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Icelandic Landrace breed of chickens - description with photo

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Iceland is a unique country, which is located in close proximity to the North Pole. Because of this, the island has developed a particularly harsh climate, hindering the normal development of agriculture. Despite this, the locals were able to bring a unique frost-resistant breed of chickens - Iceland Landrace.

Historians believe that the Icelandic Landrace was bred from aboriginal European chickens brought by the Vikings. Many heat-loving birds died in the harsh climate of Iceland, so the conquerors brought other domestic chickens.

Gradually, the island formed a population of chickens who were able to adapt to the harsh conditions of detention. It was they who later became the Islanian Landraces.

Farmers of Iceland are still breeding this breed. According to the breeders, Icelandic Landraces are among the oldest existing breeds of domestic chickens.

Description of the Icelandic Landrace

Icelandic Landraces are chickens with an average body size. It has a very thick plumage.

It helps the chickens of this breed to withstand the harsh Icelandic climate. The color of the plumage can be completely different: from pure white to black.

The neck of this breed is not very long. On it grows elongated plumage falling on the shoulders of a Spanish Landrace breed cock.

The neck immediately goes into a horizontal back. The shoulders of roosters do not strongly protrude beyond the hull, the wings are almost not noticeable under the thick lumbar plumage, falling on their back.

The tail of the Spanish Landrasov is set high. He is densely operatic. In the rooster, it consists of long rounded braids. The wide chest is planted deeply, the belly is full, but it is slightly retracted by the roosters, so the impression of a more slender "figure" of the bird is created.

The head of these chickens is small. On the red face of the breed is completely absent plumage. The large erect ridge has 6-7 teeth with clear cuts. The skin on it is rough, so the birds cannot freeze it.

Earrings are large and elongated, but rounded at the end. Ear lobes are colored white or red. Beak elongated. Usually colored light yellow. At the end has a slight rounding.

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Thick plumage on Landrasov’s belly hides his full shins. Hocks of this breed are long and thin bone. Long and thin fingers are spaced correctly, have white claws.

The scales on the legs are yellow. The hens of the Icelandic Landraces are completely similar to roosters, with the exception of the basic sexual characteristics.

Features

Icelandic Landraces for centuries were displayed by the inhabitants of Iceland. They wanted to get a breed of domestic chickens that could easily endure any weather conditions.

As you know, frosty winds constantly blow in Iceland, and the temperature rarely rises above +10. As a result, farmers managed to create a hardy breed of chickens.

In addition to good frost resistance, Icelandic Landrace can please their owner with good egg production. They are great eggs even in conditions of extreme cold. As for Landrasov hens, they become excellent mothers. They responsibly take care of the condition of the young, therefore its survival rate is significantly increased compared to other chickens.

Young Landrasov almost never die on their own, as he begins to fledge early. Feathers of adult birds reliably protect the skin and internal organs from frostbite even during a snowstorm with a strong northerly wind.

These domestic chickens quickly get used to their masters. And the cocks of Iceland Landrasov love to spend time with people more than hens. It may well be that the hens do not want to go on their hands, fearing for the life of their offspring.

Unfortunately, this breed of chickens gets along badly in hot regions. Because of this, it is undesirable to plant them in the south of Europe or in any other countries that are in a subtropical climate.

Content and cultivation

Icelandic Landrace feel great in ordinary village poultry houses with a spacious yard for walking.

They should not be bred in enclosures, as they are too close. Birds will not be able to run and flap their wings, receiving additional energy for heating.

Additionally over the yard for a land herd Landrasov need to equip a reliable canopy or roof, as the birds love to soar on any elevation. Sometimes they thus run away from the site, bringing their owner inconvenience and loss.

In addition, free-range is important for the breed due to the fact that most of its diet is pasture. Even in Iceland, these chickens manage to find seeds, small sprouts in the ground, and insects in the summer.

With their help, chickens replenish the supply of vitamins and microelements necessary for life in the harsh conditions of a practically polar climate.

The total weight of Iceland Landrace cocks can reach 3 kg with good feeding. Laying hens of this breed can gain 2.5 kg of body weight. They can lay up to 200 eggs per year, and egg-laying does not stop until the birds age. The mass of eggs on average is 55-60 g.

