General information

Photos of different types of gippeastrum and features of their care

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Hippeastrum is a representative of the South African flora from the Amaryllis family. The variety of the genus reaches 90 different species. This is an extremely popular plant that is valued for extraordinarily beautiful and large inflorescences. But to get high-quality flowering is quite difficult, because the flower comes from the tropics, and therefore it is very picky and demanding to care. Let's try together to figure out how to care for these beautiful flowers.

Types of hippeastrum

Breeders gave us more than two thousand hybrids of authentic plants. The most noticeable difference between them lies in the color and shape of the flowers.

Hippeastrum palace received a huge distribution among lovers of indoor plants. He has large scarlet flowers, presented on the fleshy peduncle. He, in turn, is divided into several main types:

1. Red - characterized by the presence of narrow green stripes on red or pink petals,

2. Royal - has a scarlet pointed flowers resembling a star. It grows to an unusually large height,

3. Stolbchaty - sprouts about six most tender inflorescences with unusual tubular funnels. As a rule, painted in salmon color.

There is a classification of hippeastrum, based on the origin, shape or size, timing of flowering plants. It is represented by several groups of hybrids: with Amaryllis belladonna, with orchids, with long tubular flowers, hybrids Leopold and other species.

In such a huge variety can only understand these experts. We have compiled a small list of those colors that are most often found in interiors:

Harrison's view - straight from Uruguay, has magnificent white flowers, with a red line running down the center. Requires high humidity and rest period in cool surroundings.

Nelson's Hippeastrum - found in nature in Bolivia, a rather rare species. It has an amazing shape and color. Beautiful cream colored petals with a red border around the edges.

Doran - grows on the banks of the Orinoco River. It has bright pink petals, covered with a white stripe.

Argentinean gippeastrum - presented in a white appearance and has a delicate aroma. It has corrugated and pointed flowers.

This is only a small part of all existing species, but it is worth noting one important fact - whichever one you choose, this plant will delight you every day thanks to its juicy leaves and give a delicate scent to at least a month a year.

Flowering gippeaustrum

Hippeastrum flower is really very beautiful, so many housewives try to do everything to admire the flowering of this beautiful plant. Young specimens bloom no more than once a year, while more mature specimens bloom twice.

If your flower does not bloom for a long time, then you need to fertilize it. At the beginning of autumn be sure to arrange a period of rest. Move the pot to a cool place and stop watering until around January. Watering should be resumed carefully, moving the plant to a bright place. After these procedures, young buds will appear within 3-4 weeks.

The plant will give 2-6 flower. Typically, the flowering cycle occurs within three weeks - from the appearance of the first buds to wilt. The amount of time that the gippeastrum releases flowers to light depends on the temperature conditions. For example, if the situation around is hot enough, then everything happens pretty quickly. If the plant has several peduncles, then flowering takes longer and can last up to 1.5 months.

Breeding methods

Reproduction takes place in two ways - seed and vegetative. To get seeds you need to pollinate the flowers with a brush. When the boll is formed, it takes about 2 months to mature. But first you need to soak all the seeds in a weak solution of boric acid. Please note that plants with white inflorescences are considered not the most beneficial for strong seeds.

In the second case, reproduction occurs as follows. When the first two leaves appear on the plant, they are transplanted into other pots. In addition, sometimes adult bulbs produce babies that are ready for transplantation a few months later.

This South African flower receives basic nutrition from the soil, so adult plants require transplanting every year. In order for flowers to appear soon, the pot must be cramped. The distance from the bulbs to the edges of the container should be about 3 cm. The bulb should be about half in depth, take care of this.

Transplantation is best done in the spring, after 3 weeks from the last day of flowering. If you are convinced that the roots of the plant are healthy, then they should not be cut. Remove all excess parts by reaching thick and fleshy white layers. Next, place the roots in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour, and gently, but carefully wipe the bulbs. By the way, it often happens that the roots are letting go of the children, it is also better to remove them so that they subsequently do not take energy from the mother flower.

The soil can be purchased ready-made in a specialized shop or collected from the following components: turf ground, leaf humus, river sand, peat.

Pay attention to the ceramic pots - they allow the hippeastrum to breathe, especially since they are unlikely to tip over under the influence of weight.

Care for gippeastrum at home

Daily care for this kind of flowers does not require much effort. He needs bright lighting for most of the daylight hours. That is why it is desirable to place the pot on the southern windowsills. Varieties shedding leaves, without fail, require rest in a dark place.

Room temperature has a positive effect on life expectancy and flowering periods. In winter, the temperature can be reduced down to + 11C, and in the summer, put a flower on the street, while avoiding cross-cutting places. This plant prefers a stable environment, cold snaps in the evening are undesirable.

Humidity has no particular effect on this flower. Leaves can be wiped with a damp cloth or sprayed with water. It is not necessary to perform this procedure regularly.

Gippeastrum garden care

Most gardeners say that under natural conditions, the flower feels much better, despite its origin. In the ground, the bulb is increased several times. It must be remembered that it is a perennial plant, so the bulb must be kept carefully and maintain its health. This is the only guarantee of a beautiful and flourishing hippeastrum.

Hippeastrum is planted in the spring, when the earth is already completely warmed up, and the bulbs are removed from the ground for the winter, otherwise they will simply freeze. Plants winter without leaves and roots, so you need to clear them from these parts.

Rows form in a somewhat shady place. Dig up the ground before planting, add some ash, humus and river sand to it. Plant in such a way that the bulb peeps 1-2 cm above the ground.

Water the plant 1 or 2 times a week, depending on weather conditions. If the plant gives an arrow very early, then it is worth cutting off the shoot. After such a procedure will appear lush and strong leaves.

Watch the plants - a dense crust should not form around them and weeds should not grow, get rid of them as soon as you notice.

It is best to remove plants from the soil in early autumn, and place the onions in a cool place with an air temperature of + 13 ... + 15C.

Diseases and treatment of hippeastrum

If your flower has slowed or stopped growing at all, urgently check the bulbs. They can be infected with fungus or damaged by various pests. The best way to save the plant is to treat it with a special agent and transplant it into a healthy, fertilized soil.

When the tips of the leaves are recited to acquire a brown color, this indicates dry air or low potassium levels. Install a room humidifier, fertilize the soil and your hippeastrum will recover.

To maintain the health and beauty of the plant, liquid fertilizers are used. The first dressing should be done when the stem of the peduncle exceeds 15 cm. It is necessary to carry out this procedure once every two weeks until the dormant period begins.

Rest period

When the leaves of your hippeastrum wilted, begin to turn yellow, and the bulb increases in volume, this signals preparation for the rest period. It is necessary to cut the leaves, finish watering and feeding. After that, the pot is transferred to a cool and dark place. The allowable temperature for the plant during this period will be + 10 ... + 15C.

The whole process lasts from the beginning of September to the end of December. It is very important to prevent the bulb from drying out. To do this, about once a month is to add some water to the pan. The better the dormant period passes, the greater the flowering and appearance of the flower will be.

