Good day to all!
The last article was about the one-year aster - the beauty of the autumn garden. I can not stop and continue the story about asters. Today, the heroine of the article Astra Alpine is a perennial: growing from seed. It blooms unusually early for asters - in May-June, about a month. Small flowers, about 5 cm in diameter, resemble simple multi-colored daisies. Usually Alpine aster bushes are not high - 25-30 cm, the color of flowers is very different: lilac, pink, blue, white, crimson.
They grow well lush bushes and look great on slides, rockeries, in the form of a curb, and in a single landing or in small groups. For lush flowering, you need to pinch the shoots and remove the flowering flowers.
Choosing a place to plant perennial asters
The site for planting asters must be chosen carefully, since it can grow in one place up to five years. But the transplant is not afraid, you can transplant in the spring or autumn, at the same time and propagate by dividing the bush.
Places Alpine aster prefers sunny, but can grow in partial shade. In the shade there will be no compact fluffy bushes, the shoots will be pulled out, and the flowering is much more modest. Does not like aster wet places, stagnant water in the spring and after the rains. Roots can rot.
Seedling or sowing in open ground
Alpine aster is propagated by seed or division of an adult bush. Seeds can be sown directly in open ground. Sow seeds on a prepared bed, it is not necessary to bury it deeply, it is enough to sprinkle 1 cm of humus on top. In the ground, seeds are sown in May or towards winter - in November-December in frozen ground. Shoots planted in a permanent place. Asters bloom from seed in the second year.
Seeds are prepared for planting, because they grow more difficult in Alpine asters than in ordinary. Handled, soaked. Sow and grow alpine aster seedlings at home as well as the usual one-year aster. I first sow in small containers, and then sit in cassettes or drawers less often before landing in the ground.
You can read more about planting asters with seeds in the article “Growing asters from seeds”.
Before planting in the front garden must temper the home plants. In April, start to take them out, let them get used to it. Planted seedlings need in the evening, be sure to water well.
Reproduction of asters alpine seeds: video
Astra loves water, but does not love its surplus. So as you want, so spin. On hot days I water asters every day in the morning. It depends a lot on the right place. I repeat that we can not allow water to stagnate at the roots. So, the soil should be loose, well pass water. And fertile, of course, because alpine asters grow for several years in one place. Still asters do not like sour soils, it is necessary to prepare an alkaline under the site with asters.
Feed young asters can be organic, infusion of mullein. Twice in the first half of summer. By the autumn bushes need to prepare for the winter, nitrogen for rapid growth they do not need. In autumn you can pour the infusion of ash.
Adult plants in the spring watered with potassium fertilizers, the same infusion of ash. For good flowering. To prolong flowering, blooming flowers are cut. Sometimes with a long warm autumn, asters bloom again in the fall. But it is better to cut such flowers so as not to weaken the plant before winter.
All summer after flowering, the Alpine aster bushes retain their decorative effect. After flowering, they grow lush, dark green curtains.
After five years, the plants need to be transplanted to a new place. Desirable in the fall. At the same time they can be divided and multiplied. Try not to damage the roots during transplantation. Alpine asters should not be left in one place for a long time. As the bushes thicken, it will be worse to bloom and oppress each other.
Preparing for the winter
Under the snow, asters go green, twigs with leaves do not die off in the fall. If, however, they are withered, then you need to cut for the winter. Covering them is not necessary, they winter well in the middle lane and in the Urals.
If in the fall you have severe frosts without snow, then you can cover the base of the bushes with earth or sand so that the buds do not freeze out. New buds in alpine asters are formed on the shoots of last year.
In the spring, it is necessary that the snow and melt waters do not stagnate on the plantings of perennial asters. Green bushes can dry out from excess moisture.
Diseases and pests do not damage the alpine aster. But when grown in a shady place can get powdery mildew. To fix this is simple - transplant the shrub into a sunny place and process it with biofungicide, for example - phytosporin.
Alpine aster - features of the variety and cultivation
The history of asters dates back several millennia. Scientists have discovered its image at the opening of an ancient burial in Simferopol.
Mention of a flower found in ancient Greek books.
It is believed that he was a symbol of the goddess of love Aphrodite.
The plant was widespread in China, where they believed that the leaves are able to get rid of snakes, and flowers bring happiness to those in love.
The flower got its name for a lot of petals.
It comes from the Greek "asteros", which means "star".
True, historical references relate mainly to the annual plant.
Perennial aster (alpine) began to grow much later - at the end of the 16th century.
She appeared along with the Italian view, and then began to display other varieties.
In a separate genus aster brought scientist A. Cassini in the 19th century.
Appearance and characteristics
This is a perennial herb.
Alpine aster flowers resemble daisy.
Their shade depends on the particular variety.
There are blue, lilac, pink and white petals. They gather in inflorescences, shaped like a basket.
The average size is 6 cm in diameter. In one flower can be up to 60 long petals. The central part of the inflorescence is most often yellow.
The bush itself grows up to 40 cm in height.
It has one main root, which has several small branches. Leaves are obovate in shape in the lower part of the plant.
Closer to the top, they decrease.
Alpine aster blooms in late spring.
The peak of flowering occurs in the first half of summer.
Closer to August ripen small seeds that have a parachute like dandelions. With it, they fly away over long distances.
The plant retains inflorescences in late autumn, until the first frost.Alpine Astra photo
Perennial Alpine Aster Hybrids
Each plant variety has its own color range. The most famous of them are:
- The most popular among gardeners is stained glass. It is distinguished by beautiful white inflorescences. A perennial hybrid tolerates low temperatures well and quickly grows.
- Variety Razdolye characterize as one of the most unpretentious. Baskets with a diameter of about 4 cm are painted pink, in shape they look like a small daisy. The bush takes root in alkaline soil and grows well in sunny places.
- Hybrid Goliath is often used for the decoration of alpine slides and borders. The size of the bush - 25 cm. The flowers are small, painted in blue tone.
- The White Alps variety grows in one place for 5 years. White inflorescences, small bush. It survives best in loose soil. The culture is resistant to drought and does not need a winter shelter.
- Purple aster is one of the most popular species. Reaches a height of 30 cm, blooms in the second year after planting seeds. Needs frequent watering. It grows in the solar zone or in a place where penumbra predominates.
- Illyria variety can have baskets of blue, lilac, pink or white. The bush grows by 15 - 20 cm. Perfectly tolerates low temperature.
- The hybrid Blue flowers rich blue. The bush may hibernate at temperatures below –34 degrees.
- Pink aster is growing rapidly, for which flower growers love it. Pink inflorescences in diameter reach 4 cm.
Features of growing and care
Alpine aster can be planted in several different ways:
- division of the mother bush.
It is best to choose a sunny area, but suitable zone with penumbra.
The plant needs constant watering, but it is impossible to overdo it, otherwise the root system will rot. Therefore, it is not recommended to plant a flower in flooded areas.
It is better to choose loose alkaline soil. In winter, the bush is covered with sand or earth.
In the care of a long-term aster, it is worth using fertilizers, as it grows in one place for a long time. Phosphorus-potassium supplements have proven well, which can be used a couple of times during the summer.
When transplanting plants to a new place, you need to be careful, because you can easily damage the root system. Do not leave the flower in one area for more than five years. Otherwise, the bush will become too thick and it will be worse to bloom.
Alpine aster copes well with diseases and is resistant to pests.
In some cases (for example, with a lack of lighting) powdery mildew occurs.
With this disease you can easily cope if you transplant a plant on a sunny plot.
It also helps fungicidal solution. From pests can be treated with flowers special disinfectant.Alpine Astra photo
Alpine Astra - reviews gardeners
Gardeners often plant alpine asters in their summer cottages.
The flower is quite unpretentious and does not require special care.
It is enough just to water it. When a bush gets older, it needs less water.
The plant must be replanted every 5 years, but it is better to do it a little more often.
If you follow these simple rules, the aster will delight the gardener's eye for an arbitrarily long time.
The advantages also include a beautiful appearance.
Alpine aster will be a worthy decoration of your garden.
