In ancient China, lemongrass, a berry with a wide range of beneficial effects, was first used for medicinal purposes. Today, the entire pharmaceutical industry is cultivated for the pharmaceutical industry. Often found and lemongrass, planted by amateur gardeners on their plots, where it performs a decorative function.
The homeland of this plant is China, but it has become quite common in Russia (mainly in the Far East), in Japan, and Korea. It grows most often on slopes, located at an altitude of 200 to 400 meters above the level of water bodies. Lemongrass is a vine-like shrub whose branching stems are up to 2 cm thick and reach a length of 15 m. They are covered with reddish-brown smooth bark, which becomes more rough and flaky with age.
The fleshy leaves of light green color are located on long (up to 3 cm) petioles. Their shape is ellipsoid, the edges with mild teeth. In late May - early June, the bush is covered with white, dioecious flowers that have a delicate, pleasant aroma.
Later, in their place the fruits are formed, which finally ripen in September - October. The berries of Chinese Schizandra are round, bright red. Their flesh is juicy and soft, but the taste is very specific, bitter. The smell, like the leaves and bark, lemon, for which he received the plant its name. Inside each berry there are two reniform seeds. Fruit productivity is up to about 30 kg per 1 ha.
A large number of useful components contained in this plant allows it to be widely used in the pharmaceutical industry. Their complex and due to its therapeutic effect.
A lot has been created for today of various drugs, which include lemongrass. Its berry is rich in catechins, anthocyanins, essential oils, pectin and organic acids. It is an excellent source of vitamin C.
The fruits of lemongrass are rich in trace elements such as copper (0.1 mg / g), manganese (0.22 mg / g), zinc (0.13 mg / g), and nickel (0.33 mg / g). Found in them a large amount of potassium (19.2 mg / g), selenium (33.3 mg / g). All these components have a positive effect on the human body. No toxic substances detected.
Medicinal properties of lemongrass
The popularity of this plant in pharmacology is largely due to its tonic and revitalizing effects. No wonder the Chinese hunters, going on a long journey, always took with them the berries of lemongrass. The properties of these fruits stimulate the nervous and muscular system helped to maintain physical fitness, go without food for a long time and did not feel tired.
The fruits of lemongrass enhance positive reflexes, activate metabolism, increase immunity and photosensitivity of the organs of vision. In addition, they stimulate cardiovascular activity and respiration, increase the motor secretion of the digestive tract, tone the uterus and skeletal muscles. The therapeutic effect is explained by the ability of the fruit to increase blood circulation in the diseased organ, and the biologically active substances in them help the harmonious work of the whole organism.
Lemongrass is a berry, indispensable in the process of intense mental labor, when concentration of attention, concentration and integrity of perception are especially necessary.
Use in traditional medicine
Funds based on this plant are mainly used in case of loss of strength, for restoration of working capacity, in case of overwork. Its fruits are recommended for people who have suffered severe debilitating diseases. Their toning properties help to cope with increased mental stress.
Tannins contained in lemongrass, promote recovery from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The ability to increase the pressure explains the effectiveness of the fruit in hypotension. Consequently, caution should be taken from the lemongrass to those who suffer from high blood pressure.
In asthma, bronchitis, and other diseases of the respiratory system, various parts of the plant are used. Lemongrass berries, the use of which is discussed in our article, are effective for myopia, giving excellent results for improving visual acuity.
Tinctures made from the fruits of lemongrass help with impotence, various types of depressive conditions, in order to prevent influenza and colds. Essential oils contained in the plant in large quantities, improve the function of the liver, heart, and have antipruritic action with insect bites.
It has been established that even schisandra is capable of removing glycogen and reducing blood sugar levels.
The fruits of this plant are used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes in any form - fresh, dried, frozen. There are a large number of ways to prepare various means, among which the most popular are the following:
- Juice from fresh berries. It is used to restore physical strength, adding one spoon to tea. The collected berries must be washed and squeezed through gauze. The juice is poured into sterilized jars, pasteurized and rolled for 15 minutes.
- Infusion of dried berries. Lemongrass fruits are placed in an enamel pot, filled with water (1 cup / teaspoon of raw material) and boiled for 10 minutes, covered with a lid. Then the resulting broth is infused, it is filtered and sugar is added to taste.
- For tincture of alcohol need chopped berries of lemongrass. How to cook and how to use this tool is worth telling in more detail. Prepared berries fall asleep in the bottle and pour 70% alcohol in a 1: 5 ratio. Cover tightly and leave in a dark place for 7-10 days. At the same time periodically the bottle must be shaken. Then strain the tincture, squeeze the berries and add the remains back to the filtrate. Insist for another 2 days and filter again. The liquid in the bottle must be completely transparent. Finished tincture of lemongrass berries is used to improve performance, relieve fatigue, and also to strengthen the immune system. It is taken 30 drops 3 times a day for 3 weeks.
- Frozen berries with honey. This tool has not only a healing effect, but also an amazing taste. It is made from frozen berries that are mixed with honey. Value - to taste. The combination of these two healthful products is very effective against many diseases. All due to the fact that each of them enhances the positive effect of the other. This mixture has anti-inflammatory, sedative effect, promotes the removal of bile, reduces cholesterol, improves overall health. You can take it a teaspoon per day for both adults and children. Overwork, increased drowsiness, vitamin deficiency, anemia - not the whole list of problems that can be solved with the help of such a tool.
