General information

Euphorbia - types and care at home


Decorating the window sill, it is worth thinking not only about design and beauty of an interior, but also about safety. When I chose the next “green pet” for my flower collection, a friend advised me to start euphorbia. She said that this is the most unpretentious flower that she knows.

Euphorbia (Euphorbia) is a very numerous plant species. The family to which it belongs is the milkweed, one of the most numerous in the world. This plant lives on many windowsills. Providing the right care, spurge will be glad for many years with its blooming appearance.


Euphorbia is a poisonous plant, therefore it is important to be careful when growing and any manipulations with it:

  • Wear gloves when handling
  • To put in the places inaccessible for children and pets,
  • Do not put in the kitchen.

With caution and proper care, spurge will not harm, and the interior will be beautifully decorated.

Main types

To grow and multiply euphorbia there are no difficulties. Sometimes the plant grows in the shape of a tree, but more often as a shrub or grass. Externally, it may look like a cactus and have a stem with prickles.

Some species have a fleshy stem with many leaves, which contain white milky juice. Euphorbia bloom is very attractive. Flowers can be different in shape and color.

The most popular types of milkweed that give birth at home are:

Euphorbia euphorbia - spectacular and beautiful perennial columnar shape. Outwardly, a bit like a palm tree.

Large oval-shaped leaves with elongated petioles are located on a green, ribbed stem. Against the background of bright saturated green flowering looks pretty nondescript. After flowering seeds are formed.

Euphorbia triangular - succulent, perennial shrub with thick triangular stems. The branches are dark green with white lines, well branched. On the stems of red-brown thorns. The leaves of milkweed are fleshy in the shape of scapula.

Spurge tirukalli - perennial shrub, succulent. It has neither leaves nor prickles, but consists of rod-shaped stems. They are fleshy, and they grow quite a lot. With proper care, tirukalli blooms with small yellow flowers.

Brilliant Euphorbia is a beautiful and popular look. It is a low shrub with prickles, fleshy and dense stem, small green leaves.

Euphorbia cypress - perennial grass, growing in a height of 15-30 cm. Its stem is bare, erect, gray-green shade. The root of the plant is branched, cylindrical, creeping. This euphorbia blooms in late spring - early summer, although there are also autumn blooms.

The Euphorbia Head of Medusa is a perennial with a large number of long and narrow shoots that look like tentacles. Grown mainly in hanging pots.

Euphorbia armored - a flower belonging to the succulent plant. On young shoots leaves grow perpendicular to the trunk. All upper leaves are long, lower ones are short. In adult specimens, they reach 5 cm.

Spurge mile - perennial shrub with a strong branching, gray ribbed stem. The leaves grow mainly on the top of the plant. They are elliptical, green shade.

Inflorescences are several grouped flowers. Near the flowers bright bracts red, yellow or orange hue.

Spurge fat - perennial succulent cylindrical shape. It has weak ribs with small tubercles. An adult specimen grows 8 cm in diameter and 10 cm in height.

Euphorbia poinsettia (beautiful) - another perennial shrub that is beautiful not only in name. This euphorbia has large, bare, branching stems and bright, oblong leaves.

Recognition of flower growers, he received a beautiful bright red bracts, which form a small rosette, resembling a Christmas star.

Home care

For home breeding, spurge is an unpretentious plant. Even a beginner grower can handle the care of him, as well as seedlings, transplantation and reproduction. To maintain its good condition, for this indoor flower you must comply with certain conditions of detention.

Spurge likes friable soil with neutral acidity and good breathability. If you make a substrate at home, you will need:

  • Leafy ground
  • Turf ground,
  • Peatland,
  • Brick chips
  • Large river sand.

All ingredients mix in equal proportions. You can also use ready-made soil mixture for cacti. At the bottom must be drainage. Good for expanded clay.

Almost all types of milkweed are light-requiring and feel great in direct sunlight. Only some euphorbia, mainly large-leaved, need protection from the sun. This may be fraught with burns. In winter, all milkweeds need to provide bright light, for example, using a fluorescent lamp.

Temperature and humidity

In summer, the temperature of the room can reach 30 o C. This will not harm the plants in the least. However, 21-26 ° C are considered ideal temperature indicators. In winter, when the plant is resting, the air should be no lower than 12-16 ° C.

Euphorbia does not like spraying, even in dry weather, because it is naturally well adapted to drought and heat. Increased moisture levels can lead to rotting of the roots and stems.

During the period of active vegetative growth can be watered abundant than usual. But we must remember that some species of plants go into a state of rest, not in winter or autumn, but only in spring.

