A plant that looks decorative all year round! On an adult bush, berries ripen at the same time, flowers bloom and buds form. Differs in fast growth, unpretentiousness, simplicity of reproduction, it is used as a medicinal and spicy plant. Even an inexperienced beginner florist will be able to take care of Murray at home. All the important information and useful tips are collected in this article.
Description, appearance, features
Belong to the family rutovyh. Grows as a small tree or evergreen shrub. It looks like citrus fruit, the smell is similar to jasmine. For this reason, the plant is often called orange jasmine.
In the wild form is found in China, India, on the islands of Sumatra and Java. Settles on the edges of tropical forests. It grows well on the slopes. Height in nature - 2-4 meters. As a houseplant, Murray usually does not exceed one meter.
Blooms profusely, white flowers, combined in lush hats. Exudes a delicate jasmine scent. Fruit - small berries. Ripe berries are edible, like hawthorn, red. Fruit ripening lasts from one and a half to 3 months.
Murrayya is found in apartments infrequently, but is already beginning to gain popularity. High decorativeness combined with ease of care. The plant is plastic - experienced flower growers often form it in the style of bonsai.
So far, only two types of Murray are available. Both species are worthy of close attention.
- Murray Koenig. Leafs pinnate, elongated, lanceolate. The edges are crenate, pointed at the end. Inflorescences - many-flowered scutes. Coloring flowers - cream. Ripe berries - almost black. Often called the curry tree.
- Murray's paniculata. Evergreen middle shrub. Leaves are pinnate. Leathery leaves, characterized by another location. Oval shape with a narrowing at the tip. Flowers with a diameter of up to one and a half centimeters are collected in scabulous inflorescences. The color is white, the aroma is pleasant. Another name is Murray Panic.
It is considered unpretentious, but in practice the creation of favorable conditions greatly increases the decorativeness of the plant.
- Lighting. Prefers bright lighting, but is afraid of the sun. On the leaves easily appear sunburn. On the south side put only in winter. The rest of the time, preference is given to the western or eastern location. The lack of light, short duration of daylight is compensated by artificial lighting.
- Temperature. Heat does not tolerate, we need moderate temperatures of 20-25 ° C, not higher. In winter, 17-19 ° C is enough. Overheating can not stand. If possible, in the summer it is better to take to the street. The place is chosen protected from the sun and precipitation. Natural daily temperature variations have a beneficial effect on the condition of the plant. Short-term cooling to 0 ° C does not harm.
- Humidity. It adapts to dry air, but grows more actively in high humidity. Periodic spraying is beneficial.
- Watering. Lack of moisture tolerates easier than damp. Water moderately, monitor the soil moisture, provide for drainage.
- Feeding. Use special tools for citrus crops. Feed up from February to mid-autumn. Regimen - regularly, twice a month.
- The soil. Requirements - friability and low fertility. The soil for Murray make up peat, hardwood and sand. The proportions are equal.
- Transfer. Preference is given to the transshipment method. Too loose pots do not use. The frequency of transplantation - annually, with rapid growth - twice a year. The roots of the old soil is not cleaned, not straighten. The root neck during transplantation is not deepened. The shape of the pot is narrow and tall. Drainage is required!
What if the murray is not blooming?
Flowering problems are rare. If you bought a fairly large plant, and within a year it did not bloom from you - you caught a Dutch Murray. The first years of her life she spends all her strength on growth. It blooms only in a few years. Be patient and take better care of the plant. Dwarf species bloom early - in the second year of life. Sometimes the lack of flowering can be associated with a lack of light or too close a pot.
It is practiced as a vegetative and seed method of reproduction. A rare case when growing from seeds is easier rooting cuttings.
- Growing from seed. At home, murray from seed grows quickly, young seedlings sometimes bloom at 3-4 months of age. The only difficulty - the seeds quickly lose their germination. It is better not to buy them from the store, but from the hands of flower growers. It makes sense to search the forums and flower auctions for fresh berries to get seeds. If you already have a fructifying Muraya - the task is simplified. Sow in any light soil. You can use peat tablets. The temperature is maintained at 24-28 ° C. Seedlings appear in 3-4 weeks. Sampling and further handling as it grows.
- Cuttings. Reproduction Murray cuttings a little more difficult. On the cuttings cut half-shoots. Substrate - sand, peat, or their mixture. Use bottom heating. It does not hurt the treatment of the base of the cutting roaster. Roots are formed in 2-3 weeks, sometimes a little longer.