Hippeastrum photo

Often, the hippeastrum is forcing on New Year's Eve and Christmas Eve. And this is undoubtedly a good reason for decorating the interior with flowers for the holiday. At the peak of its flowering, the plant looks very bright and solemn, so it is best to place it in the living room in a conspicuous place - let it be the main decoration of the New Year decoration!

Selection of hippeastrum garden bulbs

The large healthy onion becomes a deposit of abundant flowering and rapid growth of hippeastrum, which must be carefully examined before purchasing or planting.

About good condition and readiness for flowering speak dense, adjacent to each other scales without a trace of mold, flabbiness or moisture on the surface. The top layer is made up of dry, golden-brown flakes.

The roots of a live, ready for planting bulbs are elastic, healthy, without blackening and rotting. If the root system of a garden hippeastrum has dried, damaged by diseases or pests, it is necessary:

The flaccidity of the scales indicates that the bulb has not yet recovered from the previous flowering, in which case it must be planted in nutrient soil, ensuring proper planting of the plant.

The health of the plant in the pot is indicated by the elasticity and brightness of the leaves, dense peduncle and abundance, as in the photo, of gippeastrum flowers.

How to care for hippeastrum?

When the plant actively blooms and then releases the leaves, it will be comfortable in well-lit places, where the daytime temperature varies between 18-25 ° C, and at night it does not fall below 18 ° C. For the period of hibernation, the pot is transferred to a cool dark room. It is optimal if the temperature in it is 10–14 ° C and the air is dry.

For abundant flowering hippeastrum garden requires a bright light, on particularly hot days the plant can be shaded, but much more painful than the midday sun, this type of bulbous tolerates staying with a lack of lighting.

  • The first sign of discomfort will be pallor and lethargy of foliage, stretching and peduncle.
  • And when a flower is in the shade during the growing season, the hippeastrum may refuse to flower at all, because the bulb will not be able to recover from flowering and gain a new supply of food and energy.

While the gippeastrum pleases the flower grower with foliage and bright flowers, it is plentifully watered, while ensuring that the moisture does not stand and can not damage the roots. Watering is carried out in a pan or gently under the bulb. It is impossible that moisture gets on the leaves and flower stalks. After watering, the soil is loosened to avoid the formation of a dense crust.

How to care for hippeastrum during "hibernation", because the bulb does not show any signs of vital activity? After the last flower withers, the stem is gradually cut off and removed completely when it dries. At the same time, reduce the frequency and intensity of irrigation. Wilting leaves is a sign to stop the supply of moisture and the readiness of the plant to retire. By this moment the bulb accumulates strength, becomes dense, elastic.

The duration of hibernation is from 6 to 12 weeks, and all this time the bulbs should be in the dark at a low temperature. Watering is carried out under extreme necessity, if there is a threat of drying out the roots. In the garden hippeastrum bulbs that gave the children, before sending them to rest, the offspring is separated and the plants are planted in separate pots.

The soil for hippeastrum garden should be very nutritious, moisture-consuming and loose. A bulbous plant feels great in a mixture:

  • 1 part turf land,
  • 2 pieces of humus,
  • 1 part quality peeled peat.

To reduce the acidity of the soil, bone flour is added to it, wood ash will be a good top dressing; when planting, double superphosphate or complex fertilizer for bulbous can be applied to the soil. The same tool or any suitable composition with a predominance of potassium and phosphorus is used to support the plant during flowering and vegetation. Feeding in this period is carried out twice a month.

The feature of planting hippeastrum consists in the selection not only of the soil mixture, but also the capacity for the bulb. If the bulb is in too wide a pot, it will perfectly gain weight, will give abundant foliage and children, but it may not bloom. Therefore, the diameter of the best pot is only a couple of centimeters larger than the size of the bulb itself.

For garden hippeastrum, drainage from fine expanded clay, 2–3 cm thick, is obligatory. Then pour a cone-shaped soil mound on which the onion is laid and, straightening its roots, sprinkle it with earth. In this case, most of the bulbs should rise above the ground level.

Since actively giving flowers gippeastrum, as in the photo, require abundant nutrition and form a powerful root system during the season, plants have to be repotted in 1–2 years.

In the summer months, spectacular bulbous plants are often planted in open ground. In the garden, hippeastrumas develop well, and in some cases, strong adult bulbs emit new flower stalks. Flower growers noticed that in the open field the bulbs are more likely to form daughter plants, and pollination occurs more often, so that you can propagate your favorite flower not only with children, but also with seeds.

To care for the hippeastrum in the garden or on the loggia should be the same as in the home. However, in this case the caretaker’s concerns are added:

  • the need for thorough weeding,
  • plant protection against diseases and pests
  • hiding landings during cooling.

When finding hippeastrum in the garden, it is easier to track the completion of the growing season of the crop and prepare the bulbs for a rest period. With a decrease in air temperature, leaves begin to wither, watering is limited, and feeding is stopped a month before the “hibernation”. Before the frosts begin in the fall, bulbs ready for “wintering” are dug out for further storage in a cool place.

Amaryllis Belladonna

Amaryllis belladonna (Amaryllis belladonna) belongs to the same family as the gippeastrum, but to a different type. As a result of crossing, flower growers received many hybrids, which are usually attributed not to amaryllis, but to hippeastrum (Hippeastrum).

Angustifolium

Homeland - southern Brazil. It is also found in some parts of Paraguay and Uruguay.

It is remembered by bright orange-red flowers of unusual shape. Their petals are so heavily carved that the flower is visually divided into upper and lower halves. The tips of the upper petals of an unfolded flower are strongly curved back and sideways.

On one shoot can bloom from 5 to 9 flowers.

Pug-shaped (psittacinum)


The birthplace of this species is the forest of southern Brazil. Flowers are characterized by a bright middle with a color transition from green to yellow and white, the tips of the petals are bright red. From the bright central vein to the outer edge of the petals are thin, very bright stripes.

On the peduncle is most common from 2 to 4 flowers.

Mesh (reticulatum)


Homeland - South Brazil. The most common variety is with pale pink petals. Other coloring options: dark pink or bright red flower with dark veins on the petals, which form a pattern like mesh cells. It is one of the species with a delicate aroma.

On the stem can be from 3 to 5 flowers.

Hybrids and their classification

Among flower growers, several wild-growing species of hippeastrum are cultivated.

On their basis, breeders created many hybrids that differ in size and shape of petals, their color, height of adult plants and other characteristics.

The American Amaryllis Society has developed a classification of amaryllis, gippeastrum and their hybrids.

The first group includes all wild cultivated species. They are followed by 8 groups of hybrid plants.

According to this classification, the following groups of hypeastrum hybrids are distinguished:

  • Long tubular.

      Perianth tube length from 11 to 15 cm. Flowers from this subgroup often have a strong aroma, which is uncharacteristic for most hippeastrum.

  • Гибриды с Амариллис Белладонна.

  • Гибриды с известным сортом: Регина.

  • Гибриды с известным сортом: Леопольд.

      3 и 4 виды характеризуются правильной формой цветов, обычно довольно крупных.

  • Гибриды с орхидеевидными цветами.