If you plant several varieties with inflorescences of different colors at once, they will become the basis for decorating any area.
General description of the species
Growing alpine asters is interesting for a gardener for many reasons. Unlike many other species, it starts blooming very early: the first buds can appear already in late May or early June. Flowering lasts about 1 month, the diameter of each flower reaches 5 cm. The type of flower is a basket, like that of chamomile. Outwardly, it is not too catchy, but very beautiful plant that can become a real decoration of the garden.
Alpine aster looks good if planted in groups, in addition, it can be planted as a border or used for decoration of rockeries and brighter and more multicolor flowerbeds.
The total height of the alpine aster bush is not more than 30 cm, so it can be used for framing other decorative elements.
Although initially Alpine aster appeared in the mountains, today it grows throughout the entire European continent, this plant is undemanding in its care and can grow well in various conditions.
Alpine Aster Cultivation Rules
Good conditions for growing alpine asters are not difficult to provide, this plant is perfect even for inexperienced florists. This is a perennial plant that can grow in one place for 5 years or more.
- This requires proper placement on the site: it is better for her to choose a well-lit place, although she feels good enough when placed in partial shade.
To obtain beautiful flowers, it is desirable to observe a few more growing requirements:
- For alpine asters, it is necessary to prepare a well-drained soil. This plant does not like excess moisture and constant stagnation of water, it can lead to rotting of the roots. Because of this, loamy soil is more suitable for it, which must be carefully dug before planting seeds or seedlings.
- This type of aster does not impose special requirements on soil acidity, however, it is desirable that the soil be saturated with calcium and enriched with other trace elements necessary for growth.
- Shrubs are usually grown in one place for no more than 3-4 years in a row. Otherwise, they will grow greatly, and it will negatively affect flowering. The maximum period of cultivation in the same area is 5 years, after which the bush can be divided into several parts with a shovel and planted in different parts of the site.
- Experienced gardeners do not fertilize the first year after transplanting and splitting a bush. This will lead to accelerated growth of leaves, while aster will be worse to bloom.
These are just general tips for growing alpine asters. If you want to plant this plant on the site, you need to think through the location of the rest of the flower beds.
Astra is beautiful in itself, but it looks especially interesting as a frame for brighter colors, and it can be made an important part of a decorative composition. You can experiment, planting flowers on a single bed in rows with different shades of buds: aster blooms in unison and allows you to create interesting color combinations.
Growing from seed
Growing asters from seeds is a common breeding method that allows you to experiment with breeding work and develop new additional varieties. However, the seeds are extremely rarely planted immediately in open ground: in the natural environment, it is impossible to create ideal conditions for growth, and because of this, seed germination deteriorates. In addition, if you choose early-flowering varieties for the garden, they need time to grow.
Planting of alpine asters to get a friendly flowering is carried out as follows:
- Seed material is planted at the end of March or in the first week of April in the prepared crates. You can also plant seeds in a greenhouse, protected from cold air.
- Seeds germinate if the temperature does not fall below +20 degrees. However, in the future for a full-fledged growth, it needs a lower temperature, not exceeding + 15-18 degrees. If it is too warm, the shoots will begin to stretch too quickly, and they will be thinner and weaker.
- When plants acquire 3–4 true leaves, they can be dived into separate pots, and transplanted into open ground in early May. By planting a permanent place, the plants are taught gradually: you must first periodically make pots on the balcony or on the street for a few minutes, and then gradually increase the duration of your stay in the open air.
- For the first time after planting, daily watering is recommended, it is better to water the plants with water at room temperature in the morning. In this case, the moisture should not stagnate in the soil, the soil should remain loose. Water should not be cold, it adversely affects the state of the root system.
- Alpine aster flowers, as a rule, in the second year after disembarkation, in the first year it must gain green mass and grow stronger. For the first feeding, a mullein infusion is used, it is introduced twice during the summer season. In the autumn, Astra is preparing for a long winter, and at this time it does not need an excess of mineral substances. It is enough to bring a small amount of ash into the soil.
Alpine Astra is a perennial plant that blooms relatively early. Depending on the climatic band, flowering may occur as early as mid-May, but more often, the plant produces the first color only by the beginning of June.
Alpine aster, a relatively small plant, rarely exceeding one-third of a meter in height, giving basket-like inflorescences with flowers of medium size - no more than 7 centimeters in diameter. Varietal variety suggests a slight variation of shades. Most often, these are blue and lilac colors, but there are also asters that dissolve flowers painted in pure white or different shades of pink.
The stems of the alpine aster are erect, of a grassy or semi-shrub structure, with a developed horizontally branched root system. The leaves covering the stems, green with a strong gray tint, have a light down throughout the plane and look very decorative and unusual. At the end of June, when the aster is fading, seedlings are formed on it in which seeds mature by means of which reproduction occurs.
Especially, it is worth noting the fact that the alpine aster, not only a magnificent decorative ornament. Its cultivation is often carried out with goals quite pragmatic - for the preparation of drugs. It has properties that allow it to be used for the manufacture of drugs that help treat scrofula, tuberculosis, the alimentary canal, and many other diseases.
Among all the plants of the Astrov family, the most attractive is the Astra variety Stained Glass. This is a perennial bush blooming with snow-white flowers. It is well accustomed, it grows quickly and gives a rich beautiful color. To all, such an aster is quite resistant to frost, which led to its great popularity. It is often grown in our latitudes.
There are many other varieties, very diverse, quite successfully bred in our conditions. All these varieties, despite the decorative differences, require the same care and are increasingly found in amateur flower gardens.
Cultivation and care
Alpine Astra, due to its decorative and unpretentiousness, is often planted in public recreation areas, borders and flower beds of any layout. Астры, хорошо смотрятся рядом с гвоздикой, тысячелистником, и многими другими декоративными растениями.Particularly demanding connoisseurs, often hold rock gardens and plant artificial stone hills with asters.
We grow asters - what you need to know for optimal care?
Reproduction is possible by any known method - seed, cuttings, division, and layering from the main bush.
Alpine aster is a perennial bush and should not be replanted often. It will be better if the flower is grown in one place for at least 5 years.
If necessary, landing on a new place, aster easily transfers this procedure if carried out on time. Best of all in the spring, you can repot the bush in the fall, but only before the onset of frost.
Astra alpine, can grow in a shaded place, but it will be better if it receives enough sunlight. If there is no sunlight at all, the aster bush will develop slowly and will not reveal its decorative properties to the full extent - it will not bloom, and the bush will lose most of the leaves and with them the medicinal properties.
It is worth noting that the stagnant moisture is extremely undesirable for asters. In this case, the plant is sick and may even die due to the appearance of the root fungus and the rotting of the underground part of the plant.
Planting seeds in the open garden
This method is applied in late autumn, before frosts, but no later than the end of November, or already in spring, after warm weather has been established, without night frosts.
The procedure is quite simple. Seeds are sown immediately in open ground - in the grooves, taking into account the distance between them at least twenty centimeters. Seeds are buried for about one centimeter, after which they are lightly sprinkled with soil and moistened slightly.
After the emergence of seedlings, wait until they grow two or three leaves and thin the beds. Leave the most powerful and healthy plants so that they do not interfere with each other - the distance between them is at least 20 cm.
If the plot on which the seeding was carried out is used only for the preparation of seedlings, and the flower garden is planned elsewhere, after the seedlings sprouting, the grown seedlings are carefully transplanted to a permanent place. At the same time, it is very important not to damage the roots of seedlings and, at first, to protect them from the bright sun, drying out and overflowing. If everything goes well, these seedlings will give the first color in 2 years.
Growing seedlings indoors
The method described above is suitable only for the southern regions, and in the middle lane it is better to sprout seedlings indoors and only after warming, in June, transplant it into open ground.
Home-grown seed germination is carried out as well as in open ground. It will be necessary only to additionally prepare the flowerpots and the nutritional mixture, as well as to carry out the preplant preparation of seeds - soak them briefly in room temperature water.
