In grocery stores across the country you can find many useful exotic fruits. Many of them, unfortunately, are not very popular, such as papaya. This is due to the fact that people are not familiar with it. In addition, few know what the benefits and harm of papaya are.
So what does a papaya represent, what is useful and what contraindications does it have? About this later in the article.
How does papaya look and grow?
There are two types of papaya:
- Hawaiian. The shape resembles a pear. The maximum weight is 500 g. In a mature state, the skin color is yellow, the flesh is pink or bright orange. The flesh taste like melon. In the center are black seeds.
- Mexican. The maximum weight reaches 5 kg, so the Mexican look is more Hawaiian in size. The color of the pulp in a mature state can be pink, yellow or orange.
Wild, Philippine, Mountain and Dutch varieties, Torpedo and Red Lady varieties are also distinguished.
In nature, fruit grows in Asia and in tropical regions of America. In many countries, including Russia, papaya trees are planted for useful experimental purposes.
Chemical composition and calorie papaya
100 g of pulp contains:
- 0.5 g of proteins (0.61% of normal),
- 0.3 g of fat (0.46% of normal),
- 10.8 g of carbohydrates (8.44% of the norm),
- 1.7 g dietary fiber (8.5% of normal),
- 88.06 g of water (3.44% of the norm).
Calorie papaya per 100 grams is 43 kcal.
As can be seen from the composition, the content of beneficial carbohydrates is overwhelming: there are 0.6 g of fat and 21.6 g of carbohydrate per 1 g of protein. This information will help you know if the product meets the human nutritional requirements or dietary requirements.
- In large quantities there is a useful vitamin C. Its share in relation to other vitamins in 100 g of the product can reach up to 68 g.
- This is followed by vitamin B4, which contains 6.1 mg per 100 g.
- In addition, there are vitamins A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, E, K, PP, as well as lycopene and lutein.
As for the beneficial macro and microelements, in papaya most of all potassium (182 mg per 100 g), magnesium (21 mg), calcium (20 mg), phosphorus (10 mg) and sodium (8 mg). In addition to them, there is copper, manganese, selenium, iron and zinc.
How is papaya useful for the body?
It is important that the fruits of papaya give both benefit and harm. They contain substances that improve digestion: they promote the breakdown of proteins and their conversion to fats. But if too much protein accumulates in the body, diabetes can occur.
Those with arthritis can also add papaya to their menu, which, thanks to the enzyme chymopapain, helps relieve pain and eliminates osteoarthritis.
The benefits of papaya for pregnant women
Use during pregnancy:
- Does not allow anemia to develop due to folic acid.
- Normalizes blood circulation.
- Helps to clear the body of toxins.
- It is recommended for those who have stretch marks on the skin.
Pregnant women should not get involved in papaya either. An unripe green-skinned fruit contains peptin, which causes frequent uterine contractions and, as a result, premature labor.
Also useful juice has the ability to normalize the menstrual cycle.
Is it possible to papaya when breastfeeding
Nursing mothers are generally advised to exclude the following fruits from the menu:
- red and orange (pigment that gives such color causes rashes and blemishes on the body),
- citrus (vitamin C is also a strong allergen).
Therefore, it is better for them to exclude papayas from the menu.
It is proved that the stomach tends to absorb the products that grow in a person’s place of residence. Papaya, as was written above, is practically not growing in Russia and the CIS.
If you do not want to refuse healthy and harmful exotic products, it is better to eat them in small quantities and not in the first weeks after the birth of the child. This is how it will be possible to “acquaint” a child with new beneficial nutrients and instill in him antibodies of harmful allergens for the future.
At what age can papayas be given to children?
Papaya can be both beneficial and harmful to the health of the child.
The age at which it can be entered into the diet is not fixed anywhere. You can not give papayas from the first or second foods. Some parents are at risk of adding it to food at 6–8 months (only on the condition that the baby acquires normal foods normally). Yet tropical products will be healthier no earlier than 8–10 months or even after a year.
If a child digests the usual food like a potato or pumpkin without any harm and they decide to give him papaya, then this should be done as follows:
- Recycle the pulp into a puree consistency.
- Give a teaspoon per day no more than 4 times a week.
- Carefully monitor the reaction of the baby.
If the harm from allergies is, then its property will quickly manifest.