      Их отличительный признак – глубокие, насыщенные цвета: винно-красный, тёмно-розовый.

  • Махровые.

      Если у обычных гиппеаструмов шесть лепестков, то махровые разновидности могут похвастаться гораздо более пышным околоцветником:

    • Полумахровые (semidouble) - from 9 to 11 petals.
    • Terry (double) - from 12 to 17 petals.
    • Super-doubles (superdouble) with the number of petals from 18 and above.

This category includes hybrids, in which the diameter of a fully open flower is less than 12 cm. Other names: small-flowered, miniature.

    1. Other hybrids not related to the listed groups.

REFERENCE: The florists of Holland, Japan, and South African countries have adopted their own system of designations for the flowers of the hippeastrum, depending on the size.

For example, in South Africa, the smallest flowers (less than 6 cm) are called “solo”, followed by: sonatini (6–10 cm), sonata (10–16 cm), symphony (larger than 16 cm).

Conclusion

Many types of hippeastrum have a faint smell and cannot cause allergies.

It is easy to care for them.

If you know the rules of breeding and follow them, you will get a real feast during the flowering of these plants.

Your loved ones will probably feel a surge of inspiration, their well-being will improve, and the mood will remain joyful and positive.

Hippeastrum Leopold (Nippeastrum leopoldii)

Hippeastrum varieties include about 80 varieties. Hippeastrum Léopold was isolated in a separate form in 1867. Under normal conditions found in Peru and Bolivia.

The bulb of this variety has a round shape, it reaches 8 cm in size. Several inflorescences grow from one bulb. The leaves are long, resemble the shape of a belt rounded off at the tip, reach 50 cm in length, and up to 3-4 cm in width.

Two flower heads are produced from one stem. The head of a flower is large, with a diameter of up to 20 cm, is represented by five or six petals. The shape they resemble the petals of lilies, but a little longer and narrower.

The middle of the flower is light green, the petals are brown in the center, and framed by white stripes along the edges and at the base. Flowers of this variety of rare beauty, due to the uncomplicated combination of brown color with white stripes, it seems that they are velvet.

Blossom in the fall. Reproduction occurs by dividing the onion. The basic rules of care include:

  • good lighting,
  • frequent watering during flowering,
  • during the rest period watering is moderate,
  • water for irrigation - room temperature
  • The bulbs must be protected from water.
  • once every two weeks it is necessary to fertilize (from the moment of budding until the leaflets dry up),
  • transplantation is carried out in the rest period (August).

Hippeastrum spotted (Nippeastrum pardinum)

This variety is also called leopard. Hippeastrum has a large shape and long leaves that reach up to 60 cm in length, and up to 4 cm in width. The plant can reach half a meter in height. Two flower heads emerge from the stem. Heads of flowers are large, up to 20 cm in diameter. Usually consist of six large, wide petals, pointed at the ends. Color petals varied:

  • red,
  • pink,
  • Orange,
  • lime,
  • crimson,
  • brown.
All petals are covered with small specks. From this variety and got the name. The inner and outer sides of the flowers have the same color. The middle is light green, interspersed in the center of the petals with long triangular lines.

Flowers are rarely monochrome, in most cases they combine pink and white, brown and light green, red and white, orange and light green. Among monochrome representatives most often there are red, orange and lime.

Hippeastrum parrot-shaped (Nippeastrum psittacinum)

Exotic Brazil is considered the birthplace of this plant. Distinctive characteristics of this variety, in addition to the shape of flowers, are: the length of the plant, which reaches up to one meter, the grayish-green color of the leaves, the number of peduncles on the stem. The leaves have a belt-like shape typical for Hippeastrum up to 50 cm long. Unlike the previously described species, the parrot-shaped hippeastrum has abundant flowering. From one stalk goes up to four flower heads. Flowers may have five to six petals of oblong shape.

The main difference of the variety is the bright motley color of the petals. The middle can be red or light green. The edges of the petals are usually red or brown with white or yellowish, light green stripes in the center. It blooms in spring.

Hippeastrum royal (Nippeastrum reginae)

The home of this species is Central America and Mexico. The leaves are linear with a rounded tip. Their length is up to 60 cm, width is up to 4 cm. Up to four flower heads come out of one stalk. The flower head is in the shape of an asterisk with six broad petals pointed towards the end. Petals monochrome, have a charming rich color. The most common red, brown, orange colors. The middle can be white with a light green hue or dark red. It blooms in winter and autumn periods.

Hippeastrum reticulum (Nippeastrum reticulatum)

The variety comes from Brazil. The plant reaches 50 cm in height. Leaves take up to 30 cm in length, and up to 5 cm in width. Three to five flower heads emerge from the stem. Distinctive features of the variety are:

  • the presence in the center of the leaves of the white band, which is located almost the entire length of the leaf,
  • large flower heads of charming pink-red or white-pink shades,
  • nice smell.
The flowers of this variety are very beautiful. Petals are wide, rounded in the middle and pointed at the ends. The middle is light green. The main color of the petals is white or pink. On the main color petals along the entire length are densely pierced with thin lines, respectively, pink or white. Flowers look tender and graceful. It blooms in autumn until the beginning of winter.

Hippeastrum reddish (Nippeastrum striatum / striata / rutilum)

Under normal conditions it grows in wooded areas of Brazil. Hybrids are produced as indoor plants. This is one of the smallest representatives of the Hippeastrum. It reaches a height of only 30 cm.

Leaves about 50 cm long, about 5 cm wide, have a light green color. From one stem can depart from two to six flower heads.

The flower head is represented by six long, thin (about 2 cm wide) petals. The middle is light green, in the shape of an asterisk, and the petals have a rich red tint. It blooms in winter and springtime.

  • Hippeastrum striatum var. Acuminatum (yellow-red flowers),
  • Citrinum (different lemon-yellow color of flowers),
  • Fulgidum (different oval petals, which have a bright red velvet color),
  • Hippeastrum striatum var. Rutilum (crimson flowers with a green center).

Hippeastrum reddish variety pointed (Hippeastrum striatum var. Acuminatum)

This gippeastrum is a type of reddish variety. It differs from Nippeastrum striatum in height, shape and color of petals. In height, the plant can reach from half a meter to a meter. Of the one stem, 4-6 flower heads most often depart, rarely two. The flowers are larger than the main species, pointed to the end. The leaves of this variety have a belt-like shape, from 30 cm to 60 cm long, and from 4 cm to 5 cm wide. Petals have a yellow-red shade, the middle is represented by a light green "asterisk". Pleases bloom in winter and spring.

Hippeastrum elegant (Hippeastrum elegans / solandriflorum)

The plant reaches up to 70 cm in length. Outwardly very similar to lilies. Leaves of the strap-like shape, up to 45 cm long and 3 cm wide. Four flower heads depart from one stem. Petals are large, oval-shaped, with a point toward the end. The length of the petals can reach 25 cm. The flowers of this variety have white-yellow and yellow-green shades, can be covered with purple spots or red thin stripes. The middle is light green. It blooms in January and all spring.