However, for breeding chickens, only the largest specimens should be selected. The survival rate of young and adult individuals in a harsh winter is usually 95-97%.

Breed analogues

German chickens Bielefelder have similar frost resistance. These birds tolerate content in the open range even during cold winters.

In addition, they are equally well carried and gaining the necessary muscle mass, so they are often bred as meat and egg breed.

By cold-resistant breeds of chickens still include Fireballs.

They have a thick and fluffy plumage, with which birds can easily survive in the harsh Russian winter. In addition to frost resistance, the Firewalls attract with unusual tanks on their heads and various coloring of plumage.

Conclusion

Icelandic breeders managed to do the impossible: they created a frost-resistant breed. Now the Icelandic Landraces are actively grown on almost all the farmsteads of Iceland.

Sometimes they are brought to the Nordic countries, where some farmers need such hardy birds. Unfortunately, the breed practically does not occur on the territory of Russia, although it could be a success in the northern regions.

Icelandic Landrace breed of chickens

Surely, from the name you have already been able to guess that Iceland is the birthplace of these amazing birds. This is one of the few European countries with a very harsh climate. In winter, the air temperature there can drop to critical values. And on the territory of such a cold country, not one species of domestic animals was bred, with innate resistance to adverse weather conditions.

To date, it is not known exactly in which year this layer was first bred, but according to the existing data, scientists were able to determine that this is one of the most ancient chickens, of all on earth.

It is also known that the Icelandic layer was obtained from local European chickens, which according to available information, the ancient Vikings brought to the country. This species belongs to the category of universal chickens with meat and egg productivity.

External characteristics

The hen is not only useful in the household, but can also serve as a decoration for the farmstead. Thanks to its attractive, unusual appearance, Icelandic layers can be recognized at a glance. Below we consider the main external features that recognize the variety.

The first feature of chickens is that they can be painted in various shades. There are white landraces, black, blue, red, variegated, Colombian, fawn.

Any inaccuracies in the color of feathers are not considered a deviation from the standard, as there are many colors, and in each new generation of pups they are unique!

  • The body of males and hens is of medium size, with males it is more elongated, with a long neck, a broad back and a rounded tummy. Feathered ladies are slightly lower, and differ in rounded shapes. They have a broad back, rounded breast, pronounced tummy and sides.
  • Attention is also worthy and magnificent fur coats beauties. They have so dense and dense plumage that under it lies a powerful muscular relief of the hips and legs. Due to the rich feather cover, feathered Icelanders do not freeze even in the most severe frosts.
  • The head of the males and hens of medium size. It has a large toothed ridge — red in color, like the face and earrings. The ears are white, contrasted with the skin tone of the face.
  • The wings are very small, tightly pressed against the hull - practically not visible from afar. The paws are also thin, painted in the same shade of yellow as the beak. The bone is plus very thin, and the claws on the tips of the fingers are painted white.

And in addition to the overall picture of the appearance consider weight indicators. The average leader gains about 3-3.5 kg, and his feathered girlfriend - up to 2.5 kg.

In addition to its beautiful appearance, the Iceland Landrace breed of hens also surprises with its calm, friendly disposition. These layers are rather independent, but at the same time they are obedient to the owner, they are easily attached and respond to the call.

In the family is determined by the leader - the most important rooster, and he strictly keeps order, to take care of the feathered ladies - their well-being and safety. Therefore, farmers have no problems with the content related to their character.

There is another "highlight" in the species under consideration - it is incredibly active, and due to the rolling lifestyle, the body can produce more heat required for the implementation of thermoregulation processes during the cold season.

Puberty and egg production

For home maintenance, farmers from Iceland choose, in most cases, the species in question. After all, besides unpretentiousness, frost resistance and ease of care, these quills can also start laying early.

Birds reach sexual maturity at about 5-5.5 months of age. At this point, they have not yet reached their maximum weight, but continue to grow up to 10-12 months. The first testicles may be small, with fragile shells, or other signs of immaturity. But, gradually, egg-laying is normalized and winged workers will produce an egg in a dense brown shell, weighing about 60-65 grams.

During the year of its work, the Icelandic Landrace breed of chickens is capable of producing about 200-220 pieces, and sometimes even more. Icelanders can rush without interruption throughout the year, regardless of the season and weather conditions.

