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In nature, there are up to 50 representatives of cyanosis crops. The main species are considered to be multi-leaved, creeping, and jerky grass, but the most popular among gardeners is considered to be blue cyanosis.
- Sinyuha Alba is a decorative culture up to 1 meter tall. The flower is unpretentious in care, well withstands drought and negative temperatures, does not need shelter for the winter. Green leaves dissected. The color of the inflorescences is white, the size is medium.
- Bambino blue variety - herbaceous perennial up to 80 centimeters tall with a slightly curved stem and dissected leaf blades. The flower is resistant to drought and extreme temperatures. Racemes with bright blue petals.
- Sinyuha Vrise d anjou considered a rare exotic culture, it differs from the rest of the beautiful variegated leaves and bright flowers. The surface of the leaf blades is green with a cream stroke. The flowering of the culture begins in July, at this time numerous blue inflorescences appear above the dense foliage.
- Variety of rain rain strain considered a compact plant. Possesses green leaves. In spring, the foliage becomes purple, in summer it is green, and in autumn - red. Bushes up to 60 centimeters in height, lavender-blue inflorescences.
Before planting the culture in question in the garden, it is necessary to choose the right seedlings. Here it is necessary to select zoned varieties that can adapt to growing in a particular region. Pay special attention to the lighting area, this applies to variegated varieties that need good natural lighting.
The flower develops well in our climatic zone. Greek Valerian loves moist soils rich in nutrients, is not afraid of low occurrence of surface waters.
The site where the plant will be planted should not fall into direct sunlight, but this does not apply to variegated crops. These varieties can be in the sun. It is important to protect the flower from gusts of wind with a decorative fence or fence, because intense air flow can break the stems.
A few weeks before planting, cyanosis dig up a garden plot, add peat, humus or mineral fertilizers to the soil. Experienced gardeners recommend planting flower seeds for the winter in open ground, which allows the seeds to undergo a natural stratification process. Before sowing, they well level the bed with a rake, make shallow grooves (up to 2 millimeters in depth). Sowing of seeds is carried out at a temperature of + 2 ... + 3 degrees at the rate of 1 gram of grains per m2 plot.
How to care
As we have said, the Greek valerian does not need special care. All she needs is a regular abundant watering, nutrient input into the soil, loosening between the rows and removing weeds.
The culture under consideration develops normally even with steady hot weather, but this requires regular abundant watering. A reference point for the subsequent wetting of the soil is dry soil around the bush. The culture is recommended to be watered by sprinkling in the evening hours, which will ensure a rapid growth of greenery and prolong the flowering period. To preserve moisture, the area is mulched with sawdust or peat.
The first time fertilizer for deer grass is applied in early spring after warming up the soil. For this purpose, it is better to use nutrient solutions on the basis of store fertilizers balanced in composition, the liquid is poured under the flower root. About a week before the flowering of the culture, ammophos granules are scattered over the surface of the site, which are buried deep into the soil after loosening the soil.
After the inflorescences wither, the shoots are shortened so that they rise 25 centimeters above the ground level. Such events will contribute to the accelerated development of the root system. Do not remove all the shoots, leave a few bushes that will be used to collect seeds. Before leaving for the winter, the plants are pruned again so that small hemp remains up to 5 centimeters in height.
Use in landscape garden design
The considered flower is perfectly combined with plants of the same height. These can be bells, digitalis, nursery, or catnip.
Bluebird is undemanding to lighting, on shaded areas it will perfectly fit into a composition with spearfinder or bergenia, perfectly combined with various types of ferns.
In open areas, the culture is included in planting of gazany or geraniums, and it looks good against the background of low shrubs, such as thuja or cotoneaster.
Use the Greek Valerian to decorate multi-level flowerbeds or decorate fences, walls of outbuildings. This plant will decorate the shores of artificial reservoirs.
Today, many gardeners choose blue blueness for cultivation on their own plot, and this is due not only to the high decoration of the plant, but also to its healing properties. To obtain new cultures, several methods of reproduction are used; we will consider them in more detail.
Choose for planting only fresh seed, the seeds lose their germination during long-term storage. The ideal option would be to sow freshly harvested seeds immediately into open ground. It is desirable to conduct similar operations in the fall when the temperatures drop to + 3 ... + 4 degrees.
The site chosen for planting is dug up onto the bayonet of the shovels, nitroammofosks and organics are introduced into the soil. After that, the ground is leveled, furrows are made up to 3 centimeters in depth, they are watered with warm water, and the seeds are sown.
Flowers can be obtained from pre-grown seedlings, but for this the seeds need to be stratified. The seeds are sown in containers filled with nutrient substrate to a depth of 1 centimeter. After that, moisten the soil and place the boxes in a cool room or refrigerator. During stratification, it is desirable to moisten the soil.
Approximately 1.5 months after sowing, the containers are moved to a well-lit window sill. If everything is done correctly, then the first shoots of flowers will appear in two weeks. When the seedlings reach the size of an adult plant, they are transplanted into open ground.
Using this method allows you to get an early flowering culture. Cuttings for propagation of the flower is better to harvest in early summer.
From the adult plant, the apical shoots are separated, which have grown from renewal buds. Their length should be within 10-12 centimeters.
Prior to rooting, the cuttings are treated with a root or other substance to accelerate the formation of the root system.
Segments are planted on a dug-up bed and covered with a plastic cap or cut-off plastic bottle, which will help create a greenhouse effect. The main care for cuttings during rooting is periodic watering and ventilation.
The specified method of reproduction of cyanosis of blue is considered the most simple and painless. Such activities should be carried out in early spring before the start of sap flow under the bark of the plant.
At the preparatory stage, a shrub of culture is carefully dug out of the ground and divided into parts, each of which must have a healthy root system and replacement buds. Seedlings are moved to a new place in the garden, watered and covered with a thick layer of mulch.
Diseases and pests
The culture in question is perfectly resistant to all sorts of diseases, but is affected by pests. Irrigation may cause a delay in its growth, but the grower himself is to blame.
Irreversible damage to the roots of the plant can be caused by the larvae of the cockchafer, shoots are affected by a sandy slowfish and wireworm. To effectively combat these parasites, it is recommended to use solutions of chemical agents, insecticides.
As we can see, the cultivation of blue-cyan is not difficult even for a gardener. Use the recommendations specified in the article and your garden will always be pleasing to the eye.
What are the useful properties of cyanosis blue, see the following video:
A plant that is rare in its simplicity and magnificent in its decorative effect can be grown in its gardens.