Each owner, acquiring a cottage or receiving it as an inheritance, begins to think about how best to arrange this garden plot. Having rummaged on the Internet, it is possible to find many answers to this simple question.
Some publications recommend that when designing the garden plot, special attention be paid to design. This will allow the best way to determine the recreation area, placing it in the most favorable place. Such forums recommend to take out of the parking lot for the car - this will free up additional space.
Cottage Design Layout
When planning the design of the site, you must first determine the correct location of all zones: outbuildings, gazebos, car parking, garden, recreation. This should be done in advance, because the level of your comfort depends entirely on where and what will be in the country.
Try to imagine how your arbor, garden or flowerbed will look visually during redevelopment. All notes and bold ideas recommended immediately put on paperso that they are not forgotten over time and that the project is the most accurate. Well, in that case, when you lack the construction and design experience to create your own garden plot, you can always turn to experts for help.
As most practices show, garden plots at dachas are rather small in size. The best option would be landscape style layout. In order to visually expand the site and its boundaries, it is necessary to push bushes, create paths of winding forms or rounded lawns with your own hands.
It should be remembered that in small garden areas should not grow high volume trees. If, however, at your cottage there is one (no more) such tree, it is most advisable give its crown its original shape. To do this, you need the highest quality pruning.
The design of this area can be carried out both in classic and in some original style. Trees are best for your taste, plant maple, linden or birch. If your desire is to have a garden mainly from fruit plants, then it is most logical to opt for dwarf varieties. Thus, you can free up enough space under the canopy of trees for lawns or place a bench under them to rest.
Plot with all necessary
Arrangement of a site of the non-standard form
Plan suburban area 10 acres
Layout of a large plot with a swimming pool
Triangular plot plan
Sample plot plan
Plot of elongated shape
Landscape Design Project
The scheme of improvement of a plot of 10 acres
Arrangement site with their own hands. We make a fence and a wicket.
The first step was to build an inexpensive wooden fence on the basis of a wooden bar and shalevka.
Because the area of the site is large enough, any capital fence would require substantial costs, and this fence actually only encloses the boundaries of the site, making the landscape design of the site more holistic and complete.
Elegant clematis gives this primitive fence a special charm.
On the basis of a simple rectangular frame was made a wooden gate.
And, although the design of the gate is quite simple, the result was taught to be neat and interesting.
The arrangement of the site. Construction of a veranda in the country.
The country house on this site is small, and therefore for the holidays all the guests gathered in the garden at a large table. So that bad weather did not interfere with such feasts, it was decided to cover the terrace near the house with a simple canopy of transparent slate.
Now, if necessary, on the terrace you can put a large table, behind which it is convenient to place 14-16 people.
The arrangement of the site. Country house.
In a small country house a lot of things that the hostess decorated her own hands. Curtains, pillows, tablecloths - with elements of home lace, they all create a special comfort in the house.
The owner also contributed - he made a wooden bench for the kitchen with a storage box.
Simple canvas curtains with stripes of bright chintz add a cute rustic charm to the kitchen.
And most importantly, the smell in the house. And it smells like pies and flowers.
Economy mode and skillful hands will help to equip the country house with little cost. From old unwanted clothes you can pick up strips and tie a beautiful rug for each room.
Bedroom for grandchildren in the attic and bathroom.
Chief of comfort in the house))
The arrangement of the site. Greenhouse and high beds with their own hands.
Old windows are useful for the construction of greenhouses.
Arrangement of the site often requires a simple practical approach than intricate solutions: ready greenhouse.
Near the greenhouse, from the remaining from the construction of the fence boards, smashed high beds.
In the aisles laid newspapers and gravel on top - this will protect against the appearance of weeds.
The first harvest - pepper green and purple.
This beautiful garden looks no worse than any clubs.
Construction of the dacha. Garden arbor.
The next step in the arrangement of the site was the construction of gazebos in the garden.
In order to create a cozy corner of the garden around the arbor, a semicircular flowerbed was preliminarily smashed near it.
A small wooden flooring was made on the brick posts and the supports for the gazebo were concreted.
