Today, red currant bushes can be found in the garden of almost every summer resident. This amazing berry is quite unpretentious - it is very good in drought and frost, bears fruit for many years, pulling out its branches and annually increasing the bush's pomp. Red currant bush looks very beautiful - berries, like beads, are decorated with spreading branches with green leaves. That is why red currant was originally grown as an ornamental plant. Later, people realized that the berries and leaves of the shrub have a medicinal effect, began to use the plant as part of a variety of decoctions and tinctures. Only in recent centuries, people tasted the true taste of sour berries. Today red currant is the standard of delicious and incredibly healthy delicacy, not for everyone, but for everybody. In this article we will talk about the composition of red fruits, find out what currant is useful for, under what diseases it should be used, and also get acquainted with the main contraindications to currant use.
Useful properties of red currant
The composition of red currant is very diverse. It is often compared with black currants, however, these berries have many differences. Firstly, red currant is more juicy, it has more seeds. Red currant and black currant are rich in vitamin C, but black still wins in the amount of ascorbic acid. But there is so much vitamin A in red currants that no berry can compare. In addition, in the composition of red fruits are organic acids, vitamins, beta-carotene, trace elements. Red currant contains less sugar than black, so it is actively used for weight loss. In general, a special sour taste of currants gives baking and desserts a subtle aftertaste. In many countries, fruit drinks are prepared from currants, fruit drinks, jams, preserves. But why is red currant useful for the body?
- Vitality. Very often, avitaminosis, postponed diseases, autumn depressions and frequent stresses make themselves felt, strength disappears, vitality is lost. Red currant will help to correct the situation. From its berries and leaves, a decoction is prepared, which should be taken at least three times a day. Very often, natural red currant medicines are prescribed for the elderly during the rehabilitation period. The medicine is very helpful in mental and physical stress. Such broths quickly return a person to life and give him strength.
- SARS and colds. A large amount of ascorbic acid makes currant indispensable in the fight against colds. Mors and currant compotes significantly reduce the time of illness, have diaphoretic and antipyretic effect, reduce inflammation. Gargle with diluted juice of currants - it will relieve pharyngitis, tonsillitis, etc. In addition, regular consumption of currants in the season of influenza and colds is a powerful prevention and protection of the body, strengthening the immune forces.
- For heart and blood. As part of the currant is a sufficient amount of potassium, which is very necessary for the heart muscle. Currant thins blood, prevents the formation of blood clots, reduces the risk of atherosclerosis. Regular consumption of currants allows you to get rid of edema, normalizes blood pressure and reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke.
This is not a complete list of useful properties of red currant. It is effective in many diseases, it certainly needs to be stockpiled in the summer in order to be fully armed in the winter and to fight back any diseases. In order to preserve the maximum amount of useful substances in the berry, it cannot be boiled - just freeze. At high temperatures, vitamin C is destroyed, so the currant jam does not contain as many valuable components as fresh berry. It is best to chop the currants, add sugar, mix and transfer into plastic containers. In this form, the delicacy will turn out incredibly tasty and retain all its useful properties. However, red currant is not only used to preserve health.
Red currant in cosmetology
The high content of various nutrients in the composition of the red berries allow the use of currants for skin care. Ascorbic acid heals wounds, disinfects the surface of the epidermis, effectively fights various acne and inflammations. Currants relieves swelling, redness, soothes inflamed and irritated skin. Acids in the composition of the currant gently corrodes the upper keratinous layer of the skin, creating the effect of chemical peeling. A large amount of vitamin A in the composition of currants stimulates the production of collagen and elastin, gives a powerful impetus to the regeneration of tissues. This allows the use of currants as an anti-wrinkle anti-aging agent. In currants there is vitamin B9, which is valued by cosmetologists for its protective functions. That is, with regular use of currant masks, a thin invisible barrier appears on the skin, which protects the epidermis from ultraviolet radiation, external negative influences - chlorinated water, wind, dry air, frost, etc. Another powerful effect of the berry is the whitening effect. With a handful of red currants you can get rid of freckles, age spots, unwanted tan or dark skin tone. Currant acts gently, leaving the skin bright, bright, ruddy and radiant, without a yellow pigment.
Red currant masks gently moisturize and nourish the skin. This property is used in the care of the skin of hands. To do this, red currant juice is simply added to the usual hand cream, you can even use children's fat cream. Apply the product to the hands and feet, you can get rid of cracks and dryness. Diluted juice of red currant is actively used as a rinse hair - this will get rid of dandruff and seborrhea, hair loss strands. Organic acids in the composition of currant juice soothe irritated scalp, relieve itching and inflammation. If red currant is used to treat curls all the time, the hair will become smooth, shiny, healthy. Moreover, you can achieve a change in shade - in the sun strands will overflow with a reddish tint.
Contraindications to receive red currant
Despite all the beneficial properties of currants, it still has some contraindications that you need to know in advance.
- Berry is quite acidic and in some cases may cause irritation of the mucous walls of the stomach. Red currant is undesirable for use in gastritis and ulcers, especially on an empty stomach.
- Since currants thin the blood, it should not be used with low blood clotting - the situation may worsen.