Seeds are sown in wide pots, and after germination, they are planted in small individual containers. Disposable cups will fit, with drainage holes in the bottom.
Growing seedlings, gradually need to be accustomed to street conditions - periodically carry them out on the street, but only on warm days, not earlier than April.
When finally warmer, they plant the seedlings on the garden. This is best done in the evening, then pour plenty of soil.
Reproduction by cuttings
This type of reproduction is preferable if it is necessary to convey as accurately as possible the varietal characteristics of the mother plant, which are almost always lost during seed reproduction.
Cuttings are prepared from the upper sections of the stems, taking into account that each has at least a couple of growth points - the buds. Cuttings are planted in the hotbed and arrange a greenhouse above it. You can simply cover it with glass or pull the transparent polyethylene.
Planted seedlings sown in the fall, in early November, and as soon as they take root, they are warmed. Before the onset of cold weather, the soil is covered with a layer of dry peat or sawdust, and a warm pillow made from above is arranged on top.
Reproduction by division
This method is well suited for the reproduction of mature aster bushes. The division of the bush can be carried out in early spring, before the onset of budding. Large bush neatly divided into several and seated on the site.
Another method is reproduction by layering. Large shrubs give root branches that can be planted, and they will give rise to a new plant. At the same time, the mother bush remains in place and is not injured at all.
It is worth noting that the division of adult asters into several parts is a mandatory procedure. It should be carried out at least once every three or four seasons differently, the bush degrades, and its flowers become shallow and lose their decorative effect.
Perennial aster easily takes root on most lawns and does not require special care, but there are a few things that require intervention:
- It is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil. The best results will be when growing asters on a light, moderately moist soil of medium alkalinity,
- It is necessary to regularly feed the plant with potash and phosphate compounds, especially in early spring, during the flowering period and after transplanting to a new place,
- Special attention should be paid to watering. Astra is very moisture-loving, but does not tolerate stagnant moisture. Watering should be frequent, but moderate,
- It is necessary to make sure that the flower bed with asters is not obscured by the overgrown trees. If necessary, they need time to cut or transplant flowers in a sunny place.
Adult aster bushes, like the young ones, need to be prepared for wintering. Be sure to cut the stalks, zamulchirovat soil, sprinkle the plants with garden soil or sand, and in the case of especially cold and snowless winters to arrange additional warming - cover with sponge or a special garden cloth.
Diseases and pests
Alpine aster - a plant relatively immune to disease and pests, but problems still happen. Most often, they are associated with improper care. For example, with a lack of natural light, powdery mildew can appear.
The first thing to do is to transplant the shrub to a well-lit place, and if this does not help, you will have to resort to garden chemistry. The affected plant is treated with a solution of fungicide.
In all other respects, the plant is very stable.
Perennial herb Astra alpine belongs to the numerous genus Astrovyh. Widespread in many countries. In our country, it is grown everywhere in gardens, house plots, in urban flowerbeds.
The flowers are very similar to large daisies or daisies not terry varieties. Depending on the variety, the color of the petals can be white, pink, lilac, blue and even orange. Therefore, gardeners often plant several varieties together, obtaining interesting color combinations. Duration of flowering also depends on the variety. Some bloom from early summer to autumn.
The plant is unpretentious, do not require special care. However, in order for flowering shrubs to retain their attractiveness throughout the season, certain rules of cultivation should be observed.
How to grow a plant from seed, care for aster alpine in the open field what should be for this? We will answer these questions today on this page of the Popular Health website:
Astra flower - planting seeds and seedlings
This flower loves the sun, but its direct, hot rays can damage. Therefore, it is best to land the aster in light partial shade. When choosing a site for planting, keep in mind that the plant does not tolerate drafts and strong wind.
Therefore, it is better to plant from the leeward side, where there is a barrier to the wind (fence, wall, some other elevation). An excellent option would be an alpine slide, where stones will protect flower bushes.
Choose a well-drained site for alpine aster landing where water does not stagnate. Otherwise, the roots of asters can rot and the plant will die.
The best soil for alpine asters - nourishing, loose, breathable, well-flowing water.
If the soil in your area does not possess these qualities, add a little sand before planting. If the ground is heavy, clay, in addition to sand, lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the dug holes.
Also, when digging the ground, it is recommended to add lime, at the rate of 200 g per 1 sq. M. Lime can be replaced by dolomite flour. If the soil is very poor, you can additionally enrich it with humus. Do not use fresh manure - the plant does not tolerate it.
Young plants are planted in the ground in mid-May. Prepare a plot, dig up weeds, apply fertilizer and loosen well. Dig holes, spill them for disinfection with a solution of potassium permanganate. Then plant the seedlings together with the earth ball. Cover with earth, tamp with your palms and pour.
The first week water regularly, every day. Use water at room temperature. But do not let the water stagnate at the roots.
Perennial asters will bloom the next year. In the first season, plants increase the root system and green mass.
Sowing of seeds is carried out directly into the ground in late autumn. The site must be prepared in advance, even in summer. Then you need to form the landing grooves. And the sowing itself is carried out in a sufficiently frozen soil. Sprinkle in advance in stock loose soil.
In the spring there will be the first shoots. When they grow up and get stronger, transplant a part to another place so that the bushes do not grow too thick.
Gardeners are advised to sow only fresh seeds. If they lay in the package for about two years, seedlings will be significantly less.
Does something aster require? Caring for her gives everything you need. !
Astra alpine perennial needs enough water and requires regular watering. However, stagnant moisture at the roots can destroy the plant. Therefore, water abundantly, but only as the land dries. The approximate volume is 2-3 buckets per 1 square meter of landings.
For abundant flowering and good condition of the plant, it is necessary to feed fertilizers with mineral fertilizers. In particular, during flowering, you can use a mixture of nitrogen (6 g), potassium (4 g) and phosphorus (4 g) per 1 sq.m. You can also feed water extract mullein.
Every 5 years it is necessary to divide the adult bushes into delenki (part of the bush with roots) and seat them. It is better to carry out the procedure in early spring, when the plant is at rest and the vegetation process has not yet begun.
Alpine asters tolerate the winter well, shelter is not required for them. However, if winters in your region are very cold, frosty, windy or have little snow, it is better to sprinkle the ground at the roots with sand, or cover the trimmed bushes with a dry leaf or lapnik. Especially protect young plants, it is better to cover them in any case.
Some more care tips
So that the plant does not lose its decorative effect, timely trim the velvet baskets, if, of course, you are not going to collect seeds. It is also necessary to regularly loosen the soil at the roots, remove weeds.
Do not forget to conduct high hilling bushes. This procedure is very important, as it strengthens the root system. It should be carried out in advance, even before flowering.
Alpine perennial aster, the photo of which is located at the very beginning of the article, the plant is very cute, pretty and unpretentious. Most often, it is planted near a stone hill, as it looks perfect on a rocky background. If you are attracted to the mountains, slopes covered with simple, but at the same time exquisite flowers, this plant will be the perfect decoration of your garden.
Many summer residents in areas closer to the fall open their bright lush "heads" annual asters. And if you like these flowers, then meet with their other species that bloom in spring and summer. These include asters alpine, Bessarabian, Italian. Today we will tell about the cultivation of alpine asters from seeds.
The Alpine aster is a perennial representative of a large family of astera (asteraceae). First, the plant has a rosette of basal leaves with petioles and a spatulate or obovate form. There are leaves on the stems too, but they are smaller in size. Upper leaflets are very small, sessile. Plant height from 15 to 35 centimeters. The root system branches well, most often located horizontally relative to the surface of the soil. On stems and leaves noticeably bluish pubescence. During flowering, the alpine aster is similar to modest large daisies or simple daisies. The inflorescence basket consists of reed flowers, their number is from 26 to 60 pieces, and the color can be pink, crimson, reddish, violet, blue, white. Inside the inflorescence are yellow tubular flowers. The diameter of the cultivated in the garden "Alpine" from 3 to 6 centimeters. Hemispherical wrapper consists of two or three rows of leaves, which have an oblong-lanceolate form. The duration of elegant flowering in favorable conditions - from three to four weeks. In July and August, obovate, flattened achenes ripen, supplied with a white four-rowed "tuft".
