Every owner who wants to have chickens, thinks about how to equip the chicken coop for a comfortable dwelling of these birds, because the conditions of housing affect the productivity of chickens. And the first thing to do is the floor in the hen house. If you show a desire to do it yourself, then here you will read the necessary information about what the floor should be, what materials are recommended for use, and so on.
Conditions of detention affect the productivity of chickens.
An important element for properly laying the floor is a good foundation. It must be of high quality, capable of protecting chickens (after all, predatory animals constantly encroach on the life of these birds), and what is important is durable, which will help your building last for many years. Pour the foundation under the chicken coop with your own hands is simple, most often used for this concrete. But if the material is not at hand, it is replaced with iron sheets. Next we will explain how to do this.
What should be the floor?
Gender is an element that will protect chickens from predators and from bad weather conditions. The floor affects the temperature in the house and the sanitary conditions of the room, so its proper device will improve the conditions of the chickens, and will help to provide heat in the house during the winter frosts or to keep it cool in the summer heat.
“What should be the floor?” - this question is often asked by people who build a chicken coop on their own. We answer the question: the ideal position of the floor in the house is a bit tilted, preferably with a drain system. This will help you in the future to quickly remove the accumulated dirt from the garbage. For laying the floor is better to take wooden boards, and, since the floor must be durable, then use wooden logs as a basis.
It is important not only to use the correct technique of laying, but also to choose good materials in order to make a high-quality and warm floor in the hen house. There are three main types of floors: earth, concrete, wood. But there are a lot of differences between them, starting from the time spent on installation and ending with the cost of materials (if you do it yourself). Which floor is better, what are the disadvantages and advantages of each option - we will look at all this further.
Clay flooring can be a reinforcement of a dirt floor
Ground floor device
Earthen floor is a simple and economical option, usually used by farmers. But the device of such a floor does not allow for a long time to keep the temperature in the winter cold. As a means of protection, this option is also inferior to the other two, since predators with pests can easily get into the hen house through the earthen floor.
In addition, cleanliness in the room will not be long-term either: the earth will mix with water, chicken droppings, food, forming dirt. Clay flooring can be a wonderful reinforcement of a dirt floor. This option is the cheapest at cost.
Concrete floor device
Concrete flooring is the most widely used method, since it doesn’t require any special skills to build it yourself. The advantage of this option is good protection, as the concrete will not allow predators to get inside.
Concrete floor, insulated with expanded clay
But the concrete floor is very cold, so its device will require insulation to maintain the temperature. What should be the litter layer? Most often used for this synthetic and natural materials. If you are not sure which floor is best to do, then once again read the advantages of pouring concrete:
- resistance when exposed to concrete with acid and water
- the substance is not able to burn
- good protection against predatory animals and various pests,
- the durability of the concrete itself (even if you do the filling with your own hands, if correctly manufactured, the concrete floor can serve you for up to 20 years, and this is much more than any of the other proposed materials).
What floor could be the best option for a chicken coop? It is wooden. Since the tree will keep warm, therefore, laying wooden floor is not needed. This material is eco-friendly, and the floor device is as simple as making it yourself.
But this option has disadvantages. Wood flooring requires careful personal care, as it often undergoes decay processes, various fungi, and so on. The second significant disadvantage is the flammability of the material itself, which will cause great damage in case of fire. What should be the protective layer of the wooden surface? Protection against propagating microorganisms needs to be made from lime simply by smearing the floor surface.
Wood flooring may be the best option for a chicken coop
What is another plus of wooden floors? Compared to other options, floor boards can be replaced by others, they are supplemented or insulated, and this can all be done with your own hands. In addition, the boards are easily set at a certain angle (as mentioned earlier, for quick cleaning of the coop from dirt). Boards are not frozen in the winter cold, which is also an advantage. In the summer period, the bedding layer for wooden floors should be seven centimeters, in the winter - ten.
How to lay the floor?
If you have decided what floor to do, then you can get to work. A significant factor is that you can do it yourself and fill the foundation with your own hands, so you only have to spend money on materials. The recommended material is wooden boards.
First make a foundation (if there is none). How to make the foundation columnar or ribbon - you decide. It is better to use the first option - columnar, in this case the flat surface will be located on a small elevation, because of what the wood will serve you much longer, as it will be protected from water and help maintain the temperature in the chicken coop.
We will consider the process of laying wooden floor. In order to make the floor with your own hands, you must have:
- boards (thickness - twenty five centimeters),
- bars (section 100 x 100 mm),
As already mentioned, if the house does not have a foundation, then it should be done. What should be the foundation? The device should be such: a brick of a curbstone fits (twenty centimeters high) every fifty centimeters (if a concrete floor was previously made, then the foundation is no longer required).
To make a cover with your own hands, you need to lay logs made from a bar on the bricks made of brick made by you. Do not forget that there should be an angle that will help you in the future when cleaning.
Between the lags sometimes put insulation, it may be expanded clay, but it is not necessary. The boards are laid perpendicular to the logs of the log. You need to cut them out so that the joint falls in the middle of the lag itself. To pin the boards, only two nails will go to each lag. Do not forget to follow their direction: the boards should dock, forming a small angle.
Boards are laid perpendicular to the logs of the log
How to warm the floor?
The litter is divided into two types: deep and shallow. Deep litter layers are recommended for use since they contain an organic layer in which biochemical processes are carried out. It helps even in fierce winter frosts to keep the temperature in the hen-house up to twenty-five degrees, and additional warming with such litter is not required.
The underlying surface can be from different materials. Organic components, such as sawdust, hay, straw, moss, peat and so on, are used as litter. Such natural ingredients are popular today as they are environmentally friendly.
The best natural component for warming is moss or moss peat, so it is often used in saunas and steam rooms. Also, this plant perfectly absorbs bird droppings, which destroys the smell, helps to dry the paws to the birds, saving them from the cold. The litter of sawdust does not clot, from the straw - it keeps warm for a long time. A common variant of litter - sawdust mixed with shavings (1: 3). Peat is added to this type of bedding, and on top of it all is covered with straw.
Moss peat, sawdust, hay, straw are excellent for bedding.
Regarding the desired depth of the litter layer, it should be at least ten centimeters, ideally twenty. If necessary, you can add another ten centimeters of material to the litter. Modern materials for warming are not exactly the conditions of the chicken coop: litter will quickly be absorbed into the litter, which will soon destroy the material.
In addition, there will be problems cleaning in the coop with the onset of the spring period. This is a significant plus of organic materials: after winter, they are collected and discarded, replacing them with others.
The floor in the chicken coop can easily be made with your own hands: you just have to make an effort, and also find out which materials are best to use, so that the floor will serve you for many years. It is recommended to use wooden boards for laying the floor: they are heat-resistant in comparison with other materials. The surface is covered with lime, and then the litter is made (this is at the discretion of the owner, since the wooden floor in principle does not require insulation).
If you do everything right, then in winter and summer chickens will be comfortable in the house, which will affect the egg production of birds.
So, the floor in the hen house is needed to protect chickens from cold, damp and rodents. When choosing materials for the floor should be guided by the design of the chicken coop, the financial possibilities of the farmer and the climate in a particular region. Careful waterproofing and floor insulation will allow it to last for a long time.