Ilyinsky is a Russian medium early potato variety (Solanum tuberosum) for table use. Bred in the Moscow region by the staff of the FSBNU "All-Russian Research Institute of Potato Farming named after A. G. Lorkh". In 1999 he was added to the state register of selection achievements of the Russian Federation. It is zoned in two regions of the country: the Central Black Earth (Belgorod, Voronezh, Oryol, Tambov, Kursk, Lipetsk regions) and Middle Volga (Republic of Mordovia and Tatarstan, Samara, Penza, Ulyanovsk regions). It has a high level of marketability. Resistant to drought, able to produce good yields in extremely hot and dry seasons.
The period from the onset of full germination to maturity is 70-80 days.
The plant is of medium height, semi-upright, leaf type. The leaves are medium in size, green in color. The leaf is average. The waviness of the sheet plate edge is very weak or absent. Potato inflorescences are small, medium-sized corollas, red-purple in color.
The root system of Ilinskii is fairly well developed, 8-13 tubers can form in one nest, each with a mass of 54 to 158 grams. The amount of non-competitive stuff is extremely minimal. The tubers are oval, flat, the stolon trail may be slightly pressed. The skin is red and smooth to the touch. The flesh on the cut has a white color. The eyes are small, lie on the average depth.
The commercial yield of the variety, according to the results of state tests, is noted in the range of 176-346 centners per hectare, which is at the level of 144 centners per hectare more than Nevsky. In the Lipetsk region, the maximum amount was collected - 355 centners per hectare, 56 centners per hectare higher than the established standard. Marketability of tubers at an excellent level comparable to the standard - 87-99%. Stability is also very good - 93%.
The taste of the potato is excellent. Tuber crops are universal in cooking, perfectly manifest themselves in any dish. During heat treatment, they do not lose their color, so they look very attractive in the finished form. The pulp contains 15.7-18% starch, which makes Ilinsky suitable for processing into chips and french fries. Puree from it turns out great! Gardeners also especially praise him as a young boiled potato.
Our hero is quite demanding on soils and climatic conditions, he feels better on fertile, loose soils in areas with a temperate mild climate. However, it should be noted that on problematic, but qualitatively prepared soils for cultivation, it shows excellent yield. Potatoes have good drought resistance, suitable for cultivation in regions with very hot summers. Of course, the soil moisture still needs to be monitored - a long-term drought is clearly not good for plants.
In the care Ilyinsky unpretentious, but perfectly responds to increased attention. From the nuances of agrotechnology should mention the need for additional treatments plantings from late blight. Also, plants do not tolerate excess moisture in the second half of the growing season, so you should not overdo it with watering at this time. Do not forget about the standard agricultural practices, such as hilling, weeding, loosening the soil, preventive treatment against diseases and pests. Do not neglect the observance of crop rotation. This is especially important for this variety, due to its susceptibility to certain diseases of the nightshade.
Our hero is resistant to potato cancer, viruses A and Y. Vulnerable to the golden cyst nematode. To the cause of late blight susceptible to the tops and moderately susceptible to tubers.
Ilyinsky tested the experience of many gardeners. It is especially appreciated for its early ripening and high yield - among other varieties in the sector, it is one of the first to form rather large tubers in large quantities. Also, potato growers note its excellent taste and versatility in cooking, excellent keeping quality, and unpretentiousness in care. Special attention deserves the high yield of tuber crops, so that our hero is ideal for cultivation for the purpose of sale. It is worth mentioning the large number of tubers in the nest, despite the fact that there are practically no small ones among them.
It should be noted, and the drought resistance of potatoes - in the hottest seasons, it will delight you with a great harvest, while other varieties can fail completely.
The disadvantages include susceptibility to the golden cyst nematode and late blight. But this problem is solved by timely preventive measures. For the rest, Ilyinsky's minuses, for almost 20 years of its existence, were not found. It is famous for its stability and reliability, and has repeatedly proved that it deserves its place on the site.
In addition to the originator, the following enterprises are officially cultivating the variety: LLC Agrocenter Korenevo in the Moscow region, LLC Colorado in Omsk, IP Head of KFH Sushkova Valentina Borisovna in the Voronezh region, LLC Im. Pryakhina V.G. "in the Ryazan region., LLC Transholding in the Lipetsk region., LLC Biolab in the Samara region.
Ilyinsky potatoes: varietal characteristics
Ilyinsky belongs to medium-early potato varieties, since the period from germination to technical maturity is 70-90 days. It was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in the Central Black Soil Region, and also distributed in Ukraine and Moldova.