In its wild form, it feels great in the mountains - the Alps, in Altai, in the Sayan Mountains, Transcarpathia, in the Caucasus.
These modest creatures can be called unpretentious, not requiring much attention from the florist. But in order to show all their strength and beauty, we still recommend creating the following conditions for growing Alpine asters:
- The place is preferably well lit, but partial shade will do as well.
- The site must be well drained, there should not be water stagnant, otherwise the rhizome may rot. A good option - deeply dug loam.
- Before planting in the ground, add lime (200 grams per square meter) or dolomite flour, alpine asters really need calcium.
- If the soil in the country is very poor, then fill the area where the flower bed will be placed, with humus.
- It is great if marigolds or marigolds grew on this spot earlier.
- Keep these perennial asters in one place for no more than five years. After kurtinku necessarily divided into several delenok and move to other parts of the site.
Landing alpine asters
First, we will tell you what varieties are now popular with gardeners:
- "Happy End" - already in May pink inflorescences appear on strong stems, around which there is a sweetish aroma,
- “Wargrave” - this Alpine aster has a flower made up of pink marginal petals and a bright yellow tubular center. The size of the inflorescence in the opened form is four centimeters,
- "Goliath" - all of June shows its large light purple flowers, reaching six centimeters in diameter,
- "Albus" (semi-double) - on low stems (15 to 20 centimeters) in June-July flowers with snow-white marginal petals and a yellow middle center unfold,
- "Gloria" - basket diameter up to 3 centimeters, its marginal petals are painted in blue tones,
- "Dunkle Schene" - the diameter of the inflorescences within three centimeters, and the color is intense purple,
- "Superbus" - the diameter of the flowers a little more than three centimeters, and the petals are painted in lilac-blue tones,
- "Rosea" - the diameter of each basket is about four centimeters, and the color is pink,
- "Ruber" - has bright red-rose petals, the flower diameter is about four centimeters,
- "Helen Beauty" (semi-double) - on short (15 centimeters) stalks open rich purple "baskets",
- "Dark Beauty" is a compact curtain coat, giving blue-violet flowers during July-August.
If you want to grow seedlings from the seeds of alpine asters, then they must be sown in the last week of March or the first week of April in boxes filled with substrate. In order for them to germinate, the room must be at least 20 degrees. Boxes close the film or glass. After the appearance of tender shoots, transfer your drawers to a cooler room, where the temperature will be from 15 to 18 degrees. Then the seedlings will grow strong. In warmer conditions, the seedlings are usually drawn out, the seedlings will be weak, thin. In separate cups or pots, swoop down your crops when the plants grow four true leaves. When the seedlings are on the windowsill, you can feed them a little or two times, adding mineral complexes during irrigation. At the beginning of May, place your cups or pots in a low box and put them on the loggia every day for quenching, gradually increasing their stay there. In May, it is possible to take already grown up asters seedlings to a dacha and place them in a greenhouse for several days.
Not everyone has the opportunity to do flower seedlings. Then it is possible to sow aster seeds in deep autumn right into the ground. Prepare a plot in advance, form and grooves. And seed sowing is carried out in the already frozen ground. Then sprinkle them with soil pre-stored in such a case. After the natural stratification in spring, you will notice sprouts on these places. When they grow a little, carefully transplant a part of the seedlings so that the plants do not thicken. Keep in mind that germination is higher than fresh seeds. If the seeds have lain for two years, then the sprouts will be much less.
Ideas for placing alpine asters in the garden
- If you have an alpine slide (mountain landscape), then it is appropriate to shelter this type of asters at its foot.
- Такие астры выразительно смотрятся на фоне камней, поэтому сделайте из них бордюрчик у рокария.
- Можно выделить им место на газоне, используя сразу несколько сортов.
- Дорожку в беседку оживит бордюр из ярких сортов астр.
- In the flower garden Alpine asters are combined with Chinese carnations, stonecrop (prominent, large), geranium, violets, thick leaves, decorative cereals, primroses of Yulia, creeping thyme, low phloxes, creeping gypsophila, yarrow, iberis, and yarrows, and creeping flowers, low phloxes, creeping gypsophila, milfoil, iberis, and yarrows, and creeping stones, low phloxes, creeping gypsophila, milfoils, iberis, and yarrows, and creeping stones, low phloxes, creeping gypsophila, milfoils, iberis, and yarrows, and yaks,
- A beautiful flowerbed is obtained by placing bearded irises and asters of blue and purple colors on it.
- You can land these spring asters near the spirea, Thunberg barberry, white fuck.
Low asters grow well in containers on the loggia.
Recommendations for further care of the Alpine asters
Seedlings grown at home (or purchased in a flower shop) are planted in a flower bed or in a flower garden in May in the evening. Prepare a place in advance, dig up, eliminate weeds that appeared with the arrival of spring. Then pour the wells with a hot solution of potassium permanganate. After soaking, place the plants there with a lump of soil from the cup. In the first week it is desirable that watering was daily. If possible, do it in the morning, using water at room temperature. Stagnant water can not be allowed!
Such asters usually bloom in the second season. In the first summer, they build up roots and green mass.
In subsequent years, your asters will need:
- Watering is plentiful, but as the soil dries.
- Loosening and removing weeds that appear next to each other.
- Hilling before the formation of buds, thereby strengthening and accelerating the development of the root system.
- Feeding. The first two feeding must be carried out at the time of active growth of leaves and in the formation of buds, using fermented organic matter (for example, mullein). The third dressing can be done at the time of rapid flowering. In the autumn it is enough to bring only ashes. Instead of organic, you can use "Agricola" (for flowering) or "Kemira-lux".
If you do not plan to collect seeds, then remove bloomers that lose their decorative "baskets".
Favorite varietal alpine asters can be propagated by cutting off apical cuttings in June-July, the length of which should be about 6 centimeters. Such cuttings should be planted in a wet bed in a shady place and cover with caps made of plastic bottles. Roots usually grow within 25 days. Just make sure that the soil was wet, sometimes remove the caps for ventilation.
Another easy way of reproduction is the division of an adult three-, four-year-old bush of alpine aster into two-three parts, followed by transplanting into other places. The procedure is carried out in the spring, when the plant grows leaves. On each part (delenka) it is necessary to leave three shoots along with the rhizome. Be sure to update the alpine asters living for three or four years on one flowerbed, because it will seem that the plants seem to be trying to “get out” from the soil. And this phenomenon is connected with the fact that this plant produces new buds annually in the zone of the base of the shoots of the last season, that is, above its predecessors. And if this part of the winter will be above the level of snow (as happens in little snowy winters), then these buds can freeze out.
How do alpine asters winter?
In the fall, be sure to silence your plants, taking the usual ground for this (sawdust, sand, dry leaves), then all the buds of the next season will not freeze, even if the snow cover is insignificant. It is possible that the plants will go to hibernation, having more green aboveground parts. This is normal. If the above-ground part is withered, then cut everything off. With the arrival of spring, the aster will once again grow. If in your edges in winter the temperature drops below 28 degrees, then in addition cover the landing sites with a large pile of foliage or spruce branches.
When you first arrive at the dacha in the spring, then remove the melting snow that lies in the alpine aster areas. In these places it is impossible to prevent the water from stagnating in spring, otherwise the roots may be damaged, or even young shoots emerging from the ground from the buds will rot.
About diseases and pests
With careful care alpine aster circumvent the misfortunes. But if summer is abundant in precipitation, or when plants live in a damp place in the shade, they are affected by powdery mildew. As a result of spores of a fungus on a plant, a gray-white scurf appears on it. To avoid such troubles, treat Alpine asters with Topaz twice before flowering (only one milliliter of this product is taken for 5 liters of water) or Fundazole. In the autumn, part of summer residents process plants with copper sulphate or Bordeaux fluid (at the same time you protect plants from phytophthora). Sulfur preparations, Fitosporin, can also be used.
