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Basic rules for the care and cultivation of chickens after an incubator

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In the first hours of life, after chicks hatch from eggs, it is important to know all about growing chickens after an incubator. After the little ones see the light, they must be immediately taken out of the incubator, and dried quickly. Chickens in the first hours of life are very weak and uncertain. Therefore, you will need to create all the conditions for their comfortable existence, because you have to replace them with a hen hen, which assumes all the responsibilities and responsibility for the adaptation of the “children” to the environment.

So, first transplant the chickens into the box, the height of the walls of which should be about 50-60 cm. At the bottom you need to lay paper or a soft, lint-free cloth so that the small legs do not get stuck in the threads.

Optimum heating for growing chickens

After hatching chicks in an incubator, it is important to create for them the correct and optimal temperature and light conditions. Heating and lighting should be done around the clock. For heating, you can use heating pad, incandescent lamp, or put the box near the battery. It is very important in the first days of life of chicks, to control the temperature in their box. It should not exceed 29 -30 degrees, but lower setting is not necessary. In order to provide babies with the right light, poultry farmers recommend using infrared lamps. Their light is soft and even. Watch the chicks: if they constantly pile up and are clamped in groups in the corner, then they are definitely cold. If they behave actively, run around the box a lot, then the temperature suits them completely.

After the chicks are getting stronger and older, you can slowly reduce the temperature to 26-27 degrees, this should be done about five days after hatching. Then every seven days you can still reduce it by three degrees. When the chicks are a month old, the optimum temperature for them will be 18 degrees.

When to start feeding hatched chickens?

To feed the chickens from the incubator in the first minutes of life do not rush. Nature had this moment provided. The chicken still has residual yolk, which means there will be enough energy for the first time. Feed the chickens need 10-16 hours after you get them out of the incubator. There is reliable information that the chicks who received food in this time interval show good productivity. Daily chickens, when they first begin to peck at something, start digestion in their bodies. A few years ago, poultry farmers believed that the best option for baby food is egg yolk. But now it has been proved that feeding of day-old chickens should not consist of such fat food. Judge for yourself, because the yolks are composed of fat, which can badly affect the gentle ventricle, and thus overload the digestive system. Therefore, it is believed that the best food for chicks will be corn grits. You can also find out how to feed chickens from an incubator at popular agricultural forums for poultry farmers, where farmers share their experiences and observations.

To feed the chickens in the first hours of life, you need plain, purified water. Often, farmers give them potassium permanganate, but in fact it is meaningless. Because the little chick, after hatching, still has a sterile intestinal microflora. If possible, you can pour chamomile and yarrow broths into the drinking bowl. What really can be beneficial for babies is glucose solution. It can be a good prevention of anemia in chicks. As for the drinker, it should be small in size so that your players could not get wet there. It is undesirable to pour cold liquid into the drinker, it should be at room temperature.

Feeding day-old chicks

Feeding day-old chicks in the first days of life varies slightly. When the chicks are performed the day, they can begin to give manna, wheat, barley and millet. You can also start feeding chickens with starter feed, which is enriched with all the necessary substances at this stage of life for proper development.

The diet is also changing, now it’s worth feeding the chickens every 2 hours. Even at night it is worth caring for chicks.

In the trough daily babies can already start pouring yogurt. Dairy products are an excellent source of calcium. You can also give not too fat cottage cheese, stirring it with cereals for crispness.

Daily chickens may not first understand how to eat milk, so you may need to feed each of the pipettes.

Do not forget to give your wards and vitamins. Their presence in the diet will ensure the proper development of the kids and will save you from diseases.

Small birds, with proper care and diet begin to grow and get stronger on the eyes. After three days, you can add greens to your diet — knotweed, spring onions, or dandelion leaves. Greens need to be finely chopped, and fall asleep in the trough, both in pure form and mixed with grits.

Temperature

As a rule, in private farms or small farms there are no specially equipped premises for keeping chickens in which the most comfortable conditions would be maintained. Therefore, breeders have to create such conditions independently: constantly monitor the temperature and humidity of the air, as well as ensure that there is adequate lighting.Newly hatched yellow-skinned babies are allowed to be kept in cardboard boxes, boxes or drawers.

The room in which the boxes will be installed should be well ventilated, but protected from wind or drafts. The optimum temperature range is + 29–30 ° C. It should be noted that the chicks have no subcutaneous fat and almost no full-fledged plumage, with the exception of a small gun. Therefore, the first 5 days of life must adhere to high temperatures in the room.

