Ficus Benjamin reproduction is an interesting and useful topic for lovers of evergreen trees who want to have some wonderful specimens at home or share shoots with friends and acquaintances. It is easy to reproduce any representative of the family of ficus family, but this will require compliance with certain rules - so that the experiment will be crowned with success.
Ficus breeding methods
The reproduction of Benjamin Ficus at home is carried out in three ways: grafting, using air cuttings, and finally, seeds. The latter method is the most time-consuming and difficult of the three, and it is recommended to use it only for plant breeders who already have enough experience in breeding house flowers.
Proper material harvesting is carried out as follows: on an adult tree, the strongest cutting is chosen, the length of which must be at least fifteen centimeters. It is carefully cut with a sharp shears or scissors. At the same time, the sharpness of the tool is crucial, since a blunt blade can “chew on” the branches and if they take root, they will grow much slower.
It is necessary to pay attention to the number of leaves: they must be unrolled, in an amount of from four to six pieces. During the cut, juice flows out of the stem, which must be immediately wiped off with a soft, damp cloth or rinsed under running water. It is necessary to cut the branches only at an angle, and the best place to cut is the tip, because then the side shoots will grow well in the parent plant, and it will get a magnificent look.
If it is a pity to cut off the top - it does not matter: the plant will multiply perfectly from a side branch with a leaf. The main thing is that there is a kidney in the leaf bosom, and the larger it is, the better.
Benjamin Ficus multiplies well when using a branch that has already managed to woody. To do this, it will be enough to make a few notches at its base along the branch. Insert cuts or toothpicks into the cuts to avoid their contact with each other. This will be a good incentive for root growth and further strengthening of the root system.
How to root Ficus Benjamin, so that he as soon as possible went into growth and become a full-fledged tree? Rooting ficus is also different. You can do this either in water or in soft earth.
In order for the roots to form in water, it must first be defended - so that it is not cold. Further, the material is placed in a container with water, at the same time, the foliage should not come into contact with moisture so that it does not rot. In order to avoid this, it does not hurt to be safe, adding to the container the usual activated coal in the amount of just one tablet. A jar or glass should be placed in a place with good lighting, but not in the scorching sun.
Next, monitor the evaporation of water and pour fresh, occasionally replacing it completely. When the first roots appear at the bottom of the cutting, it is planted in a container with fertile soil suitable for ficuses.
In order to root the Ficus Benjamin shoot in the ground, a nutritional soil mixture is taken, including:
- crushed charcoal,
- clean river sand
- peat bog.
Acquisition of soil for the ficus plants in a flower shop is allowed. After the landing of the material in the room should maintain a certain level of temperature - about twenty degrees with a plus sign, no less. When creating such conditions, rooting will occur after two or three weeks.
To speed up the process, an improvised greenhouse made of polyethylene or a small glass jar is often used. So create a greenhouse effect, due to which the roots are formed as quickly as possible. Greenhouse must be aired, and seedlings watered moderately.
As soon as the roots appear, the shoots of the Ficus benjamin are planted in permanent containers. By the way, if the cuttings are not very large, it would be best for them to purchase a special container intended for seedlings. It removes the bottom, which is very convenient for subsequent transplantation.
In order for the young shoots to be well rooted, they need a nutrient composition of the soil with good aeration. Among florists, usually, there is a discussion about whether the purchased soil is good for ficuses, or it’s better, nevertheless, to prepare the soil on your own by purchasing the necessary components separately in the same flower shop. In principle, you can use any option to choose from, although the process of preparing the land with your own hands may be no less interesting than growing plants. So, in equal proportions are mixed:
Next, the shoot is planted and well watered. In the first few days it is better to hold it under the "greenhouse cap" and remove it with the advent of the first leaves. The place should be warm, with sufficient light. You can not move the container with the plant from place to place: ficus do not like this and can immediately stop growing. It is known that mature trees react to constant movement with a total drop of foliage.
Features of reproduction ficus layering
How to propagate Benjamin's ficus at home with air layouts is a more complicated method than grafting, but it is much more interesting. A portion of the bark is cut off in a ring-shaped manner from a stem or well-woven shoot. This should be done very carefully so as not to damage the middle.
The wound is treated with Kornevin (a good growth promoter for the root system) and wrapped around moistened moss. Instead of moss, peat-based sphagnum-based soil composition is often used. All fixed with polyethylene and fixed with scotch tape.
Next, observe the process: in the near future, roots will appear on the cut. They should be released, and the process itself should be cut below them and planted in a permanent pot with prepared nutrient soil. It is important not to forget about the tree that served as a donor by treating the wound with crushed coal or garden pitch.
Now the new small tree of the ficus Benjamin grows on its own, and if the branch is planted in good soil composition, it will definitely take root.
You can tell friends and acquaintances how to grow a ficus from a sprig. This interesting method is most often used by growers who breed small bonsai trees - this is how they get a large number of aerial roots that hang from ficus plants, giving them originality and decorativeness.