Fusarium (rot on the roots) - this disease is worried about asters, planted in damp places or covered with frequent rains. The plant turns brown, its leaves turn yellow, then wilting occurs. Plants afflicted by this fungus must be immediately eliminated from the site so that the disease does not transfer to other plantings.
Rust, jaundice, sclerotinia, and rhizoctoniosis appear much less frequently on the alpine asters.
To increase disease resistance, this perennial in the period of active growth (before opening the buds) is useful to treat with “Zircon”, “NV-101” or “Energen”.
The main pests of asters:
- Caterpillars scoops - love to feast on foliage, for their extermination will have to use the "Malathion", "Phosphamide."
- Spider mites - they mercilessly suck juices from plants, appear in arid hot summer. Then you can prepare for spraying infusions of garlic and onion arrows. If there are a lot of mites, then treatment with Karbofos is required.
- Slugs - in order to prevent them from making their way to the asters, periodically sprinkle ashes or lime around the plants. You can also put "traps" in which beer is poured at night. Inspect these baits in the morning, take out the slugs and destroy them.
- Drooling pennitsa, meadow bug - they are destroyed by treating the plants with “Karbofos”, “Piretrum”.
The color range of varieties of this plant currently available on the market is very diverse. Once you have planted alpine chamomiles at the dacha, you will enjoy spring for many years, when you see a modest but charming alpine aster flower pick up the flowering baton after hyacinths, tulips, and daffodils.
Astra Alpine, photo
On the backyards of gardening flower growers you can often see luxurious flower beds, where alpine asters are planted. Hunting perennial reproduction in the open field is justified not only by its lush flowering of the most unimaginable colors, but also by the plant's unpretentiousness in care, as well as high cold resistance. In addition, many plant varieties continue to delight the eye with buds that have blossomed during the summer and until the beginning of autumn, when other flowers are already starting to be sent for the rest period.
Description: varieties and varieties of aster alpine
In its natural habitat, aster alpine is found in Europe, Asia and the North American continent. It is a herbaceous plant with erect stems from 10 to 35 cm in height. The basal and lower stem leaves have a short petiole, the upper leaves are sessile. The shape of the leaf plate is elongated ovoid.
Astra Alpine Albus
The flowering period depends on the variety and can last from May to September. The inflorescence is a basket with tubular flowers and elongated reed edge petals. The diameter of the inflorescence on average is about 5 cm.
Let's get acquainted with the most popular varieties in landscape design:
- Albus is a representative of a semi-terry variety. Because of the white petals are also mistakenly called chamomile. Low-growing plant, up to 20 cm tall. The flowering period occurs in the first half of summer.
- Gloria - the size of the basket diameter does not exceed 3 cm, the edge petals of a saturated blue color.
- Dark Beauty - dissolves the petals of a blue-violet hue in the second half of summer.
- Rosea - floral rosettes reach 4 cm in diameter, the petals of a delicate pink color.
- Ruber - srednerosly grade. The basket is densely trimmed with petals of a rich raspberry shade.
Planting a plant
In many ways, the success of planting depends on the correctly selected area under the flower bed. Alpine Astra loves light, but direct sunlight throughout the day is harmful to the plant. Therefore, the appropriate place would be lacy penumbra.
Astra Alpine Rosea
The breeding of asters is unacceptable in a draft and in conditions of strong wind gusts. Care must be taken that there is a barrier on the leeward side — a fence, a wall of a house, or other elevation.
An important condition is good soil drainage. If the land on the site does not differ in such qualities, when digging, it is worth making some sand on the bed area. In case of a heavy worm structure of the soil, a drainage layer should be arranged so that water does not stagnate at the roots of the plants.
Planting technology is as follows:
- The holes in the flower bed are dug at a distance of 20 cm from each other with 40 cm row spacing.
- The depth of planting aster seedlings in open ground is carried out 2 cm lower than it was in the container.
- After planting the seedlings between the rows make grooves for moistening the soil.
You can conduct sowing seeds immediately in open ground. However, germination of seeds is difficult to predict and flowers can germinate unevenly, which adversely affects the decorative type of flower beds.
Astra can be called an unpretentious plant in the care. But in order for it to flourish in all its glory, you need to adhere to some rules of agricultural technology.
Astra Alpine Gloria
First of all, it is necessary to ensure proper watering. Perennial refers to moisture-loving colors. To moisten the soil you need a copious volume of water. But part of this procedure is not worth it. Before the next watering the soil should dry out.
Important. During the period of heavy rains additional soil moisture is not carried out.
It is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil. The land should be regularly loosened, weeding the beds from weeds should be carried out. In advance, prior to flowering, high hilling of plants is carried out - this stimulates the strengthening of the root system of perennials.
To extend the flowering period, we must not forget to remove dried buds from the bushes in a timely manner. They are left only on those specimens that are intended to collect seeds.
Astra is a frost-resistant plant. You can leave perennial winter in the open field. The preparatory activities are pruning the above-ground parts and sheltering the flower bed with a layer of mulch.
Fertilizer and aster feeding
For the cultivation of asters in the open field suitable fertile land with a high content of humus. If the land on the plot does not meet these requirements, fertilization will help correct the situation.
Joint planting of alpine asters
Organic matter can be used as a fertilizer. To do this, under the digging make humus at the rate of 10 kg per 1 square meter.
Important. Do not use fresh manure for fertilizer - it must be allowed to pereprep.
With many years of growing a flower for him spend feeding. In early spring, when sprouts appear on the soil surface, a mineral fertilizer is used at the rate of 6 g of nitrogen and 4 g of phosphorus and potassium per 1 square meter each. You can also use water extract of mullein. During the flowering period, care is in the dressings with potash-phosphorus mixture.
Alpine asters are propagated by sowing seeds through seedlings and dividing the bush. For growing seedlings begin to plant in March. For this:
- Seeds are sown under room conditions in a mixture of turf and hardwood with a small amount of sand and peat.
- Moisture soil and leave the container in a dark place.
- After a week, shoots should appear, by which time the box is transferred to a bright place.
- They start picking when the seedlings have two true leaves.
- Before planting seedlings in open ground, hardening is recommended. To do this, it is taken out of the room to fresh air. The first time is for a few minutes, and with each new approach this time is extended.
Planting seedlings on the flower bed is held in mid-May.
Every year the perennial occupies more and more space in the flowerbed. Therefore, once every 5-7 years, it is necessary to divide the bush and transplant asters. To conduct this procedure, it is necessary that the plant was at rest. Therefore, the division is carried out in early spring, until the active process of vegetation.
Alpine Astra: landing and care (video)
Growing asters - occupation for the beginning gardeners. For the cultivation of asters do not need much experience, and you need only the presence of hard work and love for the earth. Aster - this word is translated from Latin as a "star". About him known for about two millennia.
Asters' homeland is the Far East, or rather its southwest. The asters are straight, and the height is very different from 20 cm to 2 meters. green leaves with cloves and inflorescences in the form of a basket are the most diverse - simple and terry, gathered in umbrellas or panicles and single. Asters have very different colors - red, white, pink, burgundy, purple, blue, blue, two-color, turning from the same color in another. There is no smell in asters, but, despite this - they are very popular garden flowers. Large flowers with graceful petals, various colors and very long flowering provide them great popularity. These asters are perennial, but in our gardens we grow more common annual asters, which came to us from China and are called Callistephus Chinese. Asters like sunny, unshadowed The areas closed from the wind where the soil is well drained are better if they are light sandals or loams. Aster is a non-capricious, unpretentious flower that can bloom very long before the first frost.
Aster seeds sprout in the most unpredictable conditions. The arch flower is hardy, it can even withstand transplants even during flowering without harm to itself. Asters feel best of all at a temperature of 15 degrees C and a humidity of 65%.
In hot and dry weather growing asters difficult. She loses her decorativeness and her seeds are poorly formed. Even asters do not tolerate groundwater, close to the surface, the excess moisture of the soil and from this eternal dampness.