Hatching instinct

Icelanders are very lucky with this wedge. After all, she copes with her maternal tasks better than many others. Mothers have a well-developed incubation instinct, and during the season they can warm up two generations of babies with their heat.

In addition, fluffy hen coats allow you to simultaneously put more incubation material under them. In general, the breeding of these birds will not take the trouble - the testicles are fertilized well, if the pairs are formed correctly, and the offspring is characterized by good health.

Chickens Icelandic Landrace

The young generation of calves, as already mentioned above, is distinguished by good health, strong immunity and preservation of 98%. From the moment when the young are born, and during the first week, the weakest are eliminated. Although the Icelandic farmers say that sometimes it turns out to do without any loss.

The weight of calves at the time of birth is about 40 grams. But, they are rapidly gaining weight and developing. Very often, meat and egg chicks have a problem of slow fouling with an adult feather.

But even in this issue chicks have an advantage - they quickly become overgrown with feathers, and already from the second or third week they feel good in the fresh air, walking along with a quiver. Rules for care, feeding and maintenance for babies are standard.

Below we consider some recommendations that will help grow a strong and viable generation of young.

The smallest chicks are recommended to be kept in a warm box, preferably wooden, as this material allows you to keep warm longer. It is not recommended to overheat babies, as hypothermia can be dangerous.

That is, it is necessary to maintain the optimum air temperature, within 30 degrees (1-7 days), and then gradually reduce the heating intensity. Even if the temperature in the room for chicks is slightly lower, it is important that it is stable.

Up to ten days of age, crumbs are sensitive to sudden changes in temperature.

As for the feeding of young stock, boiled egg, small, crushed cereals and chopped greens are traditionally served up to 7-10 days. Later add cottage cheese, starter feed or home-made cereal mixes, made from ground cereals.

Greens, vegetables, other vitamins and minerals - are necessarily present in the feeders of chickens every day. Without supplying nutrients to growing organisms, it will not be possible to achieve proper development and growth.

And of course, you should take care of the health of the young and support their developing organisms with useful additives, timely vaccination, as well as compliance with hygienic requirements.

What to feed an adult family?

The indigenous people of Iceland are not particularly worried about the feeding of their winged wards. Few of the local farmers do nutrient calculations based on tables that provide feed rates.

As a rule, their homemade tongues are contained in cereal mixtures, and in addition they feed on pasture feed. But, with such an approach to the issue of feeding cruise workers, it will not be possible to unleash their full productive potential.

Yes, the Icelandic Landrace breed of chickens is not capricious, does not go through food, does not hesitate to any feed and can eat absolutely everything. Therefore, it is possible to successfully contain an adult family on homemade food - wet mash potatoes, which include cereals, vegetables, oilcake, meat and fish broths, as well as greens and vegetables.

Birds are happy to eat such porridge, and their nutritional value enables them to be carried almost every day. Among cereals, wheat, corn, rye, barley, and millet are considered to be the most useful for Icelandic hens.

During the period of active masonry, you need to double the rate of minerals - chalk, crushed seashells or dry complex mixtures. And of course, there should be enough greenery on the walk so that active birds can refresh themselves while walking.

Maintenance and care

There are many recommendations for the content of poultry. Farmers come up with new tricks to provide comfort for their wards, trying to organize everything so that it is convenient, safe and at the same time profitable.

And the Icelandic Landrace breed of chickens in this regard is considered an exceptional breed! In whatever conditions feathered laborers find themselves, they will be able to remain healthy, contented, productive and active.

Of course, in order to receive testicles throughout the year, it is better to prepare suitable conditions for the family of birds for the winter in advance. Warming poultry houses, deep bedding and the installation of low perches - all this will contribute to favorable wintering, as well as provide an opportunity to get a good "harvest" of eggs in the frosts.

The frost resistance of the bird has glorified it in cold regions. Icelandic Landrace breed of chickens is able to withstand extremely low temperatures, as well as to tolerate cold and penetrating winds without any harm, which makes it possible to keep birds in the coldest regions of Russia.

In the middle lane, the teeth feel no worse than in their homeland, but in the summer heat they may become less active due to overheating.

Shedding and break masonry

Seasonal shedding is necessary to renew the feather cover and prepare for the coming cold weather. Lush fur coats grow very quickly, but for this, the body of quills needs more nutrients.

