Gardeners are constantly in a state of search for new ideas and not previously discovered plants capable of decorating flower beds and flower beds. Growing up already tested and beloved flowers, all the time I want to plant something new. And if you are not familiar with such a wonderful flower as cineraria, be sure to pay attention to it. This beautiful representative of the flora is able to make a real masterpiece of horticultural art out of your flower bed.
This plant is originally from tropical Africa. It can be bred not only as a horticultural culture, but also as a indoor flower. In open ground, cineraria is grown as an annual crop. The most popular species include the following:
- cineraria "bloody",
- silver cineraria ("seaside"),
- hybrid cineraria,
- Cineraria "refined".
All types of this plant, except for the silver cineraria, bloom very beautifully. Therefore, this flower is widely used for decoration of flower beds, garden paths and front gardens. In addition, the plant is very compact: it reaches a height of only fifty centimeters, because it is used as a curb. It is very convenient to grow cineraria in containers, put them on flowerbeds for the summer period, and bring them to a warm place with the arrival of cold weather. Thus, you save yourself from the annual disembarkation of seedlings. The plant looks very beautiful not only in indoor pots, but also in bouquets. In addition, cineraria cut flowers stand for a long time in the water and do not wilt.
Planting and caring for this plant does not require special wisdom. Tsinerariya "silver" blooms, but these flowers are very inconspicuous. This plant is very much appreciated due to extremely beautiful ash-silver leaves. Because of this amazing color of the stems, it is widely used to compose landscape compositions. Most often, cineraria "silver" is planted to highlight the beauty of other, more vivid colors, such as cannes, sage "silver", pelargonium, etc.
Cineraria: landing and care
Despite the fact that the flower is unpretentious in cultivation, some nuances are worth paying attention to. The basic requirement is suitable soil. It should be mild, slightly alkaline or neutral. Cineraria "silver" feels better in well-lit areas, but other species prefer penumbra or diffused light.
If you decide to grow such a wonderful flower as cineraria (planting and grooming are not difficult), pay attention to watering. The plant is demanding of moisture, but does not tolerate waterlogged soils. Watering cineraria should be daily, but in very moderate quantities. Consider that the ground should always be slightly damp. Even during flowering, the plant should be fed mineral fertilizers. So, the bushes will be lush, and the flowers will delight you with their abundance. There are no more intricacies. It should be noted that the plant is thermophilic, and only cineraria “bloody” can withstand frost down to minus two degrees Celsius.
Diseases and pests
The plant is sufficiently resistant to various diseases and pests, so that this particular trouble will not arise. The only thing is, if there are plants infected with late blight next to it, then this attack may spread to cineraria. Treat infected bushes should be the same drugs (fungicides) as tomatoes. Also, the affected leaves should be removed. If the whole shrub is infected, then, unfortunately, it must be completely cut off so that the disease does not go to other flowers. Speaking of pests, cineraria is most susceptible to aphids. For the destruction of insects using a 0.1% solution of the "Pirimor". Despite some unpleasant surprises, you should not abandon the cultivation of such plants as cineraria. Landing and care will not take much power.
Gardeners and owners of personal plots will be interested in the issue of plant reproduction. Planting cineraria produced by sowing seeds, cuttings or dividing the bush. If we talk about grafting, it should be noted that in this way only cineraria is silvered. All other species are poorly grafted.
Any species can be propagated by dividing the uterine bush. But the safest thing to sow is cineraria from seeds will give the best result. This has already been tested empirically by many gardeners.
Cineraria sowing is best done in April. To do this, prepare the containers with heated soil. Then carefully sow the seeds, sprinkle them with a thin layer of earth. It is possible to put glass on top, so the seeds will warm up better and, accordingly, will ascend earlier. After the plant has two true leaves, the seedlings should be dived and transplanted into separate containers. In late May - early June, young seedlings should be planted in open ground. Flowering occurs 80-90 days after sowing the seeds.
When planting flowers it is necessary to maintain an interval between seedlings of 45-60 centimeters. In the first weeks, you should carefully monitor the soil moisture, not allowing the soil to dry out. Another point: the soil before planting must be carefully prepared. To do this, prepare a mixture of sand, peat and humus. If there is no desire to germinate a flower in advance, you can sow the seeds directly into the ground. This is best done in mid-May, but note that the plant germinates long enough. And bloom can move back a month and a half.