Of course, even in summer, it is impossible to achieve constant high temperature without using additional heating devices. Infrared lamps or traditional incandescent lamps can be used to heat young stock.The first have a high efficiency and are specifically designed for heating animals. The devices are placed above the box where the chickens are located, and a thermometer is placed on the floor to control the temperature. If the temperature exceeds the permissible values, then the lamp is set a little higher, and if, on the contrary, it does not reach the required standards, then the device is lowered lower.

VIDEO: LAMP FOR HEATING CHICKENS Starting from the second week, the temperature is gradually reduced by 1 ° C. Until the end of the first month, the optimum temperature should be + 18–20 ° С.

The first week of life chickens must be under constant lighting (at least 18 hours), which can be organized by installing energy-saving fluorescent lamps. Then, starting from the second week, gradually moving towards a decrease in daylight hours, the duration of which by the end of the third week should be 10 hours.

Such a regime should be followed until the chicks begin to mature. Starting from the 16th week, the duration of the day is increased, bringing the rate to the level of adult birds.

It is possible to control the switching on / off of light in chicks by installing an auto-timer in the room. However, in most cases this is done manually. In order not to wake up at night to turn on the lamp, many breeders artificially form a “night mode” in the daytime. Over time, the lighting schedule is shifted and corrected for natural conditions.

Immediately after hatching

Feed the chickens begin immediately after hatching, waiting a bit until they dry out and "get on their feet." When choosing the first feed, it is better to stop the attention on specialized granulated mixtures that are designed for day-old chicks. You can also use corn grits as food. Food is poured into the bottom of the box or box where chicks are kept. After a few days, food can be served to birds in flat feeders or troughs.

Feeding chickens that have turned day old can be varied by adding finely chopped cereals to the menu:

  • semolina,
  • wheat,
  • oatmeal
  • barley
Feed to chicks offered every 2 hours. It is very important not to mix several types of cereals, as chickens will eat them selectively, and subsequently refuse the least liked feed. At this time, you can begin to feed the young cubs with cottage cheese, which is a natural source of calcium and easily digestible protein.

From 2 days to 7 days

The diet of the chickens of the 1st week of life is practically the same as the 2nd day. The only thing that is necessary is to gradually increase the portions. During this period, the daily dose for one chick is 10 g. The number of snacks can be reduced to 8 times per day.It is recommended to enrich the menu of birds with fresh greenery, among which the best option would be finely chopped nettle, clover or dandelion. By the end of the 7th day you can add onions and boiled carrots.

From the 2nd week

To feed and water the chickens from the 2nd week becomes a little easier and easier, because they become more independent and strong. Their daily portion of feed increases to 15–20 g, while the frequency of feeding decreases to 6 times a day. As for the menu, it remains the same as in the previous week, but all the ingredients can already be chopped not so fine.

From the 3rd week

The 3rd week of the chickens life is accompanied by the rejection of nightly snacks. Enough to leave a daytime 4-course meals. In the ration of birds enter wet mash of vegetables, animal feed and greens, give the grain mixture. The daily ration for one chick increases to 25–35 g.

VIDEO: FEEDING AND PRUSOE CHICKENS IN THE FIRST DAYS OF LIFE Over time, the feeding conditions of young animals become similar to the nutrition of adults. Starting from the 3rd month, chickens can be filled with whole-grain mixtures, but make sure that the fraction is placed in the beak. It is also recommended to enrich the menu with food waste, meat and bone meal.

Growth control

In order to monitor the correctness of the development and growth of chicks, as well as to check the effectiveness of the diet, it is recommended to periodically weigh the birds. There are a number of standard weight indicators to which a chicken of a certain breed must correspond at a certain age. Compare these figures in the table below.

How to choose a good chicken

Not all chickens from the incubator are distinguished by excellent health. And the cost of an unhealthy chicken will be too big. Therefore, you need to remember some criteria by which you can choose a good young for your chicken coop:

  • a healthy chick should stand upright
  • his movements are clear and fast
  • the chicken instantly reacts to the sounds and flickering of light,
  • the chick must have a pecking instinct,
  • the abdomen should be soft and taut, and the umbilical cord finally healed,
  • pay attention to the purity of the cloaca,
  • The eyes of the chick must be sufficiently convex and shiny, and the wings fit snugly to the body.

How to care for chickens in the first days of life

The most dangerous period for the life and health of chickens are the first weeks of life. At this time, they require special attention and must be kept in optimal conditions. A caring owner should provide them with the best care at home:

  • the required air temperature in the room
  • good balanced nutrition
  • constant access to fresh and clean water
  • proper housing conditions (chicks should always be kept clean and warm).