Hippeastrum striped (Hippeastrum vittatum)

This variety has very beautiful flowers. It differs from other species by the arrangement of the petals. In total, there are six of them on the head, and they are placed as two mirrored triangles.In height the plant reaches from 50 cm to one meter. The leaves have a bright green color, oblong with rounded ends. In length reach 60 cm, and in width - up to 3 cm. From one stem departs from two to six flower heads.

Petals are oval, white with cherry or red stripes on the edges and center, pointed to the end. It blooms in the summer.

Hippeastrum reddish (Hippeastrum striatum var fulgidum)

This variety is a type of hippeastrum striatum. It differs from the main species by the width of the leaves, the color of the petals and the larger bulb, which in the process of plant development produces lateral onions (they plant and multiply).

Petals of this species, unlike Nippeastrum striatum, have an oval shape and reach about 10 cm in length and 2-3 cm in width. The flowers have a charming bright red color. The middle is green in the shape of an asterisk.

Hippeastrum is represented by many species. The article gives a general idea of ​​what happens gippeastrum, and discussed its most popular, beautiful varieties.

From the above information, we can conclude that the plant varieties differ in height, stem length, size and color of flowers, as well as the flowering period. Otherwise, they are similar.

brief information

A bulb of hippeastrum may have a diameter of 5 cm or more. It is a stem that covers scales along the perimeter. At the beginning of the bulb grows roots and central stem, called the arrow or peduncle.

If the size of the bulb allows, the number of arrows can reach 2 or 3. Leaves emerging from the scales can grow both simultaneously with the arrow and after the end of the flowering process.

The length of peduncles can reach more than 1 m, leaves - 60-70 cm, diameter of flowers from 7 to 25 cm. The plant blooms in spring, depending on the variety and age it can occur from February to the end of April. The plant requires 3-4 months of rest every year., since in his homeland this period falls on a seasonal drought.

Healthy Hippeastrum Bulb

Hippeastrum flowers are bisexual, but cross-pollination is also widely used. Otherwise, how could more than 2000 varieties of home-grown gippeastrum be explained?

Caring for a plant is not a problem.

Agri-technology of hippeastrum is simple, however, requiring accuracy and timeliness of execution. No particularly sophisticated ways and manipulations to the owner of the plant are not threatened, but in time to do simple actions will have. As with any plant, a competent combination of conditions of detention and care will provide your pet with beautiful appearance and health.

Substrate and containers

Hippeastrum prefers neutral soils (pH in the range of 6-7.5). The composition of the substrate can be approximately as follows:

  • 1 piece of sifted leaf earth
  • 1 part peat
  • 1 part of large river sand
  • 0.25 parts of charcoal or ash wood

It is recommended to add to the substrate rotted manure (15 g per 1 l) or 3-4 g of superphosphate for the entire pot volume. The use of "fresh" organic fertilizers is not permissible, because they are chemically active and can damage both the roots and the bulb of hippeastrum.

The resulting soil mixture must undergo disinfection in an oven or microwave, after which it is covered with 2 layers of gauze and allowed to stand for 10-20 days to restore the microflora. During this procedure it is recommended to loosen the soil regularly.

The best container for hippeastrum is a clay or ceramic pot, and the distance from the bulb to its walls should be between 20 and 40 mm. With such sizes, the plant will be convenient to water and the bulb will have the possibility of growth and budding of the “babies”. In addition, the clay better passes the air to the root system of the plant.

Hippeastrum in a pot of the correct size.

The use of pots of other sizes is impractical. Too large pots will not give the bulb stability with large sizes of arrows, too small trite will not give the plant growth opportunities for the bulbs and roots.

Sometimes it is allowed to plant two or more bulbs in one pot. It should be remembered about the distances of the bulbs from each other and from the walls of the pot. Rinse the pot thoroughly before planting. Claydite or small crushed stone is used as a drainage, its height should not exceed 2-3 cm.

Planting and transplanting gippeastrum produced in late summer. In autumn, in mid-late September, the plant enters a dormant period, so all procedures should be done at least one month before this time. An alternative is a transplant in the winter, immediately after the end of the rest period.

The bulb of a healthy plant grows in size constantly, therefore such bulbs require an annual transplant. If the plant is already mature enough and has a slow growth rate, it is transplanted as the pot and roots are filled (usually once in 2-3 years).

Planted hippeastrum bulb

Planting plants in the new soil is as follows:

  • the substrate layer is filled up 2-3 cm above the level of the drain
  • the bulb is placed in the substrate and evenly covered with soil
  • in the first planting / transplanting it is necessary to “stick” the onion to a third of its height, a great depth can lead to rotting of the onion, later, if there is a shortage of soil, it can be added
  • at the end of the planting, the pot is placed on the illuminated place (the light must be diffused)

The first 10-20 days of watering is carried out moderately, every 4-5 days. It is necessary for good rooting of the bulb. After that, depending on the type of plant, the irrigation interval is reduced by 1-2 days, or the amount of liquid increases during irrigation.

Lighting and temperature

All Amaryllic plants are light-requiring, this is especially important during the active growing season of the plant, which occurs in most varieties of hippeastrum after flowering. After all, it is at this time that most plants begin to grow leaves.

It should either be diffused light, or a portion with partial fine shading. The ideal option would be the windows of the south side of the house, hung with some scatterer.

Hippeastrum on the window with shading

During the summer, daylight hours are quite enough, however, in the spring-winter period, it should be remembered that the plant needs at least 10 hours of daylight. For the organization of artificial lighting it is necessary to use special fluorescent lamps.

The distance from the lamp to the plant should be at least half a meter: this way the leaves are evenly illuminated and guaranteed to be protected from thermal burns. If the plant is not illuminated from above, but from the side, it should be regularly deployed.

The temperature regime of a plant may correspond to the usual temperature regime of a dwelling in our climate. In order for the bulb not to “freeze” the roots in winter, it is recommended to put a foam or wooden pad under the pot to ensure thermal insulation.

It should be remembered that regular airing of the room, ensuring air circulation are mandatory requirements for the cultivation of hippeastrum. However, you need to take measures to protect the plant from drafts that may be at the windows on which it is located. It is necessary either to eliminate the draft, or to isolate the plant from it.

You should also protect the plant from excessive heat coming from radiators, fan heaters and convectors. And in general, the stay of a plant in the immediate vicinity of them is not recommended, since these devices dry the air and lead to the evaporation of moisture from the leaves of hippeastrum.

If the growth of hippeastrum has slowed, or even “got up”, then it can be forcedly stimulated: for this, it is necessary to place the plants in conditions of temperature from + 30 ° С to + 34 ° С and begin to water it abundantly.

It is produced using distilled water with a temperature equal to room temperature or 2-3 degrees above it. If it is necessary to stimulate the growth of a plant, boiled water is used as containing less carbonates.

Watering can be carried out both in a pot, directly on the soil, and with the help of a pallet. Water should be evenly distributed over the surface of the soil.

Watering hippeastrum using a watering can

During the active growing season, watering can be done almost daily. The main criterion for normal watering should be the absence of stagnant water in the pot to avoid rotting of the roots.

