Probably everyone in childhood loved the Barberry candies, which had a unique taste and aroma. How surprising it was to discover that the fruits that formed the basis of this delicacy grow on attractive bushes, and that this plant can be grown in one's dacha. So let's get acquainted with it, or rather, with one of its varieties - the Barberry of Ottawa. We learn what its varieties are. How to plant a plant and care for him. And also we will see how to create beautiful landscape design with it.
Description varieties Barberry Ottawa
The Barberry of Ottawa is a hybrid of two varieties: tunberg and atropurpuria, a species of the common. The result was an ornamental plant, unpretentious in the care, resistant to frost. Another advantage of the bush is that it is growing rapidly.
Depending on the variety of barberry Ottawa, the height of an adult plant is from 2 to 4 meters. By the age of ten he reaches his maximum size, and, if not cut, will be at least 4 meters in diameter. Crown bush sprawling, branches drooping.
The leaves have the shape of an elongated oval. Their color is from dark red to purple-pink, they turn orange-red in autumn. Flowering plant starts in May. At this time, the barberry is especially attractive: the flowers in the inflorescence are yellow with red, delicate and incredibly fragrant. The fruits of the plant ripen in late September, early October. They are bright red, elongated.
The variety has several popular varieties. Among them, the most popular among gardeners are:
- barberry Ottawa superba,
- silver miles.
Each of them, despite belonging to the same family, has characteristic features characteristic of its own species.
This tall shrub reaches 3-4 meters in height and the same in diameter. Its crown is vertical, but after 4-5 years, the branches are arched wilted. The shoots are numerous, have large spines. Shrub barberry Superba has strong root shoots. Purple leaves, bright red in autumn. Blossoms in May, inflorescences, which collected about 10 flowers. Flowers are fragrant, yellow with red. Fruits are red, elongated, sour taste.
Tall bush, reaches 2-3 meters in height. The leaves are rounded, slightly oblong, up to 5 cm in length. Their color is bright red, in autumn - orange. The flowers are yellow-red, up to 1 cm, are collected in inflorescences. The fruits are edible.
The bush, relative to the relatives, is small, only 2.5 m in height, but powerful, has strong shoots. In the barberry of the Ottawa Silver Miles, the leaves are purple-gray, with a metallic sheen, in the fall they become more decorative, turning red. Racemes inflorescence, plant blooms in late May.
Planting and care for the barberry of Ottawa
Barberry is unpretentious plant. It easily tolerates winter frosts and summer drought. Not naughty, if it is landed in the sun and in partial shade. And even many diseases are not terrible for him, exactly like pests. Here are a few conditions that are necessary for comfortable growth of the bush:
- alkaline soil
- open, sunny landing area, protected from drafts,
- good drainage
- sanitary and anti-aging pruning.
And yet, the plant's health and its decorative qualities will depend on the proper planting and care of the ottawa barberry.
Choosing a landing site
The plant barberry prefers sunny areas. Although in partial shade, and even in the shade will be able to grow. That's just going to develop more slowly, worse to bloom and bear fruit. If the area chosen for planting will be subject to winds, then the plant can get sick and wither away.
Tip! Barberry Ottawa silver miles from all grades differs in more dim coloring. However, if the shrub of this plant is planted in an open, sunny place, the leaves will get a more juicy coloring.
How to plant a barberry
The landing pit must be at least 0.5 meters in order to lay several layers on the bottom. The first is drainage, the second is fertilizer (humus with sand and peat, 1: 1: 1). Fertilizer will help strengthen the plant, and drainage is necessary, as the barberry does not tolerate stagnant water.
If you plan to plant several plants, the distance between them should not be less than 1.5 meters. The only exception is the creation of a hedge from the barberry. The distance may be 0.5 m, but we must not forget that then the shoots of the bushes must be regularly cut, creating thick thickets.
Recommendation: If the soil in the area where the plant is planned to plant is acidic, then it can be improved by adding slaked lime and ashes to the ground (400 g of lime and 200 g of ash).
It is best to plant very young plants, which have 2-4 shoots. Then they settle down better and faster in a new place.
Barberry Ottawa begin to fertilize from the second year. In the spring, the plant needs nitrogen supplements; in the summer, complex supplements with mineral additives are needed.
Immediately after landing, the trunk circle needs to be mulched. Water the bush every 5-7 days, abundantly. Weeding and loosening the soil after watering are welcome.
Pruning the bush only needs sanitary, when dry, damaged and weak branches are removed. It can be carried out once a year, in spring. Before winter pruning can not hold. Flexible branches of the plant can withstand the load of snow.
Protection against diseases and pests
Have you ever seen the fruit of barberry with a damaged or even eaten middle? This is a peppered moth work. To prevent the caterpillar from damaging our plant, it is tedious to process the bush with chlorophos or decis.
Another pest is barberry aphid. The leaves of the plant shrivel, dry out and fall off prematurely. A solution of laundry soap with tobacco will solve this problem. For 10 liters of water you need 300g of soap and 500g of shag.
Mealy dew is defined by white bloom on both sides of the leaf, on branches and fruits. If the plant is badly damaged, the branches affected by dew are cut and burned. The rest of the plant is sprayed with a 0.5% solution of colloidal sulfur. This procedure is carried out 2 times a month.
- root processes
- and dividing the bush.