The use of cineraria in medicine
Besides the fact that this plant is very beautiful, it is also used as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of many eye diseases. So, it helps a lot with corneal clouding and cataracts. For this, it is necessary to bury 4-5 drops of cineraria in each eye for several months. The plant helps well in traumatic lesions of the organs of vision.
Each gardener must grow a plant such as cineraria in his plot. Planting and caring for them are not so complicated, and beautiful flowers will delight you all summer.
- hybrid cineraria, it is bloody cineraria,
- seaside cineraria, it’s also a seaside baptismal or silver cineraria,
- Cineraria is elegant.
For growing indoors, cineraria hybrid is most suitable; seaside cineraria is grown outdoors as an annual and ornamental leafy plant. Elegant Cineraria blooms in flower beds until frost.
Unites such dissimilar plants, height from 30 to 90 cm, a strongly branching stem, large petioled leaves, scabulous inflorescences of simple or terry crowns, painted in red, white, yellow or purple. Very often, the petals are painted in two colors.
At home, in warm countries, cineraria are perennials growing from 15 to 60 cm. With a long frost-free period, these plants have time to bloom and give seeds in the first year of their life. In our climate, growing outdoors, cineraria silver or graceful do not have time to leave the seeds - early frosts ruin the bushes.
Cineraria grown through seedlings have time to bloom and flower beds to beautify with their flowers. In the southern regions, it is possible to preserve decorative foliage bushes, if you prune them immediately after frost and cover them for the winter with dry foliage.
Cineraria, seaside or silver
Cineraria Maritime (cineraria maritima) is a typical representative of the Compositae family. Among landscape designers and flower growers known as the groundsel, cineraria sea, silver dust. The unusual shape and color of the leaves makes the plant popular in the creation of flower beds, flower beds, alpine slides, rocky gardens and scree. If you put cut branches in a vase before the frost, you will get interesting dried flowers.
Groundsel is a plant with carved leaves, covered with silver patina, whence one of the names. Most often, the plant does not grow above 30cm.
A little known fact - cineraria has medicinal properties. Traditional medicine uses this plant in the treatment of intestinal diseases and bronchial asthma.
Used as an ornamental plant with beautiful leaves, annual, less often biennial. When creating garden compositions used as a background for greenery or bright colors.
- Silver Dust - low grassy shrub with carved leaves,
- Cirrus - more voluminous and tall plants with rounded toothed leaves.
Cineraria is elegant
Elegant Cineraria (Senecio elegans). This plant is characterized by a strongly branched stem that grows up to 90 cm. There is pubescence on the branches and on the leaves - sticky hairs. Flowers are simple, and can be terry, gathered in inflorescence - shield. Flowering in the open air continues until frost. Natural colors - red, pink, white, burgundy, yellow or orange - dominate in coloring. There are varieties with more exotic colors - turquoise, azure, purple or blue. Before frosts start, the buds on the plants are formed continuously.
The most famous and common varieties:
- Ligulosus - a plant with double flowers of various colors
- Nanus - miniature, up to 25 cm tall plants.
In conditions of free growth shoots can grow to almost a meter height. But the plant acquires a more decorative appearance when regularly carrying out a formative pruning of up to 0.5 m. In this case, a huge number of flowers appear on each elegant cineraria.
These caps of flowers frame laureate leaves on pronounced cuttings of feathery, oval or carved forms.
For the full growth of cineraria graceful, you need a sunny place with loose soil containing organic matter in its composition. The soil acidity is optimally neutral or slightly alkaline. Only this type of cineraria can grow in the open air without seedlings.
As soon as the soil is ready for sowing - it dries out and warms slightly, the seeds can be sown immediately in open ground. You can increase the germination by covering the crops with film. The distance between shoots leave 15-20 cm.
Extend the flowering time of plants, in a timely manner removing wilted inflorescences.
How to calculate the time of sowing seeds to get flowering by a certain date?
Flowering cineraria buds form two or two and a half months after germination. At a permanent place seedlings need to land at the age of 50-60 days. During this time, each sprout is recommended to be transplanted into larger pots.
