General information

Spring primroses: planting, care, watering, choice of flowers for decorating the site


Flora, including decorative perennial and annual garden flower cultures, is very popular in modern landscape design in the country. Flower beds and flower beds become a real decoration of the usual garden plot. The earliest and first unusually beautiful flowers appear in the spring almost immediately after the snow melted, and the decorativeness of such well-known flower growers is not inferior to the most modern and promising new garden 2016.

In order to choose correctly which varieties and hybrid forms to plant at home or in open ground, it is recommended to get acquainted with the catalog and listen to the opinion of experienced flower growers and landscape designers.

New 2016

Planting and cultivation of the most modern and promising forms allows you to get not only the most attractive, but also the most stable and unpretentious flower beds that can become an ornament of the garden plot for a long time.

Novelties for floristic arrangements, received by domestic and foreign breeders in recent years, are able to satisfy the needs of even the most demanding grower.

Many varieties are perfectly restored as a result of self-seeding, which reduces not only labor, but also the cost of purchasing seed. Such ornamental flowering plants are great for filling the empty space of perennial flower beds, and also very organically combined with a variety of plant species.

Depending on the characteristics of the intended landscape design and the soil and climatic conditions of the region florists have the opportunity to purchase the newest and most promising varieties or hybrid forms of flowering plants, related to the novelties of this year.

Planting primroses at their summer cottage

Primroses can be bulbous or rhizomatous. They are preferably planted in areas where good lighting and wet, without stagnant water, the soil. The principles of planting bulbous and rhizomatous primroses differ slightly:

  1. Planting bulbous primroses, in order to enjoy their flowering in early spring, you need to make autumn. An exception to the rule are hyacinths with crocuses.
  2. Planting rhizome primroses produce in the spring. These include hellebore and jellyfish.

We recommend planting primrose plants next to perennial plants that begin to bloom after primroses bloom.

If you plant primroses on a plot, you can rejoice at it immediately after the cold winter ends.

Delicate Proleski

Gentle miniature proleski (they can be called Scylla), appearing in early spring, are known to many. There are about 90 species of this plant. In the European part of Russia, the most common 2 types of woods are Siberian and two-leaved. They are often called blue snowdrops. Scilla growing so close to each other, that from afar resemble a blue carpet. The earliest species are shown on the surface of the earth in late February - early March.

Containers and baskets on balconies and arbors. Pansies also look great in compositions with spring onion flowers, even so tall. It is interesting to combine wool with perennials, herbs and annuals. In the photo above: Set in the sky colors Foto.

Sunflower Topinambur instead of potatoes

People from this tribe were brought to our continent at the same time as the plant and are associated with two facts that were baptized by the latter. In early March, we are waiting for the first links and fresh leaves. There is probably no one who will not miss the fresh green color, the sound of leafy foliage. This should help us understand how much the presence of trees improves our well-being: how important are white flowers for us?

Numerous varieties of proleski are derived mainly from the Siberian Scylla. Varietal plants have different colors of flowers. Scilla Mishchenko in spring blooms with white bells with a bluish tint and blue streak. Scilla Socialis is covered with small purple-green flowers. In Peruvian Proleski, flowers resemble asterisks and are grouped in rounded brushes. They are painted in dark blue with a bluish tint.

October Garden Calendar

Winters in the land without the cover of young plants can dream. The photograph was taken witch hazel or witch hazel. Flowers varieties "Aphrodite" have bicolor colors. It looks like a tiny flame of rusty color. Glass, which is mistakenly considered to be flakes. In garden varieties, there are usually several rounds of them. True buds are transformed into cups of anisotropic vesicles and long barriers. Flowers are as delicate as the bark. In the picture above: Black spring in the photo.

The garden often grows Spanish spruce. It covers the area with a blue or purple carpet from April to May. Sometimes there is a pink and white color of flowers in the form of bells. The height of a flowering plant can reach 40-50 cm.

Characteristic features of the orbits are somewhat longer curved spurs, which are curved like the claws of a bird of prey - this is the Polish and Latin name of the genus. However, the British call them naked bears, because. Already in March, when the earliest types of flowering were discovered - psoriasis, the flowers of this plant resemble miniature lilies.