In addition to all this, a person may experience individual intolerance to the berries. To check for allergies, start eating currants little by little, monitoring the cleanliness and condition of your skin. You should also put a little currant juice on the skin before you use a mask for the face or hair.
Anyone who has a summer cottage, or at least a piece of land, certainly plants a bush of red currant on it. The shrub grows well, grows long and bears fruit up to 10-14 years. The currant bush will decorate any territory, will give tasty and juicy berries. And most importantly, it is a source of health, strength and longevity. Each time, when brewing tea, add a leaf of red currant to the kettle along with the tea leaves. And illnesses will simply forget the way to your home!
Red currant has the same degree of kinship with black as the cherry with cherry - these are sisters. And yet, her close relative is a gooseberry, although prickly and hairy, but a brother.
Red currant has always been and is one of the real decorations of a fertile garden.. Large lush bushes with delicate lush green leaves and scarlet clusters, almost transparent, filled with juice of berries, attract everyone's attention.
Red currants make incredibly tasty sauces, jams and confitures, excellent compotes, and dumplings with red currant berries are a separate article. The fruit of the plant is an excellent wine material.
Unfortunately, not everyone likes fresh red currants. She, like the cherry, though useful, but has a fairly pronounced acidity. For this reason, it is increasingly being recycled or frozen.
but all healing power is concentrated in fresh, even a little more unripe berries.
To fill the body with various substances that are in the currant, you need to make it a rule during the season in moderate quantities, but regularly, use the fruits of red currant.
And remember not about taste buds, but about the fact that each cluster is a vitamin pill, but without chemistry.
A bit of history
Western Europe is recognized as the birthplace of red currants. The truth today is completely irrelevant, since it is Russia, where the plant has been cultivated for more than 10 centuries, supplies up to 60% of the total volume of amazing berries to the world market.
Currants are still found in large quantities in the wild, especially a lot of it in the sunny places of the banks of rivers and rivulets (hence another colorful name "Porechka").
The first in Russia to grow currants and use its healing properties to combat various ailments began the monks. They passed the knowledge and ancient recipes of potions to worldly medicine men.
Red currant ripens even in Siberia. She is not afraid of frost at all, grows in one place for more than 15 years and a single bush can feed the whole family, because the yield of currants is up to 10 kg per season from a single plant.
The only thing that can not stand red currants - a shadow.
It is no secret that red currant is not as fragrant as black, but this does not reduce the content of useful substances in it, but only indicates the absence of special glands on the back side of the leaf, which produce and secrete essential oils.
For the rest of the indicators, red currant is a worthy alternative to black. It has:
- in large quantities all the B vitamins,
- vitamin C as much as in raspberry - 25 mg per 100 g,
- vitamin PP,
- biotin and beta carotene,
- vitamin A,
- minerals - potassium and iron, calcium and magnesium, sodium and phosphorus,
- proteins - 0.5 g,
- Fat - 0.2 g,
- carbohydrates with sugars - 7.7 g,
- organic acids - 2.5 g,
- Fiber - 3.5 g,
- ash components - 0.5 g,
- water - 85 g
Caloric content of red currant is only 43 kilocaloriestherefore it is possible to make excellent diet snacks from it.
The benefits of red currants
Modern scientific research has become an excellent proof of the viability of ancient healers, who were aware of the healing properties of this variety of currants and knew how to use it properly for the benefit of human health.
1. Porechka helps win vitamin deficiency and is one of the most valuable sources of ascorbic acid, which is especially abundant in unripe berries.
2. When SARS contributes to perspiration and relieves hyperthermia.
3. Well boosts immunity, replenishes the energy resources of the body, stimulates protective abilities.
4. Promotes digestion of animal protein, recommended after a heavy rich food.
5. Removes intestinal lethargy.
6. It has a mild choleretic effect.
7. Relieves unpleasant pain in colitis and enterocolitis.
8. Cleans the skin and heals eczema and dermatitis.
9. The oxycoumarin contained in the berries helps to normalize the level of blood coagulation, so it is indispensable with increased thrombus formation.
10. Currant strengthens the walls of blood vessels and capillaries, increases their elasticity, reduces the manifestations of atherosclerosis.
11. Dissolves cholesterol plaques.
12. Protects the cardiovascular system, is a good preventive product against strokes and heart attacks.
13. Copes with anemia, including pregnant women.
14. Juice relieves bouts of nausea, which is also important for toxicosis.
15. Pectins stimulate the elimination of toxins from the body, prevent oncology and slow down the growth of existing tumors.
16. Currant is able to relieve, stop the bleeding, has an antitumor effect.
17. Prevents hemorrhage and epileptic seizures.
18. Regular consumption of currants will help to forget about constipation, excrete uric acid salts from the body.
19. Useful for the prevention of osteoporosis.
20. Has a pronounced bactericidal and antimicrobial effect.
21. Restores the work of the kidneys, treats cystitis.
22. Currant leaves help with gout and are used for diabetes.
23. Does not cause allergies.
Impressive list - is not it? The simple and familiar berry turned out to be very valuable for health and now the benefits of using it fresh have become even more obvious.
The composition and beneficial effects of berries
It consists of unique and rare substances that have a positive effect on all body systems.
