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What are the benefits and harms of medicinal plants Shepherd

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Calorie content: 28 kcal.

Energy value of the Shepherdia silver product:
Protein: 0.5 g
Fat: 0.2 g
Carbohydrates: 3.7 g.

Shepherdia Silver - A plant of the Loch family. For the first time learned about these berries in North America. Other names of this plant are known: “Nebraska currant”, “buffalo berry” or “bison berry”.

Fleshy fruits reach a diameter of about 5 mm (see photo). Red berries can be eaten, but their taste is quite bitter.

Beneficial features

The composition Sheferdia silver includes a large amount of ascorbic acid, which increases and strengthens the immune system. Another vitamin C helps the body to withstand the effects of various viruses and infections. It also improves the condition of blood vessels, reduces their permeability and increases elasticity. Carotene is also found in silver Shepherdia, which improves eyesight and helps to get rid of various ophthalmological problems.

There are in the berries and tannins, which give the fruit astringent and bactericidal action.

Shepherdia silver is considered an excellent hemostatic and anti-inflammatory agent.

The berries contain tetrahydrogarmol, which acts in large quantities as psychedelics.

Shepherdia silver is a dietary product, so it can be used in the period of weight loss and in the treatment of many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

There are fruits in the vitality and P, which will come capillary strengthening berries. Due to this, Shepherd silver helps to maintain the structure of blood vessels and resists early sclerotic lesion. With regular use of the fruit are excellent prevention of strokes and heart attacks. In addition, you can reduce the risk of infection with colds.

Use in cooking

Silver Shepherdia is widely used in cooking. Berries can be consumed fresh, as well as frozen and dried. Fruits are used to make jams, jams, jam, etc. The sour taste of berries is perfect for sauces, which are ideally combined with fish and meat. In addition, shepherdia silver is perfect for pickling. The pulp of the berries is used to prepare various drinks: compotes, fruit drinks, tinctures. Fruits can be used as a filling for different baking and for desserts, for example, for jelly. You can also use berries instead of cherries in dumplings.

The benefits of Shepherdia silver and treatment

The benefits of Sheferdia silver have long been known, so it is widely used in recipes of traditional medicine. In particular, these berries are used in the fight against certain infectious diseases (for example, acute respiratory infections, influenza), as well as to maintain the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system and the gastrointestinal tract. In general, shepherdia is quite beneficial for health, and therefore it is worth including it in your diet.

What is this plant?

Shepherdia Silver belongs to the family Lokhovyh and is a rather short shrub, which is considered the birthplace of North America. The shrub fruiting berries red color, which are covered with barely noticeable whitish dots. Shrubs can bear fruit annually for 40–50 years, while each can pick 15–20 kg of berries.

Shepherdia, also known as the buffalo berry, is quite edible for humans in its raw form, but it has a slightly bitter-sour taste, moreover, after using it in the mouth, there is a feeling of dryness. These berries serve as a source of food for many wild animals, primarily for bears, in addition, they are eaten by the larvae of some species of insects.

Nutritional value and calorie

The product has a rather poor nutritional value, but it carries a very large amount of vitamins and other biologically active substances. Caloric content of 100 g of red sea buckthorn is only about 28 kcal.

The composition of 100 g of raw product also contains: protein - 0.5 g, fat - 0.2 g, carbohydrates - 3.7 g. The rest of the weight falls on dietary fiber and water, which any berry, based on its biological structure, pretty rich.

Chemical composition

Shepherdia is the best natural source of vitamins and microelements. By the amount of vitamin C contained in it, it is able to contend with many citrus fruits. As for the constituent catechins and oily substances, then they overtake the worldwide recognized leader in these parameters - sea buckthorn. The main chemical composition of the berry can be characterized as follows:

  • various sugars
  • many organic acids
  • vitamin C,
  • substances with tannic properties,
  • pectin,
  • carotene,
  • vitamins C and P,
  • lipokines.

Pharmacological properties

The fruits of Shepherd silver have many pronounced beneficial properties. The leucoanthocyanins and catechins contained in them help to increase the strength and elasticity of the walls of veins, arteries and arterioles, as well as reduce their fragility. Carotene, which is abundantly present in the fruit, helps to improve the performance of the visual analyzer and prevents the development of many ophthalmologic diseases.

In addition, carotene - the original substance, which is necessary for our body to synthesize vitamin A, and therefore the use of red sea buckthorn has a positive effect on the condition of the skin.