Is it possible to grow ficus from seed
Planting a ficus tree with seeds of Benjamin is troublesome, which can be practiced for the sake of sporting interest, because it is possible to get an original and unexpected tree. In essence, the method requires certain conditions and is not actually used at home. However, you can still try.
Before planting, the material is processed using antifungal agents and growth stimulants, and then shallowly seeded into loose and soft earth. A mini-greenhouse is being built, a container with seedlings is covered with a film and waiting for the first shoots to appear. In order for them to appear, it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the room from +25 to 30 ° C, good light and to water the seedlings regularly.
Care for young plants
The ficus reproduces beautifully by processes, but for their better survival it is necessary to observe several conditions. In summer, the optimal temperature indicators - from +25 to 30C, in winter, the thermometer should not fall below + 15C. Light - diffused, without scorching sun, irrigation measures are regular, but without “transfusion”. The leaves of the plant should be periodically sprayed and wiped with a soft damp cloth from dust.
From the second year of the tree’s life, it must be regularly fed and transplanted from time to time in a more suitable container.
If these simple rules are observed, a home-made tree will please the owner year-round with a healthy and strong look, and if you wish, you can regularly propagate it and present it to other people as a wonderful living gift.
Reproduction of ficus Benjamin:
The best time for crops is spring, when there is enough light. If planting ficus in the fall or winter, shoots will stretch from lack of light.
Glass with dishes in the process of germination periodically (approximately twice a day for 10-15 minutes) removed for airing.
As soon as shoots appear, they need to be hardened, removing the glass and leaving it outdoors for a short time first. Gradually increase the time.
About a month and a half later, the first true leaf appears in the seedlings. But do not rush to dive sprouts at once. Do it in 3 months.
Ensure that the seedlings have enough light, otherwise they will become elongated and frail
Ficus sprouts are planted in a separate pot when they are reached. heights of 10-15 cm.
This method is only called leaf.
In fact, for breeding it is necessary to cut off a part of the stem with a single leaf.
Only from such a blank can you get a full-fledged plant with a trunk.
It is a mistake to believe that it is possible to grow a new ficus from a leaf that has fallen off by chance or from drying out.
Leaf stalk is cut with a sharp knife with a piece of shoot about 5-6 cm
The slice must be slightly split, put in a glass with water for a day to let the milky juice flow.
In addition, small cuts need to be made on the handle - the roots will sprout from them. Then another day put the workpiece in a solution of root-forming.
The prepared sheet is rolled up and fixed with an elastic band. The cutting is placed in the prepared substrate to the base of the leaf.
Planting is covered with a transparent cap to create greenhouse conditions and put in a warm, well-lit place.
About a month later, a young leaf of ficus will appear from the ground, which means that rooting has taken place successfully.
Observing the rules of reproduction, you will receive beautiful specimens of ficus "Benjamin" for interior decoration.
The photo captures the process of rooting ficus "Benjamin":
How to take a shoot from ficus
Ficus is widely popular in the design of office and residential premises, has an attractive appearance and quite unpretentious. Knowing how to take a shoot from the ficus, you can grow it yourself.
Almost all types of ficus can be easily grown from the appendix.
Preparation of ficus process
Before you grow a ficus from the process, it is necessary to properly prepare the cutting. It is better to plant the plant in the spring, so that by the fall it has time to get stronger. Often take cuttings from the top of young shoots, 10-15 cm long. The cut is made with a sharp knife or blade, just below the leaf or kidney. You can take a segment of the middle part of the shoot, 7-10 cm long. At the same time, the upper cut is made straight, 2 cm above the bud. Lower leaves cut off. On the cuttings of large-leaved species leave no more than 3 sheets. If the leaves are very large, they can be cut in half or twisted into a straw to reduce evaporation.
Next, the cutting is placed in warm water for 1-2 hours, after which the cut is dried and treated with wood resin. If this is not done, the milky juice extracted from the slice will block it, which will make it difficult to form roots. To speed up the process, it is possible to treat the segment with a root formation stimulator (root or other).
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Growing sprout in water
Cuttings are best cut from the tops of young branches.
From the process of ficus can be grown in water. For this, a prepared stalk with two leaves is placed in water poured into glassware. The stalk should be placed in water so that the lower leaves do not touch it. It is desirable to take the water filtered, or drinking from the bottle. If you take a tap, it must be boiled or defended for at least 24 hours. Small pieces of charcoal can be added to the water. Water does not change, you can add fresh, as evaporation.
During the month, the vessel with the appendix is in a warm, illuminated place, but not under direct sunlight. Humidity is maintained high, in the region of 80%. For observance of such conditions it is convenient to use the mini-greenhouse. When the roots appear, cuttings can be planted in the ground. This usually happens after 3-4 weeks.
