Blueberry tall varieties "Patriot" was bred in 1976 in the United States. It was created for landscaping sites. The main function of the plant was decorative, later it began to grow as well in order to harvest the tasty berries.
Blueberry bush on average reaches 1 m in height. Its distinctive feature is high decorative qualities.
Green plantings ripen in July - in the middle of the month or in its second half. It turns out that a little more than a month passes between the flowering of the shoots and the ripening of the crop - about 40 days.
One bush of blueberry gives an average of 6 kg of fruit per garden season. Adult plants that have been on the site for more than 4 years can produce 9 kg of net yield.
The leaves of the plant are small in size, have a soft oval shape. Young leaves are of a reddish hue, by the way, the unripe blueberry fruits have the same color. Over time, as the blueberry grows, the leaves gradually change color to our usual green. The bush is defined as self-pollinating. Nevertheless, gardeners say that cross-pollination with those plants that are nearby, makes the crop much more abundant and high-quality.
The plant is unyielding to various diseases, including root rot - a common disease in plants.
Berries look a bit flattened on the sides. Fruits are large in size, reaching a diameter of 20 mm. Berries grow on clusters, and on one bush there are a large number.
The first harvest is the most successful - the berries in this period are the largest. That is why it is very easy to assemble them manually. Further collection comes with smaller berries, they are difficult to pick off. Therefore, a mechanized method of assembly is used for such a crop.The fruits have a characteristic bluish color. Not fully ripe berries will have a reddish tint. The stem is small, you can not even notice it at once. The color is characteristic green.
Selection of seedlings
In order for the harvest to be good, you must initially find the right sapling. Do not buy just shoots planted in a container. Make sure the roots are visible in the holes.
The color of the bark should be dark at the base of the plant and brighten closer to the top. If you find that the leaves are yellow in color, this means that the plant in excess contains potassium or calcium.
In this case, it will be necessary to limit the supply of these elements to the roots. However, it is better to initially buy healthy seedlings.
The best place
So, we already know that planting blueberries is better in places that are well lit by the sun. Also, make sure that the territory where the bush grows, does not blow drafts or strong wind. All this can cause irreparable damage to the plant.
Plant blueberries better on higher ground. This will ensure the outflow of excess moisture from the plant, which does not love her. Such an effect can also be achieved by creating a trench, which can be dug in a convenient place.
Why do you need to prepare the soil for blueberries? The fact is that ordinary black soil is not suitable for the healthy life of the Patriot blueberry. Before planting, make sure that the soil is acidic.
Recommended pH level: from 3.2 to 5.2. If the balance exceeds the maximum level, then it can be reduced by adding sulfur (but this should be done in the previous season). So the soil is oxidized by soil bacteria.
It is better if the blueberries will grow in loam or in sandy cakes. Such a soil composition is optimal; a heavier plant will not be accepted.
It is necessary to create the most comfortable conditions for the growth of the bush, namely to prepare the drained soil. You can make it from peat and sand. Also added soil, which is desirable to take from under the pine.
The plant grows well on the soil in which there is a lot of organic matter. Therefore, experts often recommend planting green manure crops on the territory where blueberries will be grown next year.
You need to plant a plant early, but when exactly - in spring or autumn - it depends on you. If you live in an area that has a cold or cool climate, then it is better to land in spring.
The soil at the time of planting should already be quite acidic. To do this, you can make sulfur in the soil for plowing for six months (not later), or just water the soil with acidic water.
Seedlings for planting should already be in the containers next to you. Remove them from there and straighten the roots. Be careful: do not tear or confuse the roots.
The holes in which the blueberries should be planted should be 60 cm deep, and the width and height should be 80 cm. You can make the size wider (but not deeper), if the territory of the site allows. Keep a distance of 2 m between rows. It is recommended to sprinkle conifer needles on the ground after planting for better nutrition and moisture saturation.
In the care of any plant, the main rule is timeliness. So is the case with blueberries: do not forget to water it in time so that the soil does not overdry.
Scattering conifer needles over the roots also allows you to keep the land around from pests such as weeds that interfere with the normal growth of blueberries. And to increase the level of yield, you can use an uncomplicated technique: 5 years after the first flowering, trim a bush.
