Independent cultivation of vegetable crops has a number of significant advantages over buying them in the store. These are control of the quantity and quality of fertilizers, personal choice of the variety that may not be available on the market, the possibility of regular harvesting of the season after a single investment. Tomato on a par with potatoes remains one of the most popular vegetables, which are grown on their own personal plots.
What are tomatoes for open ground
Tomatoes that are grown in the open air belong mostly to stunted and medium-growth species. However, their yields are often higher than those of greenhouse (tall) varieties. This is due to the fact that gardeners planted a smaller volume of bushes on the open ground, but at the same time they control growth more effectively. In greenhouses, the yield is lower because of the conditions when specific species are required, and the ecosystem is controlled automatically.
Tomatoes for open ground often have a larger size in combination with a small height of the bush. Such plants require less maintenance costs, since varieties and hybrids are bred taking into account possible severe weather conditions (unlike greenhouse varieties). Types of such tomatoes - a huge amount. They differ in ripening time, fruit period, organoleptic properties and size.
When comparing varieties for open ground and greenhouse varieties surely win the first. At a minimum, at a financial cost. In this sense, the specific type is not even important, because tomatoes with similar taste are present in both groups. The advantages of different types of ground tomatoes are obvious to private households. With minimal physical and financial costs, growers receive the following:
- High density of landing. Most undersized and medium-sized varieties occupy less space, both in width and in height, in comparison with tall varieties. This ensures a greater amount of yield on a specific soil area.
- It is not required to equip the greenhouse, which eliminates significant financial costs.
- Primary resistance to fungal diseases, viruses, sulfur, summit and root rot.
- Plant resistance to temperature extremes, abrupt changes of weather, spring frosts, droughts, a high degree of recovery after damage.
- High fruitfulness, early receipt of the first crop for most species, a large temporary period of harvest from one bush.
The best varieties of tomatoes for open ground
The choice of an ideal plant for personal farming directly depends on the gardener's preferences, climatic features, and soil quality. Also important is the subsequent use of tomatoes: preservation, sale, eating raw or dishes. Below are some of the most productive varieties of tomatoes for open ground of various types.
These tomatoes are considered one of the most unpretentious. They do not require a garter, have a wide variety of fruits (from cherry trees to large ones such as Bison), do not need active constant care, and tolerate cold snaps. The compactness of the bush will allow you to plant a larger number of units on the site than tall varieties. Low-growing varieties of tomatoes for open ground:
Hybrid tomato of the first generation with high yield, resistant to cold. The plant forms a compact bush, resistant to late blight and pests. Small vegetables ripen with brushes of 5-8 pieces. The tomato is round, sweet, with a thin skin, elastic pulp.
The tomato giving large fruits, with rather long term of maturing. For a plant, fertile, fertilized soil is preferable. Fruit weight - about 130 grams, color - bright, red-orange, taste - sweet and sour. In the northern regions of the bushes is required to cover the film at night.
Dwarf variety (bushes do not exceed half a meter in height). The plant is rarely affected by diseases or pests. Vegetable - medium, pronounced-sweet, at the time of full ripening - dark red. Tomato peel is dense, which allows them to be successfully used for preservation.
Shrubs about 45 cm tall with a small amount of leaves. Fruits grow to 150 g, have an even red color, have a sweet taste. In comparison with other species, they yield an earlier harvest (the period from seeds to fruiting is 2.5 months).
In these tomatoes, the stem grows indefinitely, so they are classified as tall. Pysynki need to pinch off, which contributes to the full formation of the bush. Flowering and fruit set begins after the appearance of 8-10 leaves. Bush requires mandatory support or hard garters. After about 3 leaves there will be brushes with fruits.
Non-standard tomatoes, sometimes called "lemon-liana". Fruits grow bright yellow, lemon-shaped. The weight of one tomato is from 50 to 100 g. They are often pickled or canned. The average yield reaches 60-70 tomatoes.