If the weather is hot, it is allowed for some time after watering to leave water in the pan, this will help the roots not to overheat. After 20-30 minutes, the water from the pan is removed

The humidity of the air for hippeastrum is not critical. Its dense and elastic leaves are well adapted to dry air. In this regard, it is not recommended to spray the leaves directly - water droplets, falling on the base of the leaves and on the bulb, can provoke fungal diseases.

Immediately after transplantation, hippeastrum is not fed for 2-3 months. Top dressing is best to make during the growing season. They are produced once every 10 days and are made using liquid complex fertilizers for bulbous. Usually, the day before fertilizing the plant produces abundant watering.

During the growth of the plant it needs nitrogen, during the tie-up of flowers - phosphorus

Some growers recommend using special pills or sticks for feeding. Это является заблуждением, поскольку приводит к неравномерному распределению удобрений по корневой системе. The consequence of this approach may be the burn of those parts of the root, where the concentration of fertilizer is too high.

The formation of babies and the growth of the bulbs are provided by potassium.

Rest periods

Rest plant is needed. He allows him to gain strength before the next flowering. In order to “initiate” the rest process, gradually, starting in August, watering the plants is reduced, completely stopping it in November. If the plant does not hibernate, conditions are even worse (for example, put in the shade, or put the pot on its side). The yellowed leaves of hibernating hippeastrum are removed only after their complete extinction.

Hippeastrum dormant

Throughout the hibernation, the plant contains no watering and lighting. Often doing this without even taking it out of the pot. Sometimes you can both get a bulb from a pot and store it in a dry, moderately cool place without light. The temperature at the same time can reach about + 8-10 ° C, however, it is not necessary, it is possible to contain a pot even at a normal room temperature.

In the middle of winter, the plant is transplanted into a new pot (the most important thing is not to forget to prepare a new substrate in advance), is put on the light for rooting, after two weeks watering is resumed in full - all this has already been described earlier ...

There is also another hippeastrum hibernation scheme - with the so-called incomplete rest period. At the same time watering in the beginning of autumn does not stop, the plants at the same time begin to hibernate, but they do it at a very slow pace. At the same time, they, as a rule, do not immediately dry all the leaves, but one by one.

As the leaves dry, they are removed. At the same time, the plant continues to be in a “transitional” state: it does not sleep, but does not stay awake, because it does not grow. This mode of "drowsiness" can last about 3 months.

However, at any time it can be interrupted by abundant irrigation, fertilizer fertilization and a sufficient amount of light. After this treatment, the plant begins to bloom in about a few weeks.

In this way, you can achieve two flowering of hippeastrum in one year. However, it should be understood that next year it is desirable for the bulb to undergo a full period of rest so that it can recover.

Breeding

It can be carried out both with the help of seeds and vegetatively. Seeds usually receive new varieties or carry out the consolidation of the necessary characteristics. This method is rather time-consuming and of little interest to an ordinary grower; it is used mainly by breeders or agricultural technicians.

There are several vegetative breeding methods, but the following are the most popular:

  • bulb division
  • daughter bulbs
  • with scales

The division of the bulb is as follows: during the dormant period, most often in November, the bulb is dug up to the roots and cut into four parts directly in the pot with a clean tool. The cut sites are covered with charcoal. Subsequently, the cut onion is pulled apart with wire or plastic so that it does not grow together, is sprinkled with earth, and all conditions are created for active growth.

Sliced ​​onion hippeastrum

A few months later, on the site of one onion, four small ones are obtained, which are then transplanted each in their own pot.

Scale reproduction is used when you need to get the maximum number of bulbs in the minimum time. It is similar to the previously described, but is its more radical version. In this case, the onion is completely dug out, and its roots are cut, leaving no more than 1-2 cm, after which the onion, together with the bottom, is cut vertically into 8 or 16 parts, like a pie. At the same time it is necessary that each part had a piece of ground with roots.

Next comes the 30-minute processing of the slices with a foundation and the processing of the cuts with charcoal. After which the bulb slices sit in the washed sand in greenhouse conditions. In about three months, new small bulbs ready for transplantation will be regenerated from the lobules.

Reproduction of hippeastrum scales. And this is only the beginning ...

Propagation by daughter bulbs is the simplest method that does not require the use of any skills, since gippeastrum bears children in large quantities. During the year, several of them are formed, and if they are not removed on time, they can interfere with the growth of the parent plant.

Types and classification

In fact, in the indoor floriculture, only one type of hippeastrum is currently grown, it is called hippeastrum hybrid. The number of varieties of this hybrid exceeds several dozen. Florists use different classifications of this plant, however, since biologically it is all the same species, varieties are differentiated solely by appearance: flower shape and size.

Most often, producers and plant breeders use the Dutch classification with the division of varieties into 9 main groups. Consider it:

Simple large-flowered varieties

In general, large-flowered are slow-growing hybrids. The group includes several characteristic varieties:

  • Apple Blossom
  • Minerva
  • Hermes
  • Chrism

Grade Apple Blossom

  • Usually on the plant is located from 4 to 6 large flowers. Their diameter can be from 17 to 22 cm.
  • The color is the most diverse: from pale pink to bright red. Plant height 50-60 cm.
  • Some varieties, for example, Minerva or Hercules, have fewer flowers and a slightly irregular shape, however, due to their veins, a visual perception of the flower is created, as almost perfect

  • Large-sized hippeastrum stamens can often bend upwards.
  • Many growers perceive this as a manifestation of the disease, however, this is normal. Despite the large size of the flowers, the plant stems are so strong that they do not require additional supports.
  • Only some varieties of large-flowered have the smell, and then, it is weakly expressed.

Simple mid-flowered varieties

Grade Lemon Star with a visible "tan".

  • Differ in average flower size (from 14 to 18 cm in diameter), the height of the stems rarely exceeds 50 cm.
  • Most often, these varieties have a slight difference in the shape of the outer petals; they are somewhat more internal and resemble wide ovals or rhombuses.
  • Most varieties have a so-called "tan" - dark areas and stripes on a bright background. The smell of flowers of medium size is more pronounced than that of large ones.

Typical representatives:

  • Lemon Star
  • Magnum
  • Magic Green

Ferrari variety with one flower stalk

  • The number of flowers on one plant rarely exceeds four, mostly located on 2 on the stem, however, sometimes there are very dense inflorescences - up to 4 flowers on one stem.
  • In some cases, especially if the stem has grown short, it may even have a single flower, the dimensions of which are close to the border separating the mid-flowered from the large-flowered ones.
  • Of the varieties with a simple leaf form, the mid-flowered ones are the most popular, since most often it is possible to obtain flowers of good quality, unlike the same large-flowered ones, which ripen longer and, if they are defective, they attract more attention.

Simple small-flowered

  • These amaryllis have straight petals and small flower sizes.
  • Their diameter is not more than 12-13 cm. On the stems is from 2 to 6 flowers. The growth of stems can vary significantly (ranging from 20 to 50 cm).