The plant must be properly irrigated. Most often used for this drip system. This is very convenient, since, if necessary, with the help of it you can make preparations for protection against pests in the ground.
This method also saves from frosts, which can suddenly catch up with blueberries in the spring, and is great for watering in the summer. Cons of drip irrigation - a strong water consumption and loss of the perfect appearance. Crop plants better in early spring. In this case, you can see which parts of the shoots have deteriorated after wintering, and remove them. Also remove the thickened stems. Their presence will interfere with the normal development of the berries, and as a result the fruits may grow too small.
Blueberries are easy to care for, the only problems that can be on the way to normal cultivation are diseases and pests that affect the plant's body. However, even these pests quite a bit.
Among those who can harm blueberries are hares, mice, some species of birds, and larvae of the May beetle. One of the few diseases that can touch a plant is gray mold.
To notice it is simple: a fungus of the corresponding color will appear on the shoots. It may develop in spring when the temperature is not high enough or when excessive humidity is present.
Advantages and disadvantages
Blueberry garden varieties "Patriot" are chosen and loved primarily because it has many advantages over other plant species. Among the main advantages are:
These and many other positive aspects you can open in your garden plant, provided that you properly care for the culture.
If it is responsible to carry out all stages, including even the selection of seedlings, then blueberries can produce 9–10 kg of berries per season. Such a high fecundity is the highest in the list of all varieties.
The next plus is frost resistance. After all, not every plant can be grown in cold areas, where the climate is simply not created for gardening. Even at low temperatures, the berries remain tasty and keep a long shelf life. Positive is also considered to be the factor that the presented variety fights excellently with various diseases at the stage of their origin.
If there is not enough space on your site, but you want to get a good harvest, then growing blueberries is a great way to save space. This effect is achieved due to the growth of the bush is not in width, as is usually the case, but in length.
Often gardeners are faced with a problem when the crop dies due to spring frosts. The plus of the tall blueberry “Patriot” is that it begins to bloom after such events, which means it will not disappear for that reason.
And finally: all the berries of the plant are securely attached to the bunch, and the bunch - to the branch. Therefore, the harvest does not fall from the bushes long enough, and this allows you to get additional time to harvest.
Of course, no plant can do without its drawbacks: blueberries will not bloom immediately. The first good harvest you get only after 5, and maybe even 6 years. Of course, before this the plant will bear fruit, but not so abundantly. Now that you know the description of the Patriot blueberry variety, its main features and methods of care, you will be able to put them into practice and get a bountiful harvest of large berries, without spending a lot of energy.
History of the variety
This variety was bred in the mid-seventies of the last century, but only in 1997 it was introduced into production. Like many other varieties, the Patriot has American roots, because the progenitor of any modern blueberry variety is wild blueberry growing in natural conditions in the marshland and in the deep forests of North America.
Most of the current cultivated varieties created by American breeders, including this one - he was bred from the USA: P. Hepler and A. Draper. Growing this variety is especially indicated for central Russia, where autumn and spring may differ in frosts, and thaws occur in winter. This variety is able to withstand temperatures down to minus 30 degrees.
Often, even in the special literature, blueberries are called blueberries, which, in fact, is correct, because the Patriot, like other varieties of blueberries, is a cultivated wild blueberry. Through the efforts of breeders, the characteristics of the cultivated berry have improved a lot - blueberries are sweeter, more dense, and its flesh is white and does not stain hands like blueberries.
The berries of this variety are dense, slightly flattened and even
Description and characteristics
The most common today in the cottages blueberries, planting and care for which is carried out in the suburbs - Patriot and Bleukrop. The latter species is good because it is not afraid of pests or snow, which is important in the conditions of the Moscow region. However, many believe that the taller, also winter-hardy, and the blueberry Patriot, earlier in terms of fruiting, are preferable, we describe this variety in more detail.
