Any farmland planted with shrubs, flowers and other cultivated plants looks amazing. This is especially fine after winter, when the first buds and flowers are revealed. In order for the garden to be more luxurious and attract even the attention of avid gardeners, it is necessary to plant a gray spirea bush Grefshaym on it.
Description of Spirea Grefshaym
Grefsheym's gray ornamental shrub is one of the hybrid varieties of common spirea. It belongs to the Pink family, has the following characteristics:
- the height of the bush is from one and a half to two meters,
- bush form is spherical,
- branches curving, reddish tint,
- leaves are slightly pointed, no longer than three centimeters long and about one centimeter wide,
- the flowering period begins in mid-May, lasts almost one and a half months to the end of June,
- inflorescences are represented by umbrellas, which are located along the entire length of each stem, thus forming a kind of flower garlands.
Grefshaym is unpretentious grade of this ornamental shrub. However, there are some nuances that must be observed when planting a spirea in open ground and caring for it.
- First of all, the landing site must be lit. Otherwise, the plant will develop slowly, grow poorly.
- Best for such a flowering shrub to pick fertile soil. But it should be borne in mind that spirea is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, and therefore it will take roots in almost any land, as long as it is not overdried.
- The first months after planting spirea in the garden, it is required to water it regularly and abundantly.
- Do not interfere with green shrubs, various additives in the form of organic and mineral fertilizers. They will help the plant to quickly adapt to a new place of growth, which in the future will play a positive role in its development and abundant flowering.
- Do not forget to loosen the soil after each watering. This will retain moisture, saturate the earth with oxygen, and will not allow bothersome weeds to grow.
- Although spirea is practically not exposed to diseases and the attack of harmful insects, it still needs to be treated with special chemicals for ornamental plants, which are sold in every gardening shop.
For better rooting of a young plant, it is recommended to add a root former when planting in the hole, which can also be purchased at gardening or flower outlets.
Spirea Grefshaym - origin of the variety
The genus Spiraeus is quite extensive, some of which are easily amenable to inter-species crosses. In the course of one of the experiments, two types of spirays were subjected to crossing: the animal-white and whitish-gray, the “fruit of love” of which was the magnificent gray spirea — a beauty that is resistant to urban smog and dust.
This new hybrid was created in 1949 and has since been enriched with many varieties, the most famous of which Grefshaym is rightly considered.
Decorative qualities of Spirea Grefshaym
"May snow", "bride", "white boiling" - the people have picked up a lot of beautiful synonyms for the name of this variety. If we recall that the name of the type of spiraeus (speira) comes from the Latin "bend", then Grefsheim fully justifies its name. Its branches, drooping down to the ground, are arched, sprinkled with white flowers, giving the plant the shape of a fantastic and fragrant waterfall.
The pronounced decorativeness of the Grefsheim variety is due to:
- responsiveness to pruning,
- white terry flowers thickly covering each shoot
- yellow mid-flowers and charming long stamens, causing the desire to consider them.
Like all white flowering spireas, Grefsheim belongs to spring flowering. Blooming flowers, it pleases at the end of May and remains blooming for about a month, without losing freshness and flavor.
Attention! From the second flowering, Grefsheim begins to attract bees. This must be remembered if there are small children in the family.
How to care for the spiraea Grefshaym
Even the most unassuming plant will certainly respond to competent care. The main operation for the care of spirea is pruning. Since Grefshaym blooms in spring, this work is done in summer, when the plant enters fruiting season.
Pruning allows the shrub to return a presentable appearance and contributes to more lush flowering next year. Unlike fruit trees, spirea can be trimmed with a normal shears, without worrying about the specific location of the cut. Fresh shoots are shortened by a quarter, old, thickening crown, as well as dry and frozen slightly cut out.
If the rejuvenation of the shrub is planned, in early spring all its crown is cut under the stump, which gives an incentive to activate the sleeping buds. Out of all the shoots, 5–6 markedly strong shoots are left, cutting out the rest low. In July, they are shortened by a quarter, and from next year pruning is carried out as usual.
Among other measures for the care of Grefshaym spiraea appear:
- top dressing with high-grade mineral fertilizer after pruning and in early spring,
- weed control by weeding, some gardeners practice mulching, but in full beauty, spiraea, especially trimmed in the shape of a ball, manifests itself against a black ground,
- watering as needed
- shelter for the winter when winter temperatures are 25-30 degrees below zero.
