The Royal variety is another hybrid of the famous purple apple tree of Nedzwiecki, which served as the basis for the development of most species of ornamental apple trees. This amazingly beautiful tree has a rather slow growth rate. Its height is no more than 6 m, with a height of 3-4 m, it reaches only by the age of 10. The crown is compact, oval in shape, reaches a diameter of 4–5 m, with age it becomes wider and rounder.
The tree has a luxurious decorative appearance and often takes the form of a shrub with an oval or spherical crown. The leaves are oblong, narrowed upwards, the leaf plate is glossy, slightly pubescent below, saturated violet-red (purple) color. By autumn, the leaves become lighter and acquire a crimson hue, which does not affect their decorativeness. With a high density of foliage, part of the crown may have a dark green color, and another part of intense purple, but this drawback makes the tree even more original.
Apple tree blooms very abundantly and beautifully. The flowering period is at the beginning of May and lasts at least 2 weeks. In the bud stage, the flowers have a dark purple color, becoming pinkish-red, sometimes dark-red as they bloom. Unlike ordinary apple trees, flowers of this variety are very large (3-4 cm in diameter), fragrant and numerous. There are so many of them that there are no branches on the tree, and it seems that this is just a blooming ball. It is for this quality that the decorative apple tree is so popular with gardeners and design experts.
Apple fruits are small (1–2 cm), round or oblong, of saturated red or purple color. The peel of apples is very dense, covered with a waxy bluish bloom on top. Pulp dry, taste tart, for eating is not recommended. The apples themselves are very tightly attached to the branches and do not lose their color for a long time. Winter tree with hanging red berries, even in severe frosts, gives the garden a special charm.
Planting and care
The process of planting and cultivating ornamental apple trees does not differ much from the agrotechnics of fruit varieties, it can even be said that it is simpler. Decorative apple trees are less demanding of conditions, do not need multiple dressings, and aesthetic pleasure from it is great.
Like any tree, an ornamental apple tree grows best in a sunny place. But if this is not possible, the tree is ready to put up with a slight shade, only in this case you need to be prepared for the fact that the color of the leaves and flowers will be less intense.
The soil for planting an apple tree needs loamy or sandy, moderately fertile, but well drained, since the culture does not accept stagnant moisture.
All ornamental apple trees can multiply by seeds, however, growing a tree from seeds is not so easy, therefore, it is recommended to buy seedlings for planting. When choosing a sapling with an open root system, it is necessary to pay attention to the condition of the roots - if the roots are overdried, then this apple tree may not settle down.
Immediately before planting, it is desirable to lower the purchased seedling into the water for a couple of hours.
Technically, planting trees is carried out in the same way as in the case of fruit seedlings. The size of the pit should correspond to the size of the root system of the tree - to be such that the roots can be fully flattened, and the seedling covered with earth, leaving the root neck 2–3 cm above the surface. It is not necessary to lay fertilizers on the bottom of the pit, however, if desired, you can add a mineral mixture or organic matter (compost).
Trees that are designed to design the landscape, it is customary to mulch with bright colored materials to give a special decoration.
Apple trees of this variety are also very responsive to mulching, however materials should be used exclusively of organic origin: sawdust, wood chips, wood bark, nutshells, and small gravel. Such a mulch layer not only revives the tree, but also protects the soil from drying out.
Caring for an apple tree is as follows:
- once a year you need to feed a balanced complex fertilizer designed specifically for ornamental trees and shrubs. Such funds are sold in flower or gardening stores,
- water should be as needed (in conditions of abnormal heat). The lack of moisture affects flowering and the overall decorative properties of the tree,
- if the soil around the trunk is not mulched, then it must be periodically loosened, weeds removed,
- sometimes you need to perform the formation of the crown. This is an optional measure, as an abundant bloom and a beautiful form, rather than high-quality fruits, are required from an ornamental apple tree. Pruning should be very gentle, and should be removed only extra, dried or diseased branches,
- process from pests and diseases.
Yes, ornamental apple trees are subject to the same diseases as fruit ones (powdery mildew, scab, bacteria causing burns), therefore they need to be periodically sprayed for preventive and curative purposes.