Blueberry Patriot variety grows well on any soil, but loves moist soil. Another feature of the variety is that it has green or red berries for almost the entire season. As such, the Patriot blueberry (also called blueberry because of the dark blue color of the berries) becomes blackish only at the very end of ripening. Fully ripe berries have a deep dark color, which is hidden under the whitish bloom characteristic of this berry. It is this touch that gives it a truly blue tint.
The inflorescence ripens gradually, becoming blue-black by the time of full ripeness
Blueberries ripen Patriot quite early, in the middle of July you can feast on delicious berries, sweet, pleasant, with a little sourness. The berries are quite large - up to 1.9 mm in diameter, juicy, dense.
The variety is convenient in maintenance and harvesting, because it has an average height of 1.2 to 1.8 meters.
The largest items are from the first collection, then they become a little smaller. The berries grow in weighty buds, have a slightly flattened appearance, they have a small perianth, and the berries come off easily and dryly.
If you do not thin out the shoots, then the variety, which in itself is highly productive and prone to crop overload, can bestow a multitude of chopped berries. In general, a bush with good care to collect up to 9-10 kilograms of ripe berries.
Well, if on the site there are bushes of a different sort. The other variety will act as a natural pollinator, and such cross-pollination will give a much larger and more stable crop, although in principle the Patriot variety is self-pollinating.
The extremely important moment of this berry agricultural technology is planting. About 80 percent of seedlings acquired by summer residents do not survive and die precisely because of improper planting in the ground.
What is important to know when planting about the culture? Blueberries love the sun, so you need to plant it on an open area on the south side. If the plot of land has garden or ornamental trees, then no closer than 2-3 meters to them.
Blueberries can be planted in rows, in ditches or pits
Note. Blueberry garden varieties "Patriot" is considered an elite variety, therefore it is recommended to create appropriate planting conditions for it, taking into account the characteristics of the plant and the soil.
The plant has tender, fibrous roots, which are located no deeper than 20-30 cm from the soil surface and are very afraid of soaking. Therefore, for planting enough depth of 40 cm in the pit, taking into account drainage. The diameter of the pit - 90-100 cm.
Lay the following drainage layers:
- A soil-oxidizing layer, for example, ready-made garden sulfur can be sprinkled over the entire diameter of the pit. This will equal the pH level and create the best survival rate,
- A layer of coarsely chopped tree bark - its thickness is 7-10 cm. You can simply break the twigs and lay them so that the roots can pass through it,
- A layer of high-moor peat is enough to bag, which must be poured out and sprinkled with a little bark on top. The bark will not give a strong subsidence of the soil, so for uniformity it is necessary to mix with a spade with peat. When mixed, a good light and loose soil is obtained.
Interesting. Plant a seedling in early spring or late in the fall, like the usual blueberry varieties.
In case of heavy soil, the excavated soil is practically not entered. If the soil at the site is not heavy, you can add about 40 percent of the total volume of peat to the peat of the excavated land.
For planting a seedling is taken with a root ball. When you take a lump out of the pot, you can turn it a little along the bottom edge. Planting is carried out a couple of centimeters below the growth of the plant itself, so that over time the soil, having shrunk, leveled at the desired level. Sealing the soil around the coma and squeezing out the air, you need to water - about a bucket of water on the bush.
When the water settles, the ground needs to be pulverized with finely chopped pine bark. Pine has a bit of a sour reaction, so it will play the role of an acidulant.
No pine bark, you can use other mulching, but, in addition to the bark of oak and maple, which, due to their tannic properties, can inhibit the growth of blueberries.
Timely watering and high-quality fertilization - conditions of care for the variety.
Watering should be abundant, but not often, mulching the ground under a bush and retaining moisture. Many gardeners recommend acidifying water when watering, because blueberries love acidic soil. But to know exactly how many grams per bucket of water should be taken acid (citric, acetic or electrolyte), it is better to measure the pH level in a given area with a professional device and find out the proportion of acid and water needed to achieve the desired level of acidity. Normal "blueberry" acidity of water and soil - pH 3.5-4.5 units.