Gorgeous crocuses

The incredible beauty of crocuses fascinates. There are about 80 types of these stunning colors. Their petals differ in shape and shades. There are monochromatic crocuses (snow-white, purple, lilac, lilac, blue and creamy-yellow) and two-color.

Therefore, no one should doubt what effect he will get if he sits in the garden heath. Garlic is not valued by its taste, healing properties and beauty. In June, the usual spring bulbous plants dried up. Funky, also known as Greek host names, are the main form of leaves. Their long petals dilate in broad, usually heart-shaped, plaques with identical nodules. The leaves are beautiful in shades of pea to turquoise, often with golden or white color.

Most attractive in August

At this time of summer, in the garden, warm and muted shades of color: yellow, orange and red, as well as delicate roses and violets. Perennial flowers are abundant and long, often before frost. They should be planted in groups next to the spring species. For such a folded discount always pay for something.

The plants reach a height of 8–15 cm. Gardeners successfully grow wild flowers and artificially grown varieties and hybrids on their plots. Flowers of some varieties can have both blue and yellow petals.

Early flowers are divided into botanical and large-flowered. Botanical plants appear immediately after snow melting from the end of February to the beginning of April, depending on the region and the weather. They rarely grow above 10 cm and are distinguished by small buds. They are best planted in groups of several copies. The most popular varieties of botanical species include: Blue pearl, Cream Beauty and Prins Claus.

Flowers can only be loved because they bloom in sausage gardens this month. Some of them can still be admired in May, and high in the mountains, where spring comes with a delay, develop in early summer. Bell-shaped flowers grow from leaves one by one, surrounded by flowers.

The flowers of spring onions are blooming, and if lately there was a lot of tension in a bouquet for a loved one, we choose crocuses. Their message in modern language would be "Do not cross!". The rain colors of their flowers, combined with the freshness of growing flowers and blue sky, are a sign of a new life. At this time we are more and more in the garden, so we can enjoy the look and smell of blooming azaleas.

Blue pearl's early spring flowers are white and blue, resembling pearls. They appear very early. At Cream Beauty flowers are painted in an unusual cream color. Their stigmas are orange. Prins Claus crocuses are considered the most beautiful representatives of the species. They have white petals with bright purple center.

Garden visit: Lunch in the garden

On the ground, after the parents of Mrs. Joanna, they manage the nursery of the Acrocon ornamental plants. The spruce of this name is a dendritic rarity with reddish cones growing on the ends of the branches. The name of the school was chosen together with the daughters. The oldest, Maggosia, is already an architect.

Flowers at the turn of April and May In the photo above: "Kanzan" is a well-known varietal sweet cherry with a wide crown. Pictured above: Kanzan, depending on. Grass, among others. pear, mulberry, fescue, rajrass and rye. They bloom from May to September, but most of their pollen is in the air during hay fever — then irritating symptoms intensify. This is the common name for the disease - hay fever. Fortunately, allergies to avoid this, do not have time.

Large-flowered crocuses bloom 7-10 days after botanical, around mid-April. The most famous varieties of Dutch crocuses were obtained by crossing large-flowered species. Most often, gardeners plant such varieties: Jeanna D`Ark, Pickwick, FlowerRecord.

Crocus Jeanna D`Ark is recognized as the best florist. There are subtle light lilac strokes on its snow-white petals, which become dark purple closer to the base. A large flower of the Pickwick variety has petals with unusual lavender veins. FlowerRecord variety will surprise with a rich purple shade of a massive flower. Ideal for the design of rock gardens.

With spring bulbs. Part of the iris creates underground bulbs in which the substance is stored. The symbol of marriage consent, a magical plant that can return vanishing emotions, is an inconspicuous flower: nymph nectar. Ludwik Frey got his name from the pravian devotee. He stresses that the ninth.

Gardeners are garden plants, but because of exceptionally beautiful flowers — such as tulips, hyacinths, daffodils, and primroses — they are increasingly falling on our window sills to help us wait for spring. Spring perennials are different. There are many attractive varieties: white, axillary and in different shades of red, a single full and semi-solid.

