It is difficult for an ordinary farmer to tell how long the rabbits live, since growing these animals for meat simply does not allow them to grow to the maximum age. Most often, they are sent for slaughter a year after birth, some of them hold up to two years. But even in the case of cultivation for meat pedigree animals can be kept up to 4-5 years, which are valued for good offspring. If an animal is allowed to live in good conditions, the life span of rabbits of meat breeds reaches 10 years.
A number of factors affect a rabbit's life span.
Decorative rabbits live to be 8 years old. In addition to the usual conditions, the prolonged stress affects their longevity, sometimes it even leads to the death of the animal. Wild rabbits are not so lucky, their age rarely reaches 3 years, but it is not at all affected by the natural features of the organism. Diseases, weather conditions, predators do not allow long-livers to become wild rabbits. It is worth noting that if a wild animal is placed in domestic conditions it will not live for a long time anyway. This is due to the fact that the change of living conditions has an extremely negative effect on health, which will lead to a sudden death.
There are many factors that can both extend and shorten the life of the animal. In particular, such features affect:
- Breed. The lifespan of mini rabbits, better known as ornamental. If you comply with all living conditions reach the age of 12 years. Animals of meat, meat-skinned breeds live less. Moreover, animals with erect ears usually live no more than 6 years, while representatives of lop-eared breeds, such as the German ram, can live for 8 years,
- Heredity. How many years rabbit lives also depends on the health of its ancestors. Therefore, before acquiring the animal, it is worthwhile to familiarize everything with the health of his mother, father,
- Physical activity. This factor affects the health of all animals, in particular, how much a rabbit lives at home. Each representative should walk outside the cage for at least 1 hour per day, of course it is better if the duration of physical activity is longer. Walking in the fresh air does not harm the krol, even if he will walk all day. The only thing you need to take into account the weather conditions, so as not to harm the animal,
- Living conditions. In order for the rabbit to live for a long time, he was pleased with his health and he had to constantly monitor the living conditions. It is important to monitor the purity of the cage, the presence of drinking water in the animal. The room should be ventilated, because these animals do not tolerate the stifling air, dampness. Like most four-legged, when keeping rabbits are not allowed drafts in the room. It is also necessary to maintain a normal temperature in the cell,
- Nutrition. For any breed, it is important to maintain a balance of essential nutrients. In the diet must be herbs, in the winter hay, cereals, roots and other vegetables. Feeding rabbits must comply with the norms, you should avoid malnutrition and overeating. In the first case, the animal will suffer from a lack of nutrients, and in the second, obesity is observed,
- Castration. After castration, the body's wear and tear decreases, especially for small rabbits. But the need for this operation is not even for decorative rabbits.
Signs of an aging animal
The first signs of an aging animal will show its behavior and appearance. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to such factors:
- Wool becomes rare and it has nothing to do with the season
- Feeding does not cause the animal former joy and reluctantly eats his favorite food,
- The desire to play disappears and, in general, physical activity decreases,
- There is no habitual shine in the galls,
- Visibly hanging skin on the abdomen, especially for females.
Despite the fact that these are indicators of aging, all of them can be a sign of a disease, so if a rabbit lives with you for a short time, but has health problems, you should contact your veterinarian. There is a high probability that the course of treatment and the improved diet of rabbits will affect their health.
If we talk about industrial breeds, such as broilers, it is not recommended to keep the rabbits up to their maximum age. First of all, it is not profitable, and the rabbit is produced far fewer offspring. If the crawl lives in normal conditions, then this breed can live up to 8 years.
The life expectancy of rabbits at home is directly dependent on the care
As for decorative rabbits, there are several features that shorten the duration of its life. The animal is extremely shy, so it is important to protect it from sharp sounds and falling from a height. These factors can lead to the animal dying ahead of time.
Many owners in the pursuit of cleanliness are constantly trying to wash their mini-rabbit. But doctors categorically prohibit doing this unless absolutely necessary. After bathing, the animal falls out of wool, he begins to actively itch. Experienced stress leads to deterioration of health, there are situations when the animal died after a bath of heart rupture. This procedure is not peculiar to him, so the reaction is extremely negative. But there are several situations when rabbits are swimming, and this is normal. To maintain cleanliness, no more than 1-2 times a year when the baby got dirty and if he received a heat stroke.