Be sure to keep in mind that spurge is very picky about water quality. It should be soft, stand at room temperature.

For many species, feeding is carried out during the active growing season 1 time per month. Apply complex universal fertilizer in liquid form. Use the solution should be only after watering with ordinary water.

The pruning process is carried out to form a beautiful plant shape and remove dry and damaged branches. To do this, it is recommended to use a sharp and clean knife, and you should wear rubber gloves on your hands.

It is needed only when the roots become cramped in their old pot, as well as after purchase in the shipping container. The ideal time for transplanting is spring, when the plant is just beginning to move from a dormant period to an active growing season.

Ascot rainbow

Refers to evergreen perennials. The bush has a spherical shape, sprawling. Variety called spurge multicolored. Perennial. Differs in absolute resistance to any weather conditions, usually the flower is planted on garden sites. Has an average height, grows up to 40 cm in height. The leaves are tricolor, have a variety of colors - green, pinkish, yellow. Flowers lemon yellow, appear in May or June.

The genus of milkweeds is so huge and diverse.that scientists still can not come to a single classification of all species and varieties of this extraordinary plant. Now you know the names of indoor and garden plants, as well as how these species and varieties look in the photo.

A few words about euphorbia

"High decorative and unpretentious types of room euphorbia allows you to grow them not only in the apartment, but also involve in the landscape design"

These magnificent succulents gave us subtropics. Their biological homeland: Africa, America, Madagascar. Euphorbia (the second name for milkweed) may look like:

Despite the abundance of natural forms, and their, at times, perfect dissimilarity with each other, all types of euphoria in the photo with names have one characteristic feature - they produce a milky juice. Fluid is aggressive and unsafe. Its chemical composition contains toxic euphorbin. The substance irritates mucous membranes and causes burns, so care for the plant must be carefully.

Milky euphorbia juice is poisonous

However, this moment is not a reason to make hasty conclusions about the harm and, moreover, the danger of each euphorbia seen in the photo of the room flower. You may not even suspect that this particular type is produced on an industrial scale for the needs of traditional and traditional medicine and cosmetology.

But back to our flower theme. High decorative and unpretentious types of room euphorbia allows you to grow them not only in terms of the apartment, but also use in landscape design. In both cases, there are nuances.

Milkweed in the garden

"The main care for euphorbia perennial garden includes moderate watering and the introduction of mineral supplements several times per season"

Representatives of the family of milkweeds are very tenacious. They do not care for drought. They feel good in the sun. Many perennials are even ready to winter in the garden.

Euphorbia unpretentious in care

The main care for euphorbia garden perennial includes moderate watering and the introduction of mineral supplements several times per season. Plants are almost not affected by pests and extremely rarely get sick, so there is no need for spraying and other procedures.

As for breeding, many species breed by self-sowing, but there are also varieties that are grown from cuttings.

Euphorbia in landscape design

To design a garden plot you can attract euphorbia of any origin. Select an individual in a separate landing or use in group compositions will be prompted by a photo of the euphorbia flower type. The plant looks great in combination with other blooming. The mix will look impressive:

Spurge in the design of rock garden

We spray garden perennials, for example, border planting dahlias and rose gardens.

Spherical spurge multicolor - frequenter mixborders. In addition, he often draws tracks, rock gardens, rockeries. It looks great on the background of lawns. And a luxurious green shade of the plant is filled with the most unsightly corners of the garden, thereby transforming the territory beyond recognition.

Spherical spurge in the garden

Euphorbia in the house

Conditions for keeping euphorbia mile and others are identical to those for succulents They are planted in a mixture of sheet and clay-sod land with sand.

Watering the plants rather abundant in the spring-summer season almost completely stops in winter. They are translated to the dry content.

In winter, spurge almost does not need watering.

Many species of euphorbia do not react well to cold. The minimum allowable temperature for wintering of the African group of euphorbia is + 120 ° C, for the Mediterranean - + 60 ° C.

An adult indoor spurge flower does not need an annual transplant. It is permissible to change the pot to a larger one every few years.

Reproduction of room euphoria occurs mainly by cuttings, less often by grafting and seeds.

Euphorbia changes every few years

Euphorbia mile

A chic year-round blooming perennial has the form of a richly branching bush. Ellipsoid-shaped pale green leaves are located on the tops of grayish ribbed stems. Each leaf protects a pair of pinworms converted into spines. As the flower grows, it loses the leaf blades, but strong and sharp spines remain for life.

In the photo of euphorbia mile you can see that it blooms with nationalized inflorescences, including from two to four flower groups. Each of them is framed by a bright color with floral leaves. Depending on the variety subspecies, they can be: scarlet, orange or yellow. Long green peduncles help to break through thickets of spines. Looks like a photo of a room euphorbia flower in bloom.