Council The name of the main pest of Spirea is somewhat unexpected - it is a snail. In the case of the spread of such an affliction, treat the bushes with phytosporin.
How to determine the place for Spirea Grefshaym in the garden
Spirea gray calmly refers to the amount of light, so it can be placed in the bright sun and in shading, for example, in front of the north wall.
Like other types of sprayer, it is most often used for the formation of flowering hedges along the paths, along the perimeter of the property or around the house. The line of bushes, torn by an arch with white climbing roses, will serve as a ceremonial entrance to the recreational zone of the site. The fence allows you to aesthetically mask garden plots or economic part, for example, tanks with irrigation water.
Spirey Grefshaym looks great in solitary landings: near the porch, in the middle of the lawn, at the turn of the path or at the edge of the barbecue area. If you do not give the bush to grow, its branches, as if poured with whipped cream, will move along the rock arias, emphasizing the primitiveness of the stone with their tenderness. Cut branches are suitable in bouquets of roses instead of hybrids that are annoyed.
If you are going to update the garden with a hedge or a single spirea bush, stop the choice on the Grefsheim variety. This unpretentious plant does not take away precious time from the gardener, but it will give a whole month of flowering openwork wilted branches.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Landing
- 3.1. When to plant
- 3.2. How to plant
- 4. Care
- 4.1. How to grow
- 4.2. Pests and diseases
- 4.3. Pruning
- 4.4. Spirea gray after flowering
- 5. Reproduction
- 6. Types and varieties
- 7. Spirea gray in landscape design
Planting and caring for Surrey sulfur (in short)
- Bloom: in May.
- Landing: from mid-September to mid-October.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: fertile, moist, breathable.
- Watering: once a week, in a drought - twice a week. In the season with the usual amount of rain you can not water.
- Top dressing: before flowering, add Kemira-universal's solution to the near-stem circle, and after pruning, add a solution of mullein with superphosphate.
- Trimming: annually after completion of flowering.
- Reproduction: only vegetative - layering and cuttings.
- Pests: snails, rosettes, aphids and spider mites.
- Diseases: ascochitis, septoria or ramulariasis.
Spirea Gray - description
Spiraea gray - branched shrub up to 2 m high with felt-pubescent branched shoots and leaves with pointed on both sides, the upper side of which is gray-green, and the lower side is somewhat lighter. Spiraea gray blooms with white flowers, gathered in corymbose inflorescences, located along the entire length of the shoot. At the very top of the inflorescence sessile, but the lower they are located along the branch, the longer the leafy twigs become, on which the shields form. Flowering gray spirea begins in May, and at the end of June the fruits ripen.
When planting gray spiraea.
Experienced gardeners claim that the best time for planting gray spirea is autumn, when trees shed their leaves around mid-September. You can plant spirea in the spring, but you need to have time to plant before the buds begin to open.
Choose a sunny plot for a plant in a place where it will be clearly visible: the plant will need a lot of light, and in the shadow of a spiraea will develop poorly, and flowering will be scarce. In extreme cases, you can put white spirea in partial shade.
The soil needs fertile and well-hydrated plants. If you are going to grow spirea in clay soil, you will have to lay a 15-20 cm thick drainage layer made of broken bricks or crushed stone into the pit, mixing them with sand.
How to plant a gray spirea.
Landing is carried out on a cloudy or even rainy day. When planting a spiraea for a hedge, keep a distance of about 50 cm between bushes and at least 40 cm between rows. In a group planting plant maintains a distance of 50 to 100 cm. The size of the planting pit at a depth of 40-50 cm must exceed the root system volume Sapling 25-30%. Pit before planting should stand at least 2 days.
Saplings with an open root system should be put for a few hours in a bucket of water, then rotted, damaged or dry roots should be removed and shortened too long. The shoots of the seedlings are shortened by a third. Fill the pit with a mixture of top, fertile soil with peat and turf ground. The root neck of the seedling should remain level. After planting, the soil in the wheel circle is compacted and watered abundantly at the rate of 1.5-2 buckets of water per seedling, and when the water is absorbed, the surface is mulched with a layer of peat not less than 5 cm thick.
How to grow gray spiraea.
Caring for Spirea Sulfur is simple: you need to water the plant so that the soil around it is always slightly damp. In a drought, it is necessary to moisten the tree trunk circle twice a week, and in rainy weather watering may not be necessary at all. After watering, loosen the soil in a circle and remove the weeds.