For this reason, it is worthwhile to enrich their menu with fats, proteins, and a complex of minerals and vitamins. This is the only time when the hens stop laying eggs and take a breather. The maximum period of break in the laying - 2 months. This time is enough for the beauties to recover and begin to work productively again.

Advantages and disadvantages

More than once it was mentioned about the main advantage of landraces - they are cold-resistant, and in this matter they have no equal! In addition, they are well carried, and their carcasses have excellent taste of meat.

Good health, good character and the ability to independently produce viable offspring also make them attractive for breeding in the household. It can be said that the laying hen has practically no disadvantage, except for the fact that it is quite rare in our latitudes.

That, in principle, is all that can be said about the northern layers. Вы можете помочь своим друзьям и единомышленникам познакомиться с этой квочкой поближе – поделитесь прочитанным материалом про Исландский Ландрас порода кур в социальных сетях!

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Domenik Dec 14, 2017

Niznayu. For me, "a unique frost-resistant breed" and - a large leaf-shaped comb, a very controversial thing. Whatever skin is covered there. Hm Naked face there, with what absolutely, big hanging earrings.

And in general, a strange breed. Rather her description.

lapushkavera Dec 14th, 2017

And for me as a description as a description. I looked through other descriptions on the Internet (there are a lot of characteristics, photos and videos with this bird).

Here is another description:

All who have written about this bird are in solidarity with one thing: the climate conditions of a number of countries in the northern hemisphere pose a very difficult task for breeding scientists to breed unpretentious and cold-resistant breeds of domestic animals, which in addition would be distinguished by good productivity. If we add to this the regular reports about the gradual cooling of the Gulf Stream and the fears of scientists about global climate change, it will become clear that the problem of breeding frost-resistant rocks is not at all far-fetched.

Iceland has a rather harsh climate: the average annual temperature on the island is +4 degrees, while July and August are the warmest months when the temperature in the southwestern part of the island reaches +20. But even this is not remarkable: the Icelandic weather is characterized by sudden changeability and sometimes it can change even within one day (which, by the way, is reflected in local folklore). And, as you know, any sudden change in the weather has a negative effect on chickens in terms of reducing, or even completely stopping the egg production for some time.

However, even here agriculture is developing, which employs 7.8% of the population (about 23 thousand people). And Icelandic agriculture has quite remarkable achievements, among which are the creation of a breed of hens Iceland landras.

Her story is lost in the depths of the ages. Historians put forward the version according to which the breed was formed from surviving and adapting to the extreme natural conditions of continental chickens introduced to the island by the Vikings. True or not, it is difficult to say, but most breeders unanimously consider this breed to be one of the oldest existing European breeds of chickens. Icelandic farmers are still breeding it and are not going to give up this species for a number of good reasons:

  1. the presence of very thick plumage, covering almost the whole body (except the front of the head) and helping the birds to survive in the Icelandic climate.
  2. varied color palette of colors: from snow white to black.
  3. a large, proudly protruding comb with six to seven well-defined teeth, having a rough skin that protects it from frostbite.
  4. excellent maternal instincts.
  5. almost one hundred percent (95-97%) survival rate of young stock - mainly due to the fact that it starts to fledge from the very first days.
  6. activity. Even while on the street, they are always in motion, flapping their wings, which allows them to receive additional heat.
  7. average chicken weight is 2.5 kg., rooster weight is 3 kg.
  8. egg production - up to two hundred eggs a year weighing 55-60 grams, and the chickens have two unique abilities: to rush even with strong cold and lay eggs until old age. From myself I will add: I will observe, make sure and will draw conclusions. Several dozens of different breeds passed through my compound; personally, they didn’t evoke the admiring emotions that their current owners claim (there are no comrades to taste or color). But about these rocks I can write, talk. Otherwise, it's just chatter.

Domenik 15 Dec 2017

In fact, the leaf-like crest of one breed is the leaf-like crest of another breed. I will give an example from my own experience, I have one half of a barn cold, in winter there were reserve roosters. So the first to catch the ridges from velzumerov and maranov, and goloshei, Leningrad and Soussex - pofik brooms. And all the combs were smeared with goose fat!
It may still depend on the physiology and metabolic characteristics, from whom it is fast and the blood circulates, and it will not freeze. By the way, this is written in the description of this breed. I suppose it became interesting. So do not be skeptical. In general, each breed is bred under its territory and it will never be revealed in another country as in its homeland.