For fertilizer does not need to use organic matter: manure or chicken manure. It is better to take mineral fertilizers. There are ready-made fertilizers based on ammonium sulphate, the basic nitrogen fertilizer for this plant. Fertilizer can be from April to June, but not worth it later. Potassium fertilizer is useful to make for the sweetness of the berries. Potassium phosphate is good to make in October - it will help blueberries do not freeze in the winter.
Pruning bush is made at the age of 5 years, at this time it should be a little thin. Pruning is done either late in the fall, after loss of foliage, or in early spring, when the buds have not yet blossomed.
Diseases and pests
The main pest for blueberry is the larva of the May beetle. He is able to gnaw the roots of the plant, after which the gardener will notice the withering of the leaves. It is already impossible to do anything at this moment - the bush will die. Therefore, it is very important to carefully inspect the soil and the pit before planting, and if the land at the site is prone to the May Beetle, then immediately after soil planting should be etched the soil.
This variety does not suffer from late blight, it is also not susceptible to stem cancer. If a reddish swelling appeared on a young shoot, it should be alerted - perhaps this is another manifestation of ailment - fizalosporoz. It can multiply very quickly, and therefore it is necessary to immediately cut out the bush and burn it.
Blueberries are sometimes affected by gray mold. In order not to destroy the whole plant, you need to fight it in time.
Preparing for the winter
This variety, as mentioned above, is quite resistant to frost, but in particularly severe winters it can freeze slightly. To avoid this, in the autumn you need to bend the branches to the ground and tie them with string or wire.
После наступления минусовых температур куст покрывается тканью или иным материалом, но не полиэтиленом. Под куст к основанию неплохо уложить слой опилок или торфа или их смесь. When the snow falls, he will also create additional protection for the bush.
Advantages and disadvantages
This variety has its advantages, let's call them:
- high yield, allowing to grow the Patriot variety and in the industrial production of berries,
- high taste and good preservation during transportation and storage,
- high frost resistance
- ability to resist most diseases of fruit crops,
- space efficiency when placing several bushes due to the fact that the bushes are straight and weakly branched,
- the variety can be grown even in areas where there is a short summer, as the berries ripen early enough.
There are no minuses in the variety.
Blueberries have long been known for their healing properties, so it is necessary to cultivate and eat it not only as a delicious berry, but also as a natural natural remedy.
Anyone who begins to be interested in such a plant as a blueberry "patriot", a description of the variety, reviews can tell a lot and help make the right choice. If you still doubt whether you want to see this beauty on your site, read more detail with the characteristics.
Variety refers to mid-ripening, ripening year begins around mid-July. Depending on the region, these dates may vary slightly. A perennial plant, in height can reach even two meters. The bush is not very branched, its stems are predominantly rectilinear. In spring, it is covered with beautiful flowers, and in the fall it has a very decorative color. Thanks to this property is used for decorative purposes.
Useful properties of the plant
Blueberry "patriot" (description of the variety, features, reviews about the berry, and literally beckon to plant it on the site) has not only decorative properties, but also a number of other useful characteristics. Its berries perfectly remove toxins and decomposition products, which is caused by the presence of natural anthocyanins in them. Also in the fruits of this plant are the necessary elements that stimulate the digestive process, strengthen the walls of blood vessels, beneficially affect the work of the heart.
The variety of blueberry “patriot”, the berries with the sourness of which do not leave anyone indifferent, is very useful for pregnant women. After all, it is in her that there is such a necessary folic as well as elagic acid.
Blueberries are also very useful for people suffering from eye disorders. If you work at a computer for a long time, then you just need to periodically include these berries in your diet. But in case of peptic ulcer it is necessary to be very careful with the use of these fruits.
Delicious fresh blueberries have a beneficial effect on the human body and contribute to increased immunity.
Choosing a landing site
Blueberries "patriot" (description of the variety, reviews, planting which sometimes simply pushes to start it on its own plot) has its own peculiarities of agricultural engineering. These include the choice of planting place and soil. Most of all this bush will like a sunny place protected from the winds.
With regard to the choice of soil, the best for blueberries suitable sour composition. If the acidity is insufficient, then the harvest will be poor. With a large discrepancy between the acidity indicators, the bush may stop growing altogether. However, if the acidity index is higher than 3.7, then the plant may start to hurt, or even die.