Since these trees are not grown to produce fruits, they can be treated with insecticides and fungicides with a wide spectrum of action.
Two preventive treatments are carried out in spring: in March, before the start of bud break, and in early May, before flowering or during it. Autumn preventive treatment is carried out in late September - October.
However, these spraying can be carried out only if you do not exactly plan to eat the fruit. You need to be careful if you have small children, as bright miniature apples often attract their attention. Another fruit consumer is birds, which can also be poisoned by toxins. In order to avoid unpleasant consequences, the treatment with drugs can be carried out before the beginning of the growing season, and in the summer period to be sprayed with natural means.
Harvesting and storage
In early September, fruits ripen on the tree. As already mentioned, they are not distinguished by high taste, moreover, it is believed that these fruits are inedible and can cause food poisoning. Perhaps this information is slightly exaggerated, since most varieties of "heavenly" apples are successfully used in cooking.
As for the fruits of the apple royals, it should be noted their diverse vitamin and chemical composition, the presence of acids, triterpenoids, which is due to the tart taste of apples. Of course, it is not recommended to use them fresh, but skillful housewives prepare jams, jellies, alcoholic beverages (cider, wine) from them. For these purposes, the apples are removed from the tree in mid-September.
Video "Decorative Apple"
In this video you will find a story about ornamental apple trees and tips on caring for them.
Amazing plant. Where to get such a seedling?
Saplings of these apple trees are sold only in nurseries, and, by the way, they are expensive.
They are expensive, and there is no guarantee that it is “Royalties”. I already bought one - it turned out that it was a different variety, although it was also decorative. Be careful - the seedling is very difficult to determine the grade.
Red-leaved Apple Tree Royalty - a hybrid of the notorious apple species of Nedzwiecki. This tree grows slowly, the maximum height does not exceed 6 meters. The crown is oval and compact. With age, it gradually expands and becomes rounder.
Royalty is a tree with red leaves, but with increased thickening of the crown, a small leaf portion is painted in a saturated green color. These organs of the plant are oblong in shape and have a glossy shine characteristic of apple trees.
The color of the apple tree is very beautiful and plentiful. The first flowers appear in early May, and the last - after half a month. The buds are usually deep purple in color, they are quite large and fragrant. During flowering there are so many of them that the branches in the crown are practically not visible. It creates the illusion of a blooming ball that many gardeners like so much.
The fruits of the tree are very small, usually have a round shape, at least - slightly elongated. Their color is red or purple. The apples have a dense skin with a slight touch on it. They taste tart, so they are practically not used for food. Fruits are tightly attached to branches, they do not lose their appearance even with the onset of frost.
Harvesting and storage
The fruits on the apple tree ripen in early autumn. They are not particularly palatable, some even consider their use harmful to health. However, there are no scientific prerequisites for this. The grade of an apple-tree the Royal bears fruits, rich with vitamins and microelements. Tart taste they have because of the acids and triterpenoids in its composition. Therefore, although fresh consumption of apples is not recommended, one can make fragrant jam, jelly or even cider. In this case, the harvest must be no later than in mid-September.
Diseases and pests
The hybrid apple tree suffers from the same ailments and pests as the fruit tree. In particular, it is exposed to powdery mildew, scab, and bacteria attacks that leave a burn mark. Therefore, trees need prophylactic treatments. Since the fruits are not intended for consumption, the culture can be treated with any insecticides and fungicides.
Preventive spraying is carried out in March before the first buds bloom and in early May, before the tree begins to bloom. Autumn processing occurs at the end of September - beginning of October. However, it is worth carrying out processings only in the event that the use of fruits in food is planned. So, the apple tree of a grade of Royal has decorative application. It is unpretentious in care and will become a real decoration of any garden.
Description of an ornamental apple tree
Ornamental Apple "Royalty" - a small tree, whose height rarely reaches 8 meters. In the absence of decorative trimming of branches, the crown grows sprawling, in the shape of an irregular ball.
The leaves are dense, red-purple in color, up to 12 cm long. “Royalties” are blooming with purple color, some gardeners compare it to Japanese sakura for this. Sometimes the tree takes the form of a shrub.