I agree completely. And I noticed that the same "sheet" in many breeds of chickens froze over in different ways. This is especially evident when the reserve roosters are kept together and "smeared" in the same way. Some have red and scarlet until spring, while others have frost-coated tips. Ugly, and can rot.

But agree with me. I went through the logic and information about other breeds. Even if we take our, domestic, which is attributed to "persistent" characteristics when living in cold lands.

Orlovtsy. Powerful, high-legged birds, with a small crest, practically without earrings, dense plumage, beard and tanks cover the face of the bird. There Galan.

Take the Pavlovsky Siberian Mountain Foot, the smaller ones, but the characteristics are identical.

There are young breeds that were developed specifically for the northern regions, but I will not name them in vain. Breeders and there certain signs fixed.

Okay. Again got involved.

I have nothing against these Landraces. Do you understand? I, as a poultry farmer, are also interested. And if you tell about them after a while, that's fine too. And further. Pictures would be.

And about the "smiled" did not understand, Vera Grigoryevna. It seems everything is clear there. And to you as well. . Not always, rare, elite blood chickens, can be popular, and hence sold in bulk and in bulk. This is only a favorite current amuse.

Icelandic Landrace: description of the breed, features of its cultivation and maintenance, analogues

Iceland is a unique country, which is located in close proximity to the North Pole. Because of this, the island has developed a particularly harsh climate, hindering the normal development of agriculture. Despite this, the locals were able to bring a unique frost-resistant breed of chickens - Iceland Landrace.

Historians believe that the Icelandic Landrace was bred from aboriginal European chickens brought by the Vikings. Many heat-loving birds died in the harsh climate of Iceland, so the conquerors brought other domestic chickens.

Gradually, the island formed a population of chickens who were able to adapt to the harsh conditions of detention. It was they who later became the Islanian Landraces.

Farmers of Iceland are still breeding this breed. According to the breeders, Icelandic Landraces are among the oldest existing breeds of domestic chickens.

Landrace pig breed: characteristics and order of keeping!

The landraces selected in Denmark are the first breed of a typical bacon-type constitution. Both domestic and Western breeders choose it for its excellent quality meat with a thin layer of fat. The best bacon pork that Americans so adore is made from landraces.

Landrace - breed of pigs

Before acquiring the current characteristics of the breed has passed a long way of selection. Its “sources” are the large white and Danish pig breeds.

In the process of breeding landraces, breeders experimented with hybrids for a long time, focusing primarily on such indicators as mass and earliness.

Currently, the breeding area of ​​the breed is extensive - from Russia and Ukraine to Australia and New Zealand.

Landrace - breed of pigs

Tribal characteristics

The appearance of landraces does not allow to confuse them with other breeds. The torpedo-shaped, markedly elongated body is combined with the average size of the head. The ears of the pigs are large, wide and hang down over the eyes, almost closing them. Dense fleshy neck goes into a narrow chest.

The attention is attracted by the gamblers of the Landrace - they are wide, strong, their relief stands out against the background of the body. The skin of these pigs is a traditional pale pink color with a rare whitish bristle. In healthy fattened individuals, the belly hangs no more than 30 cm from the ground.

The legs of the pigs are straight, not very long, but this does not prevent them from moving rather briskly.

Landrace breed sow feeds piglets

The main characteristics of the breed:

  • average weight: 300 kg (boars), 250 kg (sows),
  • chest girth: 185-190 cm (boars), 148-150 (sows),
  • fertility - 10-11 piglets from one sow,
  • weight gain per day - 700-710 g,
  • feed costs per 1 kg of growth - 3.97 feed units

Landraces, like most bacon breeds, are distinguished by high precocity. The weight of piglets at 2 months (often from this age, youngsters are purchased for breeding) is 17-22 kg. The piglets step over a living weight of 100 kg on the 180th day of life.

The photo breed pigs "Landrace"

Breeds of pigs - comparison

Pros and cons of breed

Landrace will be profitable only if you adhere to basic breeding standards.