When choosing a place for planting blueberries, you need to choose a place that is not very wet. Also groundwater should not be too close to the soil.
Planting and care
The description and cultivation of a grade of a blueberry "patriot" does not cause any difficulties. Biennial seedlings are planted preferably in rows or each separately. After the landing site has been determined, a hole should be dug about 70 cm deep. The distance between the bushes should be 1.5 meters. This distance is necessary for the plant for normal development.
Before you put blueberries in the hole, you need to fill the last with certain materials, the type of which will depend on the type of your soil. With the prevalence of sand in the soil at the bottom it is better to put clay. Chopped moss is also a good addition. If the acidity of the soil is very weak, you can apply irrigation water with dissolved organic acid.
After planting, the soil around them needs to be mulched. This will protect against drying out and will also inhibit the multiplication of weeds. A layer of mulch is not less than 7-9 centimeters. As the rotting mulch needs to be updated.
Growing in hot climates
Blueberry “patriot”, planting and caring for which under normal conditions do not represent anything difficult, in hot climates needs additional attention. In conditions of strong heat and drought, the bushes of plants should be sprayed daily. It is recommended to loosen the soil several times a season.
Pruning a bush
Blueberries "patriot" (description of the variety is given in this article) need periodic pruning of the bush. This makes it possible for him not only to have a neat appearance, but also to heal, get rid of sick branches. Also during pruning recommend to remove the old and broken branches. This is best done in the spring or in the winter. If you do not remove the old twigs, the distribution of nutrients will occur incorrectly, which can adversely affect the yield.
Reproduction of blueberry
Blueberry "patriot" (description of the variety cited above) can be excellently reproduced in several ways. First of all, seed will be suitable for this. You can also use lignified cuttings or divide the root system.
To select high-quality seed material, you need to pour the crushed berries with a glass of water. Good seeds will immediately settle to the bottom. They can immediately be collected and landed in a tank with sand. However, this method does not deserve much confidence from gardeners, since the plants thus obtained can begin to bear fruit only after 6-7 years.
More successful is the next breeding method. Several low-growing twigs are bent to the ground and sprinkled with sawdust or earth. As a rule, after a couple of years, such roots have their roots, and this bush can already begin to bear fruit. However, for this it is pre-separated from the parent plant.
Patriot blueberry disease in some cases can carry significant danger and even lead to the destruction of the bush. To avoid this, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures in a timely manner.
Very often among the diseases of blueberry is monilioz. It looks like frostbite of some parts of the bush. In this case, the affected parts must be cut and burned to avoid further spread of the hearth.
If the young shoots began to appear red swelling - this is a reason to sound the alarm. These symptoms may signal the occurrence of fizalosporoza. The disease is characterized by the fact that it has an enormous rate of spread. Control measures are cardinal enough - cutting and burning a bush.
Blueberries "patriot" (description of the variety is presented in this article) may also be affected by gray mold. The disease is quite dangerous, often the bush is completely destroyed. The possibility of rehabilitation is there, but this process is long and troublesome, and no one can guarantee complete success. Nevertheless, if the illness is noticed on time, then there are still good chances to cure it.
Blueberries belong to winter-hardy plants and can withstand temperatures down to minus thirty degrees! However, in snowless winters there is a very high probability of freezing bushes. In order to prevent this moment it is necessary to start preparing your bush for the winter in advance. Twigs should be carefully tied and bend to the ground before the first frost. As soon as a stable sub-zero temperature is established, the plant is covered with burlap or other similar material. However, do not use polyethylene.
According to testimonials from experienced gardeners, it is better to further protect the base of the blueberry bush for the winter. A mixture of peat and sawdust is well suited for this purpose. If snow falls, it will serve as an additional protection against freezing and the plant should winter well.
The appearance of blueberries can tell the gardener what microelements the plant needs. If you began to notice that the leaves on the bush began to fade or even turn yellow, and the yield dropped significantly, then the plant lacks nitrogen. But if the leaves begin to turn black and die off, then there is a high probability of potassium deficiency. With a lack of magnesium on the leaves may appear red edging.
