfur. You can also use 1% bord liquid or the fungicides "Abiga-Peak" and "Poliram".
The best preventative measure against rust is to remove dried leaves and broken shoots.
Can damage godetii and root rot. This happens due to excess moisture or caused by a fungus. In this case it is better to simply remove the plant from the flower bed.
Godetia is a beautiful plant, the planting and care of which will not be difficult for experienced gardeners. With these instructions, you can grow a great plant to create a beautiful flower bed in your garden.
Description of the plant Godetia
Godetia (Godetia) is a genus from the family of Cyprus (Onagraceae). These are dicotyledonous annuals, herbaceous plants. With upright stems that woody at the end of flowering. Compact bushes can be sprawling or narrow pyramidal. Leaves alternate, entire, lanceolate, broad-lanceolate. Raceme with inflorescence with rather large simple cup-shaped or bell-shaped flowers. Their color is various: purple, white, pink, carmine, lilac. In the genus of about 20 species.
Recommendations for caring for Godetia:
Godetii will be good in the sun, but in the heat of its better pritenyat. It can grow in partial shade in diffused light. She also needs protection from drafts and wind. Be sure to weed and loosen the soil. After all, in places overgrown with weeds, it can suffer from pests. But to do this, it is advisable to be careful not to damage fragile roots. If the variety is high enough, it may need support.
Especially in hot weather, a year should be watered regularly and abundantly. But a balance is needed to avoid overwetting.
Cutting off the shelf is optional. So that it not only magnificently, but also blossomed for a long time, faded inflorescences are removed. If desired, you can apply and molding trim. But it is not always useful for the plant.
It blooms from mid-summer and almost frost. From the right watering depends on the quality of flowering.
You can make organic compounds. Suitable infusion of mullein. They can be alternated with complex mineral fertilizers. Usually feed a year once every 10 days.
The transplant procedure should be taken seriously. Godetia transplanted only at a young age and always with a clod of earth.
Growing of seedlings
Seeds are placed in special containers or pots in March. After that, they are covered with glass or polyethylene and put in a warm place. They germinate after about two weeks. When sprouts appear, they need to be tempered by opening the film. Already grown up kids are moved into the ground with a clod of earth very carefully.
Diseases and pests godezii
May suffer from peronosporosis (downy mildew) and rust. It requires fungicides, and prevention is the right watering. Root rot or Fusarium also occurs from excessive dampness. Before planting, it is possible to treat the soil with antifungal agents. Caterpillars and aphids infiltrate their lives. A soap solution is suitable for aphids.