To grow seedlings for open ground begin in late February - early March.
In the southern regions, where the warm period lasts longer, the seeds of cineraria can be sown immediately in open ground, but under film cover, and then transplanted seedlings obtained on the plot.
When seedlings are needed for growing in indoor conditions and receiving flowers in winter, the seeds to sow begin in the middle of summer. After two months, pretty bushes grow from the seeds, prepared for long-term flowering. Get numerous flower stalks in the winter in the conditions of the living room can only be subject to additional lighting. Each day of light will need to be extended by 3-4 hours in the evening.
Sowing seeds of cineraria
No special seed treatment is required. Before sowing, seeds can be treated with means that stimulate seed germination, such as Appin, Energen or HB.
The seedlings begin to sow them in April. You can sow in the crates, and you can immediately in the greenhouse. Suitable for sowing mixed in equal quantities and sifted leaf earth, humus and sand. Polyethylene or glass, creating a greenhouse effect, will accelerate the germination of seeds.
- Seeds germinate exclusively in the light.
- Shoots sprinkled with spray or drip method.
- With the end of the frost seedlings are planted in a permanent place.
When a pair of true leaves appear, the seedlings are seated in separate pots and kept for several days at a low positive temperature. Lowering the temperature contributes to budding. When performing a transplant, they try to preserve the root system of the seedling as much as possible by digging it out with a lump of earth. This will allow him to quickly take root in a new place.
For the first time, the seedlings are transplanted into small containers, about 100g. Such a volume will allow the root system to develop evenly, optimizing the growth of the seedling. Twenty days later, the seedlings are transplanted again. At this time for planting will need a capacity of 250 ml.
The next transplant is already in open ground.
During the cultivation of seedlings it is fed 4 times. The best result gives the alternation of mineral and organic fertilizers.
- The first time transplanted seedlings fertilize after 10 days.
- Next week.
- Then the transplant is made and again we wait 10 days before fertilization, and then another week.
- Two weeks after the last feeding, seedlings can be planted in open ground.
When planted in open ground
Cineraria to a permanent place in the open ground planted when the frosts end. With short-term lowering of temperatures up to +5 degrees, temporary shelter with non-woven material is required.
At the planned landing site, a dimple of about 20 cm is prepared. The distance between the holes is about 25 cm. An organic or complex mineral fertilizer is laid in the hole, mixed with the soil, and seedlings are placed in this mixture from the cup. If possible, planting is covered with non-woven covering material, creating a greenhouse.
The place for planting cineraria at the site is chosen sunny, with neutral or slightly acidic soil loose in its structure.
In open ground, cineraria is grown as an annual, less frequently as a biennial. In order for the plant to survive the following year, it is necessary to warm the plantings in the flower garden.
First, pruned shoots 15 cm from the ground, and then cover them with dry leaves, straw or a covering material. It is better to create a shelter two weeks before the establishment of a permanent snow cover. In the spring, after the snow melts, the shelter is removed, fertilizers are applied and the soil is loosened.
A very important element of care is watering. Need to find the right dose. With excessive watering planting can rot, with a lack of moisture the plants dry out. Watering is necessary at the root, eliminating the ingress of water droplets on the leaves.
Ground ashy: varieties and varieties
Often, the ground ashes is cultivated as an annual. Planting and caring for the plant is carried out as usual without any requirements. Received widespread in Europe. His homeland is the Mediterranean.
The variety of cineraria has about 50 varieties. Initially, the flower grew on the African continent and the island of Madagascar, and gradually moved to our latitudes. It is not surprising, because this beautiful plant survives well and multiplies.
Jacobi Primorye: Perennial Breeding
Propagation of the ashberry ground soldier is carried out in several ways: sowing seeds, dividing a bush and grafting. All of them are tested and give a positive result. But experienced gardeners use only some of them.
- they are carefully cut with a sharp knife
- placed in a moist soil and create a "greenhouse effect", covering the plant with polyethylene,
- after 2.5 weeks, roots will appear, which means that the rooting process was successful.
- the cuttings are ready for planting in the flowerbed.
Fertilizer and feeding of the ashes godchild
Jacobi seaside loves rich and nourishing soil. Therefore, do not forget about periodic plant feeding. In spring and summer, fertilize the flower twice a month with liquid fertilizer for indoor plants. Thanks cineraria will not take long. The plant will bloom at a heightened pace for a long time.