From one hectare of planting is usually collected from 176 to 346 centners of such potatoes. Excellent taste is characteristic for this variety.
This potato has a table purpose, it tolerates drought and high temperatures well. Grow it in open ground.
Most suitable for him are soils in which perennial or annual grasses, winter and leguminous crops, and flax are grown. You can plant such potatoes in sandy soils, where lupine was previously grown.
Description of the root
The root crop of this potato variety is oval. It is covered with a smooth peel of red color, under which is white flesh. For these root crops is characterized by the average depth of the eyes. The average weight of the tuber is from 54 to 158 grams, and its starch content is 15.7-18.0%.
Country of breeding, year of registration
Ilinsky potato was bred in Russia in 1999. Potato cultivar Ilinsky included in the State Register of the Russian Federation across the Central Black Earth region.
Originator: VNIIKH them. A. G. Lorkha.
Look at the photo: seed potato cultivar Ilinsky
Diseases and pests
Potato cultivar Ilinsky is prone to diseases and pests such as late blight and golden cyst nematode. The main symptoms of late blight are dark spots that initially appear on the leaves, and then on all other parts of the plant. This disease is incurable, however, it can be prevented by prophylactic treatment of plants with a solution of blue vitriol, copper sulfate, manganese or Bordeaux mixture. If the potato is already infected, drugs such as Oxyh, Ridomil Gold and Ridomil MC will help prevent spreading of late blight.
The main signs of the spread of the potato nematode include slow plant growth, drying and yellowing of the lower leaves. Tubers become small, and the root system has a shredded appearance. To combat this pest, you can use drugs such as Thunderbolt 1, Thunderbolt 2 and Medvedtoks U.
The variety is resistant to the pathogen of potato cancer.
The Ilyinsky potato belongs to the reliable varieties tested by time and boasts great popularity both among domestic gardeners and among vegetable growers of the near abroad. It can be grown both for sale and for personal consumption.
Potatoes Ilyinsky variety description
Ilyinsky belongs to medium-early potato varieties, since it takes from 70 to 90 days from germination to technical maturity. It was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in the Central Black Soil Region, and also distributed in Ukraine and Moldova. From one hectare of planting, usually from 180 to 350 centners of such potatoes are harvested.
In the table below you can get acquainted with such indicators as the quality and yield of potatoes of different varieties:
Ilyinsky potatoes are kept well. Detailed information on the timing and temperature, on possible problems in the individual material of the site. And also about how to store roots in the winter, in drawers, on the balcony, in the refrigerator, peeled.
For this grade characterized by good taste. It has table purpose, tolerates drought and high temperatures. It is necessary to grow this vegetable in an open ground. Most suitable for him are soils in which perennial or annual grasses, winter and leguminous crops, and flax are grown. You can plant such potatoes in sandy soils, where lupine was previously grown.
Shrubs varieties Ilinsky differ in average height. These semi-upright plants are covered with medium-sized green leaves that have either flat or slightly wavy edges. For these plants are characterized by small inflorescences and medium-colored corollas of red-purple color. The root crop of this potato variety is oval-shaped. It is covered with a smooth red skin, under which lies white flesh.
For these root crops is characterized by the average depth of the eyes. The average weight of the tuber is from 54 to 158 grams, and the starch content in it is at the level of 15.7-18.0%. The number of tubers in the bush - 8-13 pcs.
You can compare this figure with the same for other varieties using the table below:
The origin and characteristics of growing
Ilinsky potato was bred in Russia in 1999. Planting potatoes Ilinsky usually carried out in May. The distance between plants should be 60 centimeters, and between rows - 35 centimeters. The soil must be constantly kept loose and weeds removed. To prevent their appearance, mulching can be used.
About how to organize the correct watering and produce hilling potatoes, read the individual articles.
On our site you will find a lot of interesting things about growing potatoes. Including such methods: in bags and barrels, under straw and in boxes, as well as all about the Dutch technology.
Look at the photo: seed potato cultivar Ilinsky
Diseases and pests
Potato cultivar Ilinsky is susceptible to diseases such as late blight and golden cyst nematode. The main symptoms of late blight are dark spots that initially appear on the leaves, and then on all other parts of the plant.This disease is incurable, but it can be prevented by using preventive spraying of plants with a solution of blue vitriol, copper sulphate, manganese or Bordeaux mixture. If the potato is already infected, such drugs as Oxyh, Ridomil Gold MC and Ridomil MC will help to delay the spread of late blight.
The main signs of the spread of the potato nematode include slow plant growth, drying and yellowing of the lower leaves. Tubers become small, and the root system has a shredded appearance. To combat this pest, you can use drugs such as Thunderbolt 1, Thunderbolt 2 and Medvedtox U.