How to bathe a decorative rabbit? This can be done in whole or in part, a small wash is usually used. Water should not exceed a temperature of 40 degrees, a special shampoo for animals is used and of course there should be clean, dry towels on hand. How to wash a rabbit, if he is very active, it’s better to take an assistant, because you shouldn’t wet your ears, you should avoid getting water on your head. Wash it with shampoo and then wash it off with plenty of clean water. The animal is accustomed to lick its fur, it is important that it does not contain shampoo particles.
Then wipe it, do not allow drafts with the room and hold it on your hands or the sofa until it is completely dry, so that the animal does not catch a cold. To reduce stress, it is better to wash the animal partially, that is, only the smeared part. But this procedure should not be abused.
Drying the washed rabbit
Any animal at home should be periodically examined by a veterinarian, especially if there are prerequisites for this. Prompt treatment will not only help improve his condition, but also protect him from sudden death.
Not so protected rabbits living in the wild, the ability to survive becomes their lifelong goal. They have to eat only what they themselves find. Weather conditions, namely torrential rains affect their homes, they are simply flooded.
The life of a wild rabbit depends on its habitat.
In addition, they have many natural enemies, predators often attack rabbits that live in the wild. It is especially difficult for an animal, being a rabbit, when it needs food, it must go to the surface, where it is in danger. A large number of wild rabbits die before half a year.
Most wild rabbits die at an early age.
By placing the animal in the conditions of the household, it is impossible to ensure that the crawl will live longer. Even the best feeding and care rarely help to shift the change of environment, which also leads to the sudden death of the animal. Considering all these factors, wild rabbits live on average 1-2 years, rare specimens live to 3 years.
Examples of longevity
Given the average life expectancy of a rabbit, representatives who have stepped across the milestone for 15 years can be considered long-lived.
There are three rabbit long-livers who even got into the Guinness Book of Records because of their honorable age. One of the champions was the rabbit Du. He lived in New Jersey and thanks to good care and excellent heredity he was able to live to 17 years. His figure exceeded the rabbit from Australia called Flopsi. He is known to the whole world, because he did not live a few days before his 19th birthday. But there is a record that could not beat a crap, it is a resident of Scotland, who lived no less than 24 years.
Video: Rabbit Life Span
It is worth starting from heredity. There are few illnesses in rabbits, but most of them are capable of being transmitted genetically, or cause serious illness in the offspring. It doesn’t matter whether it’s the usual breed or dwarf rabbits, they always use the strongest and healthiest animals for breeding. An animal from sick parents will live up to 2 years, while healthy parents are able to give a strong inheritance with a life expectancy of up to 8 years.
Important! If the crawl is solely for meat, then the statutory age for slaughter is 3 years. After 3 years, the growth of animals almost ceases, unlike their appetite.
Rabbits are crossed in 1.5-2 years. Before okolom, the female herself will prepare a place for future rabbits from hay, branches and their own fluff. Cross-breeding of animals at home in accordance with heredity was borrowed from the wild, although wild craws live significantly less than “tame” fellows.
Interesting fact! Caps made of rabbit wool are not distinguished by an exquisite look, but I protect from wind, moisture and frost. In the XVII century, they were very popular among the poor miles of the population of Tsarist Russia.
How much eared animals live also depends on their habitat. Domestic rabbits are devoid of all the dangers that await the animals in the wild. This is one of the most fundamental reasons for the longevity of hand-held rabbits.
Wild animals have much stronger immunity, but low temperatures, high moisture, predatory animals, reduce this advantage to zero. In large krolefermah often domestic animals are bred with wild hares, to obtain more resistant to disease and cold offspring. Fertilization is done in a piece.
Important! Wild rabbits go for meat and skin, as well as domestic ones, but with all the desire to get a steppe crawl, having borrowed its immune system, in exchange for safety, do not give results. The wild crawl needs huge open spaces for walking and lots of greenery. In the cells, they wither and die quickly.