Milkweed Blossom Mile

Care and reproduction

  • To grow euphorbia should prepare a special groundTo do this, they mix three parts of clay-sod land, two parts of leaf and two parts of sand.
  • In the spring-summer period, I milk requires abundant watering, and in the fall and winter this plant prefers dry content.
  • When determining the temperature regime suitable for your plant, specify to which species it belongs. So, for Mediterranean species of euphorbia, the air temperature should not be lower than six to ten degrees Celsius, but for African species, twelve.
  • Euphorbia does not cause problems during reproduction. It can be done with the help of grafts, cuttings and even seeds. Frequent transplantation of such flowers is not required, they feel great in one pot for several years.

Today known about two thousand species these wonderful plants. Consider the most popular ones.

Euphorbia tirukalli or Euphorbia tirucalli

Representatives of this species are plants - succulents (consist of special fabrics that can accumulate water). In the natural environment, they grow to eight to ten meters in height, whereas at home, their height does not exceed two or three meters. They have smooth branches up to seven millimeters in thickness, cylindrical in shape and bright green.

Tirukalli is rubber spurge. It has linear leaves that periodically fall, leaving traces on the branches, resembling small dots. Such a view is very easy to propagate by cutting, with this process any beginner florist can handle.

Today, spurge tirukalli is very popular among fans of indoor plants. Such a stir caused by an exotic look and unpretentiousness of a plant. With it you can make various compositions that fit perfectly into the design of any apartment and room, thanks to its unusual and memorable appearance.

Such a decorative flower loves light very much, but this does not prevent him from feeling great in the shadows. Tirukalli needs to be watered well in the summer, but there should be enough time between the waterings for the topsoil to dry. In the cold season it does not need watering and endures winter drought without any consequences.

Spurge ribbed (white-clad, comb)

Ribbed or comb euphorbia has been rapidly gaining popularity lately; it can be seen on the windowsills of many apartments. Due to the appearance, this plant is often called the “cacti euphorbia”. It usually grows up to fifty centimeters in height.

This indoor flower has a thick and juicy ribbed stem, most often without branches. Some plants boast a slight branching at the top. At the base, the stem is rather thin, but upwards thickens. Its ribs are covered with brown setae, which gives the impression that the flower is decorated with fringe.

In ribbed milkweed, long oval leaves with light streaks, due to which the plant got its name. Under favorable conditions, at home, spurge is able to bloom, which sometimes leads to abundant self-seeding.

After flowering ends, the seed box begins to tie, from which the plant spills the seeds in different directions. Once in the soil, they germinate in about two to three weeks.

If you propagate ribbed spurge with the help of seeds, you can run into one very common problem. At the initial stage of development, the trunk first grows only in height, and then begins to thicken. This often leads to the fact that the plant breaks and dies, unable to withstand the load. To avoid the death of young milkweed follows:

  1. To plant a flower in a pot with high walls.
  2. Deepen the stem so that its thicker part begins its growth straight from the ground.

Under these conditions, your young spurge will develop properly and quickly turn into an unpretentious exotic plant.

When caring for ribbed euphorbia, it is necessary to take into account that it belongs to succulents and therefore does not tolerate too wet soil. Violation of the rules of watering leads to the fact that the leaves of the flower begin to turn yellow and fall off. If time does not take action and do not go to the right watering, you can destroy all the plants of this species.

Triangular Euphorbia (Euphorbia trigona)

Triangular spurge can often be seen in apartments with many people. This species is very tall, for three years it is able to stretch up to one meter in height. With age, the plant acquires a large number of branches. Its stems have three slightly flattened ribs, which is why the flower got its name. Also on the stems are small tubercles, of which grow double spines. Small long leaves are crowning the top of the milkweed.

At home, this indoor plant turns out tall and due to a weak root system needs additional support. In order for spurges to feel well in your house, when planting and leaving it, the following rules should be considered:

  1. Planted this kind of need in pots with high walls.
  2. Most of the pot is filled with drainage to provide support for the plant.
  3. In order for trihedral spurge to keep well in the soil, it will not be disturbed by a support in the form of sticks or garters.

Больше никаких особых требований в уходе за этим комнатным цветком не имеется. Он довольно неприхотлив и отлично растёт при рассеянном свете или в полутени. Летом хорошо принимает воду и подкормки. Размножается с помощью черенков.