The first spring flowers are best planted in sunny and well-warmed areas. In the shade, the buds may not open. Almost all types of crocuses do not like acidic soils. Planting and transplanting bulbs carried out from June to August. Store corms is necessary at a temperature of 17-20 ° C. Planted them in the winter.

Gallery: spring flowers for the garden (25 photos)

Colors do not become as fiery as autumn leaves, but a very colorful winter garden. Due to this coniferous compositions in the following seasons are presented in different ways. Gold, brown or purple forms attract the eye, but they are not always well combined with spring.

Japanese Golden Flame

Small, tiny flowers appear on top of annuals in July. Since the stems are much longer than the crown, they give the inflorescence a light, fluffy look. He made a long year after winning two prestigious world prizes. The market thrives like a thriving seedling. Buy a few different colored plants. Unfortunately, only seed offspring will be less successful. The California themed hit takes more markets, also under names.

Bright liverworm

In the European part of Russia, at the beginning of April, a noble liverwort with azure-bluish or pink flowers can be found. In the Far East, her cousin is growing up - an Asian liver. A squat perennial blooms from April to May with white, pink or purple flowers.

Gardeners often planted liverplant on their sites. Primroses appear before the snow melts. They bloom magnificently for 6 weeks and delight in the saturated color of the petals. After the end of flowering leaves grow. Therefore, instead of a bright carpet, a green lawn appears on the flowerbed.

Six petals grow directly from the tubers, while the other leaves. Sometimes a large tuber can grow several flowers. After flowering, the leaves of spring crocuses grow longer, and in June they disappear. This means that the plant introduces a rest period of about three months.

The amateur gardener has a simple choice: to buy a lawn on the lawn, to bloom in pots - a bunch for house plants, for his silver ticks - a bunch of coniferous trees. Use only the right amount of plants. In the picture the fern on the fern is a big help.

There are about 10 types of liverworts, which gave rise to different varieties. Among them are exotic specimens. The Transylvanian liver cell has rounded leaves with forked tops. She has large flowers of blue or purple color. The Transylvanian liverwatch blooms from late March to May.

Along with the explosions of the warm spring air, movement returns in nature. Birds come from a warm country, and from the ground, sometimes even covered with a layer of melting snow, the first flowers bloom. On the sun-burnt walls of the houses begin to fly and fly on leafless.

Flower Show Keukenhof

Not very consistent with botany, due to the Greek name Calla. The axis is about 30 cm high, but due to its numerous growth it forms wide circles. Therefore, it is best to plant them in wide pots. Reo-flowers can be considered not very attractive, because they are small and white, and they are hidden in the vagina in the shape of a flower.

In Japan, they are actively engaged in breeding new grades of the liver. Japanese varieties are distinguished by a variety of forms of leaves and petals, as well as varying degrees of terry and many shades.

Since the liverpieces grow in the forest, it is better for them to choose a plot with moisture-rich soil in partial shade. Plants can be planted in spring or autumn. In order to create flower conditions close to natural, the soil must be mulched by fallen oak leaves, slivers, or spruce bark.

Phytoplankton has an opinion about plants that are very demanding and durable - the last feature is, of course, perennial species, but we also grow one year in gardens. Although they differ in height and height, they also built flowers consisting of four flakes.

Rose - the most beautiful in April

A lot of time to care for plants can choose a rhinoceros that will fully satisfy them. Time predisposes them to specific applications, offering the names of some groups: discounted, parked. If we do not have time to take care of the garden, and we love flowers, let's choose a cover - they will be perfect for us. This group was created less than half a century ago. His name should pay attention to the possibility of using his options in a completely new way for different ways, they are suitable.

Beauty primrose

Primula is one of the most beloved primroses of gardeners. The origin of its second name (key) is associated with an ancient legend. The peoples of northern Europe believed that the keys with which the goddess Freya opens the spring have the shape of primrose flowers.

The plant range covers Europe, Asia Minor, the Urals, the Caucasus and Iran. More than 500 primrose species are known. Primula loves wet and sunny places. It grows in meadows near streams, rivers and lakes. But in the backyard it is better for her to find a place in the shade of fruit trees and shrubs. Primula loves well-drained, loose and moisture-absorbing soils.