Reproduction of asters by seeds
The reproduction of asters occurs mainly by seeds. Cultivation of asters by seeds begins at the beginning of March or already at the end of February in order to get seedlings. Seeds are planted in various boxes, pots, all kinds of bowls or in the greenhouse. The soil should be slightly acidic.
Seeds should be sprinkled with a thin layer of humus, which you need to sift in advance. Then, it is necessary to water with a weakly colored solution of potassium parchment and more, until the seeds sprout, do not water. The box must be covered with cellophane.
It is important not to forget that until the shoots appear, it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the room within +18 degrees C. When the shoots appear, the seedlings are moved to the window sill, there is usually the brightest place. With the advent of several leaves (there must be at least three).
Plants need to be transplanted into small containers of one thing. Young plants are transferred to the ground in May or early June.
Soil preparation for asters
Beds and flower beds for asters should be prepared ahead of time, and even better if you take care of this even in the fall. The soil must be thoroughly digged and by all means it is necessary to add sand and peat or humus (which is). Thus, we will have fertile land with good air conduction and wonderful drainage.
Fertilizers for asters
Growing asters never passes fertilizer without fertilizer. This is necessary in order to achieve lush and prolonged flowering.
For this, in the autumn, under digging, they put compost or humus on the garden bed. Organic fertilizers are not quite suitable for asters, it is better to use mineral fertilizers. The first time asters need to be fed in 12 days after transplanting, and then during the development of buds and flowering, but without nitrogen. In the spring, before planting in the ground, it is necessary to add superphosphate, ammonium sulphate and potassium salts.
Another very important circumstance when growing asters. When the buds start to tie, watering should be increased. It is necessary to water generously and plentifully, it will provide a violent bloom. We must not forget one more very important circumstance.
It is forbidden to plant asters after tomatoes, potatoes, tulips, carnations. At the same place aster planted over 5 years. And on the former place asters can be returned in five years.
Good precursors for aster marigolds, marigolds and perennial herbs.
Another fungal disease that interferes with the cultivation of asters is late blight. It appears brown spots or white scurf. To prevent this disease, plants need to be sprayed with drugs that contain copper and weed plantings and pick up plant residues in a timely manner. Other diseases and pests such as jaundice, rhizoctoniosis, rust, sclerotinia (rot of the base of the stalks and roots), nematodes, slugs can affect asters, aphid, dustpan, spider mite.
In dry and hot summer, a spider mite is a great threat to asters in the garden, which sucks the juice out of them. С паутинными клещами можно бороться, опрыскивая растения настоями чеснока и лука.
Зачастую и слизни осложняют выращивание астры . Чтобы избавиться от них, посадки нужно обсыпать суперфосфатом и извести регулярно глубоко рыхлить почву.
Семена высаживают, как только прогреется земля. Высаженные семена обязательно нужно накрыть целлофаном до того времени как появятся первые всходы. Replanting plants is not necessary.
It is necessary only during the sowing to withstand the interval between the seeds of about 3 cm. You can plant the seeds and in the fall (before winter). But, nevertheless, growing the seeds this way is undesirable, as the plants that are sown immediately in the soil, begin to bloom much later, those that were grown indoors in a pot.
Care of asters
Despite the way in which the aster was grown, during its development it needs care and care. Caring for them comes down to loosening, watering, weeding, as well as the destruction of weeds and the fight against disease.
Although Astra is famous for its drought tolerance, in extreme heat it still needs abundant watering, especially during the formation of buds. This is done in order to ensure a generous and abundant flowering. In the world there are many types of asters. They are subdivided according to the form, according to the variety of flowers, according to their decorative features, form and height.
Talking about annual asters, somehow it’s not very possible to lose sight of perennial asters. A good addition to perennial plants on the backyard area is asters, whose heights range from 1.5 to 2 meters, with dense and loose inflorescences consisting of terry flowers .Colors can be very different from white to dark red and blue. Such flowerbeds can perfectly hide various flaws (for example, an old dilapidated fence). Bouquets of perennial aster have an enchanting look, although they are not very durable.
For florists working with dried flowers, dried aster flowers are highly valued. It is necessary to take into account that growing asters perennial has its own characteristics that have to be taken into account. Perennial asters very well tolerate cold, so it is not very difficult to care for them during cultivation.
Best of all, they grow in an area well lit by the sun. Land for growing perennial asters should be light, loose and have good water resistance. It is necessary to remember that asters need mineral fertilizers regular and timely watering in dry and hot weather. Needlessly compacted rhizomes should be separated once in 3-4 years. This procedure also serves as reproduction.
Perennial aster reproduction
Perennial asters bloom in a year, or even two after they are sown. They multiply by dividing the bush, which is carried out in the spring (the sooner the better).
In the part of the bush that is separated, the number of shoots must be at least three and a little roots. They are propagated by apical cuttings, up to 7 cm in length. For this, the cuttings are rooted in the soil, which consists of sand, turf and peat and is kept under the film for a month.
They are transferred to the open ground at the beginning of autumn. Years after 2-3 plants become unattractive, so they need to be planted. Breeding is done by stem cuttings or sowing new ones. It is necessary to say that growing perennial asters - occupation is also not troublesome and interesting, both for experienced flower growers and for beginners.
Alpine asters bloom in early spring. Such asters are grown in flowerbeds, at borders, on stony hills and mixborders. This perennial tolerates winter frosts, as it is very unpretentious. The color of Alpine aster from May to June.
Bushes have a height of 15 to 25 cm. The bush is very thick, the leaves are narrow, slightly pubescent, densely sitting on the stem. The flowers, with a diameter of up to 5 cm, have the most diverse colors from pale white to blue, purple and red. On the stem is placed one flower, sometimes two. In the Altai and the Caucasus, asters grow wild.
Alpine Aster Varieties
The best varieties of alpine asters are White (height 25-30 cm, inflorescences about 2.5 cm), Red (height from 15 to 25 cm, flowers red), Superbus (height 20-30 cm, inflorescences about 3 cm, color blue), Goliath (height 40cm, diameter about 5 cm, lilac color).Growing asters without much difficulty for you will decorate your garden and yard with a riot of bright colors. They will delight you throughout the fall.
Alpine Astra and its features
Alpine aster is a perennial aster, which is distinguished by its earlier flowering with respect to its relatives. Astra blooms in early June, and if spring is warm, then flowering can begin earlier, even in late May. Aster flowers resemble daisy, which is why this flower is also called alpine chamomile.
Plant height reaches 20-30 centimeters. The diameter of the flower - 5-6 centimeters. The stems of the plants are covered with gray leaves that have short and hard pubescence.
Inflorescence baskets look like daisies, they open in June. Petals are painted in lilac or blue color, asters with pink or white flowers are less common. Plantation refers to frost-resistant.
Alpine Astra can be grassy or semi-shrub, its root is quite branchy and has a horizontal arrangement. Bolls are formed at the end of the flowering period of the plant, namely at the end of July. Growing alpine asters is very popular on rocky hills and in rock gardens, so that it will be a worthy decoration of any yard, garden or flower bed.
In addition, this plant is beautifully combined next to the grayish-bluish carnation, with iberis, with creeping gypsophila (for short growing varieties) and with yarrow (for medium grown varieties). Tall varieties are taken to cut. In addition to the decorative properties of alpine aster, it is also used in medicine. For example, its flowers are used in the manufacture of infusions that help fight diseases such as tuberculosis and scrofula, as well as in gastrointestinal disorders.
Alpine Astra: cultivation
Cultivation of alpine asters is carried out with the help of seeds and vegetatively. Freshly harvested seeds are sown directly in open ground in spring or autumn. Sowing depth is about 0.5 centimeters.
The distance between the asters should be about 20 centimeters. In the second year, flowering occurs. To the vegetative reproduction is the division of the bush and grafting. Alpine asters are divided after flowering or spring.
Root shoots, which gives the plant, can be used as planting material. Once every few years it is necessary to divide the plants, since the aster buds wake up at the base of the shoots of the previous year.
If you do not do this procedure at least once every three years, the plant will begin to thicken and fall out. Asters grow very quickly if all the few requirements are taken into account. Reproduction by cuttings is used to a greater extent only when breeding varieties of asters.