Spring dressing is applied after trimming the plant: a mullein solution is poured into the tree trunk circle, in which superphosphate is added at the rate of 8 g of granules to each bush. For a more lush flowering, the spiraeus is fed with Kemiro wagon at the rate of 90 g of fertilizer per 1 m².
Trimming spirea gray.
The method and time of spiraea pruning depend on the year on which shoots are formed. When to cut gray spirea? Since the flowers of the plant are formed along the entire length of the shoot, it is advisable to trim the spirea with sulfur after flowering.
To reduce the size of the bush and increase its thickness, spirea shoots are shortened. The main pruning is to remove old and dry branches that reduce the decorativeness of the plant. Every year in spring, branches and shoots frozen in the winter are cut. Anti-aging trimming spiraea begins at the age of seven: for this purpose, gray spiraea is cut to the stump, which stimulates the awakening of dormant buds located at the root collar. They give young shoots from which they form a new bush: they leave 5-6 of the strongest shoots, and the rest are cut out in the very first growing season. Then every 2 years, weak and aged branches are removed. Forming bush pruning is carried out in early spring, before buds begin to open. Sanitary cleaning, as we have already written, is carried out after the spirea blooms with sulfur.
Spirea gray after flowering.
Gray spirea shows winter hardiness even in the most severe winters. Problems can arise only when temperature fluctuations occur during the winter, and the frost abruptly gives way to thaws. In such winters it is better to cover the root zone of the spirea. The underground part of young plants also needs to be protected from frost, the stem of which in the autumn should be mulched with a thick layer of dry foliage or peat.
Spirea Sulfur Propagation
Since gray spirea has a hybrid origin, it is propagated not by seeds, but by vegetative methods - layering and cuttings.
The cuttings are cut after flowering and rooted under a transparent cap in a substrate of coarse-grained river sand and peat. The soil in the container should be wet all the time. For reliability, before planting, hold the cuttings for 16 hours in a growth stimulator — a solution of indolylbutyric acid. Or let them stand in the water to which a drop of Appin is added, then powder the lower sections with Kornevin and only after that, plant the cuttings in the greenhouse. The stems that grow the roots are planted in open ground, but in the first winter they are necessarily covered with dry leaves.
Since spiraea branches are flexible, you can get a new plant in another way. How to propagate gray spiraeus layering? In the spring, bend the low-growing spirea sprout to the ground and lay the part that is closer to the top into the furrow made in advance, leaving the top above the surface and pinching it. Fix the branch in this position and fill the furrow with fertile soil. All summer water layers, and in the fall cover it with dry foliage. Next spring, separate the rooted branch from the mother bush and plant it.
Types and varieties of spirea sulfur
Today, only two varieties of sulfur spiraea are grown in culture:
- – spirea gray grefshaym - a spectacular and durable, constantly flowering plant with a height of 1.5 to 2 m with a wide-round spreading crown and red-brown branches. The bush is covered with numerous small white, pink or red flowers. The leaves of this garden form are green or yellow-orange, with a bronze tint. Planting the gray spirea Grefshaym and caring for it is no different than growing plants of the main species,
- – gray spirea Graciosa - a flowering shrub 1.5-2 m tall with sprawling wide-round crown, arcuate hanging branches, narrow lanceolate green leaves, acquiring yellow color in autumn, and snow-white flowers gathered in umbellate inflorescences. The flowering of this spirea also differs in abundance and duration.
Spirea gray in landscape design
Gardeners and designers are very fond of this hybrid spirea for simplicity, winter hardiness, shade tolerance, early and long flowering. Gray spiraeus is used for single and group plantings, for complex compositions, as well as for creating a hedge. The classic design style involves the placement of gray spirea in reservoirs. Rural style lovers appreciate the spirea for compactness and sophistication: it perfectly harmonizes with the tones of Provence style and, like no other bush, corresponds to the Scandinavian style.
It is difficult to find a plant with which it would not be possible to combine spiraeus. Using it as a semantic center of the composition, the gray spirea is surrounded by low-flowering plants at the same time - roses, peonies, alpine asters and Turkish carnations. You can plant a bush spirea, which looks like a sprinkled with snow in bloom, next to red, burgundy and pink tulips, daffodils, crocuses, alyssums and primulas. This shrub combines not only with flowers and ornamental plants, but also with fruit trees, as well as with other flowering shrubs.
And, of course, the neighborhood of the Spirea gray with coniferous cultures - evergreen shrubs, tall and dwarf trees became a classic.