Potatoes Ilyinsky refers to the proven time reliable varieties and boasts great popularity among domestic gardeners, and among vegetable growers of the near abroad. It can be grown both for sale and for personal consumption.
Responsive to fertilizer. On our site you will find detailed information on how to feed potatoes, when and how to apply fertilizer, how to do it when planting.
We offer you a useful article on the benefits and dangers of fungicides and herbicides.
The Il'inskii variety belongs to medium early potato varieties with high marketable qualities. The ripening period is 75 days from the moment of emergence. Tubers contain up to 18% starch. The mass of one of them reaches 160 grams. One bush gives up to 13 full tubers. In the stage of technical ripeness, the skin gets pink color, the flesh is white. The yield of Ilinsky potato per hectare ranges from 180 to 350 centners. Root crops of an oval form.
Tubers universal purpose, suitable for the preparation of all culinary dishes. The grade quality is up to 93%, which is probably a record for early varieties. Ilyinsky is recommended for cultivation in private gardens and farm fields in the Central Black Earth and Middle Volga growing regions.
This variety is resistant to drought and high air temperature. Suitable for growing exclusively in open ground. Perfectly suited for growing potato soil, where perennial or annual herbaceous plants have been planted before. Ilyinsky shows good resistance to potato cancer, but is affected by late blight and nematode.
Erect potato bushes, medium height. Leaves rich green color with smooth edges, medium size. Inflorescences are small, corollas have a red-purple color. Eyes on the formed root crops of average depth.
Potato cultivar Ilinsky is planted mainly in May. The distance between the plants is at least half a meter, and between the rows - 35 cm. Well-lit areas with loose and fertile soil are suitable for cultivation. Previously on the bed make organic fertilizer.
In each well put 2-3 tuber potato Ilinsky medium size. If the seed is large, the tubers can be cut. It is not recommended to leave too small specimens for planting, since they do not have enough nutrients and you cannot get a good harvest.
Potato varieties Ilinsky requires standard care. In particular, it is necessary to regularly loosen the soil and remove the emerging weeds. To combat the latter, mulching is effectively used.
Before the emergence of shoots Ilinsky watering does not make sense. Tubers enough moisture in the spring soil. Watering during this period of development is even dangerous, because the plants are just beginning to form the root system. If the planting is actively irrigated, the roots will be close to the surface, which will reduce yield. Watering the bushes begin during the budding period with a frequency of once a week.
The variety bred the Moscow Region breeding group on several farms that conducted experiments on potato varieties. The originator is the All-Russian Research Institute of Potato Farming named after A.G. Lorch. In the State Register of the Russian Federation registered in 1999 with recommendations to use in the Middle Volga and Central Black Earth regions of Russia.
According to its description, the Ilyinsky potato variety is similar to most others, but it has a number of advantages.
Shrubs plants have an average height with a large number of leaves. The trunks fall apart at the edges, like many other species.
Therefore, it is recommended to spud plants without fail, thereby increasing the yield due to the growth of a larger number of fruits in the additional soil mass.
The foliage is average, there is almost no waviness on the edges. Blossoms in small pink-purple buds.
The fruits of Ilinsky have the following properties:
- round, rarely oval with irregularities,
- small size, 70-140 g,
- the surface is pink-red, very noticeable,
- white flesh
- red small eyes
- the proportion of starch has an average index of 16-18%, is slightly boiled soft, but in the process of preparation it keeps its shape,
- wonderful taste, make crispy snacks from this variety.
The main feature of the characteristics of the cultivar Ilinsky is early ripeness. The fruits ripen very quickly and harvesting can be carried out within three months from the time of planting. It has an average yield: 210-295 c / ha. Under very good conditions, 350-370 centners per hectare can be collected. For ordinary gardeners to understand these numbers, let's say that you get up to 5 kg of fruit from one square meter of land.
Ilyinsky is stored very well, especially in comparison with medium-early varieties, the essence of which is to fill summer consumption without any long-term storage. The indicator of the keeping quality reaches 93%, which is a very high indicator.
The plant is practically resistant to cancer of potatoes, scab, and most viral diseases. But amenable to defeat nematode and late blight superficial part.
Potatoes Ilyinsky well overcomes hot weather and drought.
Features of growing
Culture should be planted at a distance of 0.6 m between the pits and 0.35 m between the rows. It is advisable to regularly loosen the soil and get rid of weeds.
Ilinsky undergoes late blight and nematode.
Late blight is a disease manifested by the appearance of dark spots first on the foliage, and then affects the entire plant. Timely prevention will help prevent the disease. Растение можно обрабатывать медным купоросом, сернокислой медью, марганцом или бордосской жидкостью.