The disadvantages of landraces are:

  • loss of weight gain, and in some cases a drop in livestock due to changes in housing conditions or rations,
  • stress susceptibility (changes in climate, relocation from a spacious pen to a smaller one, etc.) may affect the health of individuals,
  • the dependence of the quality of the main products (bacon) on the composition of the feed mixtures.

Pigs of breed of pigs Landras

In this regard, the breeding of landraces on an industrial scale is advisable only if it is provided with good nutrition and regular care. If you follow the rules of the content, the impact of negative qualities of the breed is minimized. Landraces have much more advantages, this is the reason for the popularity of the breed both in small farms and in various agricultural holdings:

  • quick weight gain
  • high fertility of sows,
  • high nutritional and taste value of meat,
  • moderate feed intake,
  • lively temperament (individuals get along well with each other, do not bite each other, are friendly to the breeders).

Breeding pigs on the farm

The rapid growth in young animals is due to the peculiarity of landrace metabolism - accelerated protein synthesis. Fat piggy accumulate little, and therefore they make the perfect bacon.

Inference history

On lands where the climate does not please with warm days, in a country close to the North Pole, a breed of chickens was raised that is able to survive in low temperatures, changeable weather, and strong gusts of cold wind. Scientists involved in the selection of birds, argue that the Iceland Landrace is one of the oldest breeds of poultry of the surviving. It is believed that this variety of chickens bred spontaneously. In the distant past, returning from hikes, the Vikings brought poultry from European countries, who, unable to endure the harsh climate, died, and the conquerors brought more and more. Many birds died, but some individuals were able to settle down in difficult conditions, and so the Iceland Landrace breed appeared. Farmers in Iceland cherish this breed and are happy to breed it.

Appearance and physique

Landraces have an average build: the weight of a chicken reaches 2.5 kg, and the weight of a rooster is 3 kg. The plumage of a bird can be of a completely different color. Landrace's cock has a small head, a large, erect comb, having 6-7 teeth with pronounced cuts. The skin on the ridge is rough, it is not prone to frostbite. Large earrings have an elongated shape with a rounded end. Beak - elongated with a rounded end, light yellow color.

Landrace has a friendly and calm disposition. They quickly get used to their surroundings, the owners, and the roosters pay more attention to the person than the chicken. The most important thing in the pack is the rooster. He is responsible for the order and security in his family, watching his ladies, taking care of them.

Puberty and egg production

Sexual maturity in the female comes at the age of five months, but she has not yet gained maximum weight, as she continues to grow up to a year. The first testicles that the hen blows are small, with a fragile shell, but over time, egg-laying normalizes.

The laying hens lay up to 220 eggs throughout the year, the egg production of the bird is preserved until old age. The weight of one egg is 55-65 grams, the largest specimens are selected for hatching. With a balanced diet, the icelanders rush without interruption throughout the year, regardless of the weather conditions and the season.

Adult flock

In the diet of poultry, in addition to cereal mixtures, such products as greens, carrots, fish oil, meat or fish broth, oil cake must be included.

The feeding and housing of Landrace chicks is no different from other species. Before the chicks reach ten days of age, they are given boiled egg yolks with crushed cereals and greens, later home ground grain mixes, cottage cheese. Vegetables, herbs, fish oil, vitamins and minerals - the guarantee of health and proper development of chicks. They must be present in the diet every day. In addition, timely vaccination and hygiene in the poultry house are necessary to maintain poultry health.

What else to take care

The variety of chickens in question is kept in a regular chicken coop with a large territory for walking. It is necessary to warm the bird house, equip it with deep bedding and small roosts in height. Small superstructures should be installed in the poultry yard, as the bird likes to take off on buildings very much.

Landrace needs space: the birds love to run and flap their wings quickly, warming themselves in this way. Grain feed is one of the components of bird nutrition. Seeds, plants and their sprouts, insects contain the necessary supply of trace elements and vitamins.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages of representatives of the breed are many, these include:

  • friendly and good-natured character,
  • good health,
  • strong maternal instincts,
  • high egg production
  • delicious eggs
  • excellent taste of meat.

The disadvantages of the breed include:

  • relatively small population
  • Representatives do not tolerate a hot southern climate.

Thanks to the Icelandic poultry farmers in the world there is one of the frost-resistant breeds of chickens. They appreciated the quality of this bird in the countries of Northern Europe and some cold regions of Russia.

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