Often gardeners in their reviews complain that a grid of green and yellow veins begins to appear on the leaves of a blueberry. This may be the result of a banal iron deficiency. But the appearance of bluish leaves on the top should really alert: it is a shortage of boron, which can have quite serious consequences.
Lack of certain microelements adversely affects not only the appearance of the bush, but also its fertility and viability. You should not allow severe depletion, because due to the lack of a trace element, you can not only not get the desired yield, but also destroy the plant. To avoid trouble, you need to carry out top-dressings in a timely manner and apply the necessary preparations to the soil. In time taken preventive measures will be the key to a good harvest and a healthy garden.
What they say, what reviews about blueberries Patriot can leave gardeners and farmers? The size and taste of the berries is excellent, transportability and storage are excellent.
- What is important to know: prone to thickening, overloading - rationing is necessary. Intensive pruning, thinning will help to avoid berries.
- The disadvantage is the earlier flowering, frostbite of the flowers is possible.
- The size of the berries varies from large to small - not homogeneous in the average mass.
- The first collection of the largest, to the last shallow.
- The greenish pigmentation of the skin of ripe berries near the stem confuses both sellers and buyers: the former believe that they are misleading the latter. However, doubts are dispelled after tasting.
We grow-grow Patriot: about planting and care
In general, the trouble-free variety Blueberry Patriot - planting and care is similar to other varieties, it is distinguished by some nuances. On well-lit areas and properly prepared soil with a pH of 4.0-5.0, care is no more difficult than for classic Bleukrop.
Planted in early spring or autumn - The last option is not suitable for residents of cold regions - it is better to postpone the Patriot's planting in the spring, retaining cuttings or containers with seedlings. The soil is preliminarily adjusted to the desired pH value using any of the available methods or in a complex: they bring in plowing for six months (sulfur, especially colloid, is not added before planting), shed with acidic water (sometimes electrolyte) is a topic for a separate article.
Planted seedlings of containers, straightening properly the roots, preventing them from entangling into a lump. Buried at 4-6 cm - below the level in the container.
For the landing pit they organize holes up to 80x80 cm, up to 50-60 cm in depth, and up to 1m x 1m is possible - if space permits. When grown by the trench method, a moat is dug up to a depth of 50–70 cm, a width of 70–90 cm.
Distance Blueberry Patriot when landing requires a standard: 2.5-3 m between the rows, 1.5 m between the bushes. On industrial plantations planting compacted. It is worth noting that reducing the area of nutrition means an increase in dressings - mainly nitrogen.
After planting, be sure to mulch the basal zone with rotted needles, peat, pine litter - this is food for mycorrhiza, and nutrition to the roots, and protection from cracking the soil, preserving moisture.
In the first year after planting, it is not advisable to bear fruit to the Patriot - like the rest of the blueberry honeycombs: let the wood grow. Tear off the color with an unwavering hand - you will not regret the next year.
As for dressings - acidifying forms of nitrogen, mineral complex: 50% in early spring, 25% before flowering (at the beginning), 25% during the formation of the ovary. Well integrated mineral fertilizers are suitable - most gardeners chose suitable for heather, rhododendrons, conifers - for all lovers of sour soil.
As for pruning the Patriot, in the full understanding of the word, they start the 3rd year of bush life: they are clarified in the central part, gradually moving to the periphery. Cut out the growth at the base - up to 35-45 cm. Leave 5-7 shoots. Bushy small gains, weak diseased branches are cut out - however, this is a topic for a separate article.
In especially cold regions, one should not rely on the stated frost resistance: if winters are not snowy and the minus is great, young plantings are covered by the method of grapes: they bind, slightly bend over, cover with corn, lapnik, agrofabric.
In full fruiting blueberries, the Patriot variety will enter the 5-6 year - it is then that you can get the maximum yield. But even in the second or third year you can regale yourself with tart fragrant berries with a pleasant aftertaste. Generous harvest!