How to choose seedlings when buying
Deciding to purchase seedlings of this decorative tree, you should mainly pay attention to the rhizome. Roots should not be damaged and dried.
After all, healthy and strong roots significantly increase the chances that your tree will take root and will be pleasing to the eye on the garden plot. Next, you should examine the stem of the tree - there should not be any spots and growths.
The color of the stem under the bark should be bright green. Experienced gardeners also do not recommend buying seedlings with grown leaves.
Optimum landing times
“Royalties” should be planted in the fall - until mid-October or in the spring - until the end of April, provided there is no frost.
In the case of planting seedlings in the fall, it should be borne in mind that the young tree needs time to take root before the onset of winter cold, so it is best to do it in advance.
Selection and preparation of the site
To grow a healthy and beautiful tree, it is necessary to take a responsible approach to the choice of planting the seedlings. For active growth, “Royalties” prefers well-lit open spaces.
The soil should not be dry or swampy. Light loamy and sod-calcareous soils are considered the best soil for planting. Nearby should not be the occurrence of rubble, limestone, as well as the proximity of groundwater.
It is necessary to take care of the landing site in advance - not less than a week to dig a hole under the tree.
It is especially important to prepare seedlings before planting - experienced gardeners advise to lower the roots of the tree in a container with water and leave for the night.
If the seedling is to be transported, you need to wrap the roots with a wet rag and pack it in a plastic bag. This will help retain moisture in the roots.
Also, instead of water for a root bath, you can use an earthen chaff: in a container with water, soil is filled (necessarily fertile) and stirred to a state of sour cream (not thick), and the seedling is left in this solution overnight.
Before planting a seedling of an ornamental tree in the ground, it is necessary to inspect for damage - in the roots or branches. Damaged branches or roots must be trimmed.
Step-by-step process and planting seedlings
For the future of the tree, a hole should be dug not less than 50 cm deep. Humus and a layer of earth mixed with sand can be poured at the bottom of the hole, and old leaves can also be added.
This soil mixture must be poured with a few liters of water. Next, set the seedling in the hole. It is very important when planting do not damage the root system. Roots should be gently straightened before falling asleep.
Top again pour a few liters of water. Having conceived to plant several trees, it is very important to maintain a distance of 5-6 m between the planting holes.
Watering, weeding, loosening
Required abundant watering at the time of planting water - at least 5 liters. The next time you need to water a young tree in 2-3 days, then once a week. When watering the main thing - to eliminate the stagnation of water at the rhizome.
Weeding and loosening should be done immediately after watering.
The role of mulch
In the care of decorative apple trees "Royalties" mulching of the soil will be very useful. It covers the soil materials of organic and inorganic origin.
The most common natural material for mulch is bark of coniferous trees and sawdust. Mulch will help keep moisture in a hot period, while protecting the roots of the tree from overheating.
It will also help stop the growth of weeds and eliminate pests. And, not least, it will make your garden even more well-groomed.
Cropping and crown formation
Thanks to the beautiful and compact form of the crown, the tree can do without decorative trimming. However, it is required to rejuvenate the tree and pruning dry and damaged branches.
After pruning, the branches are perfectly restored, which allows you to do frequent pruning of the crown, for example, when creating complex silhouettes.
Pest and disease control
A special place in the care of this variety is pest control. In order to avoid infection with fungal diseases, a tree should be treated annually in early spring, before the formation of buds.
For ornamental apple trees, as for other fruit trees, diseases are characterized by scab, powdery mildew and black cancer. To combat them successfully used fungicides of complex action - "Topaz" and "Scor".
For prevention, you should spray trees every spring.
After reading the article about the apple trees “Royalties”, you learned that planting and caring for them is not much different from growing apple orchards. They will decorate your garden, and bright flowers and juicy leaves will help to place the necessary accents in your landscape composition.
Description, characteristic varieties with photos
The apple tree is frost resistant. With a long and cold winter, the buds freeze slightly.
Drought and gusty wind does not harm the tree. The apple tree easily adapts to gas pollution, air pollution and soil salinity.