Tomatoes are tasty, of small weight (about 60 grams) with a dense skin, soft and sweet pulp, a characteristic spout at the bottom of a vegetable. Color - from orange to reddish. Fruits are well kept, therefore well tolerate long-term transportation.
Medium late-ripening form (4 months from planting seeds), which gives small tomatoes (up to 60 g) of orange color of an almost perfectly round shape. In terms of storage characteristics, it is not inferior to Tarasenko 2.
Early ripening plant (up to 90 days before the first harvest), which is characterized by intensive growth and a powerful trunk. Fruits ripen on the hands up to 10 pieces weighing up to 100 g, with a peel of bright orange hue. Tomatoes are tied even in difficult adverse conditions.
These varieties of tomatoes differ in ripening time - about 4-5 months. Most species produce large fruits, with a pronounced sweet taste and long shelf life. Cultures tolerate harsh climatic conditions, successfully cultivated on nutrient-poor soils. These tomatoes are suitable for preservation and for use in raw form from the garden. Crop varieties of tomatoes for open ground:
Hybrid view with not too fast result, which gives a big crop with high resistance to external influence. Each brush brings up to 20 tomatoes. Fruits of plum-shaped form (80-100 grams of weight) of dark red color with elastic and fragrant pulp. Great for canning.
The crop is suitable for cultivation in the southern regions, although it produces high yields in the middle lane. Fruits are large, pink in color, resemble a slightly oblate ball.
Tomatoes resemble the shape of a heart with pronounced ribs in place of the internal jumpers. The flesh is juicy, soft, without the presence of sourness. Weight can reach 1 kg. An important minus of the plant is the extreme susceptibility of bushes to diseases.
Tomatoes at the time of ripeness acquire a yellow-golden color and ovoid shape. Unlike the previous variety, this culture actively resists pests and Fusarium. The weight of the fruit is small - up to 120 grams (2-3 vegetables per brush).
In fact, all tomatoes are self-pollinating plants. In a separate category of crop plants, the breeders carried the bred hybrids that, when growing and fruiting, resist heat well, temperature drops, are too low in importance. Almost all varieties are labeled "F1" in the title. Hybrids are very different look, weight and taste characteristics.
Culture is well resisted shading and diseases. Fruits ripen tight, the peel does not burst under the rules of watering. The color of vegetables is red, and the flesh is sweet and dense.
F1 emerald gem
Peculiar variety of green color in a state of biological ripeness. Pulp - with pronounced sourness, very dense. Fruits - small (about 40 g) elongated, great for pickling.
Compact bushes do not exceed a height of 40 cm. It has a stable fruiting. Variety can not stepchild. Fruits are oval, elongated, bright red, weighing from 50 to 190 grams. The taste is sweet without acid.
Garden Pearl Pink
Culture looks decorative, but grows well in the open field. Bushes about 20 cm high. Fruits are rich and sweet, weighing up to 20 grams, resemble berries.
The first harvest of such tomatoes can be obtained extremely quickly. Some varieties bear fruit in 75-80 days. These crops are excellent for the northern regions of the Russian Federation, where the growing season is extremely short. Most bushes do not require a garter or support. Seeds can be laid directly into the ground under the film in a non-seedling manner.
It produces fruit weighing 80 grams already after 90 days. The hybrid grows about 50 centimeters, even in cold conditions. Vegetables have a thick pulp with a sweet taste.
Bring the harvest even up to 87 days. Fruits have small dimensions, but a large amount of juice, sweet taste, good tolerance of transportation.
Determinant hybrid up to 40 cm high. In good conditions, the crop is harvested after 85 days. The bush is located on the ground, forms four fruitful brush. Tomatoes weigh up to 70 g and have a slight sour taste. The downside is that the entire harvest per square meter is about 3.4 kg.