Кипарисовый молочай (Euphorbia cyparissias)

Кипарисовый молочай — это кустарник с большим количеством веток. В своей естественной среде он вырастает как высокое дерево, но не стоит отказываться от решения завести такое растение в квартире. В домашних условиях рост этого вид молочая не превышает пятнадцати — тридцати сантиметров.

У него прямые ветки, полностью покрытые узкими листочками. On the tops of the shoots grow quite large bright red or yellow-green blossoms with long legs.

Cypress spurge choose for cultivation in home and garden conditions. When planting in open ground, he needs shelter for winter time.

Euphorbia multicolor or Euphorbia polychroma

This species belongs to the garden perennial plants. It begins to bloom in early spring, along with daffodils and snowdrops. Young many-flowered euphorbia forms dense thickets reaching twenty to twenty-five centimeters in height, which looks very impressive. It has long thin leaves, which in their appearance resemble pine needles. It blooms with small yellow flowers, often having a greenish tint.

In addition to the merits, this type of milkweed has one major drawback, which should be taken into account during planting and care. By itself, this culture is very aggressive and prone to growing in different directions, which can give a flower bed a neglected look and destroy other plants. Therefore, it should be planted in a specially prepared flowerbed, using special dishes or a bottomless drawer that will prevent uncontrolled sprawl.

An adult shrub usually has a spherical shape and consists of a large number of straight stems without branches, forty to fifty centimeters high. It has elongated oval leaves, painted in a saturated dark green color. On the stems, they are located oppositely and reach up to eight centimeters in length.

The top of the shoots are decorated with inflorescences of rich yellow color with a golden hue. They are surrounded by densely located bright bracts with dense leaves. They make the plant truly decorative, as they change their color from light green to yellow and apricot color, depending on age. They give euphorbia additional color and keep much longer than flowering, which lasts quite a long time, more than one month.

Euphorbia marginate or euphorbia fringed

In the people this beautiful and magnificent, annual plant is called "the rich bride". The height of such milkweed reaches thirty - eighty centimeters. It has oval oblong grayish-green leaves with a white edging at the edges. Their sizes depend on the care and growing conditions.

At the top of the shoots are small white flowers. The flowering of euphorbia marginata begins in mid-June and continues until late autumn.

Skimmed euphorbia is great for decorating borders and mixborders. It is also popular with alpine slides, as it is unpretentious and feels great in such conditions.

2. Euphorbia bupleurumolist (Euphorbia bupleurifolia)

Very rare species in nature. It is a little branch shrub up to 20 cm high, up to 5 cm thick in diameter. Throughout the stem, you can see 2-3 mm tubercles, which are located on the stem and branches in the form of a spiral. Leaves may appear on the top of the plant. Cyanthias (euphorbia flowers collected in complex inflorescences) on a long peduncle are also located at the top of the plant in the form of a bundle. In winter, this plant does not need to be watered at all. Breeds spurge bupleurumolistny only seeds.

3. Canary Euphorbia (Euphorbia canariensis)

This is a shrub or even a real tree up to 12 meters in height! Its branches are 4-5-rib, up to 5 cm in diameter. There are small tubercles on the ribs. In all euphorbiasis, tubercles are understood as an expanded leaf base. On the ribs there are also double brown spines of about 0.5 cm. Rudimentary leaves (in the conceived state). Euphorbia Canarian grows well in indoor conditions. can reproduce both cuttings and seeds.

4. Euphorbia Head jellyfish (Euphorbia caput medusae)

Amazing succulent with a short stem thickened upwards and numerous branches diverging in different directions. Having met this type of milkweed in nature, you can experience a quiet thrill before creating nature. Among flower growers, euphorbia The head of a jellyfish is extremely popular because of its unusual, eye-catching appearance. If this succulent is suspended in a hanging basket, its “tentacle” branches will hang in different directions, creating a “threatening” effect, as if they were real snakes hovering on the head of Medusa Gorgon.

Euphorbia Head Medusa It does not require light, it grows well both in partial shade and in bright diffused light. In summer, the air temperature is about +25 0 C, watering; in winter, spurge waters are watered very little so that the branches do not wilt and the roots dry. If watering is not reduced in winter, spurge will rot. He also does not tolerate drafts.

5. Euphorbia cereus (Euphorbia cereiformis)

Bush succulent up to 1 meter tall, its branches are erect, having up to fifteen edges, reaching a width of 5 cm, green and dark green. The ribs are narrow, with small tubercles, the edges of the ribs have small toothed notches. Spines single, gray, up to 2 cm in length, The leaves are small, about 3 mm, dry quickly, but are able to remain on the plant for several years.