Primula high is characterized by unpretentiousness and resistance to bad weather conditions. It blooms in April and blooms for 1.5 months. On the peduncle, reaching a height of 30 cm, there are light yellow flowers with a diameter of 1.5-2 cm.

From high primrose derived many varieties and hybrids. Primrose flowers of Alba variety will surprise with snow-white color and yellow throat. At primrose Kolossea petals crimson with a yellow throat. Dark blue and yellow pharynx characterize the flowers of the variety Cerulea.

Primula finely toothed has a spherical inflorescence. It rises on a long thick peduncle, reaching a height of 70 cm. Even a young rosette of leaves with newly appeared buds looks elegant. Primula fine-toothed blooms in April and pleases with flowering 30-45 days.

Seeds of plants are planted in boxes immediately after harvest. Planted seedlings in open ground in spring or autumn for the second year of life.

Fragrant May Lily of the Valley

Delicate white bells look touching and delight delicate aroma. The plant is widespread in the wild. Its range covers almost all of Europe. Lily of the valley is found in the Far East and North America. It blooms in May.

Many gardeners willingly plant a wild plant in their backyard area, digging it in the forest. However, there are interesting decorative varieties of lily of the valley.

Albostriata variety is unusual because of the thin light longitudinal stripes on the foliage. White flowers do not differ much from wild ones. The Flore Plena plant has ordinary leaves and terry bells. From a distance, the blooming lily of the valley Flore Plena is reminiscent of foam. Rosea flowers have a light purple-pink hue.

Лесные первоцветы предпочитают тенистые уголки сада и хорошо увлажненную почву. Их надо высаживать в период с сентября по октябрь. Пересаживают часть корневища взрослого растения с зачатками почек. При посадке нужно следить, чтобы корень не загнулся. Все ростки нужно присыпать землей.

Адонис весенний

It is believed that the plant was named in honor of the ancient Greek god Adonis. Bright yellow flowers appear on the surface of the earth in the first sunny days of spring. Primrose grows on the outskirts of sparse birch forests and steppe slopes of the European part of Russia, Western Siberia and the Crimea. It can often be found on the motley grass steppes of Donbass.

Every year the plant is increased by several shoots, which are topped with a single flower. Inflorescences of spring Adonis are a simple or slightly terry basket with glossy petals. It has lush feathery leaves that cover the stem from root to flower. Spring Adonis is a popular ornamental plant of gardens and parks from the end of the 17th century.

The most popular are the fluffy and Amur species. Fluffy Adonis begins to bloom in May. Its flowers have a bright or pale yellow shade. Plant height reaches 30 cm. Adonis Amursky enters the period of flowering earlier. The first buds may appear in April. Large flowers of bright yellow color reach 5 cm in diameter. Amur Adonis gave rise to many varieties.

Variety Benten blooms white flowers with fringed edge. In the double flowers Adonis varieties Pleniflora greenish-yellow hue. If you plant a variety of Ramosa, it will bloom with stunningly beautiful red-brown terry flowers.

Spring Adonis loves well-lit places and light fertile soil. It can be planted in flower beds, filling small areas between groups of plants. Adonis grows well in cramped and easily tolerates short-term drought. Sowing seeds carried out in April or May after stratification. Plants bloom 3 or 4 years after planting.

Modest violet

For the gentle beauty and exquisite aroma, violets are loved and appreciated by many nations of the world. Low-growing plants are planted in the garden since ancient times. Their height does not exceed 10-15 cm. There are about 450 species of plants.

As soon as the snow melts, the fragrant violet begins to bloom. It fills the garden with delicate aroma. Her flowers are painted dark purple. From early April to late May, the marsh violet will delight in its bloom. It has no smell, and the petals are painted in a pleasant mauve, dark lilac or white color. On the lower petal there are dark purple streaks.

Spring primroses love shaded areas of the garden. They can be planted even in deep shade. Violets need a weakly acidic, lightweight soil. Start landing in early March.

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After frosts and cold winters, nothing will lift your spirits like the first spring primroses that make their way through the snow and foreshadow the approach of spring. Early flowers are resistant to cold, unpretentious and multiply very quickly. Thanks to all these qualities, they are excellent for decorating summer cottages, parks, squares, etc. Quite often, the first spring flowers are used in landscape design, creating compositions of incredible beauty. This article presents the best primroses for summer cottages, as well as features of their cultivation.