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Secrets of breeding ficus "Benjamin" at home
For large, tree-like species take large containers, tubs. To prevent the plant from rotting, drainage is placed in a pot for ficus: expanded clay, pebbles, shards. Drainage cover with moss. So excess water will drain into the pan, and drainage will not clog the ground. A loose mixture is used as a soil: peat, vermiculite, perlite, sand. The cutting is planted, deepening the lower knot, and plentifully watered. To support the process, you can put a peg.
Ficus can be propagated by a leaf, although it is more difficult than grafting.
Next, the pot is placed in a warm moist place. Avoid direct sunlight. Well maintain constant conditions using a mini-greenhouse. You can take a glass jar, plastic cup, plastic bag. Periodically, the mini-greenhouse is airing. Control that the earth was wet, but not much.
After 3 weeks, the first leaf appears, the cutting begins to grow. So it happened rooting. The mini-greenhouse is opened more often so that the young ficus gradually gets used to the conditions of the room.
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Seating ficus leaf
Ficus can be grown just from the leaf. If you cut only a piece of paper, put it in water, it will not become a full-fledged plant, although it may not die and it may have roots. It is necessary to cut the leaf with a piece of the stem. Upper cut make straight, above the kidney. The lower cut is made oblique, in the lower part of the internode located under the cut sheet. Leaves should be cut carefully, avoiding contact with the skin and mucous membranes. The juice that is excreted in the cut is poisonous and can cause burns. Stalk can be washed in running water. The sheet is rolled up with a rubber band or a soft thread. The stem under the leaf is almost completely sprinkled with soil and propped up with a small peg. Then you can grow a ficus at home in a mini-greenhouse.
After the appearance of new leaves, you can begin to open it.
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How does the ficus rubbery breeding occurs at home?
What are the peculiarities of care, and how does the ficus rubber plant reproduce at home, I would certainly like to know the future owners of this plant. This plant is very common, so knowing how to take care of and multiply it at home is very important for many. Ficus is grown in many homes due to its simplicity and ability to clean the air. Having been a guest and seeing this noble plant, you probably thought about how to get it in your home.
The rubber plant (elastic), belonging to the genus Ficus and the mulberry family, originally grew on the Indonesian islands of Java, Sumatra and in the Indian state of Assam.
An indicator of proper plant care can be the regular appearance of new leaves.
It is important to know some rules of plant care:
- Lighting. Ficus loves diffused light. Make sure that the leaves do not fall into direct sunlight. If the light will not be enough, then the ficus will lift the leaves. To form a beautiful crown, periodically turn the pot to the light source on different sides.
- Temperature. This plant adapts well to temperature changes. In summer and autumn can be on the street up to +12 degrees. Does not like too dry air.
- Air humidity. Ficus has very dense fleshy leaves with a reserve of moisture. They give him the opportunity to survive a short-term drought. But so that they do not lose their beauty, you should periodically remove dust from them.
- Watering requires regular, as the soil dries. In winter, it is enough to water once a week.
- Ficus transplantation is performed as the plant grows. It is better to do in the spring. For young bushes, it is required every year. This should be done very carefully so as not to damage the roots. Ficus adults need a transplant less often, that is, every 3 years, and the old one every 5 years. If your ficus is huge, transplanting transshipment will fail. Replace topsoil with fresh fertilizer. Keep in mind that the ficus likes cramped pots, so keep this in mind when transplanting.
The growth characteristics of the ficus rubber plant with proper pruning allow beautifully to form a crown. It is better to subject the plant to this procedure when it is about 70 cm. It is necessary to pinch the upper shoots, forcing the ficus to branch. Trimming branches, watch where you direct further growth of the bush. The best time to trim a plant is spring. It is at this time that active growth occurs, and the crown will be especially lush. Pruning in the fall threatens the formation of a scanty bush.
Growing ficus, do not forget that its milky juice is very poisonous.
Be careful not to put children at risk!
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Ficus benjamina - reproduction
Этот вид фикуса является родственником более распространенного каучуконосного фикуса. Однако внешней схожести в этих растениях вы не увидите. Decorative, a variety of shapes and colors of leaves, unpretentiousness in the care - the main factors that cause the love of flower growers to the Benjamin ficus. Thanks to the flexibility of the trunks of this flower, you can create real live masterpieces, including bonsai.
Ficus Benjamin can multiply as seeds, and layering, grafting.
If we compare the existing methods of reproduction of Benjamin's ficus, the most troublesome and long-lasting is reproduction by seeds. First, you need to buy seed in stores where all the storage conditions of this fastidious product are observed. Sudden temperature changes, excessive humidity in the room can lead to the fact that the seeds will be spoiled. Acquired seeds of Benjamin Ficus should be treated with a growth stimulant to increase germination. After processing, they can immediately sow in the ground. It is better to buy the substrate ready, and before planting it should be thoroughly moistened. Then simply cover the pot or seed box with glass to create the greenhouse effect. Try not to let the temperature in the room below 25 degrees fall.
When the seeds germinate, the greenhouse must be opened from time to time. So the plants will get used to the open space.