Vitamin C, which is part of the berries in a huge amount, helps to enhance and strengthen the immune function of the body, helps to better cope with the processes of resuming normal operation after transferring various acute respiratory viral infections and influenza.

Application of fruits

Shepherdia is not widely used in traditional medicine, but it is actively used in folk and cooking. They can be found as components in various collections and bioactive additives.

The fruits of this shrub are widely used and recommended by many traditional healers for the treatment of assorted viral infections and flu, as well as an immunostimulant in the process of restoring the body from the effects of the latter. It is widely used as a vitamin supplement to the traditional treatment of these diseases. It is used to maintain and normalize the work of the gastrointestinal tract and cardiovascular system.

One of the main methods of using these berries in cooking is the production of various alcoholic beverages from them by infusion. At one time, Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin himself spoke positively about the various tinctures obtained using red sea buckthorn. In addition, it can be used to prepare compotes, jelly, jam, jam, various sauces and extremely delicious seasonings.

Contraindications and harm

Bison berry should not be eaten in the event that you have an individual intolerance to it or are pronounced allergic. During lactation, pregnancy and childhood, before use, you should consult with your doctor.

Methods of procuring sheferdia

The most productive and fastest method of harvesting is as follows. It is necessary to spread some cloth around the bush in such a way that there is no gap between the plant stems and the cloth. Next, you need to shake the stems, and the fruits themselves will fall into the folded tissue. This manipulation is best done after the first frost hit. This will allow the berries to acquire an extraordinary aroma and taste, similar to currant or barberry.

Further, the collected fruits should be dried or made of them jam or compote, which should be further stored in a dark, not cold place. So, we hope, you have extracted from this article all the necessary information about sea buckthorn, its benefits and possible harm to the body. This bush is good not only as a raw materials appendage, but also as an ornamental plant, which adds another plus to the already vast treasury of the advantages of this plant.

In medicine

Silver Shepherdia is not a pharmacopoeial plant and is not used in official medicine. In folk medicine, the plant is used most often as a prophylactic vitamin remedy.

Contraindications and side effects

Contraindication to the use of Shepherd silver is individual intolerance of the plant. It is also not recommended to use the plant during pregnancy, during lactation and in childhood without prior consultation with a specialist.

In cooking

Shepherdia berries are used both fresh and frozen or dried. The taste of Sheferdia is sweet, with a slight sourness. The berries are boiled jelly, jelly and jam. The pulp of the berries is used in the manufacture of various beverages: compotes, fruit drinks, tinctures. Shepherd fruits can also be added to desserts, pastries and main dishes, or as a filling: for example, instead of cherries in dumplings. Sour, present in the taste of berries, ideal for sauces to fish or meat. Sheferdia silver can also be pickled.

In gardening

Shepherdia began to grow silvery in horticulture because of the decorative appearance of this plant, its unpretentiousness, and also because of the beautiful decorative and not only tasty, but also useful fruits.

In the garden, Shepherdia is planted as an ornamental plant in group plantings, as well as to create a beautiful impassable hedge. Plants are dust- and gas-resistant, they tolerate a haircut well.

The silver-shiny crown of Shepherdia looks spectacular next to the plants with contrasting foliage. For example, the perfect combination of silver and purple colors: Shepherdia and barberry, blister, weigela, hazel. Also a good combination in the composition with coniferous plants.

Silver Shepherdia is very light-loving, rather winter-hardy (able to withstand very severe frosts (down to -45 ° C) and drought-resistant, soil-undemanding plant. The plant is almost not affected by diseases and pests. Shepherdia grows poorly only on very dense and excessively moistened soil.

Shepherdia begins to bear fruit at the age of 5 years, and during vegetative propagation, the plant brings fruits even earlier - by 2-3 years. The yield of the tree is quite high: up to 5 kg of fruits can be harvested from young plants, and an adult shepherdia can produce up to 15 kg of fruits. The age of fruiting Shepherdia may be more than 50 years. In recent years, Shepherdia crossed with sea buckthorn for breeding varieties with large high vitamin fruits.

Classification

Silver Shepherdia (lat. Shepherdia argentea.) - a species of the Shepherdia genus (lat. Shepherdia) of the Lochaceae family (lat. Elaeagnaceae). In addition to Shepherdia, the silvery genus Shepherdia (lat. Shepherdia) includes two more plant species: Shepherdia canadensis - Canadian Shepherdia and Shepherdia rotundifolia - Shepherdia round-leaved.