In this case, take the apical green shoots and divide them into parts (they must be at least three buds). Grow them in greenhouse conditions. After the formation of the root system around the end of autumn, the plant is planted in the open ground. But in the winter period they are warmed.
Care for aster alpine
When growing alpine asters, it is important to pay attention to such points:
Alpine aster grows well on ordinary garden soils. The soil must be alkaline, light and loose, so that moisture and air can penetrate unhindered to the roots. Land plots flooded in spring or autumn are not suitable for asters.
In the spring, it is necessary to apply phosphate and potash fertilizers, especially at the time of transplanting a plant or pruning it.
Alpine Astra loves quite abundant watering, but within reasonable limits. If aster grows in arid territory, its growth and flowering will not be so generous.
Astra needs a sufficient amount of sunlight, so the place where it will grow should not be too shaded, but, conversely, open.
In winter, the old alpine aster bushes need to be mulched with sand or soil, the buds should be under cover.
In general, the alpine aster is not afraid of pests or diseases. But, for example, if the plant does not receive enough sunlight, powdery mildew may appear.
If after elimination of this cause, that is, after transplanting the plant to a more suitable place, the problem is not resolved, it can be treated with a fungicide. In addition, such treatment can be done from time to time as a preventive measure. So, growing alpine asters is a rewarding job. She is really unpretentious, but she is ready to please her owners with a very beautiful and abundant flowering.
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Alpine aster perennial photo
Alpine aster, Korzhinsky aster, false aster - a close relative of Chinese aster or one-year aster, one of the many years of representatives of the huge family of asters, has earned the love of many gardeners for several centuries. It is a medium-sized plant up to 35 cm high. With good illumination, the bush, growing, acquires a volumetric shape.
From the thickened rhizomes depart erect, pubescent, strongly branched branches. The root is horizontally located and branching. Bottom leaves obovate, located on the stems - lanceolate, shredding to the apex, occasionally pubescent without petioles. By winter, the plants go green. The wrapper is hemispherical, consisting of a pair of rows of leaves of a lanceolate elongated shape. Inflorescence - apical basket up to 6 cm with a variety of reed flowers of various color palettes - from whitish to dark ultramarine. Seeds - obovate with a tuft. It blooms from late May to July. Do not lose their attractiveness to the snow.
The plant has been cultivated since the 16th century, it is actively used to decorate plots by many gardeners and summer residents. In landscape design it is used for mixborders, borders, alpine slides and group planting foreground. It is cultivated in the northernmost regions, enduring long winters without consequences.
Growing alpine asters
Astra Alpine perennial planting and care photos
If your flower garden is not shaded, it is well illuminated by the sun, the beautiful Alpine aster will not require special care. She needs well-drained, not acidified soil, but otherwise they are unpretentious and hardy. During the mass flowering they need abundant watering. Tall species and varieties need moderate supplements. As soon as the cold comes (mid-October and later), the stem is cut to the root collar. This operation can be transferred to the spring, combining with the removal of frozen shoots.
If the rhizomes of Alpine asters protruding from the soil are noticed, then the plant should be transplanted as soon as possible with the deepening or carefully poured with the ground, closing the exposed areas. Some species quickly degenerate, so they should be periodically divided. For transplantation using the most healthy parts of rhizome with large shoots and a well-developed root system. Feed at the beginning of the growing season with potash fertilizer with the addition of calcium, which is used as chalk or finely crushed eggshell.
During the summer they pour ash under the plants, followed by loosening. Fresh dung does not like. Ceases to bloom when the excess organic remains. Winter well without shelter, cover only young and recently transplanted specimens with spruce branches, dry moss.
Astra Alpine can be propagated by cutting
Such reproduction completely duplicates the parent copy. Cuttings taken from healthy plants. The lower internodes are cleared of leaves, treated with a root, or other stimulant, pinch the top. Succinic acid can be used as a stimulator of root formation, lightly powdering sections.
Rooting occurs within two weeks. To speed up the formation of roots, the cuttings in the nursery are covered with a film or glass. Every day, air for 5-10 minutes, lifting the shelter. Watered as drying, not allowing waterlogging. In early autumn, transplanted to a permanent place at a distance of 15-20 cm.
Popular varieties of alpine aster
Astra Alpine White Alps
Albus (Albys) - one of the first blooms, in early June, short stalks are covered with small dark green leaves. The flowers are white with a yellow heart, semi-double and simple scattered throughout the spherical bush. Height is 12-22 cm. It looks perfect in rockeries, on alpine hills.
Gloria - blue simple flowers do not exceed 3 cm in diameter. The beginning of flowering occurs at the end of May, June. The bush with emerald lanceolate leaves is decorative until late autumn. Up to 35 cm high. Suitable for low curbs, flowerbeds, rockeries. Unpretentious, stable, responsive to care.
Astra Alpine Blue Goliath Aster alpinus Goliath
Goliath - semi-double light purple flowers on grassy low bushes of gray-green color. When used as a groundcover, it grows quickly and occupies the space provided for it. Timely removal of branches that have lost their decorative effect contributes to long-term flowering.
Astra Lipian Rosea Pink
Rosia - baskets with a diameter of 6 cm are collected from buds with pink petals, yellow-greenish middle. Height is about 15 - 20 cm. It blooms in July. They form picturesque balls, covered with bright flowers. Grassy part of bright green color. Suitable for compositions with stones.
Astra Alpine Happy End Happy End photo
Happy End - a variety with upright strong stems, the most early-flowering. Pink petals adorn the outlet. A little higher than their fellows. Blossoming plentiful and long from May to July. Valuable curb plant with dense, compact, spherical bushes copiously covered with pink flowers during flowering. When landing along the tracks looks spectacular and picturesque. It should promptly remove faded shoots, thereby prolonging flowering.
Dunkle енеene - low lush aster with dense purple flower petals and bright yellow center does not exceed 3 cm in diameter and 25 cm high. Looks great against the background of faded peony bushes and other early-fading perennials, creating a bright spot against the background of green foliage.
Ruber - amazingly beautiful bloom fascinates the look. A rich color of flowers of red and pink color will decorate any place in your garden. Height up to 30 cm suitable for single planting curtain, also for borders, flower beds, rocky hills. Having landed it along the tracks, create a magnificent ensemble with a lawn.
Superbus is an unpretentious, undemanding variety with lilac-blue flowers on openworking bushes. Decorate any place in your garden. It feels good when lightly shaded, decorating the walls of sheds and other outbuildings.
Dark Beauty and Helen Beauty - picturesque curtains 15 centimeter stalks with bright purple flower petals are used as a ground cover plant at places of memory, creating a long-flowering meadow. Planted between the stones, look great.
Combining planting from different varieties, colors achieve continuous flowering from early spring to late autumn. This is achieved by supplementing the Alpine varieties with other species of perennial asters - October, September, Italian, Belgian, New England and New Zealand varieties.
Only from these flowers alone, alternating varieties and plant height, you can create an English mixborder - a mandatory element of European design that will remain decorative throughout the year and will delight its creator and its household with magnificence, lush flowering. Mixborder, located along the fence, fence or against the background of the structure will hide the flaws, decorate the territory of the site or garden and give the completeness of the landscape composition. Requires a minimum of care and cost. Such plantings look organic, they are constantly in bloom, thus they compare favorably with ordinary flower beds and flower beds.
Alpine aster ground cover photo
Used medicinal properties of alpine chamomile. Traditional medicine uses flowering tops. Successfully use them for gastrointestinal disorders, treatment of scrofula, tuberculosis. Harvest during flowering: cut, laid out in one layer, dried under canopies, avoiding the sun's rays. Decoctions, lotions treat children and adults. Juice is used for various dermatoses.
This unassuming plant since ancient times draws attention of people with modest magnificence. Ancient buildings decorated with ornaments, repeating the twists of twigs and sepals. Found them during excavations in ancient tombs and burials. Mentioned in the legends and myths of love and loyalty associated with the goddess of love, Aphrodite, personifying divine beauty and unfading youth.