Cereous Euphorbia similar to the cereus cactus, from which it got its name. Spurge loves light very much, but like all succulents, it should be shaded from direct sunlight, otherwise sunburn of tender branches is inevitable. Though the burn will heal with time, it will leave forever its mark on the milkweed branches, spoils the aesthetic appearance of the plant. Cereous spurge is responsive to regular spraying. Regulate watering: the next watering is not earlier than the topsoil dries from the previous watering.

6. Euphorbia clavigera

Succulent, very remarkable for its large roots. In fact, it is a modified trunk, not the top of which is light green with white divorces, having 3-4 ribs, divided into separate segments by deep grooves. Along the entire edge of the ribs are small tubercles ending in double needles. Wavy ribs, with a continuous gray horn edge. Leaves rudimentary. This spurge has also become popular among florists for its appearance. Euphorbia large root very similar to bonsai. He looks great on a separate table, disposing to contemplation. Care for large euphorbia requires exactly the same as for all euphorbia.

"The head of a jellyfish"

Another amazing representative of milk spur, which is very popular with gardeners. He conquers the unusual appearance of the bush. The shoots of its branches stretch down like those of liana-like ones, so the plant is often kept in hanging pots or on single stands. Look at this indoor look of milkweed in the photo. Creeping, wriggling processes are very similar to snakes. Hanging out on the sides, they look quite menacing. From a distance, the green composition resembles the head of the mythical Medusa Gorgon.

Euphorbia "The head of a jellyfish"

A flowering plant. Inflorescences are numerous, in the yellow-green spectrum, appear on young shoots.

With its exotic beauty, euphorbia feels wonderful in any light, but it is very afraid of drafts and needs adequate watering. The latter in winter should be reduced to a minimum. The condition is mandatory for all room euphoria, regardless of the type and name.

Blooming Euphorbia "Head of a Jellyfish"

Euphorbia triangular

A bush plant has fleshy stems with distinct ribs covered with small spines. Oblong leaves chose the tops of the shoots. In natural conditions, the plant has the appearance of a tall, one and a half meters, spreading shrubs with many curtains. With this growth, this type of milkweed has a very underdeveloped root system, therefore, it will be necessary to take care of the sustainability of the bush.

The plant is planted in a deep pot with a high drainage layer and provide him with a reliable garter to the support. What kind should spurge room, look at the photo.

Euphorbia white-faced

A columnar, palm-like plant is extremely popular with gardeners. The variety got its name because young individuals have large oval leaves attached to a green ribbed trunk, as if painted with white veins. This variety of euphoria blooms inconspicuously, but this does not prevent it from remaining the composite center of the winter garden. Other types of room milk eaters, photos and names of which are found in catalogs, will not produce such an effect.

Propagated by seeds. The latter sprout quickly and actively go to growth.

Silver Swan

A tall perennial with a nice looking silver foliage drives out to a height of 75 cm. The period of color is May and June. During this period, spurge covered with cream flowers.

Euphorbia “Silver Swan”

The variety is not frost resistant. Planted in medium nutritional value of the soil. It grows well in open areas. In the winter is sent to cool, dimly lit rooms.

Euphorbia Ammak

In the photo the euphorbia garden perennial is remarkable in that it is a real tree with dark brown and green branches covered with large, up to four centimeters in diameter, leaves. The variety is fascinating to the acid composition of the soil. For a comfortable growth, he needs earth mixtures with a Ph from 4.5 to 6.

Drought-resistant spurge Ammak

The rest of the view is picky. It is drought tolerant, can land in the southern and western sector of the site.

Wintering should take place in a heated room. The flowering period is year-round.

How does the planting of such a flower milkweed look, look at the photo.

Euphorbia cypress

Herbaceous perennial grows from 15 to 40 cm long. Foliage as such does not have. It is replaced by needles similar to needles, which give the look of the plant airiness. During flowering, the plant resembles a fluffy cloud.

The bush, like many representatives of the room euphorbia in the photo, is highly decorative. In early spring, it is inherent in a bright green color, but during the flowering period the brightness of the green is noticeably muted by the yellow color of the flowers ejected in the inflorescences.

Euphorbia cypress is involved in the design of the tracks, flower beds. It looks good in compositions with conifers. In free landing forms the real thickets. Look for options for planting euphorbia flower in the photo.

The variety is frost-resistant, tolerates the European climate well and can even grow in the conditions of Siberia.

Euphorbia almond shaped

A species beloved by gardeners for bright, unusual lime-green flowers. Beautiful inflorescences crowned with leafy tall (up to 60 cm) stems. The flowering period is short. Starting in April, it will be completed by July. Looks like a photo of euphorbia garden perennial.