Apple tree grows quite a long time. By 10 years it reaches 3-4 meters, the maximum tree height is 5-6 meters.
Quite often, an apple tree takes the form of a shrub. The young tree has a compact oval-shaped crown. Over time, it becomes more spreading and branched. In the absence of shaping trim in adulthood, it becomes spherical or oval, often irregular in shape. The crown width is 4-5 meters.
The leaves are red-purple in color, oblong-ovate or elliptical, 8-12 centimeters long, the upper part of the leaf is narrowed. Above the sheet is glossy, its bottom is pubescent.
By the end of summer, the color of the leaves becomes brighter, more purple. If the tree is highly leafy, the leaf plate is purple only below, the top of the leaf is dark green.
This has its zest and many gardeners specifically strive to thicken the crown.
During flowering (early May), the apple tree becomes covered with unusually beautiful and fragrant flowers. Flowering lasts 13-15 days. Flowers differ from ordinary apple trees in large size (2.5-3.5 centimeters in diameter), shape, aroma and ruby-red color. They are kept on the branches on the white-stemmed, thin peduncles. When flowering, the tree resembles a bright ball. There are practically no branches at the same time.
After flowering fruits appear. Apples ripen in mid-September. They hang on long stalks. Fruits are small, about 1.5-2 centimeters in diameter (smaller than cherries). The shape is oblong. Skin color dark red or purple. Above noticeable gray wax bloom.
The taste of the fruit is tart, bitter. They are not suitable for food and can cause food poisoning (when consumed in large quantities).
Some mistresses of these fruits prepare tart wine or cider. Apples contain quite a lot of vitamins, triterpenoids and acids, and in small quantities this drink will be useful.
In landscape design
Apple is used in single, aleynyh, group plantings. From trees of this variety are living hedges and contrasting tree-shrub groups. Often the tree is used in the design of the facade, the site in front of administrative buildings.
Ornamental apple is used in single compositions. The distance between the trees should be at least 15 meters.
When planting several apple trees of this variety at a distance of 5 meters from each other, a dense hedge appears.
Apple tree looks beautiful surrounded by paths and contrasting flower beds, rabatok.
Prevention and control of diseases and pests.
The apple tree is prone to scab, powdery mildew, and bacterial burns, which leads to the further appearance of harmful insects. For prophylaxis, the tree is sprayed with complex insecticides and fungicides with a wide spectrum of action, before budding starts on the apple tree. If necessary, processing can be repeated during the flowering of the tree.
Autumn prevention is done closer to the end of September or in October. Since birds feed on these fruits, tree processing must be done before the beginning of the growing season, or biological or folk methods of dealing with illnesses during this period should be used.
If a burn caused by Erwinia amylovora appears, the apple tree cannot be cured and it must be destroyed. Apple trees must be uprooted and burned away from fruit crops.
An additional and simplest option for tree care is to clean foliage and debris in early spring and late autumn. Weeds, debris and dead leaves are the main carriers of diseases and pests.
Apple Royals can decorate any garden, alley or park. This tree looks beautiful autumn, and good care allows you to see it on your site for many years.
Apple Ornamental Royalty: Video
Application in landscape design
Japanese style, as popular in recent years, it is difficult to imagine without the symbol of this country - Sakura. But the refined plant does not grow in the harsh climate, the designers replace it with a no less luxurious decorative apple tree. Their lush flowering and pleasant aroma are very similar. Apple bushes, immersed in white froth or scarlet flowering campfire, harmoniously combine with Sakhalin cherries, Ussuri plums and Manzhur apricots. They are allotted whole fields, where garden plantations fulfill their important mission - decorate the garden.
The stunning flowering of an ornamental apple creates a special microclimate of landscape design, personifying luxury and chic. Due to its simplicity, gardening is often used as a bright accent among evergreen needles. A single plant or small group will undoubtedly be able to attract attention and become a bright spot that can dilute calm coniferous greens.
A wide color characteristic is used in many compositions. The standard form of an ornamental apple tree beautifully adorns the entrance to the courtyard or walkway leading to the house.
Stunningly beautiful during flowering and perfectly preserving its decorative effect throughout the warm season, the apple tree occupies a special place among trees and shrubs. Easily amenable to molding and modeling, gardeners are all sorts of forms.