It was believed that these cute звезд ’asterisks’ ’appeared at the site of the goddess’s footprints. They were planted in antiquity at the entrances to temples and houses, to earn the favor of the heavenly bodies and gods. People gave them to each other at parting, believing that they help lovers to find happiness and meet again.
Многие любители-цветоводы гоняются за неприступной, капризной экзотикой, не замечая простых, не предъявляющих больших требований и довольствующейся малым вниманием представителям флоры, каковым является наша скромница, которая при ненавязчивом уходе самодостаточна, респектабельна в тех местах, где другие ваши избранники будут хиреть и погибнут.
Частенько проезжая мимо заброшенных участков, можно заприметить цветущий кустик альпийской астры под зарослями малины или смородины. О каком уходе можно говорить в этом случае, а растение живо, растет, цветет. It is worth adding a little attention and care to him, and it will thank him for his gentle long flowering. Not many plants have such properties and exceptional life burden.
The plant is perfect for those summer residents, prefer to just relax in the country or garden, not bothering to take care of the plants. Alpine daisy will always thank everyone for its fun little stars. Of course, in this case, you need to pay attention to more unpretentious varieties.
Alpine aster is another great creation of Mother Nature, pleasing us with its flowering, unobtrusive beauty, bribing unpretentiousness, endurance, charm. Growing it will not be difficult, even for novice gardeners.
One of the main advantages of perennial asters is a long flowering period, which begins in the last decade of May and lasts until autumn. The height of the shrub is approximately 25–30 cm. Most active bloom lasts about 3-4 weeks.
The plant has medium-sized floral rosettes - their maximum diameter is 4–6 cm. In appearance, the flower is a bit similar to chamomile, which is why it received the second name - alpine chamomile.
The alpine hills are often decorated with a flower, it is distinguished by good frost resistance.
Before talking about planting and caring for a flower in the open field, We offer to get acquainted with the most popular varieties of asters:
- "Albus". White low flower, its bloom is observed in June and July. It has short stems (maximum 20 cm), the leaves are rather dense.
- "Gloria". It stands out with flower rosettes of blue color, inflorescences are small - their diameter is not more than 3 cm.
- "Goliath". The flowers have a delicate purple color, their diameter is 6 cm. The bloom falls on June.
- "Rosea". The plant is characterized by pink inflorescences having a diameter of 4 cm.
- "Happy end". The variety has strong straight stems, a large number of foliage. Flowering begins in May and lasts until the end of the month.
- "Dunkle Schöne". Flower with dark purple rosettes with a diameter of 3 cm.
- "Ruber". A very bright representative of asters, the inflorescences are colored red-pink and have a diameter of up to 4 cm.
A huge variety of varieties allows you to choose plants that will fully meet your requirements and wishes.
Lighting and location
Astra Alpine Ground Cover prefers well lit placeson which the sun's rays fall. If shaded terrain is selected for the landing, be prepared for the fact that the flowering will not be too abundant, the sockets will be small. Damp places are also not suitable for asters., as in such areas the root system will rot.
What soil to plant
The ideal option for planting would be drained alkaline soil. The pit should be deep enough - no less than 20 cm. In the autumn period, it is necessary to prepare the ground for further planting. For this, it is worth digging the ground, fertilizing it with compost or humus - it is recommended to use 3 kg per 1 square meter. In the spring, ammonium sulphate and potassium salt are added to the soil, superphosphates are added. Digging is done again. Before planting a plant, it is necessary to loosen the soil.
The best time to hold this event is the end of the flowering period of the plant and before budding.
It is recommended to divide the rhizome every three to four years. Ignoring this procedure will lead to thickening of the bush and grinding inflorescences. For the event, you will need to dig up the roots, remove all unsuitable parts, and process the rhizomes with disinfectants. It is possible to plant a plant on an initial place only in five years.
This breeding method is more often used in order to preserve the varietal characteristics and characteristics of plants. To do this you will need cuttings from the top of the bush. They need to be cut into pieces so that each has a point of growth. Sprouts should be placed in a nutrient soil substrate and cover with plastic wrap.
After their rooting (and this will happen somewhere in November), you can start planting alpine aster perennial in open ground and its cultivation. As soon as the air temperature begins to fall, it is necessary to create a shelter for plants.
Watering and soil care
Perennial needs moderate watering. In summer, the flower is watered plentifully, but not too often. On 1 square. m should go 3 buckets of water. In other periods, soil moisture should be exercised when a small crust appears on top.
The important point is loosening the soil. Together with him it is necessary to remove the weeds that grow around the flowers. Loosening itself should not be carried out too deeply - just loosen a 4-6 cm layer. It is recommended to perform this procedure after rain.
Top dressing bushes
Asters must be fed three times:
- 10–14 days after disembarkation. On 1 square. m of soil requires 10 g of potassium sulfate, 20 g of ammonium nitrate and 50 g of superphosphate.
- During budding. Fertilizer is carried out by superphosphate and potassium sulfate (each 50 g per 1 sq. M).
- As soon as flowering begins, it is worthwhile to carry out the third additional feeding - with superphosphate, potassium sulfate (50 g each).
Possible diseases and pests
Despite the resistance to many diseases and pests, asters still suffer from some ailments. The most common diseases include the following:
- black leg - refers to the fungal diseases, characterized by blackening and decay of the plant. The fight is to remove infected branches and leaves and the subsequent processing of fungicides,
- rust. A characteristic sign - bloating and shrinking foliage. The plant is worth treating Bordeaux liquid
- Fusarium - refers to fungal diseases in which the flower turns yellow and fades. Affected plants are burned.
Asters often suffer from powdery mildew, a contagious disease. The infection spreads very quickly, and affects other plants. The affected flowers are necessarily removed and the remaining fungicides are treated. It is recommended to use Topaz and Fitosporin.
Asters can become a haven for caterpillars, meadow bugs, drooling pennits. To protect the plant, it is necessary to carry out its processing "Karbofos."
Can also be seen on flowers and spider mites. To eliminate it, use "Fitoverm". If you find an attack of naked slugs, you need to collect them with your hands, arrange the bait in the evening using beer, and collect pests from them in the morning.
Now you know what a ground cover aster looks like, how planting and caring for a plant is carried out. A perennial aster will not give you much trouble, sometimes it is enough to pay attention to it, and your flower bed will always be full of bright, beautiful flowers.
Alpine Astra: combination with other plants
Alpine Astra blooms for quite a long time, it can serve as a backdrop for other flowers, gradually replacing each other from spring to autumn.
Bordyrny irises, euphorbia cypress, evening primrose, euphorbia multicolor, pin sow-color, which are painted in bright yellow color, look spectacular against the background of purple asters. The combination of bearded irises and alpine asters looks interesting - by planting blue or lilac varieties next to you, you can create a pleasant looking composition by playing on a smooth change of semitones.
Astra goes well with:
Experienced gardeners willingly include in the composition with Alpine aster primula Julia, reed grass, spartina, creeping thyme. Successful partners for perennial asters are decorative cereals.
Astra alpine in landscape design
Since the alpine aster perennial is rather unpretentious in cultivation, it is actively used in landscape design, gardeners and simply wildlife lovers in flower gardens, rock gardens, in the design of flower beds, stony hills, as a balcony plant.
It is recommended to plant alpine asters in the foreground of shrub plantings, in borders, to decorate the shores of small garden or summer ponds.
Astra Alpine perennial equally loved and experienced landscape designers and amateur gardeners. It is easy to maintain, does not require special irrigation conditions, but at the same time almost the whole summer pleases with bright colors, emphasizing the beauty of the surrounding nature. Give your attention to Astra Alpine, and she will thank for a lush bloom.
Astra Alpine: photos
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Every summer I plant asters not only annuals, but also perennials of a mixture of alpine species. The flowerbeds adorn the garden beautifully. Practically not whimsical and grow without proper care the whole season. Asters are both tall and short growing. Tall ones go to the bouquet.
Amazingly beautiful photos, I really like asters! Thank you for the pleasure!