Chickens that have dried should be transplanted from the incubator directly under the hen. If you do not have such a chicken, then prepare a box of cardboard or wood for them in advance. It should be of such size that all the chicks were placed there and they had room to move. In such "houses" they quickly adapt and grow stronger. The box should be in a dry and warm place for future chickens to feel good.

At the bottom of the box should put a cloth folded in several layers. Some gardeners steal a newspaper, but you can not do that. Slippery surface may cause dislocation or fracture of a weak leg.

Where to relocate

When the first days of life are over, the chickens have long been strong, they can be relocated to the chicken. It is necessary to prepare this room in advance. To prevent the development of infections, you must constantly maintain cleanliness, warmth and dryness in the chicken. So, here are the basic requirements that must be met regarding the premises:

  • a complete disinfection of the room should be carried out,
  • you need to ensure complete safety in relation to cats and rats
  • air humidity should not exceed 70%,
  • Chicks should be spacious, so there should be no more than 12 heads per square meter
  • the floor should be covered with hay.

On the first walk chicks can be displayed within a week after birth. On the first day, they should walk for no more than an hour and a half, and then you can increase the time spent in the open air. When chickens get used to the street, they can spend the whole daylight in an equipped pen. It must be made of a grid that will not let the fugitives out of the pen and will not let in the easy money hunters. As you know, the sun's rays - a source of vitamin D. Getting it, the chickens are prophylactic against rickets.

Optimum temperature for chicks

Caring for young stock includes providing the right temperature and light. In the first month of life, chickens practically do not have thermoregulation in their chicks, so the owner should closely monitor the temperature in the place where the chickens are located. On the first day after the incubator, it should be kept at +35 degreesat. Next, you can gradually reduce to 30 degrees.

Experienced farmers use conventional incandescent bulbs to warm the box or chicken. They must be located at a height of forty centimeters from the floor. Chickens should be able to stand under the lamp at any time if they are frozen or hiding from its rays if it has become too hot. Monitor the temperature should be the first six weeks.

In the place where chickens live there must be a thermometer. It should be hung at a height of ten centimeters from the floor. If its initial indicator should be +35 degrees, then by the end of the second month of life, +21 degrees will be enough for the chicks.

It is very easy to determine whether young animals live comfortably. Enough for some time to observe their behavior. Chickens who are cold try to stick together, move a little, lump together. This condition leads to illness and even death. And if they frolic, have a good appetite, it means that they like everything and the owner can be calm.

Another important factor is the light. In the early days, chickens need constant light.. You can later turn off the lamp for 15 minutes. The older the young become, the shorter their light day should be. Light is an excellent growth stimulator for chickens.

How to feed chickens at home

What else does the proper development of chickens depend on? Of course, from food. The pecking instinct is developed in them from the very birth, therefore it is not necessary to feed them from a bottle. Their menu should include the following products:

  • in the first four days of life chickens should eat chicks boiled chicken egg, cut into small pieces,
  • on the second day add to the diet boiled millet. First in small quantities, and then it becomes the staple food,
  • can also be given corn and wheat cereal,
  • it is better to refrain from adding barley and oats to food. These grains have a negative effect on the digestive tract of young
  • on the 3rd day you can add to food feed mixtures, but they must be of sufficient quality,
  • many vitamins are found in greens: nettle, green onions, alfalfa, carrots and clover. Greens should be finely chopped so that it is not stuck anywhere in the young chicken,
  • should also be included in the menu milk powder and cottage cheese,
  • chickens need constant availability gravel near the feeders. It is necessary for them for normal digestion. Chicks can be given gravel on the fourth day,
  • meat and bone meal - Another mandatory component in the chickens food chain. If it is not available, it can be replaced by earthworms,
  • very valuable additive is considered shellfishwhich contains a lot of calcium,
  • Many poultry farmers recommend adding to the mash wood ash at the rate of 0.6 grams of product per baby bird.

The first ten days chickens should receive feed every two hours, then 6 times a day, and then no more than four. It is recommended to scatter the food in the places where they are located. Food in the feeder can cause a strong crush. To make sure that the chicks are eating, watch them. Saturated chickens after eating go to bed.

If amongst young stock you notice that some chicks are less active and do not eat well, then it is better to put them in a separate box. There they will be able to get stronger and quickly catch up with their fellows. And in the general box they can simply be trampled.

Chickens always fresh boiled water must be poured. В качестве поилки используют блюдце и перевёрнутую вверх дном банку. Таким образом, вода постоянно наполняет блюдце и в нее не попадает пух.It is important that the water is always fresh and that the drinker is clean.

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