Culture - the leader in the rate of maturation. The fruits are removed after 70 days. Shrubs grow to 60 cm. The variety has a strong immunity. The yield per square meter reaches 15 kg, with a weight of sweet fruit about 100 g
Tomatoes are considered by some nutritionists to be a universal dietary product. There are pink varieties that differ in their characteristic sweet-sour or sugar taste. They belong to the most suitable varieties for salads and other dishes. Most of the fruits are of large size and fleshy pulp with a small content of juice.
Shrubs of varieties require support, because they grow to 1.5 meters. The first harvest is removed after 100 days. Vegetables - large (up to half a kilo) with tender, juicy pulp.
The average weight is 300 g, but individual copies reach 1 kg. Shrub required to tie up and form into a single stem. There is a danger of peeling cracking due to improper watering. The variety "Pink Elephant" has the same characteristics.
In most cases, tomatoes are consumed fresh because of their size (from 200 to 700 grams). Growth time of the bush to fruiting is 100-115 days. Features may vary significantly depending on the manufacturer.
The first harvest is removed after 85-100 days after germination. The bush can reach 2 meters, therefore, requires a rigid fixation or garter. Tomatoes - sugary, with delicate pulp, weigh about 300 g. Approximate harvest from one bush - 6 kg.
Big consider tomatoes from 150 g, with not too juicy, but gentle pulp and pronounced tomato taste. Such cultures are conventionally assigned to beef-tomatoes. They are used for salads and fresh consumption, because it is difficult to preserve them in the usual way. Large varieties of tomatoes for open ground are very different among themselves in the form of fruits, color, height of the bushes.
Bred about 10 years ago in Russia. The average weight of a vegetable is 500 g (but there are plants that give tomatoes about 1 kilo). In the southern regions, the yield per square meter reaches 20 kg. The commodity share of the crop is up to 83%, which is a very high figure for beef tomatoes.
The bush grows up to 80 cm, so it does not require solid fixation. The first fruitful tomatoes often weigh 700-800 g, and the usual weight of a vegetable is 300 g. Even in the northern regions, the yield reaches 7-10 kg / m2.
Indeterminal grade with large leaves. These beef-tomatoes have a characteristic color reaching red-brown, and an unusual taste. The standard weight of a vegetable is 300 g. In the southern regions, the fruitfulness sharply decreases, a rapid wilting occurs even before the autumn cold.
Yellow-fruited species, which requires pasynkovaniya, remove excess stalks. The culture belongs to the middle-ripening, with fruits weighing 300-400 g. The color of the tomatoes is rich orange. Harvest easily transports.
New varieties of tomatoes for open ground
Regular selection does not stop at the development of new varieties of tomatoes. This is required due to climate change, weather conditions in specific regions, the emergence of new diseases, the desire to obtain new species. Some of the plants are adapted as hybrids for extreme regions, while others are trying to get new flavors or increase yields.
Early variety from the company Gavrish (85 days of ripening). The flesh of the fruit is very fleshy, as for quickly ripening species, the tomatoes themselves weigh 200-250 g, juicy, sweetish, smooth, with bright red color.
Medium early culture that requires seedlings. Bushes grow to half a meter. The first fruitful tomatoes weigh up to 300 g, the rest of the crop until the end of the season is 120-200 g. The fruits are pink and crimson with a fleshy consistency and a small amount of seeds.
The culture combines a high bush (150 cm) with a high yield and an early result (vegetation - 90 days). A long period of growth is combined with a high number of tomatoes (up to 10kg / m2). Vegetable is intended mainly for salads.
What varieties are the most delicious and fruitful
Many types of tomatoes on the market have similar taste, smell and pulp density. Professional gardeners emit some plants that are characterized by bright taste characteristics simultaneously with high yields per square meter. At the same varieties belong to different categories of the above.
The famous variety, the fruits of which can reach 1 kilogram, has a specific astringent taste, fleshy pulp. Great for salads or fresh use. On the ground, the harvest from the bush is about 7 kg.