The plant is thermophilic and not too frost-resistant, therefore it can be grown only in the southern regions of the country, where in winter the thermometer does not fall below –100С.

Euphorbia bordered

This species is from the category of annuals. For unusual forms, gardeners have nicknamed the plant an alien. But they, soak to the bounded, are given not at all by flowers, like other varieties. They are completely inconspicuous and small. The secret of decorative flower milkweed demonstrate photo. It lies in the leaves, which whiten along the contour during the flowering period. Bush seems to openwork, light, amorphous. In such a colorful form, euphorbia will stand from mid-July until late autumn.

Euphorbia bordered belongs to the category of youngsters

Create a plant in the garden is easy. It multiplies seeds, which are distinguished by excellent germination. This variety of euphorbia prefers peaty slightly acidic soil and does not like direct sun.

Euphorbia myrtle

The most beautiful representative of perennial garden milk eaters, as they say the photo, which is highly recommended for fans of rockeries and other decorative delights in the landscape. Low graceful bushes are valuable for the unusual geometry of the location of the leaves and their non-standard color in the bluish-gray solution. The plant multiplies easily. Seeds and delenki quickly sprout and root.

Perennial Spurge Myrtle

Myrtle euphorbia likes light and well-drained soil. The flowering period is only two months: May and June. For the winter period it is necessary to relocate the plant to the house.

7. Euphorbia bluish (Euphorbia coerulescens)

In nature, shrubs that grow vegetatively and rhizomes, thereby forming large thickets. The height of this milkweed reaches one and a half meters, the stems are erect, have from 4 to 6 ribs, the diameter of the stems is up to 5 cm in diameter, dark green, having a bluish wax coating (hence the name). No leaves, instead double spines, dark brown, very powerful, up to 12 mm in length. In room conditions spurge bluish prefers partial shade or shade light, top dressing in summertime, moderate watering. In winter, watering is better to give up.

9. Euphorbia (Euphorbia echinus)

Quite high - up to 1 meter in height - a shrub whose stems are erect, up to 5 cm in diameter, with blunt ribs. Spines up to 2 cm in length, white-gray with a black tip, rudimentary leaves. Many growers grow as a cactus. In winter, watering is rare, only in order not to wilted branches and dried roots, in the summer watering increases. Euphorbia grows well in diffused sunlight.

10. Euphorbia enopla (Euphorbia enopla)

Succulent, strongly branching shrub, grows in nature up to 1 meter in height. The stems of the plant are erect, have from 5 to 9 ribs, but first of all this spurge is famous for its prickles. They are very long, up to 5 cm in length, at first reddish, and eventually turn gray. It grows well both in partial shade and in diffused light. In summer time euphorbia enopla very responsive to irrigation and fertilizing, he also needs drainage and loose soil. Perfectly propagated by cuttings.

11. Euphorbia by Fisher or Palassa (Euphorbia fischeriana)

A perennial plant of the family Euphorbia. Long since this euphorbia was popularly called “peasant root” due to its healing properties. Fisher's milkweed root resembles a human figure. Lactones with antibacterial and antitumor activity were found in it. This root extended the life of older people. Euphorbia Fisher grows in the wild along rivers, in meadows.

12. Euphorbia globose (Euphorbia globosa)

A very low succulent, only up to 7 cm in height, forms large colonies up to 50 cm in diameter. The main stem of this milkweed passes into a juicy root. Branches are short-cylindrical or spherical, segmented, with flat tubercles and leaf trail. Leaves 2-3 mm, falling. Cyanthias are located on short and long stalks. Spurge spherical beautifully grown in indoor conditions, prefers priteneny light, feeding in the summer, moderate watering. Without drainage cultivation is difficult. In winter, watering is better to give up.

13. Spurgeon Euphorbia grandicornis

In nature, much-branching shrub up to two meters in height. The branches are three-rib, divided into separate segments by deep grooves. Wing-like ribs, with a continuous gray horn edge. Leaves rudimentary. In room conditions can grow to the ceiling. Euphorbia requires bright light and moderate watering from March to September. In winter, prefers peace. Well propagated by cuttings, but in room conditions it blooms very rarely. Spurge large-winged - very close to euphorbia. Differs only tetrahedral stems with bright green or even yellowish divorces and smaller spines.

14. Spurge large-toothed (Euphorbia grandidens)

This succulent stem tree, reaching in nature 16 meters in height. The branches of this milkweed are mainly triangular, up to 1.5 cm in diameter. The edges of the ribs have deep grooves, double spines, up to 6 mm in length, scaly leaves. Spurge large tooth also grows well in indoor conditions, very decorative due to its prickles. The treatment is the same as for other milkweeds.