Также помогут препараты: «Оксихом», «Ридомил Голд МЦ» и «Ридомил МЦ».
Нематода проявляет себя в замедленном росте растения, засыхании и желтизне листочков. The size of the tubers shrinks, and the rhizomes look like a sponge. Against this pest are effective drugs such as Thunderbolt 1, Thunderbolt 2 and Medvedtoks U. Ilyinsky is a reliable variety that is very popular not only in our area, but also among gardeners of the near abroad. They grow it both for sale and for themselves.
Potatoes Ilyinsky: variety description
Potatoes Ilyinsky - this is a medium-early potato. A distinctive feature of this potato variety is high marketability, which reaches 99%.
Characteristic varieties of potatoes Ilyinsky:
- Potato cultivar Ilinsky belongs to medium early varieties of table potatoes.
- Bush plants tall, semi-upright. The color of flowers is red-purple.
- The tuber of this potato variety is oval. The color of the peel is red, and the flesh on the cut is white.
- Tuber weight reaches 158 grams, which corresponds to the average size of a potato tuber.
- The yield is average, about 350 centners per hectare.
- The variety has a high marketability, this figure reaches 99%.
- The quality of potatoes, that is, the ability to maintain their marketability for a long time, is 93%.
- The taste is excellent, the starch content is up to 18%.
- The potato variety Ilyinsky is resistant to the following diseases: potato cancer. Susceptible to pathogens phytophorosis and golden potato cyst nematode.
The variety is resistant to drought and high temperatures. It has good marketability. Tubers all as on selection.
Thus, the Ilyinsky potato gained popularity due to its excellent taste, high and stable yield.
Potato varieties are divided into specific groups, depending on the ripening period.
The classification of potatoes. Potatoes are classified according to the following criteria: by purpose and by maturity.
Adretta potatoes. The variety was bred in Germany about two decades ago. The potato variety adretta is the first one with the yellow flesh.
Aladdin potato is a mid-season potato variety. The ripening period is 90-110 days. The potato variety Aladdin refers to.
Alvar potato is a mid-early potato variety. Alvar's potato is a potato of German selection, which, unlike many varieties.
Arosa potato is an early ripe potato variety. It makes good chips and french fries.
Potatoes Asterix is a mid-late potato variety, ripening time is 110-120 days. Potatoes belong to the Dutch selection.
Bellarosa's potato is a potato of the German selection. Patentee - EUROPLANT PFLANZENZUCHT GMBH.
Potato varieties Vineta refers to table varieties of potatoes, bred by German breeders. In Russia, grown since 2002.
Potato Gala is an early variety of potatoes with excellent taste and rich harvest. One bush varieties of potato gala gives up.
Potato Blue is a mid-season potato variety. The ripening period is 90-110 days.
Potato Desire is a mid-season potato variety. Harvest can be received in 110 days. The potato variety Desiree is Dutch.
Potato Jelly is a mid-season variety. This variety is well grown on an industrial scale. From it, excellent results are obtained.
Juvel potato is super early and also known as ultra early potato variety. Juvel potato belongs to the category of high-yielding.
Potatoes Yermak are the improved grade the Early rose. Recommended for cultivation in the Siberian region. .
Zhuravinka potato is a mid-late potato variety. Bred in Belarus. .
Zekura potatoes are one of the popular varieties in our region. Variety potato zekura included in the State Register of the Central Black Earth.
Potatoes Ilyinsky - this is a medium-early potato. A distinctive feature of this potato variety is high marketability, which reaches 99%.
The Impala potato is an early potato with a maturity of 70-80 days. Variety refers to the Dutch selection.
Potato Karatop is an early ripe variety. The ripening period is about 50 days. This is his great advantage over other varieties of potatoes.
Potato Cardinal is a mid-late potato variety. Potato Cardinal is a potato of Dutch selection. The variety is famous for its.
Courage Potatoes are a mid-early potato variety of Dutch selection that is suitable for the preparation of chips.
Lasock potatoes confidently among the ten most delicious varieties. Lasok potatoes bred by Belarusian breeders.
Potato Latona is a Dutch potato that has gained popularity in the vast expanses of our homeland. Potato Latona refers to.
Lileya potatoes are a medium early variety of table potatoes. Patentee is.
Lorch potatoes are one of the oldest potato varieties in our state. Potato Lorch is named after the Soviet breeder.
Lugovskoy potato is a potato of Ukrainian selection. The patent owner is the Institute of Potato Growing of the Ukrainian Academy.