The tomato has the shape of a bulb or a pear of maroon color, turning into a violet at the stem. Fruit weight about 100 g, taste - sweet with pronounced sourness. Productivity - about 4 kg from one bush.
Culture gives the most sweet fruits that have the original coloring (alternating dark red and green spots). Tomato weight reaches half a kilo. Initially, the culture was derived for greenhouses, but over time was adapted for open ground.
How to grow tomatoes in the open field
It is believed that the tomatoes are planted solely from seedlings, which are prepared independently or bought. Some varieties of soil tomatoes can be planted from seeds immediately after the snow on the ridges (refers to resistant hybrids). If you do not pay attention to this nuance, then care for different varieties is no different:
- First you need to decide on the variety of tomato that you are going to grow. At this stage, it all depends on the personal preferences of the gardener and regional characteristics.
- Growing seedlings for specific species. This happens about 2 months before planting in the spring ground. The rules for growing seedlings vary depending on the culture, so for each type the method needs to be clarified.
- After the snow melts and the soil thaws, the beds are dug up and fertilized with top dressing.
- Seedlings or seeds are planted at an average distance of 60 cm from each other (this may vary depending on the variety).
- It is necessary to regularly pinch extra leaves, loosen the soil and water it (the soil moisture is individual for each crop and region of growth).
- After 2 weeks, hilling of the roots is carried out, the stepchildren are removed, and treatment is carried out from late blight.
- For different plants there are different rules for the formation of trunks. If you do not stick to them, then instead of productive tomatoes you get only a bush with large tops.
- For tall tomatoes need a garter. This happens either to a separate support, which is driven deeply near the trunk of the bush, or form a frame around the plant, which will not allow it to fall down and support the side shoots.
The range of prices for seed material is very large, because there are a huge number of domestic and foreign suppliers on the market. In addition, the so-called "dummies" are often found - seeds that do not germinate or realize absolutely not the cultures that are claimed. It is better to focus on the price spread across Moscow, because the capital represents the cost characteristic of online stores where you can order material in any region.
The most popular low-growing tomatoes for open field
Hybrid Riddle. One of the most valuable varieties. Colorful, smooth tomatoes of a rounded shape ripen in a short time, have an excellent presentation, are transportable. In terms of taste, this hybrid does not lose to any early ripe variety. В среднем вес одного плода составляет около 150 г. Срок созревания помидоров с момента высадки семян и до сбора урожая составляет 2,5 месяца. Кусты низкорослые, отличаются быстрым ростом и развитием. В среднем высота одного куста составляет сорок пять сантиметров. Кусты крупные, хорошо облиственные. Благодаря низкому росту и крепости стеблей, в подвязочном материале нет необходимости.
Along with the advantages, this culture has one minus - a significant formation of stepsons, which must be removed from time to time. Because hybrid Riddle needs constant and timely care. It is important that the severed stepchildren take root quite well. From them you can get additional fruiting bushes. Affiliated plants will lag behind in the growth and development of the main bushes for only 1-2 weeks. Even so, the staving of plants can not be done, but the fruits will simply be smaller.
Crimson Giant - large-ripe view with an early tomato ripening. Bushes high-yielding. This is probably only one hybrid with large fruits, belonging to this group. The weight of one tomato is about 700 grams. Six fruits are formed on one hand. Brushes are formed on every third sheet. The fruits are pink, early, very tasty and fragrant, but of different shapes, sometimes flattened in height or on either side. With proper care from one bush it is possible to remove up to 15 kg of tomatoes. The ripening period is 4 months. Crimson Giant has an increased resistance to disease.
Anastasia - superearly variety of tomatoes. Plants tall, determinant, can be formed in 1-2 stems. Yield hybrid - ovaries are formed every two leaves. On one brush 7-8 tomatoes are formed. On average, the weight of one fruit has two hundred grams. Having planted the appropriate care, it is possible to take a rich harvest - up to 12 kg of tomatoes from one bush. Fruits are red with sweet pulp, have a characteristic narrowing at the tip.