Established a gazebo. The rear wall of the gazebo on the side of the fence is a supporting wall for roses.
A wall of woven roses not only closes the arbor from unnecessary glances, but also surrounds it with a completely divine scent of roses.
Construction of the dacha. Landscape design with your own hands.
The landscape design of the summer cottage was done with its own hands so that the clubs created separate cozy zones in the garden - near the house, near the gazebo, in the barbecue area and near the fence.
Before the club was smashed, a layer of sod was removed from the lawn, then the agrofilm was laid, and then the ground was moved from the roots, compost and fertilizer to flowers. All this should simplify the fight against weeds.
From trimming the fence boards they made a border for a flower bed.
It turned out beautifully, but unreliably and in two years the curbs were replaced by brick ones.
Near the flowerbed made a small decorative pond. For the bowl of the pond handy old satellite dish. The distance from the clubs to the pond was also covered with agrofilm and later covered with gravel, preventing overgrowth of grass around the small pond, because of which it simply would not be visible.
Blue poppies - full owners of the flower garden next to a small pond.
Fragrant English roses are planted in a flower bed next to the house, so that you can hear their fragrance from the veranda.
The flower beds near the fence were not protected by agrofilm and were heavily overgrown.
They urgently needed help.
The flowerbed was dug over, plastic barriers between it and the lawn were put inside.
Luxurious clematis and roses were planted over the fence.
The garden pleases with beauty until late autumn.
A manure from the chicken coop allows you to regularly enrich the soil both in the garden and in flowerbeds.
Yields are getting better every year.
The arrangement of the site. Garage in the country.
One of the latest projects on the arrangement of the site was the construction of a garage.
The garage is close to completion.
Arrangement of the suburban area with their own hands.
The owners had the opportunity to inexpensively buy natural stone for paving. And in the garden there was such a small beautiful garden path.
Communicating with neighbors always helps to find cheap local materials. It was they who recommended where you can buy a stone for almost nothing.
It is also interesting to see what was possible in the neighbor's garden and take on board.
And in the autumn, mushrooms from the near forest simply attack the summer residents!
Arrangement of this suburban area began with a dream like this:
Which as a result of hard work has become a reality.
But it seems there is one person who is against any changes.
We hope you enjoyed this experience of arranging a summer cottage and you have found ideas useful for your summer cottage.
Stage one. Let's all together imagine how and where each of those present sees himself at the cottage.
At this planning stage, it is not necessary to specify the number and varieties of fruit trees in the garden or the presence of corn in the future garden, we are determined, so to speak, strategically.
We draw simple geometric figures and sign the future elements of our site.
Immediately I want to warn and remind about some important points concerning future friendship with the neighbors in the country:
- it is not necessary to design a house closer than 3 meters from the neighboring territory, it is prohibited by building codes, why constantly feel under attack,
- placement of a septic tank, compost tanks are better coordinated with a neighbor. This, of course, whenever possible, but it’s still worth warning
- Well, planting free-growing trees should be limited to three-meter distance to the neighbor's site.
There are many options that you can imagine: from the factory for the cultivation of "cultural" earthworms, and ending with your own forest, where you can pick mushrooms.
Imagine that we will focus on a compromise solution that suits most families.
In general terms, our cottage should have:
- a residential house, at least 3 meters away from the road so that the dust from the road does not interfere with us,
- business premises, combined in one place away from the places of your rest and recreation of your neighbor,
- parking on the north side of the house
- a fruitful vegetable garden and a garden (our pride) with a public garden, while the trees in the garden are small, these elements of the villa can be partially combined. Although such a combination is considered a mistake by many gardeners, but in my opinion, on the tree trunks of fairly clarified trees, original round beds for greens, onions, and even for cucumbers with beans are obtained. And we must remember that on one weave of the garden we will be able to grow six, maximum seven free-growing fruit trees,
- gazebo for barbecue and benches for rest.
Stage Two. It's time to move on to the specifics.
Make a complete list of plants that you and your family want to see at your dacha. Fruit and berry trees, shrubs, grapes, flowers, ornamental plants, please do not miss anything.