Lyubava potato is an early ripe potato variety. Variety Lyubava gives early friendly shoots and after 45 days you can start digging and.
Potato Ramona - medium early variety. In the southern regions of the Russian Federation may receive two harvests.
Red Scarlett potato is an early Dutch potato variety.
Potato Riviera is a top-grade potato variety. Taste qualities of this potato variety are rated on five points on a five-point scale.
Rodrigo Potatoes are early potatoes. The growing season is 70-85 days. Potatoes Rodrigo refers to German potatoes.
Potatoes rosana - a potato table destination, refers to the early ripening varieties.
Rocco's potato is a mid-season potato variety. Variety of Dutch selection, valuable for excellent taste when cooking and cooking french fries.
Potatoes Sineglazka is a mid-season variety. It is also called a variety of gardeners lovers. As an industrial scale to grow.
Skarb potato is a mid-season potato variety bred in Belarus.
Potato Slavyanka is a mid-season potato variety with a ripening period of 90-110 days. Launched in Ukraine in the Kirovograd region.
The potato Svitanok is a potato of Ukrainian selection. Registered in 1987. Patentee Institute of Potato.
Potato Bullfinch is an early potato with a maturity of 70-80 days. The grade is recommended to use on country sites and.
Spiridon potato is a mid-season variety. This variety is famous for the ability to not spoil for a long time. That is, has a high rate of keeping quality.
Potatoes Tuleyevsky. There is such a governor in the Kemerovo region of the Russian Federation, his name is Tuleyev Aman Gumirovich. The potato variety is named in his honor.
Potato uladar. Enough new early potato variety. Kartfel Uladar is table potatoes. Potato adjustment is included in.
Potato Wizard is a medium early potato variety with good taste, high keeping quality and marketability.
Advantages and disadvantages
Variety Ilyinsky already tested by time. Reviews gardeners indicate that the advantages he has much more than the disadvantages. These include:
- early ripening,
- high yield
- good product quality
- lack of care,
- universal use of tubers.
Il'insky is not deprived of certain shortcomings. It is affected by some diseases and pests. Like any early variety, until spring, these potatoes are not stored in the best possible form.
Pests and diseases
Unfortunately, diseases and pests do not bypass potatoes Ilinsky. The description of this variety says that it is exposed to late blight disease and is affected by the nematode. For the purposes of prophylaxis, prophylactic spraying with copper sulfate or Bordeaux mixture is carried out. Affected plants are treated with Oxyhom or similar preparations.
It is possible to cope with a nematode by treating landings with the Thunderbolt tool.
Ilyinsky, like many other varieties, is affected by the Colorado potato beetle. It is this pest that causes the most trouble for gardeners and farmers. The site should be promptly sprayed with special preparations against this insect. Experts recommend every season to use a new tool, so as not to cause the pest addiction and adaptation.
Harvesting and storage
Potato harvest Ilinsky harvested in late August or early September. Young tubers for eating digging much earlier. For storage, potatoes must be laid in the ground. A sure sign of the onset of technical ripeness is yellowed and dried tops.
For storage of the harvested potato harvest Ilyinsky, a dark, cool room with moderate humidity is best suited. In such conditions, the tubers are stored with minimal loss of commercial quality, and the excess spring can be used as planting material.
Characteristic varieties Ilinsky impressive. But what do gardeners say about him? This potato has long occupied an honorable place in the gardens, because gardeners and professional farmers are happy to share feedback about it.
Lyudmila Nikolaevna, dachnitsa: “Ilyinsky's potato for a divorce was given to me by a neighbor a couple of years ago. Since then I give preference to him. Modern hybrids do not inspire confidence, because they talk a lot about genetically modified potatoes, and I am a supporter of healthy and natural food. Old and proven Ilinsky on my site showed excellent results. True, in the summer it was necessary to patrol over him and carry out timely processing. But we did not buy potatoes all winter and the planting material was ours in the spring ”.
Igor Sergeevich, a farmer with experience: “Ilyinsky showed himself in my fields as an excellent early variety. He carried out timely processing, made the necessary fertilizers and got a high-quality harvest. Even the arid hot weather did not have a significant effect on the tabulation of tubers. Frankly, I was pleasantly surprised. "
Alina Georgievna, the owner of a private plot: “Ilyinsky got potatoes for planting in a garden shop. The seller recommended it as a great early variety. After planting the tubers, the weather was hot and I decided to pre-arrange the watering of the beds and speed up the emergence of shoots. Apparently, this was my mistake. As a result, the harvest gathered decent, but the tubers were small. Next season I plan to correct my mistakes and try to plant this variety again. ”