Most gardeners believe that carrots not afraid of frost, therefore it can be cleaned up to the end of October.
The other part disputes this opinion and argues in favor of what is necessary. meet certain deadlines.
So which of these parties is right? When to dig carrots and beets for storage from the garden? It is necessary to deal with this in detail.
When to remove carrots from the garden for storage? On timing of carrot harvesting several factors may influence:
- the state in which the plants are located
- temperature conditions
- plant varieties
- the purpose with which carrots are grown.
And in this principle there is a simple justification - if temperature drops to +4 degrees Celsius, the carrot is no longer growing. If it happens down to -3 degrees Celsiusthen gray rot appears on the plant. Therefore, it is recommended to dig carrots before the first frost.
However, early digging is also not necessary.
Experienced gardeners explain this by saying that the carrot was in the warm soil and if you suddenly transfer it to cold room, then crop losses will be significant.
But this moment belongs mainly to late ripening varieties. The term mid-season varieties is about 80-110 days.
Lower leaves may turn yellow - and this will be an additional sign that the carrot is ripe. The time must be calculated correctly, because if you overdo this plant in the ground, then its taste can deteriorate significantly.
There are also carrot varieties that ripen early. They are collected in the middle of summer. From this plant you can make tasty and healthy vitamin salads.
When to clean carrots and beets for the winter? Tips from a specialist By the time of harvesting carrots and beets for storage in this video:
There is an erroneous opinion that carrots along with tops should be left on the field for several days, so that all the nutrients from the above-ground part of the plants are transferred to the underground part.
In fact, everything happens just the opposite: the tops draw all the juices and nutrients from the root, from which it begins to shrink. Therefore, when harvesting carrots, without delay, cut the tops, as soon as the ground in the roots slightly dries.
Leaves can only be left on a bundle of carrots, and it is better to leave petioles no more than two cm.
The tops can be unscrewed by hand or cut with the top of the carrot head up to 2 mm. This will help to significantly increase the shelf life of the carrot, as the tops will not start to germinate, causing the root crop to dry out and reduce its nutritional value.
Now you know when to remove the carrots from the garden, and how to properly clean. Remember that sufficiently ripe carrots should be sent for storage so that important biological components and carotene can accumulate in it. It is also important to prevent mechanical damage to the root crops during harvesting, otherwise they will be stored poorly.
If you still have doubts about when to harvest carrots from their beds, try to pull out a few root crops and visually assess their maturity or taste it. Let not the first time, but soon you will learn to reliably determine the most optimal time when to clean the carrot!
Experienced vegetable growers are advised not to be in a hurry with harvesting carrots, since the largest increase in root crops (in central Russia) is observed in September in the second half of the month.
In the north of the country frosts are early, so carrots are harvested there in early September. The fact is that it should be removed before the onset of frost on the ground.
To decide on the question whether it should be removed or not, and can be left in the ground for 2-3 weeks, one carrot is dug out of the ground.
If it began to grow on the sides with small roots - it's time to dig
These roots are better to dig with garden forks, not with a shovel.
They are undermined, and then pulled out of the ground, holding the tops, while it must be ensured that the tip of the carrot does not break off, because otherwise it will not withstand long-term storage and will need to be used as a foodstuff as soon as possible. It is advisable to shake the ground from the root crops with hands in order to avoid mechanical damage.
The carrots harvested from the garden are washed, the leaves are carefully cut (tops), because if it grows, it will suck all the juices and leave to dry: on the table or on film. Carrots are stored perfectly in boxes, sprinkled with sand mixed with lime - 10 parts of sand and 1 part of slaked lime. You can dip them in the clay “mash” and dry them thoroughly.
First of all, beets are harvested from root crops.
This vegetable is extremely rich in vitamins and minerals, and also underlies quite effective diets. Well, the winter table cannot do without it. The time of harvesting beets plays an important role.
As a rule, it is September. It should be noted that in regions where autumn is long and warm, beet harvest can be done until mid-October. Also in the ground, you can leave small-sized roots.