I am sure that many points of your plan will change, something will be crossed out, but something added. The main thing is not to forget that planting trees is always much worse than not laying out.
The extra trees will reach for the light, forgetting about the harvest, and they will still have to be cut. And during their growth, they greatly harm the nearby trees.
Stage Three. Think about the "geography" of your site.
For example, if you have wetlands and waterlogged places on the plot, and there are moisture-loving plants on the list of desired plants, then this is an ideal case.
And, on the contrary, if you are a lover of sweet cherries, and the groundwater level is high, then it is necessary to drain the place of planting with the help of drainage grooves, and possibly make a mound.
Stones, pits, bumps, stumps, if you are not going to turn your thoughts into elements of a design flight, use their own hands to bring beauty to them, then it will be better to remove it all.
In no case should crops be planted in the shade. Being in the shade of a tree, in order to survive, must grow to constant direct sunlight.
Therefore, in order for the tree to bear fruit, it must be planted where necessary, and not poke anywhere.
To do this, we will draw the shaded areas of our site:
- take a clean sheet of paper, imagine that we are on the site,
- denote the sides of the world and the approximate movement of the sun,
- we schematically plot future buildings, large trees already growing, a fence and all that can give shade,
- specify the height of all of the above in the previous step,
- paint over all shadow areas. We proceed from the following rule: the width of a shadow is two times less than the height of an object that gives this shadow. Those places where, according to our calculations, there will be more than half a shadow, should be considered unsuitable for planting crops.
A zone of full shade can only be planned for walkways, gazebos, benches for relaxing, perhaps for a flower garden with interesting design solutions.
Until now, our plan was dominated by some restrictions that make it impossible to implement our ambitious plans.
Do not give up, all the desired plants we can put on our site, if we know that:
- All trees are perfectly responsive to the CROWN FORMING. Therefore, with our own hands, we can calmly give them any shape - from 4 meters of normal height to miniature sizes, with a width of “flat wall” up to 6 meters,
- Well, the geometric form of the tree crown itself can be any - creeping on the ground, in the form of “balls” of different or “walls” of the most different height,
- always place rows of fruit trees and shrubs from north to south (or vice versa). This arrangement will give a total less shadow, so you can use the aisle,
- Gooseberry bushes, currants, as well as trees with a crown in the shape of a “ball” are planted in a checkerboard pattern, as if in the corners of a triangle. This will provide a more rational use of space and improve the lighting of your plants. fruittree.ru recommends red currants, gooseberries to be planted on elevated, dry, well-lit areas, and black currants, on the other hand, feel good on wet, more depressed areas. Let raspberry grow in isolated areas of the plot, it gives a lot of root offspring, and so it will be easier to control its area of growth.
Stage Six. Plan a garden.
Think about the crop of vegetables you want to harvest. More precisely how much you need.
If you are not going to feed all your relatives on the fifth knee, then maybe you have enough round beds in tree trunks.
Later you can create the same round beds scattered around your garden. The optimal width for them is approximately one meter.
It looks very beautiful. To make it also practical, you will need to put up decorative curbs 30 centimeters high, it is possible and higher, fill them with humus. Then you can cover with mulch (grass, rags, husks, straw), then you can water and lightly weed no more than once a week.
On the beds, install the trellis. For climbing vegetables, arrange “vegetable alleys” - connect the tackles slightly above your height with a roof, with a kind of overlap. So you will create a cucumber or bean alley with your own hands.
Even on the round beds it is great to arrange a pyramid - in the center you install a support, to which you tie a half or two dozen ropes. You can even build a "umbrella" at the top.
On such designs, vegetables, besides looking beautiful, also bear excellent fruit.
Arrange your beds along the southern or eastern walls of the house, business premises. In such places, plants grow several times faster than on a simple garden bed. The main thing is to arrange waterproofing of the walls, otherwise a beautiful wall decorated with your favorite vegetables will eventually collapse.
The bed will be ideal, which will be visible from the window of your kitchen. Vegetables growing on such a bed seem to feel your constant presence, and grow much more fun.