Cineraria silver: diseases and pests
Jacobi seaside at times becomes a tasty target for pests: it is attacked by aphids and spider mites. Whitefly can also be found on the leaves of this plant. In the fight against insects will help modern chemicals.
Certain infections can also be a nuisance for cineraria silver in room conditions: late blight and mycosis. You can avoid them by frequent airing the room.
Combinations with other plants and the role in landscape design
Cineraria silver is used as a background for other plants. She emphasizes their uniqueness and bright colorful colors. Interesting compositions are obtained with plants that have cool or bright shades (blue, violet, etc.). These include: petunia, phlox and lobelia.
Ashes are used most often for decoration of flowerbeds. Moreover, planting is carried out at its edges, and in the middle is dominated by flowers with different shades.
Cineraria: growing from seed
It is possible to grow a room flower from seeds. Their sow in several ways. Любой из них даст высокий процент всхожести, так как семена цинерарии серебристой очень выносливы.
- Первый вид посева требует сажать сеянцы в увлажнённый субстрат. Также стоит помнить, что семена в почву не вдавливают. Получение всходов проходит в накрытой плёнкой ёмкости.
- The second type is similar to the previous one, but the planting is carried out in a wet substrate and the seeds are sprinkled with sand. The container should be covered with a transparent film.
- The third type of growing seedlings occurs by planting seeds on the surface of the substrate and covering them with thin moistened paper. In this case, seed germination stimulates a layer of paper, which the shoots easily break through during germination.
Any method of growing cineraria room brings good results. It is worth remembering that no matter what method is chosen, always the capacity covered with foil or glass, in order to create greenhouse conditions.
The most successful time for sowing seedlings is the beginning of April. Despite the small size of the seeds, they are quite convenient to plant and place in the right order.
After choosing the most convenient way to grow seedlings, prepare the tank for planting and substrate. The most suitable will be light, neutral soil, which must be compacted before planting. When selecting capacity, it should be remembered that seedlings will be transplanted in the future. Therefore, a wide tank is perfect.
Cover with seeds must be covered, as described earlier. Then the greenhouse is placed on a well-lit place, for example, a window sill. Comfortable temperature for seed germination is not below twenty degrees.
After acquiring the first leaflets by sprouts, you can transplant them into individual containers. Into the open land planting of seedlings is carried out after establishing positive temperatures. By this time, the seedlings are already strong enough.
Silver cineraria is usually planted at a distance of twenty centimeters from each other. Between the rows of plants usually leave about twenty-five centimeters. However, if you wish to obtain a "carpet" of these colors, the interval is noticeably reduced.
It is also possible to grow cineraria by sowing seeds immediately into open soil. Typically, this type of sowing is used in the absence of the possibility of preparing seedlings in advance. This is best done in mid-May. However, it is worth remembering that the seeds will germinate longer and flowering will also begin later.
Care of seedlings in open soil
The cineraria maritime flower is sufficiently resistant to gentle frosts, but in order to avoid negative results, it is better to cover the seedlings planted in the open ground with insulating material. In the future, the cultivation and care of this plant implies the observance of the simplest rules - weed and water.
Although cineraria is also resistant to drought, it is better to water regularly, in small quantities daily. You should constantly ensure that the soil is constantly slightly wet, but there is no stagnant water.
Feed cineraria best during its flowering. When mineral fertilizers are applied at this time, the cultivation of these plants will bring good results.
It is worth remembering that it is Cineraria Silver that likes places with lots of sunshine. The remaining representatives of this culture prefer penumbra, or diffused light. If, when caring for a plant, you follow all the rules for growing a flower, you can grow a beautiful, healthy plant.
Types of cineraria
In addition to silver cineraria, There are many other types:
- Cineraria is bloody. This plant was first discovered in the Canary Islands, which are considered their homeland. The plant is annual, has oval light green leaves. Because of the similar type of flowers, this plant is often mistaken for a daisy.
- Cineraria is seaside. This is one of the most popular species, as it is good for decorative purposes and as a plant for a border. Brought this plant from the Mediterranean areas. And although it is a perennial flower, in Primorye it is used as an annual. Seaside climate is very suitable flower.