Botanical description

Silver Shepherdia is a deciduous shrub with a height of 2-6 m. Sometimes the bush is formed as a tree, leaving one table in the process of pruning. The branches are powerful, intertwining, with sharp prickles. The bark of young shoots has a silver color, with time acquiring a brownish tint.

Leaves at Sheferdi dense, silver-shiny, have an elongated shape, rounded at the ends, 2-6 cm long, covered with silver fluff on both sides.

The flowers are small, yellow, with four sepals, without petals. Shepherdia dvudomna pollinated cross. Male plants differ from female plants in the form of flower buds: in male specimens, they are round and large, and in female plants, the buds are pointed in shape and smaller. Shepherdia blooms before foliage bloom, in early April.

The fruit of Shepherdia silver is a bright red, fleshy drupe, about 5 mm in diameter. These are red ovoid berries, covered with white specks.

Spread

Homeland Sheferdia silver is North America. The plant is found wild in southern Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba) and in the northwestern United States, including Northern California and New Mexico. In the USA, this popular deciduous plant is cultivated in the same way that currants are grown in Russian gardens.

Preparation of raw materials

The fruits of Shepherdia ripen at the end of the summer, but more often the crops are harvested after the first frost, when bitterness of the berries disappears.

Before gathering the berries under the bush on the ground lay out the fabric. Then the bush is slightly shaken and the berries fall on the prepared material. Fruits left on branches are showered on their own in early October.

Use in traditional medicine

Shepherdia fruits are widely used in recipes of traditional medicine in fresh and dried form, as well as in the form of tinctures. In particular, these berries are used in the fight against certain infectious diseases (for example, acute respiratory infections, influenza) as a vitamin supplement to treatment and as an immunomodulator.

To maintain the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system and the gastrointestinal tract, traditional healers recommend drinking a course of tincture of the fruit of Shepherdia.

History reference

Wild Shepherdia was found in North America, where the Indians used the fruits of this plant in food and as a medicinal drug.

Thomas Natol, professor of botany at the University of Philadelphia in 1818, opened Sheferdia and named it in honor of John Shepherd, director of the Botanical Garden in Liverpool.

In 1904, Shepherdia appeared at the South Experimental Station in Dakota. The first 7,500 plants were grown from seeds collected along the Missouri River. Due to its high yield and pleasant taste of fruits, Shepherdia gained popularity among thousands of settlers in new districts.

Silver Sheferdia was brought to Russia on the initiative of I. V. Michurin. Three seedlings, sent by Ivan Vladimirovich in 1926 to Kiev to Academician N. F. Kashchenko in the acclimatization garden he created, laid the foundation for its cultivation in Ukraine. Since then, Shepherd began to cultivate in Kiev in the Central Republican Botanical Garden. From here it spread to the botanical gardens and arboretums of Ukraine, and later to Russia. Several generations of Shepherdia from seeds have already been grown in the Central Republican Botanical Garden of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. Preserved 60-year-old plants. Male specimens reach a height of 6-6.5 meters, their trunk circumference is 47-50 centimeters, and their crown diameter is 10-12 meters. The height of the female plants is 6-7 meters, the circle is 45 cm, the diameter of the crown is up to 15 meters.

Silver Shepherdia: description, beneficial properties and contraindications

Shepherdia Silver, Buffalo berry (Latin Shephérdia argéntea) is a low shrub of the genus Shepherdia, belonging to the family Lokhovye. Is a close relative of the sea buckthorn. The plant is known since ancient times for its healing fruits, which have found wide application in folk and official medicine. In terms of its beneficial properties, shepherd silver is almost the same as sea buckthorn.

Biological description of Shepherdia silver

Silver Shepherdia reaches a height of 2-6 meters (depending on growing conditions). It has oval, oblong-lanceolate or narrow elliptical leaves, which are rounded at the ends, from 2 to 6 centimeters long. The leaves on both sides (top and bottom) are covered with silvery fluff, thanks to which the plant received its specific name. Moreover, the lower side is pubescent stronger than the top. Flowers of fawn color, have no petals. The plant is dioecious, blooms from late April to mid-May (depending on climate), when the air warms to just +6. +8 ° C, flowering lasts about a week.

The plant is light-requiring, drought-and frost-resistant. Soils are not demanding, because there are nodules on the roots that contain nitrogen-fixing bacteria. This feature allows it to grow on the poorest soils.