Stage Seven. It remains to think about how we will navigate the territory of our site.
Think about what, where and where you have to carry and carry.
No need to plan rectangular patterns of movement in the country. Such paths will constantly cling to your right angles.
Do not be afraid of triangular, semi-circular, oblique sections and, accordingly, paths in your country house.
If this geometry requires simplicity and ease of movement, feel free to arrange such garden paths.
The whole area that did not fall under the beds - this is your lawn. If you do not want to not bother much about the creation of the English lawn, remember the main rule, a constant strut completely destroys all weeds. Only meadow grass will remain, the strut is their favorite state.
You will have to master the work on the trimmer and consider that you have learned the most competent ecological method of land care in the country.
Stage Eight (final).
A plan like "a half dozen trees behind the house and five bushes of berries near the garden" will yield absolutely nothing.
You need to plan the same way you do at home repairs. You know exactly where the TV will stand - there must be an outlet and an antenna plug.
The same with the project of the dacha, everything should be literally: “When I sit on the terrace, then I will see an apple-tree“ Pepin saffron ”, behind it an apple-tree“ Renet the Red Banner ”, to the left of it a pear“ Fat-Slip ”. I put a trellis from the north to the south in the garden, from which cucumbers will be dragged towards the house. ”
Only an accurate representation of what and how we want will make it possible to avoid unnecessary alterations, uprooting of trees and poor harvests of vegetables in the future. Believe me, it is much easier to think it over once, and not to suffer every summer to no avail.
Нашел интересное видео по обустройству дачного участка своими руками, пожалуйста, ознакомьтесь:
Элементы обустройства дачного участка
Для декоративного оформления дачи, можно запланировать газон. Для этого надо выровнять площадку, перекопать и удалить все сорняки. Then pour the land and sow grass. And if your plans include the creation of an alpine slide, then nothing needs to be leveled, for it, on the contrary, irregularities are needed.
I would advise to create a pond. It will be a beautiful arrangement of the suburban area, decorated with aquatic plants. It is not difficult to do it yourself. To begin with, dig a hole and allow time for the soil to settle. Then plan the distribution of water from the water supply. This business is not difficult. Lay out the bottom of the pond with a special film so that it covers the walls and walls, but not inside. I advise you to take the film in black, this will create the illusion of depth. Over the edge of the reservoir it must be taken out to half a meter, and sprinkled with sand, and then impose decorative boulders. You can do it easier - buy a plastic bath, or any other form, and dig it in the area to level with the ground. Cover with decorative stones, pour out with multi-colored pebbles, and plant water-loving plants and lawn grass along the coast.
Thinking how to equip the dacha, you need to take care of lighting. This is an important point, especially with the onset of darkness. After all, probably in the evening after working in the garden, you want to sit on the terrace for a cup of tea. This is where inexpensive and beautiful solar-powered flashlights come in handy. They will create a soft lighting in the gazebo, emphasize in the dark fancy line of the track. And you can create such lanterns with your own hands, using unnecessary tin or glass jars, decorating them with different colors, and cutting patterned holes in tin. Wrought lanterns will look spectacular on poles, beautifully and mysteriously illuminating the romantic bench in the garden.
How to approach the issue of planning?
Being engaged in thinking out the layout of the garden plot for six or more acres, first of all answer the following questions:
- What is the relief of the area? The site can be flat or located near ravines, hills and even mountains. Not only the layout of a dwelling house and other buildings, but also systems of engineering structures depend on the chosen territory.
What is the shape of the plot: traditional rectangular or triangular, with rounded corners?
What type of soil? May be sandy, light fertile or heavy clay or medium loamy.
On depleted soils, not all plants can develop as it is necessary, which means they will not please you with a beautiful flowering and a chic harvest.
In these cases, it is recommended to further fertilize the area with fertile soil.
Are natural bodies of water present and what is the level of groundwater? Their presence depends on properly equipped drainage system.
How to arrange buildings on the summer cottage?After buying a summer cottage, you need to think out as quickly as possible all the nuances of home planning, as well as further landscaping and landscape design.