The advantages of the variety
This variety is ideal for growing at the dacha. It has many advantages that most gardeners like:
- frost resistance whereby it is suitable for growing in central Russia, since the Patriot variety can withstand temperatures as low as -37 ° C,
- not afraid of pests and diseases, for example, late blight and root rot, resistant to dry weather and slight overwetting of the soil,
- ripe berries stay on kuta up to 10 daysare beautifully stored and carry transportation,
- the structure of the bush makes it possible to penetrate the light through the branches, so the shrubs can be planted close to each other,
- high yield, in fact up to 9 kg of berries are removed from 1 bush.
Blueberries have a wonderful fresh taste. They are also harvested for the winter, jams, preserves are made from them, dried and preserved, as well as frozen.
Place for landing
The variety has its own characteristics and should immediately select a specific place on the site. Best suited sunny place and windless. Suitable for growing acidic soil. You can use several components for this:
The desired level of composition can be obtained by adding a little sulfur to the soil mixture. Before planting a blueberry, it is necessary to prepare such a soil on the site for 7-10 days. Bushes are usually planted in early spring or late autumn.
Young bushes are planted in prepared holes, size 80x80 cm. Previously, drainage and prepared acidic soil should be laid at the bottom of the hole. Since young plants have a poorly developed root system, it is lowered to a depth of 10-15 cm. The trunk of the bush should be covered with a layer of 4-6 cm. The roots must be spread out so as not to form a clod.
After landing, be sure to mumble near-stem space. To do this, use dry coniferous bark or old needles from coniferous plants. The distance between the bushes should be up to one and a half meters. If you plant them too thickly, then you have to add more fertilizer.
Blueberry Care Patriot
After planting blueberry bushes they should be provided regular watering. He should be moderate with using sour water. On rainy days, when moisture is too much, you need to make small trenches near the bushes to divert excess water.
Experts recommend throughout the year to perform 3 feedings:
- in early spring,
- at the beginning of flowering
- with the advent of the first ovary.
Mineral fertilizers should be suitable for acidic soil in combination with nitrogen mixtures.
In the first year after planting, it is better not to give fruit to shrubs. All appeared inflorescences should be immediately removed. This technique will allow the bush to get stronger, gain strength and build wood on the trunk. This will provide an opportunity to get a much higher yield next year.
The first pruning is performed only after 4 years. Carry it out after harvest in late autumn. Also pruning done in early spring until laying buds. If you regularly and correctly perform pruning, you can increase the yield of berries.
In regions where winters have little snow for the winter, they are sure to cover. Agrofiber or lapnik is used as a covering material. Bushes bind and slightly tilted to the soil.
Excessive humidity is almost always the main cause of the formation of fungal diseases in blueberries. Mulching the soil will help to avoid this. Mulch will cover the spores of the fungal pathogen and will not allow microorganisms to multiply further. Bordeaux mixture is used for the purpose of prophylaxis, first before the buds swell and then in late autumn, when the leaves have fallen.
Virus and microplasma diseases attack blueberries:
- necrotic spotting,
- reticulation of branches
Such diseases are incurable, so the plant should be removed and burned. The greatest harm and danger to blueberries - birds. Birds are very fond of the berries of this plant and always fly to peck them. Спасением от них станет сетка или пугало, стоящее рядом.
На голубику нападают различные вредители, с которыми можно бороться фунгицидами и инсектицидами. Если вовремя обрабатывать кусты, тогда эти средства обеспечат им сопротивляемость. К числу самых опасных вредителей относятся:
- щитовка, aphid - they love blueberry juice and suffer from various plant viral diseases,
- leafworm - it attracts in blueberries pour, flowers and buds, wrap around the upper part of the plant,
- Chafer - eats flowers and leaves of the shrub, and its larva gnaws the roots, disrupting the root system, therefore it is necessary to remove the beetles in time to protect blueberries,
- pine silkworm - loves leaves.
Bushes are also attacked by mice and hares. It is advisable to cover them in the winter with a fine mesh to save the plant.
Blueberries are very tasty and healthy, because they contain many valuable substances for the body. Such a plant will decorate the site and give tasty and healthy fruits with sourness. The taste of the Patriot variety is remembered for a long time and will appeal to all berry lovers.