Red currant contains unique compounds - coumarins - have a very important property. They help reduce blood clotting, which, in turn, eliminates the formation of blood clots, which are the cause of numerous diseases. Recent studies have also confirmed the ability of coumarins to reduce the risk of tumor formation.
Benefit for health
Normalizes blood pressure, promotes the treatment of cardiovascular diseases
The building blocks of life are important in the growth and maintenance of every cell in the body.
Strengthens the immune system, prevents damage of free radicals in the cells of the body
Necessary for the formation of new skin cells.
Necessary for the transmission of nerve impulses, detoxification and energy production.
Necessary for the formation of red blood cells.
Important in the formation of strong bones and teeth
Ascorbic acid, retinol (vitamin A) and flavonoids (vitamin P) greatly contribute to the strengthening of the vascular walls, so the berries are recommended to be used as food for people who have problems with the cardiovascular system.
Also, these substances have a positive effect on the condition of hair and skin, help in strengthening the immune system.
Red currant is a good source of iodine, therefore, with reduced thyroid function, it is useful to include red currant berries in your diet.
The benefits of red currant - the main points:
1.Has a low glycemic index.
By consuming such foods, the feeling of hunger is dulled. Red currant sugars are slowly absorbed into the bloodstream, which prevents the rapid release of insulin.
2. Helps fight infections
One cup of red currant contains 77 percent of the daily requirement for vitamin C. Vitamin C is a powerful natural water-soluble antioxidant that helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and eliminates destructive free radicals.
3. Strengthens energy and antioxidant protection.
One cup of red currant contains 10 percent mineral manganese, which is an important cofactor for the enzymes needed in energy production and antioxidant protection.
4. Helps in the formation of red blood cells
Copper and iron are necessary for the new formation of blood cells. Iron deficiency can lead to anemia, fatigue and muscle weakness.
5. Helps increase bone strength
Currants are a good source of vitamin K, which is necessary for the preservation of calcium in bone tissue. One cup of red currant contains 15% of the recommended daily value of vitamin K.
6. Heals the cardiovascular system
The use of red currant is largely due to the content of mineral substances in it: potassium, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus and zinc. For those who suffer from heart disease, doctors often advise to eat these berries, both in fresh form, and in the composition of dishes or drinks.
Due to the combination of substances, arrhythmia and vascular spasms of the heart are effectively stopped. In addition, potassium has the property of removing excess moisture from the body and, therefore, helps to reduce edema.
7. Improves the digestive system
The composition of berries in large quantities include pectins. They are valuable for health because they contribute to the removal of virtually all slags and toxins from the body, contributing to the normalization of intestinal microflora and stimulating digestion in general.
Also, these substances prevent the occurrence of tumors and inflammatory processes.
8. Increases blood iron levels.
Due to the fact that red currant is rich in iron, its consumption in food helps to cover the body's need for this substance. This is especially important during diets and with a vegetarian diet.
Caloric content of red currant berries
Berries are low calorie, not more than 40 kcal per 100 grams, so they are often included in the composition of diets for weight loss.
But they should not be abused, because in large quantities they can cause bloating, diarrhea and dehydration.
Более подробно узнать о том, в чем польза красной смородины, можно узнать из этого очень интересного видео.
Как применять листья красной смородины ?
Однако полезные вещества присутствуют не только в ягодах.
Стоит отметить и пользу листьев красной смородины. Due to the fact that they have a strong diuretic effect, tincture of them is used for the prevention and treatment of cystitis.
- Infusion of red currant leaves
If you need to achieve a diuretic effect, then use the infusion of the leaves, it also helps with gastric ulcer, cystitis and gastritis.
The main thing is that it is concentrated enough, about 20 g I (1 tbsp) per cup of boiling water, you need to insist four hours. After it is filtered and take 2-3 tbsp. l up to 5 times a day.
In the fight against atherosclerosis, it is advised to use a similar infusion, but to take berries for it along with sprigs.
Tincture of leaves on white wine helps with high acidity. The recipe is quite simple: 50 g of fresh leaves pour a liter of wine and stand 10-14 days in a darkened place. Take half an hour before meals for 50g.
Recipes blanks with red currant
The easiest way to prepare red currants for the winter is freezing or drying.
It is necessary to ensure that all the berries are clean and intact, then they will retain all their beneficial properties.
- Red Currant Jelly
Many make red currant jelly. His recipe is very simple, but the process can be time consuming. Classically, you first need to squeeze the juice, using a juicer or wringing manually rubbed berries through gauze.
Next, add sugar to it in proportions of 1.25 kg per 1 liter, heat it, stirring until sugar is completely dissolved, and after boiling, remove from heat.
The finished syrup is poured into sterilized jars and rolled covers. Jelly should be stored in a cool place, basement or refrigerator.
- Red Currant Jam
No less popular red currant jam
. The easiest way to do it is as follows: pour boiled, dried berries into boiling syrup (300 ml of water for 1.2 kg of sugar) and cook until thick. Spread out in advance prepared banks and roll up.
The benefits of red currant is preserved when using any method of harvesting.
- Red currant compote
Red currant turns out very tasty compote with sourish taste. Prepare it as well as from any other berries. Pour currants into clean jars (about a third of the total volume), and pour hot syrup.