- Cineraria is elegant. This type of cineraria is more “wild”. Brought from the South African regions. Grown as one-year. Blooms throughout the summer. Flowering is not as lush as in previous species, but this plant is much less whimsical.
With the observance of simple rules for cultivation and care, seaside cineraria starts blooming 80–90 days after planting seeds.
Types and varieties of cineraria
Seaside cineraria there are also names sea, silver or silvery. The decorative and deciduous plant forming a bush from green foliage of a pronounced silvery shade.
There are several varieties that differ in the size of the bush or foliage shape:
Cineraria hybrid or bloody. A bushy look, valued primarily for flowers. It has a long foliage, well emphasizing flowers. Most other species are grown in indoor conditions.
Cineraria is elegant shoots of this species have a high degree of branching and reach a height of 50-60 cm. The flowers are collected in inflorescences-shields, can be both simple and terry. It blooms in the fall until the cold. It also has a dwarf variety 30 cm tall.
Cineraria seed growing
Often, flower growers who want to grow cineraria, acquire exactly seed material. And this is quite a justified step, because the seeds of this plant are highly germinating. Sowing is carried out in the middle of spring seedling method.
The seeds are spread onto the surface of sand mixed with peat in a one-to-one ratio, and pressed a little into the substrate. After that, the soil is sprayed with a spray and cover the pot with glass or film.
The sowing tank is kept under diffuse lighting, from time to time airing and spraying the soil.
Shoots appear within 7-10 days after sowing. When this happens, the glass is removed. With the formation of a pair of true leaves, the sprouts swoop into peat-shaped pots; transplantation should be carried out together with the earthy clod.
Cineraria planting and care in the open field
Young plants are planted in the open ground at the end of spring, when the threat of night frost is gone. For planting should choose a well-lit places, but it is desirable that the plants were protected from the midday sun. The soil must have drainage, have a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction, and also be nutritious.
Planting in open soil does not differ from that of other plants. The holes are placed approximately 20 cm one from one, the transplantation is carried out together with the earthy clod, which is why diving into peat pots was advised. After planting, the area is slightly crushed and irrigated.
Dahlias are also representatives of the Astrovye family; when planting and caring in the open field they need to follow several maintenance rules. Recommendations on growing and care can be found in this article.
Caring for cineraria requires almost no effort. As a rule, it has enough natural precipitation, besides, this plant tolerates drought normally.
If there is a lot of heat outside and it did not rain for a long time, then in the evening after sunset or in the morning, infrequent watering should be done, and after that (or after rain) to loosen the soil and get rid of weeds.
Fertilizer for cineraria
Once for 15 days should be applied in the form of complete fertilizer mineral fertilizer. Decorative flowering species during the development of buds fertilize once for 7 days, alternating organic matter and mineral supplements.
Flowers that begin to wither, immediately cut, so that the total period of flowering was longer. In species grown for decorative foliage, the buds are pruned as soon as they appear.
Since in our climatic zone this plant is cultivated as an annual, then with the end of flowering the bushes are destroyed and the site is dug up.
Cineraria in winter
Decorative leafy species, you can try to save, covering them for the winter with dry foliage. But this does not guarantee that the flower will survive - it all depends on the severity of winter.
In the spring, the shelter parts are removed and clipped. Also in the fall, plants can be dug and planted in pots, leaving the winter in a bright place with a cool temperature, and in spring in the shrubs to transplant into the garden again. In general, these are all wishes for the care of cineraria.
Cineraria reproduction cuttings
Seed propagation is the only way to get new plants for decorative flowering forms. Decorative leafy species can be propagated by vegetative cutting.
Cuttings 10 cm long cut in the summer. For their landing, you need to take a container with drainage holes, fill it with 10 cm of garden soil mixed with sand, and then another 5 cm with river sand of a large fraction. After that, the soil is spilled with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Cuttings are treated with a means to enhance rooting and stick their substrate, and then covered with a plastic bottle to create a greenhouse effect. Watering is carried out once a couple of days if the soil dries.
When the material takes root, it will be necessary every day for a couple of hours to begin removing the bottle so that the young plants adapt to the new conditions. Completely remove the bottle will be when you see fit, watching your plants, but it is preferable to do it on a gloomy day.