The most important thing is to remove the beets before the onset of frosts, otherwise it will be poorly stored, wrinkle, start to rot, but the most important thing is that it will lose its rather pleasant taste qualities.
And before the first frosts, it is not worth digging up, and the lower yellowed leaves do not mean that the beets stopped growing, as they dry constantly when new ones appear.
Clean it preferably in dry weather. Grown roots by digging with a shovel removed from the soil, cleaned from the remnants of the leaves (tops) and earth. Here in this form it is ready for storage.
Why not be long to leave beets in the garden?
Terms of harvesting beets depend not only on the physiological reasons, that is, ripening, the size of the roots, but also on the weather conditions of the area where it is grown. This is especially true of late varieties intended for winter storage.
Therefore, when deciding whether to delay or start harvesting this useful vegetable, it is necessary to take into account its peculiarities:
- Beetroot is more sensitive than other root vegetables to cold, and when the average daily temperature is too low, it almost stops pouring,
- when the beets remain too long in the ground, lighter rings may form in the pulp of the root, which does not contribute to an increase in its quality,
- in overgrown beets, the content of betaine and sugars is often reduced, and voids of various sizes can appear inside,
- even slightly frozen root crops become unsuitable for long-term storage, regardless of the degree of ripeness
- they become infected with various bacterial infections and quickly rot.
Beet harvesting - recommendations
Harvesting beets spend a little earlier than cleaning carrots. Its roots are larger and protrude above the ground more. Therefore, they are more damaged by frost. Early ripening varieties ripen in July. By the time of readiness, the first-class quality root crops have a diameter of 5-10 cm. The second-class quality root crops reach a diameter of 14 cm.
The harvesting of red beets is carried out when its leaves are yellowed and dried. This is usually the end of August and the first half of September.
Root crops very carefully, in order not to damage them, break in with pitchforks. Then hands are removed from the soil, cleaned from the remnants of the earth. After that, using a sharp knife carefully, so as not to hurt the root itself, cut the tops. The length of the petioles after harvesting should be no more than 2 cm. After a while, after these sections have hardened, the harvest can be removed for storage.
How to store beets - the best conditions for storing beets
To prevent the development of microorganisms, the crop should be processed with chalk. Keep beets well next to potatoes. This has a beneficial effect on both vegetables.
Root crops have a characteristic thick skin. It protects them from mechanical damage, as well as reduces evaporation of moisture. In addition, the vegetable has the ability to heal small scratches in its upper part. But the shelf life of such a crop is reduced to 4 months.
If the heads have a peeled skin, then the period is reduced to 3 - 4 months. Even less can lie a crop damaged by diseases and insects. Even one sick head in the whole lot can ruin a large number of other root crops.
After collecting all the heads, you need to carefully inspect, separate the damaged, rotten and diseased specimens. Then air dry.
If the crop has no mechanical damage and is not infected, then it will quietly lie for 8 months. This means that with careful harvesting and under proper conditions, the harvest may continue until the next year's harvest. At the same time, it will remain fresh. The best preserved heads are the diameter of which up to 10 cm.
The best moisture for the crop is 80-85%. And the best temperature is 2-3 ° C. Stores should be cool and dry. It should be protected from freezing. After it thaws, the heads will rot and get sick. It should be borne in mind that keeping quality may depend on the growing conditions and on the characteristics of a particular variety.
There are many options for storing beets. Heads can be removed in plastic bags, which are then filled with sawdust or sand. Can be left in the sand, peat, shavings or sawdust in dry and clean boxes.
Large batches are well preserved in containers with polyethylene liners. Containers on top are filled up to 7 cm with wet sand. They can be installed one above the other. With this method, the loss will be no more than 5%. But in this case, the temperature should be 0 ° C.
If it rises at least a couple of degrees, the amount of the lost crop will increase significantly.
You can also remove the roots in the underground, cellar, pit, trench or basement. In trenches, the heads are covered with earth and covered with leaves.
If the collection was carried out with the help of machines, the heads are stored in bins. Lead out for better ventilation. Small heads are kept separate from large ones.
It can be used for storage and refrigerators.