The proportions of sugar and water can be any, depending on how sweet the compote is supposed to be. Next, cover the banks, sterilize and roll up.
Answers on questions
- Is there any use in dried red currants?
Dried currants preserve the majority of vitamins and trace elements that are very good for health. Therefore, drying the berries is one of very good ways to preserve the harvest for a long time.
- Is there any use in redcurrant jam?
There is no doubt that there is a benefit, but it is far from being the same as from dried, fresh or frozen berries. This is due to two points - heat treatment at high temperatures and large amounts of sugar.
- Is Frozen Red Currant Useful?
In a properly frozen red currant, a sufficiently large amount of useful substances is preserved. The main thing is to freeze at temperatures below minus 18 degrees. The best option is shock freezing at minus 40 degrees, but it is possible only in industrial conditions. But still, the temperature from minus 18 to minus 23 degrees of frost, which is provided by household freezers, allows you to save most of the nutrients in the berries.
Despite all the beneficial properties, in some cases it is better not to use these berries. For example, it is better to refrain from their use in food, if there are diseases associated with low blood clotting.
Red currant contains a considerable amount of acids, and therefore it is not worth eating it on an empty stomach. For the same reason, it is recommended to refrain from its use during periods of exacerbation of chronic diseases of the stomach and intestines.
It is also better to refrain from these berries in case of pancreatitis, since the substances in their composition can strongly stimulate the production of enzymes. This is especially dangerous in acute periods of the disease.
But about allergies do not need to worry.
Such reactions are extremely rare, on the contrary, the use of red currant helps to relieve some dermatitis.
Everyone knows the taste of currants - and even those especially urban residents who have never been fans of the garden and dacha pastime. But not everyone guesses that both the berries and the leaves of this unique plant are just a storehouse of vitamins, which can be treated not only by the cold. Currant bushes were grown in ancient times - the name of the berry itself came from the old Russian word "currant", which means a strong smell.
Red currant was mentioned in old songs and epics, it was bred in monasteries - the ancient monks already then appreciated the beneficial properties of this wonderful plant. However, a native red currant from Western Europe, where it has long been cultivated as a medicinal plant, and it received recognition as a berry plant much later.
Red currant is a small bush plant about a meter and a half in height. Sweet and sour fruits ripen in mid-July, but, unlike black currants, the berries do not crumble, and they keep on the bushes for a long time. Scientists have found an interesting pattern - the harsher and colder the climate in which the red currant is grown, the more vitamins in it.
Culture is widespread throughout Eurasia, but in America cultivation is banned - currants are dangerous for relict pine, which is protected by law in the states. Therefore, Americans are forced to import this most valuable product from other countries.
Currant leaves - biochemical composition
Much has been written about the medicinal properties of red currant berries, but the leaves are no less valuable product - currant leaves are used to treat a variety of diseases.
The currant leaves, both fresh and dried, contain valuable minerals - magnesium, calcium, silver, zinc, lead and copper. All these trace elements are essential for normal cell metabolism. By the amount of iron content, red currant significantly overtakes its counterparts - red and black currants. The leaves also contain organic acids with such beautiful names - citric, salicylic, malic, tartaric and amber.
And vitamin C in the leaves is even more than in the berries. Phytoncides, antioxidants, tannins, valuable essential oils - all this storehouse of useful substances can compete with any expensive vitamin preparations that fill the shelves of pharmacies.
Red currant leaves are successfully used in official and traditional medicine for complex treatment of such serious diseases as:
- cardiovascular diseases,
- eczema and dermatitis,
- rheumatism and many others.
Infusion of currant leaves has a tonic and tonic properties, heals the body and prevents colds and flu. The infusion improves health with exhaustion and allergies, including food allergies.
Currant tea is especially useful to beautiful ladies, as debilitating unbalanced diets can deal a crushing blow to female immunity. Brewed currant leaves will give strength, saturate the body with vitamins and microelements, which are so lacking for everyone who is on a diet.
Older people decoction of leaflets will help in the treatment of gout and rheumatism, strengthen the cardiovascular system, activates blood circulation, increase the elasticity of blood vessels.
Infusions and decoctions of the leaves of red currant are used as a means for rehabilitation after surgery and serious diseases, as well as to improve the condition of diabetes.
Currant leaflets can serve as an excellent disinfectant - they will stop the inflammatory process.
So, a brief summary of the beneficial properties of red currant leaves:
- disinfecting and anti-inflammatory properties,
- strengthening blood vessels
- support normal brain activity,
- support for good vision
- normalization of the gastrointestinal tract - the destruction of bacteria that cause pathology, including dysenteric bacilli,
- enhancing the action taken antibiotics,
- excretion of excess bile and uric acid.
How to collect and dry medicinal currant leaves
Like any medicine, the leaves of the currant is not only important to properly brew or insist on alcohol, but also to collect and dry according to all the rules - only in this case all the useful properties will be preserved to the maximum.
The largest amount of vitamins in the leaves of red currant is concentrated during the flowering of the bush - it is best to collect and dry them at this time, that is, for central Russia it is about the middle of June.
However, nothing terrible will happen if the leaves are collected a little later or earlier, the main thing is that the plant is not affected by rust or fungus - it is with these diseases that the plant suffers most often.