Is papaya useful for weight loss?
The benefits of papaya for the human body are significant.
The low energy value of the useful product allows you to take it to those who watch their figure (you need to comply with the norm, otherwise the body will be harmed) in order to get the necessary vitamins and not to overeat.
The fruit is sweet, but contains little sugar, which can also be attributed to useful properties, especially for those who play sports or have diabetes.
Above it was said that nutrients regulate the level of the stress hormone. This is also a good property for weight loss. The harm of stress in this problem is obvious.
When a nervous breakdown a person loses a lot of useful energy. There is something to fill it. Most often, people in this state do not control what kind of food they take: they eat everything and gain significantly in weight, causing harm to the body. With constant stress, overeating is generally a habit. Harm increases.
Papaya can be an excellent medicine: with its help you can stay full (without overeating) and normalize the level of stress hormone. As a result - no nerves and obesity.
Papaya seeds: benefits and uses
When cleaning, many throw out seeds. In fact, it is unreasonable to neglect the use of papaya seeds for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. It is difficult to overestimate the benefits of their properties:
- The chemical composition of seeds contains phenolic compounds and flavonoids, which prevent the development of tumors due to their prophylactic properties.
- Because of proteolytic enzymes, seeds help get rid of parasites.
- Papain not only breaks down proteins in the stomach, but also destroys the deposits of helminths.
- Karpain helps in the fight against parasitic worms and amoebas.
Here are the benefits of papaya enzymes.
If five seeds are crushed, mixed with a tablespoon of lime (fresh) juice and taken a couple of times a day for a month, there may be significant improvements in liver cirrhosis.
The only thing that must be done in advance is to consult a doctor about the use of this mixture.
True, pregnant and lactating women from eating papaya seeds as food is better to abstain.
The use of papaya for medicinal purposes
The valuable properties of the decoction of the leaves can be used as a medicine for respiratory diseases, and if you mix milk or mint tea with the juice of leaves or green fruits, you get a good tincture to combat intestinal parasites. Papaya tincture helps to cause menstruation.
In addition, the product has the ability to quickly heal wounds, strengthens the immune system and the cardiovascular system.
Papaya is also useful for the intestines. Papin in seeds helps to fight against pathogenic bacteria, thereby improving the properties of microflora.
With intervertebral hernia
Hernia occurs for many reasons:
- from a sedentary lifestyle,
- due to incorrect posture,
- due to improper load sharing,
- due to osteochondrosis.
It helps to cure extract of papaya, which due to its properties is able to restore connective tissue in the discs between the vertebrae.
How to use papaya in cosmetology
Fruit is widely used in cosmetology due to the fact that vitamins A and C are part of the means for skin and hair care. Various papaya-based preparations are used to restore the skin. The juice is able to remove dead skin cells, restoring its healthy structure. In addition, the product is part of scrubs, creams, soaps, toothpaste and shaving foam.
Papaya face masks
Masks have the ability to cleanse the skin and make it radiant, as well as detoxify and provide a rejuvenating effect, they treat acne.
To apply the product for cosmetic purposes to renew the skin on the face, you can use the following recipe for the preparation of the cream:
- Grind 5 g of pulp.
- Mix it with 20 g of shea butter and 20 g of sour cream.
- Place the mixture in a cosmetic jar.
- Store in the refrigerator for up to a week.
Apply the cream should replace the nightly fluid.
Mask is not recommended for wounds.
Papaya oil for hair
The oil that is applied to the hair, gives them shine and silkiness, fights dandruff and strengthens the bulbs, and also generally improves the condition of the skin on the head.
The oil is made from the seeds of the fruit and is combined with various acids like palmitic or oleic, which makes its properties universal. The mixture can be used as:
- air conditioner
- anti-inflammatory agent
- soft peeling,
- balm or mask.
Oil can not be applied to people with harmful allergic reactions to substances contained in it.
What can be made from papaya
In modern cooking, exotic fruit is in demand. Its scope is extensive:
- meat and fish dishes,
- cakes and pastries,
- ice cream.
Some chop the seeds and use them as spices.
Papaya is suitable for preparing delicious dishes from it, used for the treatment and prevention of diseases. In order for fruits to bring only benefits, you need to know what fruits can be eaten, how and what of them to cook and who should refrain from such dishes.