Planting cineraria in the garden will be possible only next year in spring, and in winter it should be kept in good light and cool temperatures.
Silver varieties and varieties cineraria
Silver Cineraria is otherwise called the seaside gooseberry, seaside cineraria, ashy or sea. The plant is about 25 cm tall on average; they love it for the unusual shape of the leaves and their velvety texture. There are several of the most popular varieties of seaside cineraria:
- Silver ship - grows up to 35 cm, erect stems, finely dissected leaves,
- Silverado - grows up to 20-35 cm, has a decorative cut of leaves of silver-white color,
- Silver dust - a small plant with a height of 15-20 cm, has thin lace leaves of bright silver color,
- Cirrus - low shrub (40-45 cm), has oval leaves, corrugated at the edges.
Most often you can find varieties of silver dust and cirrus.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
It was found out experimentally that the best way to grow silver cineraria – sow seeds for seedlings. Formed sprouts are planted in open ground. But you need to know how to sow silver cineraria, so that strong seedlings will sprout from it.
There are several ways to sow seeds in the soil:
- Sowing in wet soil. The seeds are not pressed into the ground, and its surface is covered with a film,
- Sowing in wet ground. Seeds are sprinkled on top of a layer of sand, the container is covered with a film,
- Seeds are sown on the surface of the soil, then covered with thin paper moistened with water.. When sprouting, the sprout can break through the thin paper, which, in turn, controls seed germination.
Seeds are conveniently planted in wide boxes, as it will be necessary to plant them. After already grown high-grade seedlings.
For seeding of marine cineraria, substrate should be taken. The soil should be neutral, light, and before planting it can be compacted. Slightly acidic soils are also suitable. The main requirement is that it be well drained, air- and water-permeable.Capacities with crops of cineraria are placed on the windowsill, where there will be as much light as possible. Sunlight is very important for this plant; it is under the sun that it becomes saturated white. But you should choose a diffused light - direct sunlight is harmful for sprouts.
Features care for cineraria in the open field
After planting plants in open ground, it requires special care. Therefore, it is important to know how to care for silver cineraria:
- disembarking is carried out only in warm weather,
- in order to avoid consequences, after disembarkation, it is better to cover the seedlings with insulating material,
- plentifully, but not often water the plant,
- weed the beds with the plant,
- make feeding.
Division bushesPropagation of cineraria silver division of the bushes is carried out before the flowering period. This method is used extremely rarely.
To divide the bush, you must carefully dig up the plant without damaging its root system. It is necessary to divide so that each new bush has good shaped roots. Sites division sprinkled with wood ash, allowed to dry out and planted in new places.
Perennial can also be propagated by cutting. This procedure takes place in August.
The plant cuts off all the green cuttings, the length of which exceeds 10 cm. In the fall (after 2-3 weeks) the cuttings take root, after which they are dug out and planted in boxes.
Cineraria is taken to winter in a warm room, otherwise the plant will not survive. In the spring, when the ground warms up, cineraria can be planted.
Possible cultivation problems, diseases and pests
If, when grown on cineraria, reddish brown spots appear, the plant suffers from heat and drought. If the top of the bush is not yet affected, it can be separated and rooted to form a new plant.
If the leaves have acquired a stunted appearance, it is most likely that the mold has grown to the roots. In this case, less need to water the plant.Main pests, which are found in cineraria, - aphid and spider mite. A sign of spider mites are abundant yellow dots on the leaves. On its back you can see small white lumps - this is the tick itself.
Because of the tick, cineraria can dry out and discard the leaves. Therefore, be sure to fight this parasite. A soap solution or any acaricide helps in this problem.
To combat aphids, cineraria silver can be sprayed with insecticide or nettle tincture. If the invasion is not abundant, the aphids can be collected manually.
In room conditions, cineraria may be affected by mycosis and late blight. To avoid these problems, the room should be aired more often.
Silver cineraria itself is very beautiful, and even in the fall, when other flowers have already bloomed, it continues to delight the eye with its unusual silver foliage. Considering how easy it is to maintain it, how easy it is to grow it, and how unusually beautiful it is, silver cineraria is a reasonable choice for curb and carpet plantings of flowers.