You need to collect the leaves in the morning, in dry weather, after the morning dew has evaporated from them. Healthy leaflets of bright green color without signs of disease and not damaged by insects are selected.
So that in the brewed tea there was no taste of hay, and the natural aroma, on the contrary, was maximally preserved, the collected material is laid out in a dry dark place with a thin layer for several days. The leaves are periodically agitated so that they dry well on both sides.
It is very important that during drying the currant does not come in contact with the direct rays of the sun - only then the sheet will turn out dry, but not brittle and will not crumble into dust at the first touch.
Dried leaves are stored in an airtight glass jar or in fabric bags in a dry and dark place.
Acute respiratory infections
5 tablespoons of leaves are brewed with one glass of boiling water, infused for an hour. The decoction is taken in one glass for throat diseases and colds.
The following tincture is applied at a temperature: fresh or dried raspberry and red currant leaves are brewed with boiling water and infused. Take as tea 2-3 times a day with the addition of honey.
Vitamin dressing for salad and sauces
50 g of red currant leaves pour 300 g of water, lemon juice is added to taste. Tincture put in a dark place for about a day, then the leaves are carefully squeezed and filtered. Ready infusion suitable for salad dressing, and for the preparation of various flavored sauces and main dishes.
Bath for the treatment of pottery and diathesis
7-8 tablespoons of the leaf are brewed in a liter thermos for 12 hours, then filtered and added to a bath with water and used for bathing infants.
For the treatment of diathesis in adults, 50 g of currant leaves, twigs and buds are boiled in one liter of water - literally 5 minutes. Then the decoction is added to the pre-prepared bath.
This, of course, is far from a complete list of various recipes; many effective masks for hair, creams, alcohol tinctures and much more are also being prepared on the basis of currant leaves.
Nutritional value and caloric content of red currant
Small currant berries contain a full range of energetic substances. In particular, about 7.5 g are carbohydrates, much less in the fruits of proteins and fats, respectively, about 0.6 g and about 0.1 g. The caloric content of the product is quite small - 43 calories per 100 g.
How useful red currant for the body
The benefits of red currant for the human body is manifested in relation to all systems and internal organs. If you use the product regularly, currants:
- helps regulate body fluid balance
- will contribute to the good absorption of proteins contained in food,
- strengthen the immune system
- helps with colds - reduces fever, will have an anesthetic effect, cure cough,
- will improve the work of the intestines and stomach, relieve constipation problems,
- beneficial effect on metabolism and help get rid of toxins,
- will assist in the treatment of cystitis, gout and other inflammatory diseases,
- strengthen the blood vessels, and with them - the heart system and brain,
- improve skin and hair condition
- protects eyesight and helps to slightly increase blood pressure
- will bring out bad cholesterol and increase the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
Currant is considered one of the products that serve as the prevention of oncology. Its beneficial properties promote cell regeneration and renewal.
Berry has a special benefit for the fair sex. First of all, the product has a powerful anti-aging effect, which quickly manifests itself in appearance. Also, currants relieve nausea, so the use of red currants for women is great in the period of waiting for a child. If you use currants on an ongoing basis, it will help to cope with anxiety and depression.
Berry benefits for the male body. Its properties are especially recommended for those men who play sports and experience intense physical exertion. Currant is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of male infertility, because it increases not only the libido, but also the quality of the genetic material.
The benefits of red currant for men is that the use of the product prevents early baldness.
The beneficial properties of the berries are extremely beneficial for babies - they contribute to healthy growth and development of the skeletal system, support digestion, and have a beneficial effect on memory and brain activity. Currant is an excellent natural prevention of colds.
You can add the berry to the diet quite early - after 7 months of the child's life. But first you need to offer the baby pureed berries, currant juice or compote - and in small portions. It is better to give fresh berries no earlier than 1 year of life in order to avoid harm - there are seeds in the fruit, and sometimes they have a negative effect on digestion.
Is it possible to eat red currants pregnant and lactating
The use of red currant for pregnant women is undeniable - the product is highly recommended for use. Currant replenishes the supply of iron and other valuable substances, nourishes a woman and fetus with valuable folic acid. The product helps to cope with edema in the later periods and normalizes the work of the stomach. Anti-cold properties of currants are very useful in situations where it is necessary to reduce the temperature or cure cough, and pharmacy medicines can not be taken.
During lactation, it is better to introduce currants into the diet 4 months after delivery. Otherwise, red currant during breastfeeding will cause harm. Its properties may not be absorbed by the body of the newborn and cause bloating, colic or diarrhea.
Is Frozen Red Currant Useful?
For long storage, red berries are usually frozen. This allows you to cook delicious compotes, jams and other dishes, even in the cold season, long after the harvest. But is the benefit of frozen red currants great?
Yes - correct freezing allows you to save the entire stock of valuable substances in the product. To do this, it is only necessary that the freezing be deep - that is, the berries must be stored at a temperature not higher than - 18 degrees.
The use of red currant in traditional medicine
Given the useful and healing properties of red currant, it is not surprising that it is actively used by traditional medicine. Currant homemade drinks have a positive effect on the entire body and are used for:
- strengthen the immune system
- normalization of digestion,
- treating flu and colds
- prevention of eye diseases
- strengthen blood vessels and heart.