Typical representatives:

  • Bianca
  • Baby star
  • Apple Mini
  • Neon

  • Often in the small-color hippeastrum, the color of the stamens coincides with the color of the petals.
  • The smell of this group can either be absent altogether, or be pronounced: the number of smelling and odorless varieties in this group is approximately the same.

  • Typically, the number of arrows in Hippeastrum rarely exceeds two.
  • Small flowers are a pleasant exception: about a week after the first two arrows start flowering, a third appears on the bulb, on which the flower spike and flowers are also formed.
  • Thus, we can talk about the second wave of flowering of small-flowered hippeastrum.

Terry large-flowered

  • In these varieties of large (up to 25 cm in diameter) flowers can be located on stems of different lengths.
  • The arrows can be very short, up to 25 cm, and exceed 60 cm.
  • As the name implies, the petals have a terry structure with pronounced veins.
  • Most terry varieties bred in the last 20-30 years.

The typical representatives of these Amaryllis include:

  • Sweet Nymph
  • White Peacock
  • Dancing Queen
  • Aphrodite

Terry grade White Peacock

  • A distinctive feature of most large-flowered terry varieties of hippeastrum is approximately twice the number of petals than in simple hybrids, some varieties have 15 petals.
  • Usually, the petals are oval in shape and all are more or less the same in size.
  • Terry flowers, unlike simple ones, symmetry is almost uncharacteristic.
  • Large buds are located on 2-3 pieces on two peduncles.
  • If the bulbs have an adequate supply of nutrients, they can form up to three peduncles, but the cases of growing such bulbs (more than 11 cm in diameter) are quite rare.
  • The stamens of the majority of representatives of these gippeastrum are practically undeveloped, and sometimes even completely reduced.
  • In some cases, the stamens may degenerate into staminodes like those of peonies, which gives the flower additional ornamentation.
  • Examples of such varieties are Aphrodite or Lady Jane.

  • Flowers with this arrangement consist of two parts: from 12 to 17 petals form an outer flower and another 5-10 petals derived from staminodes - inner.
  • Terry flowers are much heavier than their “smooth-skinned” representatives, so that plastic arrows are used to prevent the arrows of flowers from breaking.
  • The use of wooden poles is undesirable because the tree may be infected with disease-causing fungi.

Terry mid-flowered

  • In these varieties, the diameters of flowers reach 15-16 cm in diameter.
  • The height of the arrows, as a rule, is small 35-50 cm.
  • Similarly, large-flowered terry varieties, the central part of the flower may consist of staminodes, however, the number of varieties with this feature is much smaller than that of large ones.

Typical representatives of the varieties:

  • Jewel
  • Double king
  • Pasadena
  • Uniquay

Mid-flowered terry variety Jewel

  • The number of petals of medium-flowered varieties is somewhat less than that of large ones.
  • Usually, both external and internal (if there are staminodes) parts of a flower contain 5-7 petals.
  • In these varieties, the formation of the third arrow can also be observed. It appears in adult bulbs with a diameter of at least 10.5 cm.

Medium variety Pasadena

  • Similarly, large terry, the arrows of these varieties need support, because the masses of flowers are quite significant.

Terry small-flowered

  • Small flowers, with a diameter of 8-10 cm, located on the arrows of medium or low height (from 15 to 35 cm).
  • As a rule, among them there are practically no flowers with staminodes, but the number of flowers on the peduncle is almost always four.
  • Peduncle at least two, very rarely three. It often happens that several flowers during the development can grow together into one.

Representatives of small-flowered:

  • Pamela
  • Mini Queen
  • Amoris

  • Bulbs in small-flowered also small. Most of the representatives of these varieties of hippeastrum has a pronounced, pleasant smell.

Intergrown Mini Mini Queen

  • Or arachnids. Plants of this type got their name for the external similarity of a flower with a spider.
  • All of them come from the hybrid "Bolivian Sibistr", which has a characteristic feature in the form of a narrowed perianth.

The sibistras include the following varieties:

  • Emerald
  • Rio Negro
  • La paz
  • Most sibistros have 5-7 narrow petals and rather long stamens.
  • These are hardy enough varieties that can withstand many disease and uncomfortable conditions of detention.
  • A distinctive feature of all sibistrov is exceptional fecundity.
  • Each year, an adult plant forms from 2 to 4 bulb children, so a false idea can sometimes arise that 5 or 6 arrows are formed from a single bulb.

La Paz Variety

  • In fact, the number of arrows resulting from a single bulb is never more than three.
  • However, sibistras almost always form 4 flowers on one peduncle.

Hippeastrum Orchid

  • The name speaks for itself: flowers of these varieties resemble orchids.
  • As a rule, these are large plants, having a height of arrows up to 70 cm and a diameter of flowers up to 20 cm.
  • The colors of flowers can be almost any, often there is a "tan" on the flowers.

Representatives of orchid-shaped hippeastrum:

  • Papillo
  • Ruby Star
  • Exotic Star
  • In orchids, as a rule, there are always two arrows per bulb, and the number of flowers on the peduncle is 2, very rarely 3.
  • Almost all of these plants have a pronounced odor.

Tubular hippastrum

  • Funnel-shaped because of the flower shape, they are very elongated and resemble sound pipes of archaic gramophones.
  • Sometimes unofficially, such gippeastrum is also called “lily” for their similarity with lilies.
  • These are rather large plants: the length of the arrows can be more than 1 m long, and the diameter of the flowers is from 10 to 12 cm with a “funnel” length of at least 15 cm.

Tubular Hippeastrum Rebecca

Key representatives:

  • Amputo
  • Santiago
  • Pink Floyd
  • Rebecca
  • On flowers located from 5 to 7 petals. Most often they are semi-double.
  • Peduncle usually contains 4 flowers.
  • The number of arrows from one bulb - 2 or 3.
  • Virtually all tubular possess

Hippeastrum. Bloom

The home gippeastrum flower is a multifaceted hybrid: description, species, care, cultivation, reproduction and other useful information (160 Photos) + Reviews

Enough unpretentious in indoor growing. They are a typical example of a commercial plant that anyone can grow. Unlike many tulips that have already become boring, gippeastrumes are a fairly extensive field for experimentation, and their beauty and grace are just as good. We have tried to collect for you interesting and useful information on this topic. If you do not agree with these estimates, leave your rating in the comments with the arguments of your choice. Thank you for your participation. Your opinion will be useful to other users.

Botanical description of hippeastrum

Name of bulbous plant (Hippeastrum) of the Amaryllis family translated into Russian as "rider" and "star." The bulb shape is rounded in diameter ranging from 5 to 10 cm. The surface of the linear leaf plates is grooved, the lower part is keeled. Grow up to 70 cm in length and up to 5 cm in width. Usually painted green, but there are varieties with purple color.

Leafless flower spike is decorated with umbrella-shaped inflorescence with orange, pink, white, dark or bright red large funnel-shaped or tubular flowers.

Catalog of species and varieties of indoor and garden hippeastrum

Thanks to the breeders, 90 species were created by crossing, as well as more than 2000 varieties and hybrids of this bulbous plant.