Roma - mid-season variety bred by Dutch breeders. Fruit cream ripen for a long time. The weight of one tomato is 80-110 grams. On one brush forms up to twenty tomatoes. They are happy to use for pickling and blanks for the winter. Bushes srednerosly stambovy.
Rio de grande
Rio de grande - universal garden culture. Tomatoes will be consumed fresh, as well as for processing and canning. Low-growing plants reach 60 cm in height. Fruits cream, smooth, not large and sweet to the taste. The weight of one fruit is 115-125 grams.
Bobcat F1- Dutch hybrid. It is considered to be high-yielding varieties. Each fruit weighs about 250-300 grams. Appreciated for lack of care in the conditions and growing conditions. Bobcat F1 is stable to adverse weather conditions, as well as to diseases such as vertsillez, Fusarium and Alternaria.
All these are the best undersized varieties of tomatoes belonging to the determinant group. The maximum height of the bushes of such plants is 1 meter. They do not need support. Thanks to a small bush and a small root system, low-growing varieties take up little space on the site.
Vigorous and speedy ripening of the fruit, allows you to protect the crop of tomatoes from late blight, which attacks the planting in August.
The most cold-resistant varieties, for example, Crimson Giant and Bobcat F1 can be sown directly into the ground under the film shelter in late April - early May.
Low-growing early determinant hybrids are necessary to minimize care. And only some of them need a pinch and a garter. Getting an early clean crop for a short time - one of the main advantages.
Tomatoes are the best and new varieties for open ground undersized
These tomatoes share precocity, limited growth. All these varieties can be grown in the area of risky farming. And this is a large part of our country - and the Urals, and Siberia, and the North-West region. These varieties will have time to give their crops for our short and not always warm summer!
Early determinant variety up to 50 cm tall. The classic taste of fruit size 100g.Variety Tomato Watercolor
Mosaic plants for open ground. Passing is not necessary, but it is desirable to tie up to the pegs. Very productive - without a garter bushes fall apart on the ground. The height of the bush is 60-80 cm, the fruits are red, sweet, fleshy, the first tomatoes are large, some fruits grow to 450 gr.Photos of Vittas tomato bushes Tomato Vitas
Early ripe with fruits weighing up to 120 grams. Delicious pink tomatoes.Variety Tomato Supermodel
Early ripe with fruits up to 250 grams. Very sweet taste.Grade Tomato Eldorado
Early variety with fruits 100 gr. Very fruitful and unpretentious.Grade Tomato Golden Flow
Medium early variety with large, red fruits. Very productive variety.Variety Tomato Vityaz
Tomato Rapunzel - variety description with photo
The new tomato of 2015, Rapunzel, was named after a girl from a fairy tale.
A striking feature of the hybrid is long brushes with a lot of fruits (Rapunzel braids). Each brush carries up to 40 cherry-type tomatoes - bright red cherries. Independent variety - perfect for growing on the balcony, in containers. Ripens in 75 days.
Yield, early, determinant variety. The plant is mild, powerful up to 1.2 meters. On brush grows 5-6 fruits. They are dense, red, fleshy weighing up to 200 grams, the first fruits can be 800 grams. The tomato is beautiful and tasty, good in salads. Differs in fruit uniformity and disease resistance.Variety Tomato Mazarin
Puzata Khata variety
The variety is early, indeterminate, fruitful for greenhouses and open ground up to 1.5 m high. Red tomatoes are large, pear-shaped, very tasty sugar fleshy. Suitable for salads and canning. Harvest can be collected up to 11 kg per meter of planting.Puzata hut tomato variety
Sort Pink Honey
Crop crop medium early, determinant. Of the pink large tomatoes ripen first. The taste of tomatoes is juicy, sweet, meaty. Tomatoes rather salad destination. In the greenhouse grows up to one and a half meters, in the ground up to a meter.Tomato variety Pink Honey
Mid-season popular variety. Sprawling bush 80cm tall. Classic rich taste, fruits weighing 150 grams. Variety for planting in the greenhouse and open ground.Grade Tomato Labrador
Sort Tomato Gigalo
Multiple mid-season tomato 45 cm high. Fruits 15 cm long, red, together they are sown. For landing in open ground. Good for whole canning. Virtually nothing sick.Sort Tomato Gigalo
The variety is mid-season, determinant. Fruits of good taste weighing up to 70 grams.