Several drinks are prepared from the berries - and all of them are beneficial in certain conditions.
Red Currant Juice
The easiest way to prepare from red berries is vitamin and delicious fresh juice. To do this, just grind the berries, and then squeeze through gauze.
All vitamins, natural acids and microelements present in fresh berries are preserved in the juice.
- Drink juice usually to prevent colds.
- Also juice serves as a good diuretic.
- When a cold disease has already begun, the benefits of redcurrant juice will also help to recover faster. But at the same time juice can not be drunk cold, you need to be at room temperature.
It is best to use the remedy before meals, three times a day, in small portions - a little less than half a glass.
Red currant tincture on vodka
In small dosages, the beneficial properties of an alcoholic tincture of red berries are very valuable. Preparing a remedy is very simple. It is necessary:
- put in a glass jar about 200 g of fresh berries,
- add 100 grams of sugar to them,
- pour vodka into the ingredients, block the jar, shake and mix thoroughly, and then remove to a dark place for 2 weeks.
After a day, the tincture must be removed and shaken to better distribute the components and valuable substances. Когда напиток будет готов, его процеживают и пьют по необходимости.
Настойку применяют при простудных заболеваниях и при болезнях пищеварительного тракта, для снятия воспалений и укрепления сердца и сосудов. Пьют ее в минимальной дозировке — по чайной ложечке трижды в день, не дольше, чем 10 дней подряд.
Чай с ягодами красной смородины
Another good remedy for all sorts of inflammations and colds is a fragrant and healthy tea with fresh currant berries. Prepare it like this:
- A small spoonful of traditional black tea is poured into a small teapot.
- 2 large spoons of ground fresh berries are added to the tea leaves, and if desired, also currant leaves,
- the mixture is poured boiling water and insist about a quarter of an hour, then strain off.
If desired, sweeteners can be added to the tea - for example, the use of red currants with honey will be even more. Tea is good for flu and ARVI, relieves nasal congestion, lowers fever and eliminates sore throat. For infectious and inflammatory processes in the body, for example, for stomach and intestinal ailments, it is also very useful to use currant tea.
At the same time, one should not forget about the dosage - the drink will bring great benefits and will not cause harm if you drink it a couple of cups a day.
Infusion of fresh or dried red currant berries
An excellent remedy for beriberi, vascular diseases and heart ailments is a vitamin extract based on currant berries. Both fresh and dried red berries are suitable. They need to be poured with enough boiling water, cover with a lid and leave for 4 hours.
After this time, infusion filter and take inside. You can drink it in half a glass - in the morning and in the evenings before you eat. Infusion will bring great benefits to the body, replenish the supply of vitamins C and A, natural acids and minerals, improve well-being and restore vigor.
The small red berries contain sugar, but they are all of plant origin and do not lead to a sharp jump in glucose in the blood. The glycemic index of the product is only 30 units. At the same time, red currant berries contain a lot of vitamin C, potassium and iron, which is very valuable for diabetics.
In case of diabetes mellitus it is highly recommended to use currants - there will be no harm from it, but it reduces cholesterol in the blood, relieves swelling, supports a healthy metabolism. Thus, currant contributes to a better digestion of food - and serves as a preventive measure against obesity, which often develops on the background of the disease.
Acute inflammation of the pancreas is a categorical contraindication to the use of currants - like many other products. Substances contained in fresh berries have an irritating effect, are harmful and can only aggravate the attack of pancreatitis.
However, the product can be consumed during remission of the disease. After the pain symptoms pass, and the tests return to normal, currants can be returned to the diet in the form of jelly, compotes, fruit drinks, jams and preserves. Fresh berries are allowed to be consumed - but in small quantities, so as not to provoke a new aggravation.
The use of currants during gastritis depends on the type of disease. If the acidity of the stomach is increased, then the red berries will have to be removed from the diet, at least during the exacerbation. The high content of acids in currants will bring harm to the irritated stomach and will only strengthen the inflammatory processes.
But at low acidity, there are berries, drinking fresh juice and eating other drinks and red currant dishes are allowed. In this case, the properties of the product will contribute to recovery, as they will help restore secretion and restore normal digestive functions.
In both types of gastritis, red currant is permitted in remission - but in small quantities on a full stomach.
The benefits of red currant blanks
On the basis of berries not only healing drinks are prepared. There are many recipes for desserts made from red currant berries - they have a great taste and still bring great benefits. And you can use them freely, at will, without looking at strict medical dosages.
The benefits of red currant jam
The most popular dessert of red berries is currant jam. It is easy to prepare, and the taste of the product is simply amazing - both sweet and slightly sour. As a rule, to make jam, fresh berries, washed and dried, fall asleep in boiling sugar syrup and boil until the mixture thickens. Next, the jam is laid out on the banks and firmly rolled.
Heat treatment practically does not affect the benefits of red currant berries. Jam retains all anti-inflammatory, tonic, firming and cleansing properties of berries. When used with tea, it also helps protect against colds - and helps to cure inflammatory processes.
What is useful redcurrant juice
Blackcurrant juice - a delicious drink, quite simple to prepare. Do it this way - fresh currant berries squeeze, juice and pulp are placed in a separate bowl. The remaining marc is boiled in sugar syrup, and then the strained juice with pulp is added to the cooled liquid.