Hippeastrum with red flowers enjoys the greatest success, as it is able to cheer up in the winter. The variety of varieties led to the creation of garden classifications, differing in shape and color range of flowers. Cultivation of some of them is done indoors, and others in open ground.

There are several methods to catalog a bulbous plant:

  1. Flower size
  2. The amount of overlap of the petals of each other.
  3. Similar to orchids.
  4. Structure (terry and non-terry).
Hippeastrum with red flowers is the most successful.

Breeders classify the size of the buds into 3 main groups:

  1. Small flowers.
  2. Large-flowered.
  3. Mid-flowered.

Depending on the direction of breeding, the classification is made into the following varieties:

  • Tubular,
  • Leopoldia
  • Terry,
  • Beladonna,
  • Miniature
  • Regina,
  • Orchid-like.
Hippeastrum Lady Jane

Papilio Butterfly

Differs elongated structure of the bulb. The appearance of the buds is similar to gently cream or greenish-yellow butterflies with red lines located in the central part of each petal. It was this similarity that formed the basis for the name of the variety.

Petals are covered with small specks of red color. The rest of the area has a greenish and creamy cream color.

Hippeastrum Leopold

It has belt-like leaves and red flowers. Along the edges of the petals are outlined with a white border.

Large-flowered view with rich red flowers with an admixture of white. The edges of the petals are wavy and framed by a red border. Compared with other species, charisma grows much slower and blooms 2 months after planting.

Royal

A low plant with red pointed petals and greenish star-shaped pharynx.

Hippeastrum Royal

The color of flowers is not only red, but slightly yellowish or bright yellow. Leafy plates of light green tones.

It grows to a meter or more. The name was formed because of the petals, decorated with red and lilac stripes.

It has a large onion, narrow leaves and large buds. Whitish yellow or greenish petals are covered with red stripes.

Hippeastrum Graceful

Planting hippeastrum

Приобрести посадочный материал не составляет особого труда, поскольку луковицы имеются практически во всех цветочных магазинах. Перед покупкой рекомендуется тщательно осмотреть луковицыso that it will not be spoiled, otherwise it will take additional time for their treatment or the hippeastrum will die at all.

The timing and technology of planting hippeastrum at home

Since the best time for forcing the indoor flower is the autumn or spring periods, it is advisable to purchase the bulbs at this time. Most often in stores selling mixes of bulbs.

The acquired planting material is already prepared for flowering. The steps required are as follows:

  1. Initially, you need to find a suitable container, which should be narrow, but high.
  2. Filling the planting pot with a suitable primer, which can be purchased at a store or made on your own from turf soil, humus and sand.
  3. Bulb depth 2/3.

The pot should be put in a place with room temperature. Until the sprout appears, the land can not be watered.

When and how to plant a garden hippeastrum

The beautiful flowers of hippeastrum fascinate many gardeners, forcing them to acquire this plant. Regular flowering is possible only with proper performance of all the features of care for him.

Before planting bulbs on the site, they require special training (forcing). To do this, in the fall it should be placed in a dark place with low temperature. The so-called hibernation lasts up to three months. Watering at this time is not required. Except for the danger of drying the roots. In this case, you need a little water.

With the onset of spring, when the threat of night frosts disappears, the material needs to be planted in open ground. First, the flower spike appears and the flower blooms. In order to avoid the expenditure of forces by the plant on the formation of seeds, the flowering bud must be cut along with the peduncle. After that, the leaves begin to grow and babies appear on the bulb. Before the onset of autumn frosts, the bulb must be dug out and sent for distillation. Garden gippeastrum likes nutritious and loose soil.

Gallery: Hippeastrum (53 photos)

Temperature, humidity and lighting

Although temperature indicators do not strongly affect the growth of hippeastrum, it is recommended to maintain from 17 to 25 ° C indoors. In winter, it can drop to 10 ° C. The development of the plant is worse reflected by sharp changes in temperature, which threatens to stop flowering.

A flowering plant loves sunshine without fear of direct rays. To accommodate a flower pot, it is recommended to choose window sills facing south-west and south-east. It is desirable to diffuse sunlight with transparent tulle. In addition, some hybrid varieties, throwing leaves in the winter, worse endure the bright sun. During the rest period, the bulb must be placed in a darkened place, and in the spring to bring to light, so that the plant wakes up.

Under natural conditions, the plant tolerates the climate of dry regions well, therefore, when grown indoors, it does not require constant spraying. In order to avoid the appearance of a number of diseases, it is prohibited to irrigate hippeastrum during the flowering period. Easy spraying will not do harm if the bulb is hibernating.

To protect the bulb from rotting, during watering it is desirable to pour water into the pan, and not into the soil mixture. The frequency of irrigation depends on the drying of the soil. It is better to water more often, but in small quantities. Constant moisture contributes to the premature growth of foliage and flower arrows.

Hippeastrum loves sunshine without fear of direct rays.

Requirements for soil and planting pot

To facilitate the care of the plant, all the details of planting should be considered even during the purchase of planting material. The size of the root system is quite long. Capacity parameters for planting are selected according to the following flower features:

  1. Depending on the size of the bulb, the height of the pot is selected.
  2. Dishes for a flower should be high and narrow, the diameter of which exceeds the bulb by only 2 - 3 cm.
  3. The bulb must be bred in half.

The root system is very sensitive to the flow of oxygen, so the dense structure of the soil mixture acts on it detrimental. Given that the volume of the pot does not greatly exceed the size of the bulb, the soil should be selected with a light and nutritious structure. It must be borne in mind that fertilizer should be applied only after the start of flowering.

Florists recommend filling the planting pot with the following composition:

  • sand, turfy ground and peat (1 part),
  • rotted manure or leaf humus (2 parts).
Depending on the size of the bulb, the height of the pot is chosen.

Plant the bulb in the following order:

  1. After inspecting the planting material for damage, you need to cut the long threads of the roots and remove the unhealthy.
  2. In order to avoid oversaturation of the soil with water, a drainage layer 3–4 cm high should be laid on the bottom. As a result, holes in the bottom will not be blocked by small soil components.
  3. On top of the drainage need to pour a little soil mixture, straightening the roots, pour the soil on the edges of the bulb. Then condense.
  4. So that the soil is compacted as best as possible, it can be watered.

Annually it is necessary to replace a couple of cm of the top layer of soil with a new one. As the bulb grows and grows, it is recommended to replant the plant in a new container. This procedure should be carried out no more often than in 2 or 3 years.

The size of the root system of hippeastrum is quite long.

Frequency and watering rules

Watering should be carried out with such a frequency that the earthen room has time to dry in the breaks. It is important to avoid moisture on the surface of the bulb. It is allowed to slightly increase the frequency of watering after the flower shoot grows to 15 cm, but it is not recommended to water the soil if it is wet. The lack of moisture will negatively affect the formation of the bulb and the plant during its growth. Reducing watering can begin after flowering has ended.