Features of the choice of place for primroses in the garden: where to plant primroses

Since all garden primroses are winter-resistant, they prefer to grow in partial shade. If they are planted on the sunny side, in the summer when the direct light gets on them, the leaves of primroses will dry out and the plant will go into the winter without leaves. The following year, these flowers bloom weakly and may simply die. Early garden flowers go under the snow with green leaves. They grow quite quickly, within 3-4 months per season. After that, they begin a period of rest.

Did you know?Good neighbors will be perennial plants that begin to grow late in the spring, as well as creeping and low perennials, through which the flowers easily germinate.

Tuberous and bulbous primroses grow well in loose fertile soil, in a slightly darkened place. Before dropping them off, it is necessary to prepare the soil in 2-3 weeks. It needs to be dug up, remove all weeds, and then add a layer of compost and mix. Multi-component fertilizer can be used instead of compost. The first spring plants are able to grow and rejoice in their beauty for about 5-6 years, but they should be planted in the same place no earlier than after 5 years.

Planting spring primroses, the use of plants in landscape design

Bright colors of primroses can be admired already when there is still snow in some places. Spring primroses are unpretentious and you can create an incredible number of compositions using beautiful spring flowers in landscape design. With their help, you can decorate the dacha plots, ponds, rock gardens, or you can simply plant in pots or containers.

Spring heralds in the meadow

The first spring plants can be planted both in the dachas and in the meadow. On the lawn, miniature onion bulbs, such as proleski, muscari or crocuses, will look very beautiful.

Did you know?The most spectacular will be massive planting, that is, planting bulbs close to each other and in large quantities.

When caring for a lawn, it is worth remembering that you need to mow the grass at a certain time so as not to damage the flowers. This should be done when primroses finish their annual cycle of terrestrial vegetation, and their leaves die off naturally.

What primroses to plant near the reservoir

If there is a reservoir on your site and you want to plant primroses near it, then you should consider some nuances. When choosing give preference to moisture-loving primroses - near the water, they will feel best. On a mixed border, these flowers will look good with summer bulbous, as well as with perennial plants.

Planting spring messengers in rock gardens and mixborders

If you want to create an “Alpine” composition on your plot, then early flowering plants will work fine here, here are the names of some of them:

They need to be planted in groups, in this case, when they bloom, they will create colorful spots, and your rock garden will have a beautiful view. The same applies to mixborders, the foreground of which can be decorated with undersized primroses. Alternatively, you can plant them between perennials, which have large ornamental leaves. Perennials block the voids that will form when the primrose leaves dry out and retain the decorative appearance of the entire composition.

Spring primroses for pots and containers

Almost all primroses are successfully grown indoors. To do this, you can use pots, containers, pots, vases. The main thing in this business is to provide the plants with conditions as close as possible to the natural ones. However, the agrotechnical cultivation of one or another primrose in closed ground may differ significantly, therefore, this issue must be approached individually. But do not doubt: dense planting primroses will look gorgeous, especially in the spring, wherever you put them.

Full list of spring primroses

Spring flowers are many species, but there are the most popular names that are best grown in our area.

Chionodox (snowman, snow beauty)

Features of the cultivation of primroses at their summer cottage

The best time to plant primroses is autumn, or rather the end of September - the beginning of October. It is this period that is recommended for planting, so that young plants have time to take root and at the same time do not grow to frost. Experienced gardeners recommend planting tubers and bulbs in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour before planting.

Important!If there is a danger of damage to the bulbs by pests, then before planting, if necessary, they are treated with toxic chemicals.

The bulbs are planted to a depth of three times the bulb itself, and the distance between them is kept about three diameters. For rooting of bulbs 3-4 weeks are enough. When the ground freezes slightly and constantly low temperatures are set, the primroses' landing site is mulched with dry leaves, peat or straw.

Important!Never cover primroses in warm weather, as they may germinate. If this happens, then with the onset of cold weather the plants will die.

Therefore, watch the weather carefully: depending on the temperature, shelter dates may shift. In the spring, when the frosts no longer threaten the plants, mulch is removed. Make it highly desirable before the first shoots.