The miracle of cinnamon
Early-ripe variety for open ground. Resistant to diseases, high grade, recommended for pickling. Bush up to fifty cm in height with fruits 100g. Does not suffer from late blight.Sort Tomato
Tomato Katyusha F1
Ultra Early, matures after 85 days. Bright red fruits weighing 120g. Plant up to 70 cm tall. The hybrid is resistant to most diseases and phytophthora.Variety Tomato Katyusha
Wonderful variety - large-fruited, mid-season, versatile - suitable for cultivation in greenhouses and soil. It grows up to two meters. Very tasty pink fruits on average 500 gr., The first to a kilogram. Resistant to phytophthora.Grade Tomato Crimson Miracle
Variety, even under adverse conditions gives a good harvest of large and tasty fruits. Medium early to one and a half meters high variety with large (500g) tasty fruits. High resistance to various diseases and late blight.Variety Tomato Budenovka
Tomatoes Graf Orlov
There is a wonderful old variety with large yellow sweet fruits that can grow up to a kilogram. Tall variety for greenhouses and open ground. The variety is consistently fruitful - the fruits are tasty, fleshy.Tomato Graf Orlov
And there is a tomato Count Orlov. Indeterminantny grade up to 1.8 tall. Fruits up to 200 grams, red, tasty, fragrant. On the plant grows up to 10 brushes with 5-7 fruits each. Resistant to viral diseases.Tomato Graf Eagles
The variety is mid-season 180 cm high. High yield. The red extended fruits of 15 cm. Perfectly are suitable for salting - do not burst, dense.
Small red tomatoes weighing 20 grams. Sweet, delicious. Medium late variety. Leaves are few, in a brush of 6-8 fruits.Tomato Variety Date Red
Mid-season indeterminantny hybrid for greenhouses suitable for canning and cooking salads.Variety Tomato Afalina
Early variety with a height of about 150 cm. Sweetish, large, pink. Differs in long fructification.Variety tomato Batian
Domestic determinant early greenhouse variety to one and a half meters. Fruits are red to 120 grams, universal purpose - you can salt, make salads. Resistant to diseases. Popular variety.Variety Tomato Blagovest
Königsberg - photo reviews
Amateur variety of Siberian selection. This variety must try to grow every gardener - thanks to such varieties you understand that you are not in vain trying to grow something in the extreme conditions of the Urals, Siberia and the north. Mid-season, indeterminantny grade up to 2 meters high. The elongated fruit grows up to 300 grams. It gives good yields, fruits are tasty, well kept, suitable for harvesting. Can be planted in the open field.
Review of tomato "Konigsberg":
Kumato - tomato variety
Tomatoes are very sweet, tasty. Unusual dark brown color, well kept. Fruits can be from 80 to 120 grams. Different shapes - oval, round, plum-shaped.Kumato tomato variety
The early ripe hybrid ripens in 75 days. Small fruits of plum flavor and aroma weighing 35 - 70 grams. Looks like a black currant.Grade Tomato Black Bunch
It is impossible to describe all varieties of tomatoes. I hope that you have found those that you will like and delight in the summer harvest. There are many more varieties in the article "Cherry Tomatoes - Varieties" and Tomato Varieties for Greenhouses