Euphorbia Ivansa (Euphorbia evansii) - A very close view of a large-toothed eared urine, differs only in that it does not have strong recesses along the edges of the ribs. Large-toothed euphorbia also grows well in indoor conditions, very decorative due to its spines.

15. Spurge Bristling (Euphorbia horrida)

Succulents up to one meter in height, stems are cylindrical, up to 15 cm in width. The wide stem is divided by numerous ribs and deep grooves between the ribs. The edges of the ribs of this milkweed can be wavy, covered with numerous and hard spines. Outwardly, it is also very similar to cactus. In winter, watering is rare, only in order not to wilted branches and dried roots, in the summer watering increases. Spurge Bristles grows well in diffused sunlight.

16. Milkweed milky (Euphorbia lactea)

Milkweed milk, or milky-white - in the nature of a shrub or tree. There are 3-4 ribs on the branches, on which there are dark green with white milky stripes on the ribs. Spines double, up to 5 mm in length. Leaves rudimentary. Milkweed milky white can often be found in room culture. This milkweed has the monstrous form "Cristata". It grows well in partial shade and in diffused light. In summer, it is very responsive to watering and feeding, it needs drainage and loose soil. Perfectly propagated by cuttings.

18. Euphorbia comb (Euphorbia lophogona)

Растение до 50 см в высоту, в природе кустарник, Ствол и листья этого молочая ребристые, сверху утолщенные. На краях ребер расположены бахромчатые прилистники. Листья до 20 см в длину, зеленые, бывают с белыми жилками, растут на длинном красноватом черешке. Циантии расположены на верхушке, на длинном цветоносе с белыми и красными прицветниками. Этот вид молочая сходен с на молочаем беложильчатым, у которого циантии на коротких цветоносах, и у них нет ярких прицветников. Уход за молочаем гребенчатореберным также схож с уходом за молочаем беложильчатым.

19. Молочай панцирный (Euphorbia loricata)

Суккулентный сильноветвящийся кустарник, ветви которого прмостоячие, имеется от 3 до 8 ребер. Along the edge of the ribs there are tubercles, from which narrow leaflets grow. Euphorbia crustacean is an ornamental plant. Currently also common among florists. In the care, the euphorbia armor is undemanding: watering is rare in winter, only in order not to wither the branches and dry roots, watering increases in the summer, responsive to top dressing. Creepweed grows well in diffused sunlight. Improper care can lose all leaves. As soon as the mode of light, watering, temperature conditions are restored, the leaves of euphorbia shell quickly grow.

20. Euphorbia papillary (Euphorbia mammillaris)

The small shrub is up to 20 cm in height, the branches are many-ridged, almost cylindrical, up to 6 cm in diameter. Spines single, up to one cm in length, gray. This spurge is very similar to spurge fringed (Euphorbia fimbriata) and spurge almost papillary (Euphorbia submammillaris). Fringed euphorbia (Euphorbia fimbriata) is a small succulent, there is a low shrub in nature, the branches are almost cylindrical, it differs from papillary euphorbia by the fact that the bumps of fringed euphorbia are six-sided, smaller leaves and spines are thinner.

Euphorbia papillary decorative in itself, but when it blooms, it becomes like an extraterrestrial creature. It grows well in partial shade and in diffused light. In summer, it is very responsive to watering and feeding, it needs drainage and loose soil. Perfectly propagated by cuttings.

21. Euphorbia meloniform (Euphorbia meloformus)

Low succulent, only about 10 cm high, about 10 cm in diameter, with wide ribs. Old plants branch strongly at the base. The native name of this milkweed Ezelskos is translated as donkey food. This is a very rare type of milkweed, which will decorate any collection of indoor plants. Euphorbia meloniform It has long been grown in indoor conditions. It needs drainage, loose permeable soil, moderate summer watering, winter watering only so that it does not cover, you can even pipette a few drops. Growing, especially at the beginning, very slowly. Propagated as cuttings and seeds.

22. Euphorbia Mile (Euphorbia milii)

Thorny shrub. The upper part of the stems is decorated with elongated leaves, and cyanthias are decorated with brightly colored bracts - white, pink, yellow. In room conditions Euphorbia Mil blooms when its height reaches 25 cm. Euphorbia Mil is also very common among gardeners who call him the "crown of thorns". Summer demanding lighting, watering and fertilizing. In winter, needs a dry content. The winter temperature of the content is +15 0 C. The Euphorbia Mile propagates very well by cuttings, and seed reproduction is also possible.