The main reasons for the appearance of excess weight are many - it can be caused by improper diet, hormonal disorders, slower metabolism, stress, low physical activity, etc. Lemongrass is a berry that can eliminate many of them due to its amazing properties. It normalizes metabolic processes, reduces cholesterol, levels hormones. In addition, stimulating the body, lemongrass allows you to increase the expenditure of energy. All this leads to fat burning.
Nutritionists believe that sprinkling food with lemongrass juice reduces the absorption of sugar, excessive consumption of which is one of the causes of obesity. A large amount of vitamin C contained in the fruits of this plant normalizes the work of the intestines. Regular consumption of water with the addition of lemongrass juice or its berries allows you to lose up to 10 kg of excess weight.
You should not just abuse this diet. The course should be no more than a month, because otherwise there may be a violation of the functioning of the stomach.
Any means used in traditional medicine should be taken only after consulting with a doctor, because there are always any contraindications. Even completely harmless, it would seem, lemongrass berries are not recommended for people suffering from insomnia, gastric secretion disorders, having high blood pressure, as well as pregnant and lactating women.
Harvesting and storage
The collection of fruits of lemongrass is carried out with their full ripening. This usually happens in September, before the onset of frost. Brushes gently cut off, so as not to damage the vines and scatter on sackcloth. For about 2 days they are left in this form under a shed. Then the berries are picked and placed in a special dryer for 6–8 hours. The temperature should be maintained from 45 to 55 ° C. Store dried raw materials in hermetically sealed bags.
Lemongrass Chinese - a plant with a huge number of useful actions. All of them are quite time consuming, therefore it is desirable to take funds from its fruits in the morning.
Perennial woody vine with toning, tonic properties. It is appreciated in folk and traditional medicine, widely used in pharmacology. Beneficial effect on the cardiovascular, respiratory system, stimulates the central nervous system, increases physical and intellectual performance.
Medicinal properties and contraindications of Schizandra Chinese were discovered 15 centuries ago. Its healing power was discovered by chance, and in terms of toning qualities, the plant ranks second after ginseng. In China, there are many legends and beliefs associated with this vine. From Chinese, its name literally translates as "berry of five tastes." Why is that? Because in the plant, indeed, collected 5 tastes according to Chinese tradition. The flesh is sour, the seeds are bitter and sharp, the rind of the fruit is sweet, and the medicine prepared is salty. The Russian name "lemongrass" reflects another distinctive feature of this plant - its pleasant lemon scent emanating from fruits, young shoots, leaves.
Features Lemongrass Chinese
In Russia in the first half of the 19th century, the well-known botanist N. S. Turchaninov was studying this plant, then at the end of the 19th century the botanist VL Komarov described the liana. He was interested not only in biological features, but also in the use of lemongrass. The scientist lived among the Far Eastern Nanai, wrote down stories about miraculous healings, studied the characteristics of the treatment with fruits and leaves of vines. However, clinical trials of this medicinal plant began to be carried out only during the Great Patriotic War. It is known that the plant was given to wounded soldiers in hospitals for a speedy recovery.
In the wild, liana grows in Korea, China, and Japan. It is also well acclimatized in the Far East, therefore, it received another name - Far Eastern Schizandra. This is the same kind of plant. It can be seen on Sakhalin Island, in the Amur region, on the Kuril Islands, on the coast of the Tatar Strait. Liana grows in conifers (mostly in cedar) and deciduous forests. He loves the valleys of mountain rivers, edges, clearing, cutting. You will not meet her in the floodplains, on flooded soils. The plant can be seen on higher ground (not higher than 600 m). Refers to light-loving plants, although it withstands long-term darkening. Usually grows in groups, creating thick bushes over time.
In other regions of Russia, lemongrass is cultivated as an ornamental plant at botanical stations. Experienced gardeners grow it not only for beauty, but also for medical purposes. In addition, the plant is a good honey plant.
What does Chinese lemongrass look like? This is a woody perennial vine, which can reach a height of 15 m and above. Frost-resistant subspecies with a height of up to 4 m grow in the northern regions. Liana spirals around tall tree trunks nearby. Its main stems are dark brown, rough, up to 2 cm in diameter. Young shoots are smooth, with yellowish bark. The leaves of lemongrass have an elliptical shape, reach a maximum length of 10 cm and a width of 5 cm. It is easy to recognize the plant by its beautiful, bright red fruits collected in a brush up to 10 cm long.
What is Crimean Lemongrass
The plant Chinese Schizandra and Crimean Schizandra have nothing in common. Crimean lemongrass is called Crimean irongrass, or Tatar-tea, shepherd-tea. This is a herb with light yellow flowers. When brewing, the grass acquires a pronounced lemon taste and smell (hence the name). It is found only in the Crimea and also applies to medicinal plants. Used as a wound healing, anti-inflammatory and tonic. Broths and infusions of herbs strengthen the immune system, the locals drink them to prevent respiratory diseases.
Nutrients are found in different parts of the plant - in fruits, leaves, stems, young shoots, bark. There are many organic acids and vitamins of group B, vitamin C, fiber, and trace elements in lemongrass. Most fatty oils and tonic substances are found in the seeds of the plant, and in the bark and leaves - many essential oils.
Liza: We grow this vine in the garden! A beautiful plant, during flowering fragrant fragrant, and then gives useful fruit!
Raya: I prepare the shizandra for the winter using the simplest method - I grind with sugar, as is usually done with raspberries. And in winter it is always nice to open a jar and add a spoon to tea.
Stas: The plant perfectly strengthens the body! I am very glad that I discovered it for myself!