Rabbits of fur and meat breeds are much larger than their wild counterparts, but they are active, and therefore they need to be walked 2-3 times a day for an hour and a half at home. This allows you to speed up the digestive tract and increase muscle tone. During their walks, they usually clean the houses of rabbits and wash their drinkers. If the animal is not allowed out into the yard, it will soon begin to acquire fat, which will increase the load on the heart. In conditions of complete isolation, life expectancy is no more than 2-3 years.
Important! The heart of the rabbits is so weak that even a strong sound can lead to its rupture. At risk, as ornamental rabbits, and giants.
The most important factor in the life span of rabbits is nutrition. As already stated, the rabbits have a weak digestive system, and therefore the food should be as rationed as possible. As usual for slaughtering krol, and mini rabbits can suffer greatly from overeating, or malnutrition. Therefore, the rabbits per day can feed up to 5-6 times, but at the same time the portions are small so that there is no remaining in the feeders. Most of the diet should consist of hay or grass, to a lesser extent - cereals.
Important! Always remove leftover food from feeders. Fungi that develop in it, gases that wear CLT, affecting the duration of the animal's life.
Many farmers argue that the rabbits do not need water and they get all the necessary moisture with food, this is not so. Water is a vital product for all warm-blooded creatures. Drinking bowls should be washed regularly, and a small amount of potassium permanganate should be added to the water 3 times a week to prevent diseases. If the drinker has not been washed for a long time, it is removed, washed and treated with a blowtorch. This allows you to maximally protect eared birds from diseases.
The animals have lush wool, but they are afraid of cold and drafts, because the rabbits are set behind high fences from 2 m. The litter should always be dry and fresh, it should be changed regularly, every 2-3 days. In the old litter begin to start up bacteria and viruses. With improper maintenance of the rabbit, animals may not live long enough to a year.
Rabbit breeds have their own longevity. In nature, this difference is almost invisible. Among the hand rabbits there are breeds of old-timers, which need to stop in more detail.
Interesting fact! The oldest rabbit from England lived as long as 19 years, although it was typical for its breed only 1-2 years. What caused this longevity is unknown and still.
Home decorative rabbits can live the longest. These lop-eared animals have a small body, which allows the heart to work without stress.
Lop-eared ram. The animal has long, wide and drooping ears. Dwarf sheep can live up to 14 years.Lop-eared ram
Royal krols have straight ears, gray color of wool, often interspersed with darker or lighter tones. Lives animal no more than 7 years.Royal
The lion's head - mini rabbits, distinguished by their extravagant appearance and red hair. In the apartment lionheads can live to 9 years.Lion head
Crawley Rex have a motley color in a combination of white, red and black colors. Live animals up to 7-8 yearsCrawley Rex
Along with decorative breeds, meat is also massively bred. They are large, but their life expectancy is much lower.
Interesting fact! Both the giant and the little rabbits have a heart of the same size, but the volume of blood is different, and therefore the heart wears out faster in giants, which affects their “longevity”.
Angora rabbits more like soft toys. They, like the mini rabbits, have a unique exterior, but their size far exceeds the dwarf breeds.Angora
Royal krols have the same color as the wild, but their size is much larger. Representatives of the breed live up to 7 years.Royal krols
California representatives - This is a standing Bruise. They have white fur, black nose and ears. Such an animal can live up to 10 years.California
Butterfly Rabbits - It is a meat-wool breed of animals. They have large carcasses and live up to 9 years.Butterflies
Silvery rabbits have almost the same color as the wild. Able to live to 7 years.
Factors affecting the life span of a rabbit
In terms of time, the decorative rabbits of the Fold-eared Baran live for 14 years, among the meat breeds the record holder is the California crawl - 10 years. What is the average krai's life? 5-7 years.
In order for a decorative animal to live as long as possible, it needs to be let out for walks around the house or apartment. It is worth considering that in the presence of cats or dogs in the house, the rabbit will regularly undergo stress, which would entail a decrease in longevity.
Interesting fact! Many wonder how many rabbits can live without food? In rare cases, an animal can tolerate for 3-4 days, because the rabbit's digestive system works constantly, and therefore there must always be food in the intestines.
Now you know how old the rabbit lives and that with proper care, the animal will delight with its appearance and tasty meat.