23. Spurge fat, or fat (Eup horbia obesa)

The plant is a cylindrical shape up to 12 cm in height, about 8 cm in diameter with numerous stripes. This euphorbia also has weakly pronounced ribs; there are small tubercles on the edge of the ribs, no spines, and single cyanthias. Spurting fat - slow-growing succulent. He needs good drainage and deep planting, so find a pot higher for him. Spurge fat light-requiring, easily tolerates winter drought. In summer, he is responsive to irrigation, but not before the topsoil dries.

24. Euphorbia multicore (Euphorbia polyacantha)

Low highly branching succulent. On the branches there are 4-5 ribs, branches in diameter up to 2.5 cm, gray-green, divided into segments. One segment corresponds to annual growth. Spines double, up to 8 mm in length, black. Leaves rudimentary. In winter, watering is rare, only in order not to wilted branches and dried roots, in the summer watering increases. Euphorbia multicolus grows well in diffused sunlight. Propagated by cuttings.

25. Euphorbia multicolor (Euphorbia polychroma)

Euphorbia multicolored - One of the representatives of the perennial garden plants, in the winter needs a light shelter. In early spring, this spurge attracts attention along with the first hyacinths, tulips, snowdrops.

26. Euphorbia multifaceted (Euphorbia polygona)

Low succulent, in nature reaches a height of up to half a meter. A branching plant, the branches are cylindrical or spherical, juicy, with numerous ribs. The number of ribs can reach up to 20, can be sharp and slightly wavy, at the edges of the ribs there is a continuous stratum corneum, covered with dark tubercles. The tubercles end in single spines. Leaves rudimentary. Cyanthias on high peduncles. Euphorbia multifaceted it is also well grown in indoor conditions, it prefers pristenenny light, fertilizing in the summer, moderate watering. Without drainage cultivation is difficult. In winter, watering is better to give up.

27. Spurge False Cactus (Euphorbia pseudocactus)

In nature, shrubs up to 1 meter in diameter, with branches, which have from 3 to 5 edges. The branches are unevenly divided into segments with greenish and yellowish spots or divorces. The edges of the ribs are covered with the stratum corneum. Spines double, up to 1 cm in length. Leaves rudimentary. In winter, watering is rare, only in order not to wilted branches and dried roots, in the summer watering increases. Euphorbia False Cactus grows well in diffused sunlight.

28. Spurge squirrel (Euphorbia ramipressa)

Succulents, whose stems have five ribs, can be up to 7 cm in diameter. The edges of the ribs have jagged notches with tiny brown spines. The leaves are small, only 2-3 mm in length. Euphorbia light-requiring, easily tolerates winter drought. In summer, he is responsive to irrigation, but not before the topsoil dries. Propagated by cuttings.

29. Euphorbia resinous (Euphorbia resinifera)

Strongly branching shrub, in nature capable of forming impenetrable thickets. The branches are erect, tetrahedral. The edges of the ribs are small-tubercular, ending in double needles. Leaves rudimentary. Cyanthias are located on the tops of the branches on short pedicels. In room conditions spurge resinous also quickly fills the space of the pot, responsive to summer watering, feeding. In winter, prefers dry cool content.

30. Spurge narrow bottle (Euphorbia stenoclada)

In nature, it is a shrub or tree up to 2-3 meters in height. It has a thick rounded trunk with numerous branches. Each of these branches ends with a thorn. Spurge uzkovetochny very decorative, it looks very nice on the window. Spurge narrow bottle grows well in partial shade and in diffused light. In summer, it is very responsive to watering and feeding, it needs drainage and loose soil. Perfectly propagated by cuttings.

31. Euphorbia tirukalli (Euphorbia tirucalli)

This succulent tree is up to 8-10 meters tall, with cylindrical smooth bright green branches up to 7 mm thick. The leaves are linear, falling, leaves remain on the branches in the form of dots. This is a rubber spurge. In room conditions, spurge tirukalli can grow up to 2-3 meters. This spurge is easy to graft, with its help it is easy to create various compositions. Nowadays it is a very fashionable plant, thanks to its exotic charms it fits perfectly into any design. Euphorbia tirukalli light-requiring, but tolerates partial shade, easily tolerates winter drought. In the summer it is very responsive to watering, but not before the topsoil dries.

33. Euphorbia strong (Euphorbia valida)

A very similar type of euphorbia is meloniform and practically indistinguishable. In nature, this type of milkweed grows up to 25 cm with a height of up to 10 cm in diameter. Spurge strong needs drainage. He also prefers loose, permeable soil, moderate summer watering, winter watering only so that he does not sweat, you can even pipette a few drops. Prefers scattered sunlight. Growing, especially at the beginning, very slowly. Propagated as cuttings and seeds.