Fruiting begins in the 5-6th year of life (plants grown from cuttings and grafted, begin to give fruit 1-2 years earlier).

Description of the fruit of Sheferdia silver

The plant is popular because of its bright red fruits - drupes, with a diameter of usually no more than 5 millimeters. They are edible, but have a bitter taste. Although after the first frost the amount of bitterness in the fruits decreases, and they become much tastier. According to those people who have tried the fruits, they are much tastier than sea buckthorn. They ripen in late summer - early autumn and hang on a bush for a very long time without falling off. In the fruits, as well as in the rest of the plant, there is tetrahydrogarmole, which has a large dose of psychedelic effects.

How to eat berries

Today, Shepherdia silvery is grown in home gardens. This plant resembles sea buckthorn, both in leaves and berries. It can be consumed raw, and you can also make headlines for the winter. Calorie content is low and amounts to only 28 kcal per 100 grams of product.

Plant nutritional value:

  • proteins -1/2 grams
  • fats - 0.2 grams,
  • carbohydrates - 3.7 grams.

As can be seen from these indicators, the berry contains the most carbohydrates that are necessary for the brain to work.

How to choose products

To choose fresh products, you should first get information from the seller, and possibly ask for documents with information about the supplier. In general, the choice should be guided by:

  • ягода должная быть красного цвета, если она немного темнее, то следует насторожиться и задуматься об ее свежести,
  • an unnaturally brilliant berry should also be suspicious, as it can be treated with chemicals,
  • the smell of nature and freshness will attract any buyer, and if the berry is stale, it is always noticeable,
  • peel density suggests that shepherdia has recently been collected.

In any case, if there are doubts, then it is worth inviting the commodity expert to explain the situation.

The benefits and harm of Sheverdia

According to the recipes of traditional medicine today, the berries can be eaten fresh, dried, as well as prepare various tinctures from them. This will be beneficial in the treatment of many pathologies.

The list of useful properties:

  1. Today, eating the fruits of the plant has a fight against viral infections and inflammatory processes. Therefore, drugs based on it, purchased in pharmacies and prepared independently administered to patients suffering from infections.
  2. The consumption of the fruits of Shepherdia today will enjoy incredible popularity for the fight against extra pounds and for the digestive and cardiovascular systems.
  3. Tincture of the berries helps to strengthen the walls of capillaries, and also prevents the formation of plaques in the vessels.
  4. The use of berries for cosmetic purposes makes the skin velvety and dull, while the complexion evens out.

Special contraindications to the use of the product have not been identified, but, nevertheless, you should carefully treat people prone to allergic reactions. The plant itself is poisonous and not all of its constituents can beneficially affect the internal organs. But these are frequent cases, mostly the plant is beneficial.

Instructions for use of drugs

Shephérdia argéntea is the Latin name for the plant. It is also included in the composition of drugs. Drugs must be taken strictly on the doctor's prescription, so that there are no undesirable side effects. For this, tests are first taken and the presence of allergens on the berries is detected.

Fresh, compote, mousse or jelly products can be consumed in unlimited quantities. In the form of alcoholic tinctures, a few drops are enough three times daily for a month. Repeat the treatment should be after 30 days.

Women in the waiting period of the baby and feeding the child should refrain from such treatment.

The use of berries in cooking

Shepherdia is widely used in the preparation of various dishes. For this, it is not necessary to own a lot of knowledge of this art.

For the cold season - this is a real salvation. It not only resembles the taste of summer, but also nourishes with vitamins. To preserve more nutrients, it is recommended to cook a five-minute jam.

To do this, you need to take a kilogram of berries per 700 grams of granulated sugar; if you wish, you can increase the amount of food in proportional ratio. Sugar to lay on the berries and leave for a couple of hours to give the berries juice. In parallel, it is recommended to prepare cans and metal lids for seaming. Put the mixture on low heat and stir occasionally.

Best of all at this time is not to leave, so that there is no spillage on the stove. After boiling cook for another five minutes. Then remove from heat and spread on the banks, try to make sure that there is no air gap between the lid and the mass. Jam can be stored up to 2 years, while its taste will only please both the owner and his guests.

No meat dish will have taste without sauces. You can make an excellent sauce from the berries of Shepherdia, which will be not only tasty, but also healthy. To prepare take 200 grams of fresh berries, and pass it through a meat grinder.