Morse serves as an excellent means for quenching thirst, it is well rescued from heat in summer, and in winter it protects the body from viruses and infections. It is very useful to drink warmed-up juice after a walk on a cold street - this will help prevent colds.
In case of sore throat and SARS, the beneficial properties of the drink relieve sore throat, lower the temperature and remove toxins from the body. After heat treatment, red currant in Morse still retains a full set of vitamins.
Useful properties of red currant compote
In order to make compote from red berries, you need to fill in the voluminous cans of washed and dried berries, and then pour them with sugar syrup, just removed from the stove. If you take a little more sugar, the compote will turn out to be very sweet, if it is smaller - sourness will prevail in it. Banks with compote tightly closed, sterilized and rolled for the winter.
Compote can be used both in cold and in heated form - it retains a lot of useful properties. The drink helps with colds and infections, serves as a diuretic and diaphoretic, therefore it quickly reduces fever and also removes toxins through the kidneys and pores.
In the summer heat, cold compote quenches thirst well and helps maintain water balance in the body.
The benefits of red currant jelly
The process of making jelly is very similar to the process of cooking jam - only not whole berries are used here, but only black currant juice. A large amount of sugar is added to it, it is poured with water and set to boil, stirring until sugar is completely dissolved in water. After the mixture boils, it is removed from the stove and cooled. Semi-liquid jelly is packaged in sterile jars, tightly closed and removed for storage in the refrigerator.
The benefits of red currant jam are the same as those of currant jam. Sweet dessert is good to eat with colds and for prevention. In small quantities, the properties of beneficial jelly have a beneficial effect on the bowels and prevent constipation.
The benefits and harms of red currant wine
Alcoholic beverages must be approached with great care - but in small doses red currant wine is beneficial. The finished drink will have a firming effect, with moderate consumption will improve the quality of blood and protect against anemia. The use of currant wine in small doses helps to establish a heart rhythm, strengthens blood vessels, prevents strokes and heart attacks.
As for the harm, the negative consequences of the use of black currant wine will be only if you drink it too much. The recommended dosage of the drink is no more than a glass and no more than twice a week.
Red Currant Face Masks
Mostly red currant is used in the form of beverages and desserts, for internal use. But the properties of the product are beneficial in cosmetology. The use of red currant for the face is that in the composition of the masks the berries tighten the skin, make it more elastic and smooth, rejuvenate the face. It finds its application in cosmetology and the use of red currant seeds - they are used in scrubs.
Prepare a nourishing and moisturizing face mask is very simple: you need to grind the berries in mashed potatoes, distribute over the skin for a quarter of an hour, and then wash it off. Benefit will be for all skin types.
What is the difference between red currant and black currant?
Many gardeners grow both black and red currants on their plots. The question arises - do the berries of two shrubs differ in anything but color?
- In the black currant is much more vitamin C. But red is the record for the content of vitamin A in the composition.
- Black currant has a more pronounced aroma, and the taste is much sweeter than red.
- Red currant gives more juice, squeezing black berries more difficult.
Thus, black currants are more often used to make desserts, and red ones are used to make drinks. The benefits and harms of red currant for health are about the same as black. The therapeutic value of both varieties is approximately equal, although the volume of some substances in black and red berries is different.
Harm of red currant and contraindications
Even useful red berries can be harmful if used in certain diseases. Contraindications for currants will be:
- increased acidity of the stomach,
- individual allergies.
Collection and storage of red currants
Gather tasty and healthy berries in the period of natural ripening, immediately after the dew. Immediately after collecting, they are laid out in a shaded place with good ventilation and dried a little.
Fresh currants are stored at room temperature for a maximum of a couple of weeks, and up to one and a half months in the refrigerator. But more often the berries are subjected to deep freezing and stored in the freezer.
Freezing is very simple - currant fruits are simply packaged in containers or packages and placed in a freezer. It is important that at the same time the berries were not wet, and the temperature in the freezer was not higher - 18 degrees.
The benefits and harms of red currants are determined by the state of health - in the absence of contraindications, the berries will not cause harm. They will be the best home remedy for colds and many other ailments, will serve as a cure, and prevention.
Calorie, Vitamins and Minerals
Many people believe that red currant in comparison with black loses by the number of components of vitamins and organic acids. In fact, the chemical composition of both berries is very rich and diverse, but not identical. In scarlet berries less ascorbic acid, but at times more than necessary for the formation of blood and support the functioning of iron vessels, as well as potassium, without which full operation of the cardiovascular system is not possible. The concentration of iodine with purple fruits of currants can be compared only with persimmon and feijoa. And now, in order, let us examine what vitamins are in red currants and in what quantities.
If you analyze composition of 100 g of berries then the picture will look like this:
- A - 33 mcg
- beta carotene - 0.2 mg,
- B1 - 0.01 mg,
- B2 - 0.03 mg,
- B5 - 0.06 mg,
- B6 - 0.14 mg,
- B9 - 3 mcg
- C - 25 mg,
- E - 0.5 mg,
- H - 2.5 µg,
- PP - 0.3 mg,
- Niacin - 0.2 mg.