Carefully thought-out aspects of the layout will allow you to avoid mistakes that can arise when rushing and rash decisions, as well as to find the best option for the rational use of the entire territory.
Where to place the house?
Typically, the planning of the suburban area begins with determining the place where the house will be located, and the further plan-project directly depends on the placement of the central building.
This will increase the area in which sun-loving plants will land, which delight the eye with its decorative beauty or give a rich harvest.
If you are going to use the site only as a place to relax from the bustling weekday metropolis, then the placement of the house should be a harmonious addition to the design ideas and clearly fit into the picturesque ensemble.
Here it is necessary to take into account several factors:
- Groundwater flow.
- Location near neighboring houses.
- The presence of massive plants that can not be removed.
- Availability of communications and convenience of their location.
- Dislocation of the site relative to public land.
- The possibility of construction of additional buildings.
The average plots are generally six hundred square meters. In this case, the design of the suburban area is better to start with the study of the planning development of your area. It noted all communications, the size of the plots, the location of public roads and streets.
It will not be out of place to find out the places where groundwater flows and the acidity of the soil. This will directly affect the construction of the foundation and the operational life of the building.
When you already know what, where and how is located on your site and connected to it, you can plan the size of your future home. The plan can be drawn by yourself.On the issue of communications, contact the administration at the construction site, and if there are none yet, then ask when and where they will be laid. The closer the house is to the allowable boundaries of the plot, the more space there will be for landscape design or other personal needs that require free space.
Where to build a summer shower and toilet?
Planning of the land plot should not be limited to a single dwelling. Do not forget about personal hygiene facilities, and as for the convenience of their placement, it would be more correct to build one common building for a summer shower and toilet.
In this case, there will be no need for the scattered construction of various houses, which will stand close to each other, and only occupy such a necessary space.
This is especially true if the improvement of the suburban area of 6 acres occurs not with the help of professional designers, but with their own hands.
When creating a garden plot project, take into account the following factors:
- The described building should stand apart from others, as it is necessary to establish a constant outflow of water, and inside there will be a higher level of humidity.
- There should be good natural lighting inside, so massive trees with a wide spreading crown should not grow nearby.
- Determine for yourself the need to build a foundation, because you cannot do without it when building a full-fledged economic unit.
First of all, the layout and design of the dacha are aimed at ensuring the most rational use of every corner of the territory, hiding the subtle elements of the landscape.
Farm buildings are better placed somewhere in the depths of the garden, and they should be erected in such a way that they do not obscure the sun to green areas and at the same time protect the area from wind gusts.
If it is not possible to build these buildings away from the house or the lounge area, then there is a way out. – planting green spaces. Thus beautiful picturesque thickets will hide the outbuildings. The best option for the construction of such premises would be the north-west side of the suburban area.
Where to locate the recreation area, and what should it include?There is no single correct placement of a recreation area in the garden plot. Lounge area can be divided into several segments and located throughout the country. However, it can be a separate composition, standing separately in a convenient place for the owner.
The arbor entwined with clematis will serve as a beautiful decoration of the territory. In such a building it will be very comfortable and cozy to indulge in your thoughts, hiding from the scorching sun, strong wind or heavy rain.
You can supplement the recreation area with a variety of flower gardens, an ornamental pond, or fringed plants that love moisture. The winding paths with multi-colored stones laid out on the sides will look very impressive.
On the outskirts of the site you can build a bath or dig a pool. By and large, landscape design planning depends only on the imagination and financial capabilities of the site owners.
Placement of flower beds and decorationsThinking through the design of the cottage, especially if the area is small and is about 6 acres, it is better to make a sketch on paper to simplify the further erection of buildings and planting plants with your own hands. Smashing a flower garden in front of the house, for greater clarity, it is better to make a color layout.
Thus, it is possible not only to carry out the correct planning of the place allotted for this place, but also to calculate the need for planting material and the amount of fertilizer required. All this is necessary to translate ideas into reality.