In a natural style, garden plantation fits well into the overall "original" view of its naturalness. It is not always noticeable that the existing form of the crown is the work of man. In winter, the plant also adorns the garden. Small fruits hang in clusters and do not fall off even at high temperatures. Covering with hoarfrost, they create a real village flavor and attract flocks of chirping birds.
An important role is played by the correct layout of the location of fruit trees. Be sure to comply with all agrotechnical requirements to achieve a decorative effect. Ornamental apple trees are planted in sunny glades, hills and near water. The latter option is often used in the design of a Japanese garden. The incredibly beautiful bloom reflected in the water creates a picturesque landscape, like pictures of Flemish painters.
They plant a decorative representative and surrounded by shrubs, against the background of a well-groomed lawn. These can be tree peonies, hydrangeas, park rose bushes and black-breasted elderberries. Their various flowering and fruiting visually shade and distinguish each other. Having such a composition in your garden is a tempting prospect. Picking up unpretentious representatives you can enjoy the incredible beauty, putting a minimum of effort to this.
Compatibility with other plants
The glades with a decorative apple tree planted in a small group look beautiful. Free space is filled with strawberries, raspberries or other berry bushes. Also, iris, peony, fragrant tobacco and daisies are used as background plants. A mixborder of decorative varieties of apple, strawberry, yaskolka and zhivuchki is planted along the paths. Low-growing plants adorn a group planting in the first level.
As a hedge, garden plantations are used along with Japanese quince, blackberries, hops, and girlish grapes. In the Japanese garden, the combination of ornamental apple, lemongrass, dwarf, henomelis and other plants has become classic. It can be supplemented with several varieties of spirea, weigela, or Japanese kerri.
The original combination of a fancy crown and interesting color of leaves combines a decorative apple tree, catalpes with yellow and red pods, a fieldfare, barberry and lilac. By planting a composition for growth, duration of flowering and shade of inflorescences, you can create a flower bed that will change and refresh the landscape over several seasons.
In the company of fruit bushes (raspberry, currant, shadberry), the decorative apple tree looks wonderful. This group of plants is suitable for low hedges or borders. Beautiful flowering followed by the appearance of fruit makes any garden rich and symbolic.
Decorative apple tree with red leaves
Hybrid variety resistant to adverse environmental conditions. The height of the bush can be 3-4 meters, the width of the crown varies from 2 to 3 meters. During the growing season, leaves decorate the garden with their purple tinge; closer to the formation of fruits, they change their color to green.
The distinctive cherata is slow growth. The culture is unpretentious, frost-resistant, adult plant reaches 5 meters in height and 3 meters in diameter of the crown. Waiting for the unusual purple leaves of an adult garden stands up to 9 years.
Dissolving buds have a rich crimson hue and flavor similar to the berry. Low bush - 3-3.5 meters, sprawling spherical crown.
The difference of this variety is edible fruits, from which you can make compote and jam. The tree is wild growing, tolerates even the harsh climatic conditions. Adult plant reaches 11 meters. The appearance is classic - white flowers framed with green leaves.
A popular plant to create a hedge. It has a small stature, dense crown, grows rapidly and perfectly amenable to modeling.
Reproduction, planting and care
When planting, the pit should be larger than the root system; the roots are carefully straightened and covered with a loose, fertile mixture. The active growth of the root system is the key to good growth and development of the tree itself. After planting, provide abundant watering and mulching. Sawdust, compost, peat can be used. This will help the moisture to evaporate less, stop the appearance of weeds and affect the better survival of the seedling. Under no circumstances should the root neck be buried.
Caring for a decorative apple tree is not much different from the usual content. Decorative variety is less whimsical, with improper planting or minor errors, this does not affect the state of the tree itself. Still, gardeners recommend adhering to certain rules. An important role is played by the right place for landing. It is better to plant ornamental varieties of apple in places where there is enough light and there is no stagnation of moisture in the soil. The root system should be provided with good drainage, constantly moist roots can rot. Seedlings with an open root system need enough moisture, overdrying will destroy them.