This inhabitant of the forest is quite easy to find out because of its beautiful warm color. But mushroom pickers rarely notice it - a yellow-brown row appears at the same time as other types of mushrooms begin to grow. Because she goes unnoticed. What is interesting about this representative of the mushroom kingdom and where does it live?
The yellow-brown (Tricholoma fulvum) is an agaric fungus that belongs to the Ryadovkovye family. It has a lot of scientific names:
- yellow brown,
- brown row
- brown-yellow row,
- Red-brown row.
The Latin synonym for brown-yellow is the phrase Tricholoma flavobrunneum. Among popular names:
It is a conditionally edible type, and some sources point to the inedibility and even the fact that it can be poisonous. The description, according to reference guides, is as follows:
- the conical-rounded cap with the edges tucked inward in young representatives of the species, prostrate with a tubercle, wavy, with wrinkled edges in mature ones. The diameter is from 4 to 10 cm, individual mushrooms have a cap and up to 15 cm. The skin color is yellow-orange, brown-yellow, red-brown, reddish. In the center of the cap is always darker than at the edges. The surface is dry and smooth to the touch, but when it rains or at high air humidity it becomes oily and slippery,
- the leg is rather high, thin - with a height of 7-15 cm, it has a width of only 1-2.5 cm. At first it is solid, without voids, later hollow, fairly flat, less often curved, cylindrical, with a slight thickening below. The high leg is one of the main distinguishing marks of the yellow-brown rowing from other members of the family. The surface color is usually the same as that of the cap, but in a downward direction the shade darkens. In the older representatives of the species it is brown in color,
- the flesh is dense, medium-fleshy in a cap, with a yellowish tinge. Leg pulp is fibrous, yellowish or whitish. The flavor is brownish yellow bitter, has a mealy flavor,
- the plates are sinuous, adherent or attached notched, wide and frequent. Light yellow, cream, sulfur, brown mushrooms in mature mushrooms, sometimes have red-brown spots and edges,
- spores are ellipsoidal, white in color.
Distribution and fruiting period
The habitats of the yellow-brown beauty are deciduous, most often birch forests, and also mixed and rarely coniferous, northern temperate zones (North America, west and east of Europe, the Urals, the northern and middle parts of Russia, the Far East). The fungus forms mycorrhiza with birches, sometimes with representatives of conifers.
Yellow-brown ryadovka grows most often in large groups, often forms “witch circles”, rarely occurs singly. The fruiting period begins in late August and lasts until October. Quite often found on the way lovers of "quiet hunting", fruit is always actively and copes with drought.
The yellow-brown rowing has practically no doubles. But an inexperienced mushroom picker can confuse it with other species of the Ryadovkov family. For example, with conditionally edible poplar (Tricholoma populinum), which has a white plate, a thicker stem, and it grows near the poplars.
The heroine of the article has similarities with the conditionally edible white-brown ryadovkoy (Tricholoma albobrunneum), which has white plates and a dark chestnut hat. Brown-yellow beauty is a bit similar to the conditionally edible red-yellow (Tricholomopsis rutilans), which differs from that described in that it grows near stumps, near or on the roots of conifers and has an obvious yellow-red color. And unlike conditionally edible scaly (Tricholoma imbricatum), the yellow-brown scales do not. Poisonous fungus has no analogues.
Primary processing and preparation
The yellow-brown rowing is considered to be conditionally edible representative of the mushroom kingdom and belongs to the IV category. Those who tried it, say that it is not tasty and very bitter. Perhaps that is why she is not popular with mushroom pickers. But if you know the secrets of its preparation, then the row will be quite a tasty addition to your table.
Yellow-brown rowing is collected only at a young age, while still fruiting bodies are not very saturated with bitterness. It is usually salted or pickled along with other types of mushrooms. It can also be boiled or fried, but after 40 minutes of pre-boiling and draining the water in which the rows were located.
Symptoms of poisoning appear 2–3 hours after eating and are similar to signs of poisoning of other poisonous mushrooms:
- salivation increases,
- cutting in the stomach
- stomach upset.
Poisoning by ranking does not cause confusion, visions, and delusions, but when the first symptoms of poisoning appear, an ambulance must be called.