- potassium - 275 mcg,
- calcium - 36 mg,
- phosphorus - 33 mg,
- sodium - 21 mg,
- magnesium - 17 mg,
- mono - and disaccharides - 7.7 g,
- iron - 0.9 mg,
- saturated fatty acids - 0.1 g.
Also found in the berries:
- water (85 g),
- dietary fiber (3.4 g),
- organic acids (2.5 g),
- ash (0.6 g),
- carbohydrates (7.7 g),
- proteins (0.6 g),
- fats (0.2 g).
For the use of currant no age and sex restrictions. Even eight-month-old babies are recommended homogenized mashed potatoes of this product. Athletes and the elderly will help the fruit recover, men will return the health of the genitals, and women - youth. But in this regard, there are some features.
It is important that these berries are present in the daily diet of expectant mothers. According to experts, the product is quite able to provide the body with the daily rate of a number of vitamins and trace elements. In addition, for pregnant women it is important to normalize blood circulation and the state of the arteries, the well-functioning work of the intestine. Berries also help eliminate swelling in the legs and solve the problems of toxicosis. In addition, the tool is effective in the treatment of colds without the use of chemical drugs.
Use in traditional medicine and cosmetology
Medicinal properties of currant bushes were appreciated by official medicine and folk healers. In their arsenal, many recipes using fruits, buds and leaves of this plant. For example, in case of hypovitaminosis, it is possible to improve the patient's condition with the help of fresh berries rubbed with sugar or infusion of leaves. By the way, the raw materials for this can be obtained not only in your garden, but also in the pharmacy. 2 tablespoons of leaves is poured with a glass of boiling water and steamed for about 15 minutes, taking 80 g one time for 5 days.
To achieve a diuretic effect of red currant can brew 20 g of leaves (dried or fresh) with boiling water and insisting to cool completely: 2 tablespoons three times a day is enough for the desired result.
Atherosclerosis and malfunctions in the blood circulation in traditional medicine are treated with the help of tinctures from dried branches and fruits. Nausea and inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract are eliminated with freshly squeezed juice. It is also prescribed in the case of colds to relieve fever and disinfect the oral cavity. For severe sore throats, gargle with sap and use it as an expectorant.Women use currants not only for treatment, but also for cosmetic purposes. The unique combination of a vitamin complex has an amazing effect on the skin, nails and hair. Probably because the red currant berries in the legends are associated with female beauty and youth.
Preparation for the winter
Healing raw materials can be stored in different forms. Leaves, branches and clusters are dried. Berries are frozen or processed into juices, compotes, jams, marshmallow, jelly, jam and other sweets. But the longer the heat treatment lasts, the more the beneficial substances evaporate.
Currant compotes are very effective for colds. In the form of heat, they stimulate the immune functions of the body, and in the cold - tone it up, quench thirst. In addition, such blanks can be stored for a long time, aided by the inherent acid.
Berry fruit drinks have a choleretic effect, help cleanse the body of excess salts and fluids. Particularly relevant is the preparation of people suffering from gallstone disease and renal dysfunction.
Currant jam loved by children, as well as jams are often used to speed up recovery from colds, sore throats, viral infections. A child and an adult who eat a tablespoon of such delicacy every day are less likely to get sick. Such conservation is simply necessary in any home, as it strengthens the body's defenses and contributes to the rapid recovery after suffering ailments.
Many housewives, so as not to bring the therapeutic berry to an extra culinary treatment, dry the fruit. Then they are added to tea, used for baking and eaten dry. In a similar product, as mentioned above, the calorie content increases, but the ability to remove radionuclides and purify the body from heavy metals and toxic substances remains.
Other gardeners share their experience in canning red currant juice. It is easy to get it, because the fruit has a thin skin and juicy pulp, then the juice is pasteurized, poured into jars and rolled up with lids. Such preparation in the winter can be used as a source of vitamins and as a medicine, as well as an additive to cosmetics.
To freeze the berries, they are pre-washed, thrown into a colander and packed in plastic bags or plastic containers, then immersed in freezers. Such a billet has a lower loss of vitamins and minerals than, for example, jam. It can be used for baking, making tea, compote and other desserts. Some mothers prepare currants with sugar and sugar on their children and freeze them, and in winter they offer sorbet to small sweet teeth.
Harm and contraindications
Do not take the red fruit with a sour taste as a panacea. Of course, they have a tremendous impact on the human body and help to solve many health problems. In addition, do not cause allergic reactions. But it is the acid that gives rise to a number of contraindications. After all, every human body is special, and at the slightest failure without the advice of a specialist currants can do harm instead of the desired good. Воздержаться от поедания, казалось бы, полезного лакомства стоит людям, у которых повышенная кислотность желудка, острые формы гастритов, панкреатитов, язвы, гепатиты, плохая свертываемость крови, гемофилия.
Будьте здоровы! Пусть ягоды красной смородины вам пригодятся для пополнения организма запасом витаминов, микроэлементов и красоты.
Red currant: contraindications
However, despite such a large list of useful properties, there are certain contraindications to the use of this berry. So, currant juice is contraindicated in acute gastritis, hepatitis, with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, with reduced blood clotting, hemophilia.