Seeds are sown in the fall to a depth of 1 cm. In spring, when seedlings appear, they are thinned out so that the distance between them is 3 cm or more. It is desirable that the young shoots of the barberry grow in one place for 2 years. After which they can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Summer young shoots are cut into cuttings of 15 cm in the fall. They are planted under the film before rooting. In the spring, the film is removed.
The processes already have roots, and therefore, as in dividing a bush, a young plant can be safely transplanted to a permanent place.
The value of Ottawa barberry in the design of the site
The Ottawa superba barberry was widely used in landscape design in the last century. The dark red leaves of this variety perfectly decorate the outbuildings. They decorate the compositions of flowers or different varieties of barberry. But the most common use of these bushes accounts for zoning the site, at the curb and to construct a hedge.
Warning: In order for the hedge to be thick, it is not enough to plant barberry bushes tightly, you need to start cutting them from the second year of their life. At the same time shoots are shortened by half. And so 2 times a year.
It is interesting! Berries and leaves of those varieties of barberry, which can be eaten, are not only tasty, sweet and sour, but also very healthy. They contain vitamins such as C, E, mineral salts and carotenoids. As well as a number of acids: citric, malic, tartaric.
With the approach of winter, rare flowers remain on the site, and you want to extend the time a little more when it is nice and cozy at the dacha. And it is possible. The photo of the barberry of the Ottawa Superba quite clearly indicates that this plant is not going to quickly give up the cold. It will delight its eyes for a long time.
Even the fact that its leaves do not evenly change color, and there may be many different shades on a bush, from purple-red to orange-wine, it already lights up the country landscape that is familiar to us with bright fire. The purple foliage of the barberry of Ottawa lights up in the last warm rays of the sun and shimmers with all shades of red. This spectacle is really attractive, so much so that it induces many gardeners to grow barberries in their plots.
Barberry loves the light, but tolerates penumbra as well. It has resistance to such factors:
- high and low temperatures
- urban conditions
- relative resistance to smoke.
Based on these features, it is necessary to select the most suitable place on the site.
In dry summer weather, watering should be carried out once a week. For one bush the norm of water is 5-10 liters. After watering, you need to fix the layer of mulch.
Moisture-charged watering (before the onset of winter) should be carried out in the autumn 2-3 weeks before frost. In such a situation, up to 20 liters of water per bush are used.
After planting, fertilizing is not necessary until next spring. The first time an aqueous solution of urea is used. 10 liters of fertilizer are injected into each square meter of the wheel circle. It stimulates the growth of shoots and improves their quality. In the future, nitrogen should be fed no more than once every 4 years.
In the fall, 15 g of superphosphate and 10 g of sulfuric potassium are used to prepare the plant for winter.
Before and after flowering shrubs can be fertilized with organic additives (manure or humus).
To maintain the beauty of the shrub requires annual pruning. This stimulates the growth of younger shoots, in which the leaves have a greater decorative character. It is also important for the recovery of the plant.
Pruning reduces the load on the bush and helps prevent the appearance of various diseases. Sanitary pruning is carried out in the autumn, at least 2 weeks before the first frost. During this period, the plant goes into a state of rest. Depending on the specific climate, this process can be carried out from September to November.
In order for pruning to go well, you need to delete:
- old and dried branches,
- areas affected by pests and diseases
- overlapping shoots
- crown growing inside.
It is necessary to work with sharp decontaminated garden shears, and large cuts to process a garden solution. All cut parts (especially those affected by diseases and pests) must be disposed of.
If you want to create a hedge or give a particular shape to the bush, then this kind of pruning should be done regularly:
- the procedure is carried out immediately after flowering bush
- for 2 years after planting the plant is shortened by 1/2 or 1/3,
- bushes are clipped on the same principle, until the crowns of neighboring bushes close,
- later on plants are equal to lateral and upper growths.
In winter, bushes need to cover, especially in the first few years. This is done like this:
- the layer of mulch increases to 10 cm,
- branches are tied with a rope. This should be done carefully so as not to break the shoots,
- the bush is entirely covered with a burlap or other type of covering material,
- the plant is covered with spruce branches,
- in the winter, snow is catching up to the bush.
Shrub reproduction is possible in several ways:
- seed growing: planting seeds is held in the fall. For this, seeds are extracted from ripe fruit and placed for a few minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After that they need to be dried well. In the fall, the seeds are placed in a temporary bed, and in spring you can begin to transplant or thin out (this can be done when several leaves have appeared on the germ). The distance between plants should be no less than 3-5 cm. As such, they should grow 2 years. After that, they can be transplanted to a permanent place of growth, Barberry Superba Seeds
- by dividing a bush: held in the spring. The method is suitable for shrubs that have reached 3 years of age. The bush is dug out and divided into 3 equal parts. This should be done carefully by hand using a hacksaw. After which the individual parts are placed in the prepared soil. If the bush is older and has a common trunk, then it is not subject to reproduction in such a way
- cuttings: In mid-June, the plant is grafting. This is done in the early morning. From the cut cuttings removed the lower foliage, and the top is cut in half. After which they descend into the water for several hours (if desired, any root-stimulating agent can be diluted in water). Pulling the stalk out of the solution, it must be washed and placed in the soil fertilized with peat or humus with a little sand added. Planted cuttings in the greenhouse or covered with a special cap made of glass or plastic
- layering: In spring, the lower one-year-old shoot is placed in a small depression in the ground and covered with soil. By the fall of it forms a full-fledged new plant.