It turns berry mass - the basis for the sauce. Everything is placed in a saucepan, and put on a low heat, salt, sugar and pepper are added to taste. To make it thick, it is recommended to dissolve 2 tablespoons of flour in water and pour it into cooking. Then continue stirring until you get a semi-liquid mass. To taste, you can also put spices and butter. The product is ready for dressing meat and fish dishes. As a side dish, you can boil the pasta or make mashed potatoes.

To quench your thirst on a hot summer day, drinks from Shepherdia are simply incomparable. Cooking is easy. You can take 0.5 kg of berries and put them in a pan with two liters of clean water, put on the fire and bring to a boil, then add 3000 grams of sugar. Cool the prepared drink and drink throughout the day. This quenches thirst and provides an excellent diuretic effect.

You can cook for future use. To do this, put on the stove boil 2 liters of water, simultaneously preparing a three-liter jar with a tin lid. 300 grams of berries are put into the jar. 0.5 kg of granulated sugar is added to boiling soda. After boiling, water is poured into a jar, which in turn is rolled up with a lid. Compotes stored for up to 2 years.

A wonderful delicacy of berries is baking. She is well smork on the holiday table. You can make pies with berries, or you can use a sponge cake as the basis for cakes.

To prepare the dough, you need to skip 300 grams of berries through a meat grinder, add 400 grams of flour and 0.5 kg of powdered sugar, 3 medium-sized eggs, a teaspoon of soda and a little salt to the same mass. To make it splendid, you can put 2 tablespoons of potato starch.

The main thing is that the oven has already been prepared, namely, heated to a certain temperature before the direct baking of the biscuit. Bake at a temperature of 180-200 degrees for 40-50 minutes. After taking out of the oven, it is necessary to soak up the sweet sugar syrup prepared on the basis of warm water. On the cooled biscuit, you can apply the cream, prepared according to a separate recipe.

To cook shangi with berries of Shepherdia you need to knead the products until a homogeneous mass is formed. Add sugar to taste and a little cornstarch or potato starch, it is necessary that the pasty mass did not spread. All put on a cake made from yeast dough and bake at 200 0 for 30 minutes.

Medicinal properties of shepherdia silver

Shepherdia silvery grows in nature in Canada and North America. The plant is a shrub with red berries, belongs to the family Lokhovye, a close relative of the sea buckthorn. The plant has male and female individuals, therefore, in order to obtain berries, it is necessary to plant both types of plants side by side.

The Indians have long known the price of red berries, they used the fruits of Shepherdia for food, they were treated for many diseases. The taste of freshly picked Shepherd berries is quite acidic, with a pronounced bitterness. If they are exposed to frost, the taste becomes softer.

Valuable medicinal raw materials are berries that ripen in early autumn. They contain sugars, tannins, organic acids, a high percentage of vitamin C.

  • It is the content of vitamin C Shepherd surpasses the famous sea buckthorn several times. Eating berries helps to strengthen the immune system as a whole, as well as rejuvenation of the whole organism.
  • The high content of carotene in berries, contributes to the synthesis of vitamin A, which affects visual acuity and the condition of the skin. Eating berries fresh makes the skin smooth, healthy and velvety.
  • Berries have antiseptic properties, help to stop bleeding, have anti-inflammatory effect, choleretic and diuretic action, increase the stability and elasticity of blood vessels and capillaries.

  • A special substance that is part of the berries - tetrahydrogarmol, has a psychedelic effect on the body.
  • The composition of the berries include pectic substances, kakhetin, sucrose and tannins.

Shepherdia silver: the benefits and harm of plants

The recipe of traditional medicine mentions Shepherdia silvery, the berries of which are used in fresh and dried form, as well as in the form of tinctures.

  1. Especially helps the plant in the fight against colds and viral infections.
  2. A wonderful effect is noted when using the plant to maintain normal vital activity of all organs of the body, the use of berries on the state of the digestive and cardiovascular systems has a strong positive effect.
  3. Tincture of Shepherdia on alcohol helps to reduce capillary fragility and clear the walls of blood vessels from cholesterol plaques. Tincture can be used to prevent atherosclerosis.

Shepherd fruits are used in winemaking for the manufacture of liqueurs, as well as from them cook kissels, mousses, marshmallow.

Tip! The plant belongs to the food and is not poisonous, but caution should be used in eating the berries of Shepherdia silvery people who are prone to allergies.

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