Note that, choosing a place under the flower bed, it is also necessary to calculate all the possible nuances of future care for him. Do not plan on landing too far. It is necessary to plant the plants in such a way that each of them can be freely reached.
Landing wider than two and a half meters is not worth doing. It is natural, of course, to choose a place for a flower bed near the house, but the possibility of placing several separate flower gardens in different parts of the territory is not excluded. For example, the places along the paths near small waterfalls or gazebos are noteworthy.
The idea of decorating the courtyard according to the type of what is being done by professional designers will be easier to implement, having various decorative elements of a certain style. Large decorative elements direct the garden plot to a certain stylistic environment, introducing actual accents and creating dynamics.
For example, sculptures of people or animals, large sculptures, fountains and obelisks should be placed in open areas. Small decorations give the courtyard a special charm. Gardeners love the lovely figures of animals and fairy-tale characters, made in such an attractive and “cozy” style.
The main thing is to know the measure in their quantity, because even cute decorative elements can turn the cottage into a playground. Of course, if you do not pursue such a goal intentionally.For modern landscape design, the tendency of symbiosis of decorative and functional roles is acceptable. So, for example, birdhouses, feather-pockets and bird feeders are a manifestation of animal care, but in the interpretation of decorative ornaments they serve as worthy design elements of a garden interior.
Vine fences, flowerpots or wicker screens can become beautiful objects performing in parallel also certain functional tasks.
Where to place the greenhouse and garden?
Under the design of the garden plot is given an open sunny place. In order for your harvest to always be in the desired quantity, consider planting crops so that they are not obscured by the buildings of the summer cottage.
Knowing all this, you can easily define each culture its place in the garden or in the garden. Thus, each plant will grow in conditions comfortable for it and will delight its owners with a bountiful harvest.How the greenhouse will be located will have a great impact not only on the conditions of its construction, but also on the yield of the crops planted. If you choose the wrong place in terms of exposure to sunlight and wind loads, then you can encounter a number of unpleasant moments: poor crop germination, inconsistency of humidity and temperature with optimal performance.
The harvest will be very poor and with low taste. So how to properly place the greenhouse on the site, so that all conditions meet the requirements? Note the most important criteria:
- Country landscape. This should include the slope of the proposed location of the greenhouse, the presence of a number of reservoirs, soil freezing and groundwater level.
- Direction of light. Greenhouse plants require a lot of sunlight. From this depends directly on the speed of their growth. Do not place greenhouses where light can block high or massive trees, residential or farm buildings.
- Soil quality in the place where the greenhouse will be located.
- Convenience of localization. All necessary communications should be close by and service should be as convenient as possible. Proper placement of the entrance and the presence of the entrance.
Planning the design of a future garden or summer house is a process as creative as it is technical. Next, you will learn how best to plan a small area of 6 acres, and areas twice as large.
The primary role will be played exclusively by your imagination, and only after that the time of technical construction moments will come.
Marking 6 acresProperly plan the placement of the country house and other elements of landscape design, as well as make the right projects for a plot of 6 acres - not an easy task. In such a small area, everything is desirable to harmoniously and, most importantly, functionally place: a house, a lounge area and take space for other buildings, as well as a vegetable garden and a greenhouse.
The house must be built in such a place so that it does not cast a shadow on the future garden or garden. Planting fruit trees at an equal distance of three meters from north to south will provide the best coverage. It is advisable to plant them in several rows.
The best place for the house will be the northern boundary of the site. Thus, the plants will not suffer from the winds. Under the outbuildings, take a place on the north side near the fence. The same side will be successful for the installation of greenhouses and planting vegetables.
How to mark 10-15 acres?
To build garden houses on a territory of fifteen hundred square meters is not something that makes up projects for six hundred square meters, puzzling over the rationalization of space. Even on a plot of ten acres there is already where to roam.
In such places, the planning process may include not only a set of the above buildings, but also help to realize additional interesting ideas of landscape design.In areas of 15 acres, you can combine several styles at once. For example, a mixed layout style is devoid of strict geometric shapes. Here you can make a creative mess by freely placing decor and plants, and it will look very impressive and attractive.