At the end of summer, the flower prepares for rest, therefore watering should be done less often, and in autumn it should stop completely. With the onset of spring, the irrigation pattern is resumed, Considering the following rules:

  • water temperature should be room temperature or warmer
  • in between watering the soil must be dry,
  • it is advisable not to wet the bulb,
  • Do not fill the primer.

The frequency of irrigation should be brought closer to natural conditions. Hippeastrum is in the process of flowering during the rainy period, and during drought remains in a dormant state.

Hippeastrum needs potash fertilizers the most

Top dressing hippeastrum at home

The first time it is necessary to produce additional feeding a month after the plant leaves the hibernation. Next should be fertilized twice a month. The last fertilization no later than a month before the dormant period.

Most of all, hippeastrum needs potash fertilizers. During the flowering period, a potassium phosphate mixture is necessary with the addition of nitrogen. The more leaves appear, the more you need to increase the amount of nitrogen until it is equal to the phosphorus content. From late spring until autumn, it is desirable to alternate organic and mineral fertilizers. In the case of the acquisition of the finished soil, it is recommended mixture for the bulbous.

Feeding up the plant, it is important to ensure that there is no excess of nitrogen, otherwise there will be problems with its development. The bulb may rot and die.

Features care garden hippeastrumami

In the warm season, the plant can be planted in open ground, so that it rests and gains strength. This culture is well tolerated by the sun, but it is better to plant it in a place with an open shadow. In addition, the soil on the site should be good moisture to avoid stagnation.

Although the plant does not require special care, important ensure that weeds do not grow nearby and remove them in a timely manner. Land should be regularly loosened so as not to form a dense crust.

The distance between the bulbs should be at least 15 cm, and between the children 5 cm is enough. It is necessary to deepen the bulbs in such a way that they protrude 1 cm above the ground. If the weather is mild, you should water it once a week. During hot days, watering should be doubled.

The process of caring for hippeastrum includes two main states - the flowering period and hibernation, which preserves the plant until the next flowering. Given the characteristics of the bulbous flower, no significant effort will be required.

Botanical description

Perennial bulb rather large, about 2 cm in diameter, rounded, conical in shape. The bottom is flat with numerous cord-like roots about 35 cm long.

The leaves are long, linear, purple or green shades, reaching a length of 60 cm, and up to 7 cm in width.

As a rule, one peduncle appears, growing to 1.2 m. Several large funnel-shaped flowers with a diameter of 15–20 cm grow on it. The flowers are gathered into an inflorescence umbrella, and their tube is short. The color scheme is quite diverse: red, white, pink, orange, yellow, purple, combined. Color can be supplemented with blotches or strokes.

Fruit - angular or spherical, dry, tricuspid box. When ripe, it cracks and releases the seeds. For light flowers characterized by a small number of seeds.

Seeds - winged, dry, flat, black or dark brown in color. Fresh seeds have 100% germination rate, which decreases with time.

The plant has a very low odor, and in some species it is completely absent.

It blooms from February to April.

Planting and transplanting hippeastrum

Hippeastrum bulbs are planted regardless of the season. Approximately in 5-10 weeks the plant will please with its first flowers. For planting, a narrow and deep tank is necessary to prevent rotting of the roots and excessive moisture. You must also use the drainage, which should fill the bottom of the tank.

For planting, a slightly wet soil mixture is taken in equal quantities: turf ground, humus or peat, sand. The bulb should be deepened no more than 2/3 of the height of the soil. In case of its damage or decay, it is necessary to prune rotted parts and keep in solution of fungicide (Maxim, Fundazole) for half an hour. You can also use a solution of ordinary green paint and dry for a day. In this case, when planting the humus, it is necessary to replace with a small amount of sphagnum and bury the bulb in the soil by no more than 1/4 of its height. These manipulations are necessary to control her condition. And after the final recovery just pour the soil mixture.

After transplantation, the flower is placed in a darkened place and not watered until the appearance of a 10 cm peduncle. Transplant gippeastrum carried out once every 3-4 years after the end of its flowering. The plant is moved along with the earthy ball to avoid damage to the root system. This contributes to better rooting and development of the bulb. In summer, the flower can be placed in the open ground, and before frost it can be moved to the room

Peculiarities of home care

To obtain abundant flowering and lush appearance, you must follow a few rules of optimal care for hippeastrum.

The plant is light-requiring and easily tolerates even direct sunlight. Best of all it will feel on the south side of the room. In the shade, the flower grows more slowly and practically does not bloom. In this case, he will have pale elongated leaves and flower stalks. The lack of buds can also be the cause of low light.

Temperature and humidity

The optimum daily air temperature for abundant flowering of hippeastrum is 20-22 ° C. At night, temperatures can drop to 18-19 ° C. The temperature does not tolerate temperatures below 5 ° C, it can damage flower buds. In the conditions of street cultivation it can withstand frosts up to -1 ° C, provided it is covered with a covering material. During rest period, the bulbs are stored at 10 ° C. The most favorable air humidity is 75-80% with active flowering.

Fertilizer and dressing

After flowering, you can begin to feed the plant. Now begin to grow vigorously large leaves, which form bulbous scales. They then lay the future flower stalks. Correctly, alternate organic and mineral supplements.

The flower responds best to fertilizing with potash fertilizers. A surplus of nitrogen is fraught with diseases. At the same time, the bulbs tolerate a dormant period worse and may rot. Fertilizing is done every 2 weeks, bringing nutrients into the moist soil.

When transplanting or planting a plant for the first time - the first fertilizer is applied not earlier than in a month.

Abundant and strong watering is used only in the period of active growth and flowering. Care must be taken that the topsoil dries out. As the dormant period approaches, the amount of watering decreases, and after the leaves die off, stop altogether. You can add a little water to the pan to maintain the viability of the bulb, about 1 time per month. It should be noted that water should not fall on the bulb, only on the soil.

Diseases and pests

Flower susceptible to fungal diseases, such as, anthracnose and fusarium. In the first case, it is recognized by brown spots on the leaves or stems. These spots prevent sap flow and, as a result, tissues die off in these places. It is necessary to process fungicides and analyze the care and conditions of the plant. Fusarium develops in the root system and expands, overlaps the vessels of the flower, which receives nutrients and moisture. As a result, gippeastrum fades and dies. Perennial suffers not only from diseases, but also from pests.

Spider mite This pest threatens not only the spoiled appearance of the plant, but also sucks the juice from the leaves. As a result, they turn yellow, wither and fall. At the first signs should be sprayed with insecticide.

Shchitovka. It appears on the leaves in the form of yellow or brown bumps that are easily erased. It is powered by juice. As a result, the leaves also turn yellow, deform and die. It is required to process greens with alcohol and Aktar every 5-6 days 4 times a day.

Thrips. The appearance of white and red dots on the foliage on both sides indicates the presence of oblong, small, black insects - thrips. With such a problem, all the plants in the room should be treated with Aktar 4-5 times a week.

Narcissus fly. With poor growth of leaves and the absence of buds pay attention to the root system of the plant. This pest lays eggs in a bulb onion. Eggs form small worms that feed on it. The treatment is carried out with the help of preparations of the fly-eater, Aktar, Zemlin.

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